40 CFR 19.4 - Statutory civil penalties, as adjusted for inflation, and tables.

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§ 19.4 Statutory civil penalties, as adjusted for inflation, and tables.

Table 1 to § 19.4 sets out the statutory civil penalty provisions of statutes administered by EPA, with the original statutory civil penalty levels, as enacted, and the operative statutory civil penalty levels, as adjusted for inflation, for violations occurring on or before November 2, 2015, and for violations occurring after November 2, 2015, where penalties are assessed before August 1, 2016. Table 2 sets out the statutory civil penalty provisions of statutes administered by EPA, with the third column displaying the original statutory civil penalty levels, as enacted. The fourth column of Table 2 displays the operative statutory civil penalty levels where penalties are assessed on or after August 1, 2016 but before January 15, 2017, for violations that occurred after November 2, 2015; the last column displays the operative statutory civil penalty levels where penalties are assessed on or after January 15, 2017, for violations that occurred after November 2, 2015.

Table 1 of Section 19.4 - Civil Monetary Penalty Inflation Adjustments

U.S. Code Citation Environmental statute Statutory penalties, as enacted Penalties effective after January 30, 1997 through March 15, 2004 Penalties effective after March 15, 2004 through
January 12, 2009
Penalties effective after January 12, 2009 through
December 6, 2013
Statutory civil penalties for violations that occurred after December 6, 2013 through November 2, 2015, or are assessed before August 1, 2016
7 U.S.C. 136 l.(a)(1) FEDERAL INSECTICIDE, FUNGICIDE, AND RODENTICIDE ACT (FIFRA) $5,000 $5,500 $6,500 $7,500 $7,500
7 U.S.C. 136 l.(a)(2) FIFRA $500/$1,000 $550/$1,000 $650/$1,100 $750/$1,100 $750/$1,100
15 U.S.C. 2615(a)(1) TOXIC SUBSTANCES CONTROL ACT (TSCA) $25,000 $27,500 $32,500 $37,500 $37,500
15 U.S.C. 2647(a) TSCA $5,000 $5,500 $6,500 $7,500 $7,500
15 U.S.C. 2647(g) TSCA $5,000 $5,000 $5,500 $7,500 $7,500
31 U.S.C. 3802(a)(1) PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT (PFCRA) $5,000 $5,500 $6,500 $7,500 $7,500
31 U.S.C. 3802(a)(2) PFCRA $5,000 $5,500 $6,500 $7,500 $7,500
33 U.S.C. 1319(d) CLEAN WATER ACT (CWA) $25,000 $27,500 $32,500 $37,500 $37,500
33 U.S.C. 1319(g)(2)(A) CWA $10,000/$25,000 $11,000/$27,500 $11,000/$32,500 $16,000/$37,500 $16,000/$37,500
33 U.S.C. 1319(g)(2)(B) CWA $10,000/$125,000 $11,000/$137,500 $11,000/$157,500 $16,000/$177,500 $16,000/$187,500
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(6)(B)(i) CWA $10,000/$25,000 $11,000/$27,500 $11,000/$32,500 $16,000/$37,500 $16,000/$37,500
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(6)(B)(ii) CWA $10,000/$125,000 $11,000/$137,500 $11,000/$157,500 $16,000/$177,500 $16,000/$187,500
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(7)(A) CWA $25,000/$1,000 $27,500/$1,100 $32,500/$1,100 $37,500/$1,100 $37,500/$2,100
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(7)(B) CWA $25,000 $27,500 $32,500 $37,500 $37,500
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(7)(C) CWA $25,000 $27,500 $32,500 $37,500 $37,500
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(7)(D) CWA $100,000/$3,000 $110,000/$3,300 $130,000/$4,300 $140,000/$4,300 $150,000/$5,300
33 U.S.C. 1414b(d)(1) 1 MARINE PROTECTION, RESEARCH, AND SANCTUARIES ACT (MPRSA) $600 $660 $760 $860 $860
33 U.S.C. 1415(a) MPRSA $50,000/$125,000 $55,000/$137,500 $65,000/$157,500 $70,000/$177,500 $75,000/$187,500
33 U.S.C. 1901 note (see 1409(a)(2)(A)) CERTAIN ALASKAN CRUISE SHIP OPERATIONS (CACSO) $10,000/$25,000 $10,000/$25,000 2 $10,000/$25,000 $11,000/$27,500 $11,000/$27,500
33 U.S.C. 1901 note (see 1409(a)(2)(B)) CACSO $10,000/$125,000 $10,000/$125,000 $10,000/$125,000 $11,000/$137,500 $11,000/$147,500
