THE LEGAL PROCESS

Administrative Law Judge (ALJ)

Definition

An independent hearing examiner who presides at an administrative hearing. An ALJ has the power to administer oaths, receive evidence, take testimony, and make initial findings of fact or law. An ALJ’s findings are subject to review...

Administrative Office of the United States Courts

The Administrative Office of the United States Courts (AO) is an administrative agency that is the central support entity for the judicial branch providing a wide range of administrative, legal, financial, management, program, and information...

Administrative Procedure Act

Definition

A federal statute that governs the procedures and practices of administrative law.

§ 3 of the APA, 5 USC § 552, addresses the procedural formalities that agencies must employ when making decisions. There is a distinction made...

Administrative Procedure Act (APA)

The Administrative Procedure Act (APA), 5 USC §500, et seq., establishes the governing framework of administrative law. It provides the procedures executive agencies can use to make rules and regulations, and the standards that court can use to review...

Administrative Warrant

A warrant issued by a judge on the application of an administrative agency. Administrative agencies with enforcement power often seek administrative warrants to check for contraband or other evidence of non-compliance with the law.

See...

Admissible Evidence

Definition

Evidence that is formally presented before the trier of fact (i.e., the judge or jury) to consider in deciding the case. The trial court judge determines whether or not the evidence may be proffered. To be admissible in court, the...

Admission

Definition

1) A person's, in particular a party's, statement acknowledging that a certain fact is true or silence after another party's assertion of a fact that, if false, would typically elicit a denial. 2) Admission by a party-opponent: an out-of-...

Admission Against Interest

Definition

An out-of-court statement by a party that, when uttered, is against the party's pecuniary, proprietary, or penal interest and that is admissible under both an exclusion (admission by a party-opponent) and an exception (statement against...

Admission of Guilt

Definition

An accused's oral or written statement acknowledging that he or she has committed a criminal offense.

Illustrative caselaw

See, e.g. Libretti v. U.S., 516 U.S. 29 (1995).

See alsoAdmissionConfessionGuiltyPlea

Admission to Practice

Bar Admissions: An Overview

Admission to the practice of law (admission to the bar of a state) is governed by rules and regulations promulgated solely by a state's courts, legislatures, and/or bar association. The rules must not violate the...

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