40 CFR 19.4 - Statutory civil penalties, as adjusted for inflation, and tables.

prev | next
§ 19.4 Statutory civil penalties, as adjusted for inflation, and tables.

Table 1 to § 19.4 sets out the statutory civil penalty provisions of statutes administered by EPA, with the original statutory civil penalty levels, as enacted, and the operative statutory civil penalty levels, as adjusted for inflation, for violations that occurred on or before November 2, 2015, and for violations that occurred after November 2, 2015, where penalties were assessed before August 1, 2016. Table 2 to § 19.4 sets out the statutory civil penalty provisions of statutes administered by EPA, with the third column displaying the original statutory civil penalty levels, as enacted. The fourth column of Table 2 displays the operative statutory civil penalty levels where penalties were assessed on or after August 1, 2016 but before January 15, 2017, for violations that occurred after November 2, 2015. The fifth column displays the operative statutory civil penalty levels where penalties are assessed on or after January 15, 2017 but before January 15, 2018, for violations that occur or occurred after November 2, 2015. The sixth and last column displays the operative statutory civil penalty levels where penalties are assessed on or after January 15, 2018, for violations that occur or occurred after November 2, 2015.

Table 1 of Section 19.4 - Civil Monetary Penalty Inflation Adjustments

U.S. Code Citation Environmental statute Statutory penalties, as enacted Penalties effective after January 30, 1997 through March 15, 2004 Penalties effective after March 15, 2004 through
January 12, 2009
Penalties effective after January 12, 2009 through
December 6, 2013
Statutory civil penalties for violations that occurred after December 6, 2013 through November 2, 2015, or are assessed before August 1, 2016
7 U.S.C. 136 l.(a)(1) FEDERAL INSECTICIDE, FUNGICIDE, AND RODENTICIDE ACT (FIFRA) $5,000 $5,500 $6,500 $7,500 $7,500
7 U.S.C. 136 l.(a)(2) FIFRA $500/$1,000 $550/$1,000 $650/$1,100 $750/$1,100 $750/$1,100
15 U.S.C. 2615(a)(1) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT (TSCA) $25,000 $27,500 $32,500 $37,500 $37,500
15 U.S.C. 2647(a) TSCA $5,000 $5,500 $6,500 $7,500 $7,500
15 U.S.C. 2647(g) TSCA $5,000 $5,000 $5,500 $7,500 $7,500
31 U.S.C. 3802(a)(1) PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT (PFCRA) $5,000 $5,500 $6,500 $7,500 $7,500
31 U.S.C. 3802(a)(2) PFCRA $5,000 $5,500 $6,500 $7,500 $7,500
33 U.S.C. 1319(d) CLEAN WATER ACT (CWA) $25,000 $27,500 $32,500 $37,500 $37,500
33 U.S.C. 1319(g)(2)(A) CWA $10,000/$25,000 $11,000/$27,500 $11,000/$32,500 $16,000/$37,500 $16,000/$37,500
33 U.S.C. 1319(g)(2)(B) CWA $10,000/$125,000 $11,000/$137,500 $11,000/$157,500 $16,000/$177,500 $16,000/$187,500
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(6)(B)(i) CWA $10,000/$25,000 $11,000/$27,500 $11,000/$32,500 $16,000/$37,500 $16,000/$37,500
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(6)(B)(ii) CWA $10,000/$125,000 $11,000/$137,500 $11,000/$157,500 $16,000/$177,500 $16,000/$187,500
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(7)(A) CWA $25,000/$1,000 $27,500/$1,100 $32,500/$1,100 $37,500/$1,100 $37,500/$2,100
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(7)(B) CWA $25,000 $27,500 $32,500 $37,500 $37,500
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(7)(C) CWA $25,000 $27,500 $32,500 $37,500 $37,500
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(7)(D) CWA $100,000/$3,000 $110,000/$3,300 $130,000/$4,300 $140,000/$4,300 $150,000/$5,300
33 U.S.C. 1414b(d)(1) 1 MARINE PROTECTION, RESEARCH, AND SANCTUARIES ACT (MPRSA) $600 $660 $760 $860 $860
33 U.S.C. 1415(a) MPRSA $50,000/$125,000 $55,000/$137,500 $65,000/$157,500 $70,000/$177,500 $75,000/$187,500
33 U.S.C. 1901 note (see 1409(a)(2)(A)) CERTAIN ALASKAN CRUISE SHIP OPERATIONS (CACSO) $10,000/$25,000 $10,000/$25,000 2 $10,000/$25,000 $11,000/$27,500 $11,000/$27,500