33 U.S.C. 1901 note (see 1409(b)(1)) CACSO $25,000 $25,000 $25,000 $27,500 $27,500
42 U.S.C. 300g-3(b) SAFE DRINKING WATER ACT (SDWA) $25,000 $27,500 $32,500 $37,500 $37,500
42 U.S.C. 300g-3(g)(3)(A) SDWA $25,000 $27,500 $32,500 $37,500 $37,500
42 U.S.C. 300g-3(g)(3)(B) SDWA $5,000/$25,000 $5,000/$25,000 $6,000/$27,500 $7,000/$32,500 $7,000/$32,500
42 U.S.C. 300g-3(g)(3)(C) SDWA $25,000 $25,000 $27,500 $32,500 $32,500
42 U.S.C. 300h-2(b)(1) SDWA $25,000 $27,500 $32,500 $37,500 $37,500
42 U.S.C. 300h-2(c)(1) SDWA $10,000/$125,000 $11,000/$137,500 $11,000/$157,500 $16,000/$177,500 $16,000/$187,500
42 U.S.C. 300h-2(c)(2) SDWA $5,000/$125,000 $5,500/$137,500 $6,500/$157,500 $7,500/$177,500 $7,500/$187,500
42 U.S.C. 300h-3(c) SDWA $5,000/$10,000 $5,500/$11,000 $6,500/$11,000 $7,500/$16,000 $7,500/$16,000
42 U.S.C. 300i(b) SDWA $15,000 $15,000 $16,500 $16,500 $21,500
42 U.S.C. 300i-1(c) SDWA $20,000/$50,000 $22,000/$55,000 3 $100,000/$1,000,000 $110,000/$1,100,000 $120,000/$1,150,000
42 U.S.C. 300j(e)(2) SDWA $2,500 $2,750 $2,750 $3,750 $3,750
42 U.S.C. 300j-4(c) SDWA $25,000 $27,500 $32,500 $37,500 $37,500
42 U.S.C. 300j-6(b)(2) SDWA $25,000 $25,000 $27,500 $32,500 $32,500
42 U.S.C. 300j-23(d) SDWA $5,000/$50,000 $5,500/$55,000 $6,500/$65,000 $7,500/$70,000 $7,500/$75,000
42 U.S.C. 4852d(b)(5) RESIDENTIAL LEAD-BASED PAINT HAZARD REDUCTION ACT OF 1992 $10,000 $11,000 $11,000 $16,000 $16,000
42 U.S.C. 4910(a)(2) NOISE CONTROL ACT OF 1972 $10,000 $11,000 $11,000 $16,000 $16,000
42 U.S.C. 6928(a)(3) RESOURCE CONSERVATION AND RECOVERY ACT (RCRA) $25,000 $27,500 $32,500 $37,500 $37,500
42 U.S.C. 6928(c) RCRA $25,000 $27,500 $32,500 $37,500 $37,500
42 U.S.C. 6928(g) RCRA $25,000 $27,500 $32,500 $37,500 $37,500
42 U.S.C. 6928(h)(2) RCRA $25,000 $27,500 $32,500 $37,500 $37,500
42 U.S.C. 6934(e) RCRA $5,000 $5,500 $6,500 $7,500 $7,500
42 U.S.C. 6973(b) RCRA $5,000 $5,500 $6,500 $7,500 $7,500
42 U.S.C. 6991e(a)(3) RCRA $25,000 $27,500 $32,500 $37,500 $37,500
42 U.S.C. 6991e(d)(1) RCRA $10,000 $11,000 $11,000 $16,000 $16,000
42 U.S.C. 6991e(d)(2) RCRA $10,000 $11,000 $11,000 $16,000 $16,000
42 U.S.C. 7413(b) CLEAN AIR ACT (CAA) $25,000 $27,500 $32,500 $37,500 $37,500
42 U.S.C. 7413(d)(1) CAA $25,000/$200,000 $27,500/$220,000 $32,500/$270,000 $37,500/$295,000 $37,500/$320,000
42 U.S.C. 7413(d)(3) CAA $5,000 $5,500 $6,500 $7,500 $7,500
42 U.S.C. 7524(a) CAA $2,500/$25,000 $2,750/$27,500 $2,750/$32,500 $3,750/$37,500 $3,750/$37,500
42 U.S.C. 7524(c)(1) CAA $200,000 $220,000 $270,000 $295,000 $320,000
42 U.S.C. 7545(d)(1) CAA $25,000 $27,500 $32,500 $37,500 $37,500
42 U.S.C. 9604(e)(5)(B) COMPREHENSIVE ENVIRONMENTAL RESPONSE, COMPENSATION, AND LIABILITY ACT (CERCLA) $25,000 $27,500 $32,500 $37,500 $37,500
42 U.S.C. 9606(b)(1) CERCLA $25,000 $27,500 $32,500 $37,500 $37,500
42 U.S.C. 9609(a)(1) CERCLA $25,000 $27,500 $32,500 $37,500 $37,500
42 U.S.C. 9609(b) CERCLA $25,000/$75,000 $27,500/$82,500 $32,500/$97,500 $37,500/$107,500 $37,500/$117,500
42 U.S.C. 9609(c) CERCLA $25,000/$75,000 $27,500/$82,500 $32,500/$97,500 $37,500/$107,500 $37,500/$117,500
42 U.S.C. 11045(a) EMERGENCY PLANNING AND COMMUNITY RIGHT-TO-KNOW ACT (EPCRA) $25,000 $27,500 $32,500 $37,500 $37,500
42 U.S.C. 11045(b)(1)(A) 4 EPCRA $25,000 $27,500 $32,500 $37,500 $37,500
42 U.S.C. 11045(b)(2) EPCRA $25,000/$75,000 $27,500/$82,500 $32,500/$97,500 $37,500/$107,500 $37,500/$117,500
42 U.S.C. 11045(b)(3) EPCRA $25,000/$75,000 $27,500/$82,500 $32,500/$97,500 $37,500/$107,500 $37,500/$117,500
42 U.S.C. 11045(c)(1) EPCRA $25,000 $27,500 $32,500 $37,500 $37,500
42 U.S.C. 11045(c)(2) EPCRA $10,000 $11,000 $11,000 $16,000 $16,000
42 U.S.C. 11045(d)(1) EPCRA $25,000 $27,500 $32,500 $37,500 $37,500
42 U.S.C. 14304(a)(1) MERCURY-CONTAINING AND RECHARGEABLE BATTERY MANAGEMENT ACT (BATTERY ACT) $10,000 $10,000 $11,000 $16,000 $16,000
42 U.S.C. 14304(g) BATTERY ACT $10,000 $10,000 $11,000 $16,000 $16,000

