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A motion is a formal request made by any party for a desired ruling, order, or judgment

The party that makes the motion is known as the movant. A motion can be written or spoken, as the relevant rules require. Various motions can be made throughout a proceeding, but only after the initial complaint has been filed.

See, e.g.; motion to dismiss, motion for summary judgment, motion for judgment as a matter of law, motion for directed verdict, motion in limine, motion to quash, motion to strike, and motion to suppress

[Last updated in June of 2023 by the Wex Definitions Team]