33 U.S.C. 1901 note (see 1409(a)(2)(B)) CACSO $10,000/$125,000 $10,000/$125,000 $10,000/$125,000 $11,000/$137,500 $11,000/$147,500
33 U.S.C. 1901 note (see 1409(b)(1)) CACSO $25,000 $25,000 $25,000 $27,500 $27,500
42 U.S.C. 300g-3(b) SAFE DRINKING WATER ACT (SDWA) $25,000 $27,500 $32,500 $37,500 $37,500
42 U.S.C. 300g-3(g)(3)(A) SDWA $25,000 $27,500 $32,500 $37,500 $37,500
42 U.S.C. 300g-3(g)(3)(B) SDWA $5,000/$25,000 $5,000/$25,000 $6,000/$27,500 $7,000/$32,500 $7,000/$32,500
42 U.S.C. 300g-3(g)(3)(C) SDWA $25,000 $25,000 $27,500 $32,500 $32,500
42 U.S.C. 300h-2(b)(1) SDWA $25,000 $27,500 $32,500 $37,500 $37,500
42 U.S.C. 300h-2(c)(1) SDWA $10,000/$125,000 $11,000/$137,500 $11,000/$157,500 $16,000/$177,500 $16,000/$187,500
42 U.S.C. 300h-2(c)(2) SDWA $5,000/$125,000 $5,500/$137,500 $6,500/$157,500 $7,500/$177,500 $7,500/$187,500
42 U.S.C. 300h-3(c) SDWA $5,000/$10,000 $5,500/$11,000 $6,500/$11,000 $7,500/$16,000 $7,500/$16,000
42 U.S.C. 300i(b) SDWA $15,000 $15,000 $16,500 $16,500 $21,500
42 U.S.C. 300i-1(c) SDWA $20,000/$50,000 $22,000/$55,000 3 $100,000/$1,000,000 $110,000/$1,100,000 $120,000/$1,150,000
42 U.S.C. 300j(e)(2) SDWA $2,500 $2,750 $2,750 $3,750 $3,750
42 U.S.C. 300j-4(c) SDWA $25,000 $27,500 $32,500 $37,500 $37,500
42 U.S.C. 300j-6(b)(2) SDWA $25,000 $25,000 $27,500 $32,500 $32,500
42 U.S.C. 300j-23(d) SDWA $5,000/$50,000 $5,500/$55,000 $6,500/$65,000 $7,500/$70,000 $7,500/$75,000
42 U.S.C. 4852d(b)(5) RESIDENTIAL LEAD-BASED PAINT HAZARD REDUCTION ACT OF 1992 $10,000 $11,000 $11,000 $16,000 $16,000
42 U.S.C. 4910(a)(2) NOISE CONTROL ACT OF 1972 $10,000 $11,000 $11,000 $16,000 $16,000
42 U.S.C. 6928(a)(3) RESOURCE CONSERVATION AND RECOVERY ACT (RCRA) $25,000 $27,500 $32,500 $37,500 $37,500
42 U.S.C. 6928(c) RCRA $25,000 $27,500 $32,500 $37,500 $37,500
42 U.S.C. 6928(g) RCRA $25,000 $27,500 $32,500 $37,500 $37,500
42 U.S.C. 6928(h)(2) RCRA $25,000 $27,500 $32,500 $37,500 $37,500
42 U.S.C. 6934(e) RCRA $5,000 $5,500 $6,500 $7,500 $7,500
42 U.S.C. 6973(b) RCRA $5,000 $5,500 $6,500 $7,500 $7,500
42 U.S.C. 6991e(a)(3) RCRA $25,000 $27,500 $32,500 $37,500 $37,500
42 U.S.C. 6991e(d)(1) RCRA $10,000 $11,000 $11,000 $16,000 $16,000
42 U.S.C. 6991e(d)(2) RCRA $10,000 $11,000 $11,000 $16,000 $16,000
42 U.S.C. 7413(b) CLEAN AIR ACT (CAA) $25,000 $27,500 $32,500 $37,500 $37,500
42 U.S.C. 7413(d)(1) CAA $25,000/$200,000 $27,500/$220,000 $32,500/$270,000 $37,500/$295,000 $37,500/$320,000
42 U.S.C. 7413(d)(3) CAA $5,000 $5,500 $6,500 $7,500 $7,500
42 U.S.C. 7524(a) CAA $2,500/$25,000 $2,750/$27,500 $2,750/$32,500 $3,750/$37,500 $3,750/$37,500
42 U.S.C. 7524(c)(1) CAA $200,000 $220,000 $270,000 $295,000 $320,000
42 U.S.C. 7545(d)(1) CAA $25,000 $27,500 $32,500 $37,500 $37,500
42 U.S.C. 9604(e)(5)(B) COMPREHENSIVE ENVIRONMENTAL RESPONSE, COMPENSATION, AND LIABILITY ACT (CERCLA) $25,000 $27,500 $32,500 $37,500 $37,500
42 U.S.C. 9606(b)(1) CERCLA $25,000 $27,500 $32,500 $37,500 $37,500
42 U.S.C. 9609(a)(1) CERCLA $25,000 $27,500 $32,500 $37,500 $37,500
42 U.S.C. 9609(b) CERCLA $25,000/$75,000 $27,500/$82,500 $32,500/$97,500 $37,500/$107,500 $37,500/$117,500
42 U.S.C. 9609(c) CERCLA $25,000/$75,000 $27,500/$82,500 $32,500/$97,500 $37,500/$107,500 $37,500/$117,500
42 U.S.C. 11045(a) EMERGENCY PLANNING AND COMMUNITY RIGHT-TO-KNOW ACT (EPCRA) $25,000 $27,500 $32,500 $37,500 $37,500
42 U.S.C. 11045(b)(1)(A) 4 EPCRA $25,000 $27,500 $32,500 $37,500 $37,500
42 U.S.C. 11045(b)(2) EPCRA $25,000/$75,000 $27,500/$82,500 $32,500/$97,500 $37,500/$107,500 $37,500/$117,500
42 U.S.C. 11045(b)(3) EPCRA $25,000/$75,000 $27,500/$82,500 $32,500/$97,500 $37,500/$107,500 $37,500/$117,500
42 U.S.C. 11045(c)(1) EPCRA $25,000 $27,500 $32,500 $37,500 $37,500
42 U.S.C. 11045(c)(2) EPCRA $10,000 $11,000 $11,000 $16,000 $16,000
42 U.S.C. 11045(d)(1) EPCRA $25,000 $27,500 $32,500 $37,500 $37,500
42 U.S.C. 14304(a)(1) MERCURY-CONTAINING AND RECHARGEABLE BATTERY MANAGEMENT ACT (BATTERY ACT) $10,000 $10,000 $11,000 $16,000 $16,000
42 U.S.C. 14304(g) BATTERY ACT $10,000 $10,000 $11,000 $16,000 $16,000

