The Supreme Court held that deportation hearings are civil proceedings, the defendant cannot suppress his or her identity even if subject to an unlawful arrest, and the exclusionary rule does not apply to deportation hearings. Read the opinion here.
This controlled vocabulary originally categorized the topical pages.
Evidence that can not be presented to the jury or decision maker for any of a variety of reasons: it was improperly obtained, it is prejudicial (the prejudicial value outweighs the probative value), it is hearsay, it is not relevant to the case, etc.
Latin for "in the matter of." Used in legal documents to refer to a case, particularly a case without an opposing party. For example, "In re Estate of Ruth Bentley" might be used to refer to a probate case about the estate of Ruth Bentley.
A term derived from the Latin "in propria persona," meaning "for one's self," used in some states to describe a person who handles his or her own case, without a lawyer. In other states, the term pro se is used. When a nonlawyer files his or her own legal papers, that party is expected to write "in pro per" under his or her name in the heading on the first page.
See: pro per
Forever -- for example, one may have the right to keep the profits from land in perpetuity.
Discussions or hearings held in the judge's office, called his or her chambers. (See also: in camera)
(in ab-sen-shah) Latin for "in absence," or more fully, in one's absence.
As applies to real estate, any permanent structure or work (such as planting trees) on real property, which increases its value or extends its useful life. As defined by the IRS, an addition to or alteration of a capital asset, which either increases its value or extends its useful life.
To put a person in prison or jail or otherwise confine him or her as punishment for committing a crime.
In a criminal proceeding, when the court or police take possession of personal property. The property may be returned to the owner at the end of the proceeding or it may be forfeited to the state (for example, in the case of illegal drugs).