1) To state that a certain fact is true. 2) In a civil case, to state that a plaintiff's allegation is true. If a defendant admits an allegation, the plaintiff need not prove it at trial. 3) In a criminal case, to state that a certain fact is...


See Alternative dispute resolution.

ADR Service

See Alternative dispute resolution service.

Advance Sheets

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA looseleaf booklet comprising recent court decisions. (See: reports)

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary.

Adversary Proceeding

A hearing before a judge or other neutral person, with competing arguments from opposing parties.


Against or opposed to one’s own interests. This adjective is used to describe several legal concepts. For example:

An adverse party would be the one having interests contrary to you. In property law, adverse possession refers to the...

Adverse Interest

There are three main types of adverse interests.

1) An adverse interest can mean an interest, claim or right that is against another’s interest. For example, a plaintiff and defendant...

Adverse Party

The opposing party, or anyone who has interests contrary to yours in a lawsuit.

Adverse Witness

An adverse witness, sometimes referred to as a hostile witness, is one who identifies with the opposing party because of a relationship or a common interest in the outcome of the litigation. For example, in a criminal case brought by a state against...

Advisory Opinion

A court's nonbinding interpretation of law. It states the opinion of a court upon a legal question submitted by a legislature, government official, or another court. Federal courts cannot issue advisory opinions because of the Constitution's case-or-...