1 Note that 33 U.S.C. 1414b (d)(1)(B) contains additional penalty escalation provisions that must be applied to the penalty amounts set forth in this Table. The amounts set forth in this Table reflect an inflation adjustment to the calendar year 1992 penalty amount expressed in section 104B(d)(1)(A), which is used to calculate the applicable penalty amount under MPRSA section 104B(d)(1)(B) for violations that occur in any subsequent calendar year.

2 CACSO was passed on December 21, 2000 as part of Title XIV of the Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2001, Pub. L. 106-554, 33 U.S.C. 1901 note.

3 The original statutory penalty amounts of $20,000 and $50,000 under section 1432(c) of the SDWA, 42 U.S.C. 300i-1(c), were subsequently increased by Congress pursuant to section 403 of the Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002, Public Law No. 107-188 (June 12, 2002), to $100,000 and $1,000,000, respectively. EPA did not adjust these new penalty amounts in its 2004 Civil Monetary Penalty Inflation Adjustment Rule (“2004 Rule”), 69 FR 7121 (February 13, 2004), because they had gone into effect less than two years prior to the 2004 Rule.

4 Consistent with how the EPA's other penalty authorities are displayed under Part 19.4, this Table now delineates, on a subpart-by-subpart basis, the penalty authorities enumerated under section 325(b) of EPCRA, 42 U.S.C. 11045(b) (i.e., 42 U.S.C. 11045(b)(1)(A), (b)(2), and (b)(3)).

Table 2 of Section 19.4 - Civil Monetary Penalty Inflation Adjustments

U.S. Code citation Environmental statute Statutory civil penalties, as enacted Statutory civil penalties for violations that occurred after November 2, 2015, where penalties are assessed on or after August 1, 2016 but before January 15, 2017 Statutory civil penalties for violations that occurred after November 2, 2015, where penalties are assessed on or after January 15, 2017 but before January 15, 2018 Statutory civil penalties for violations that occurred after November 2, 2015, where penalties are assessed on or after January 15, 2018
7 U.S.C. 136 l.(a)(1) FEDERAL INSECTICIDE, FUNGICIDE, AND RODENTICIDE ACT (FIFRA) $5,000 $18,750 $19,057 $19,446
7 U.S.C. 136 l.(a)(2) 1 FIFRA 1,000/500/1,000 2,750/1,772/2,750 2,795/1,801/2,795 2,852/1,838/2,795
15 U.S.C. 2615(a)(1) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT (TSCA) 25,000 37,500 38,114 38,892
15 U.S.C. 2647(a) TSCA 5,000 10,781 10,957 11,181
15 U.S.C. 2647(g) TSCA 5,000 8,908 9,054 9,239
31 U.S.C. 3802(a)(1) PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT (PFCRA) 5,000 10,781 10,957 11,181
31 U.S.C. 3802(a)(2) PFCRA 5,000 10,781 10,957 11,181
33 U.S.C. 1319(d) CLEAN WATER ACT (CWA) 25,000 51,570 52,414 53,484
33 U.S.C. 1319(g)(2)(A) CWA 10,000/25,000 20,628/51,570 20,965/52,414 21,393/53,484
33 U.S.C. 1319(g)(2)(B) CWA 10,000/125,000 20,628/257,848 20,965/262,066 21,393/267,415
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(6)(B)(i) CWA 10,000/25,000 17,816/44,539 18,107/45,268 18,477/46,192
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(6)(B)(ii) CWA 10,000/125,000 17,816/222,695 18,107/226,338 18,477/230,958
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(7)(A) CWA 25,000/1,000 44,539/1,782 45,268/1,811 46,192/1,848
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(7)(B) CWA 25,000 44,539 45,268 46,192
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(7)(C) CWA 25,000 44,539 45,268 46,192
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(7)(D) CWA 100,000/3,000 178,156/5,345 181,071/5,432 184,767/5,543
33 U.S.C. 1414b(d)(1) MARINE PROTECTION, RESEARCH, AND SANCTUARIES ACT (MPRSA) 600 1,187 1,206 1,231
33 U.S.C. 1415(a) MPRSA 50,000/125,000 187,500/247,336 190,568/251,382 194,457/256,513
33 U.S.C. 1901 note (see 1409(a)(2)(A)) CERTAIN ALASKAN CRUISE SHIP OPERATIONS (CACSO) 10,000/25,000 13,669/34,172 13,893/34,731 14,177/35,440
33 U.S.C. 1901 note (see 1409(a)(2)(B)) CACSO 10,000/125,000 13,669/170,861 13,893/173,656 14,177/177,200
33 U.S.C. 1901 note (see 1409(b)(1)) CACSO 25,000 34,172 34,731 35,440
33 U.S.C. 1908(b)(1) ACT TO PREVENT POLLUTION FROM SHIPS (APPS) 25,000 70,117 71,264 72,718
33 U.S.C. 1908(b)(2) APPS 5,000 14,023 14,252 14,543
42 U.S.C. 300g-3(b) SAFE DRINKING WATER ACT (SDWA) 25,000 53,907 54,789 55,907
42 U.S.C. 300g-3(g)(3)(A) SDWA 25,000 53,907 54,789 55,907
42 U.S.C. 300g-3(g)(3)(B) SDWA 5,000/25,000 10,781/37,561 10,957/38,175 11,181/38,954
42 U.S.C. 300g-3(g)(3)(C) SDWA 25,000 37,561 38,175 38,954
42 U.S.C. 300h-2(b)(1) SDWA 25,000 53,907 54,789 55,907
42 U.S.C. 300h-2(c)(1) SDWA 10,000/125,000 21,563/269,535 21,916/273,945 22,363/279,536
42 U.S.C. 300h-2(c)(2) SDWA 5,000/125,000 10,781/269,535 10,957/273,945 11,181/279,536
42 U.S.C. 300h-3(c) SDWA 5,000/10,000 18,750/40,000 19,057/40,654 19,446/41,484
42 U.S.C. 300i(b) SDWA 15,000 22,537 22,906 23,374
42 U.S.C. 300i-1(c) SDWA 100,000/1,000,000 131,185/1,311,850 133,331/1,333,312 136,052/1,360,525
42 U.S.C. 300j(e)(2) SDWA 2,500 9,375 9,528 9,722
42 U.S.C. 300j-4(c) SDWA 25,000 53,907 54,789 55,907
42 U.S.C. 300j-6(b)(2) SDWA 25,000 37,561 38,175 38,954
42 U.S.C. 300j-23(d) SDWA 5,000/50,000 9,893/98,935 10,055/100,554 10,260/102,606
42 U.S.C. 4852d(b)(5) RESIDENTIAL LEAD-BASED PAINT HAZARD REDUCTION ACT OF 1992 10,000 16,773 17,047 17,395
42 U.S.C. 4910(a)(2) NOISE CONTROL ACT OF 1972 10,000 35,445 36,025 36,760
42 U.S.C. 6928(a)(3) RESOURCE CONSERVATION AND RECOVERY ACT (RCRA) 25,000 93,750 95,284 97,229
42 U.S.C. 6928(c) RCRA 25,000 56,467 57,391 58,562
42 U.S.C. 6928(g) RCRA 25,000 70,117 71,264 72,718
42 U.S.C. 6928(h)(2) RCRA 25,000 56,467 57,391 58,562
42 U.S.C. 6934(e) RCRA 5,000 14,023 14,252 14,543
42 U.S.C. 6973(b) RCRA 5,000 14,023 14,252 14,543
42 U.S.C. 6991e(a)(3) RCRA 25,000 56,467 57,391 58,562
42 U.S.C. 6991e(d)(1) RCRA 10,000 22,587 22,957 23,426
42 U.S.C. 6991e(d)(2) RCRA 10,000 22,587 22,957 23,426
42 U.S.C. 7413(b) CLEAN AIR ACT (CAA) 25,000 93,750 95,284 97,229
42 U.S.C. 7413(d)(1) CAA 25,000/200,000 44,539/356,312 45,268/362,141 46,192/369,532
42 U.S.C. 7413(d)(3) CAA 5,000 8,908 9,054 9,239
42 U.S.C. 7524(a) CAA 25,000/2,500 44,539/4,454 45,268/4,527 46,192/4,619
42 U.S.C. 7524(c)(1) CAA 200,000 356,312 362,141 369,532
42 U.S.C. 7545(d)(1) CAA 25,000 44,539 45,268 46,192
42 U.S.C. 9604(e)(5)(B) COMPREHENSIVE ENVIRONMENTAL RESPONSE, COMPENSATION, AND LIABILITY ACT (CERCLA) 25,000 53,907 54,789 55,907
42 U.S.C. 9606(b)(1) CERCLA 25,000 53,907 54,789 55,907
42 U.S.C. 9609(a)(1) CERCLA 25,000 53,907 54,789 55,907
42 U.S.C. 9609(b) CERCLA 25,000/75,000 53,907/161,721 54,789/164,367 55,907/167,722
42 U.S.C. 9609(c) CERCLA 25,000/75,000 53,907/161,721 54,789/164,367 55,907/167,722
42 U.S.C. 11045(a) EMERGENCY PLANNING AND COMMUNITY RIGHT-TO-KNOW ACT (EPCRA) 25,000 53,907 54,789 55,907
42 U.S.C. 11045(b)(1)(A) EPCRA 25,000 53,907 54,789 55,907
42 U.S.C. 11045(b)(2) EPCRA 25,000/75,000 53,907/161,721 54,789/164,367 55,907/167,722
42 U.S.C. 11045(b)(3) EPCRA 25,000/75,000 53,907/161,721 54,789/164,367 55,907/167,722
42 U.S.C. 11045(c)(1) EPCRA 25,000 53,907 54,789 55,907
42 U.S.C. 11045(c)(2) EPCRA 10,000 21,563 21,916 22,363
42 U.S.C. 11045(d)(1) EPCRA 25,000 53,907 54,789 55,907
42 U.S.C. 14304(a)(1) MERCURY-CONTAINING AND RECHARGEABLE BATTERY MANAGEMENT ACT (BATTERY ACT) 10,000 15,025 15,271 15,583
42 U.S.C. 14304(g) BATTERY ACT 10,000 15,025 15,271 15,583

1 Note that 7 U.S.C. 136l.(a)(2) contains three separate statutory maximum civil penalty provisions. The first mention of $1,000 and the $500 statutory maximum civil penalty amount were originally enacted in 1978 ( Pub. L. 95-396), and the second mention of $1,000 was enacted in 1972 (Pub. L. 92-516).

[ 78 FR 66647, Nov. 6, 2013, as amended at 81 FR 43094, July 1, 2016; 82 FR 3635, Jan. 12, 2017; 83 FR 1192, Jan. 10, 2018]

This is a list of United States Code sections, Statutes at Large, Public Laws, and Presidential Documents, which provide rulemaking authority for this CFR Part.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.


United States Code
U.S. Code: Title 28 - JUDICIARY AND JUDICIAL PROCEDURE
U.S. Code: Title 31 - MONEY AND FINANCE

Title 40 published on 06-Feb-2018 04:44

The following are ALL rules, proposed rules, and notices (chronologically) published in the Federal Register relating to 40 CFR Part 19 after this date.

  • 2018-01-10; vol. 83 # 7 - Wednesday, January 10, 2018
    1. 83 FR 1190 - Civil Monetary Penalty Inflation Adjustment Rule
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
      Final rule.
      This final rule is effective on January 15, 2018.
      40 CFR Part 19