1 Note that 33 U.S.C. 1414b (d)(1)(B) contains additional penalty escalation provisions that must be applied to the penalty amounts set forth in this Table. The amounts set forth in this Table reflect an inflation adjustment to the calendar year 1992 penalty amount expressed in section 104B(d)(1)(A), which is used to calculate the applicable penalty amount under MPRSA section 104B(d)(1)(B) for violations that occur in any subsequent calendar year.

2 CACSO was passed on December 21, 2000 as part of Title XIV of the Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2001, Pub. L. 106-554, 33 U.S.C. 1901 note.

3 The original statutory penalty amounts of $20,000 and $50,000 under section 1432(c) of the SDWA, 42 U.S.C. 300i-1(c), were subsequently increased by Congress pursuant to section 403 of the Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002, Public Law No. 107-188 (June 12, 2002), to $100,000 and $1,000,000, respectively. EPA did not adjust these new penalty amounts in its 2004 Civil Monetary Penalty Inflation Adjustment Rule (“2004 Rule”), 69 FR 7121 (February 13, 2004), because they had gone into effect less than two years prior to the 2004 Rule.

4 Consistent with how the EPA's other penalty authorities are displayed under Part 19.4, this Table now delineates, on a subpart-by-subpart basis, the penalty authorities enumerated under section 325(b) of EPCRA, 42 U.S.C. 11045(b) (i.e., 42 U.S.C. 11045(b)(1)(A), (b)(2), and (b)(3)).

Table 2 of Section 19.4 - Civil Monetary Penalty Inflation Adjustments

U.S. Code citation Environmental statute Statutory civil penalties, as enacted Statutory civil penalties for violations that occurred after November 2, 2015 and assessed on or after August 1, 2016 but before January 15, 2017 Statutory civil penalties for violations that occurred after November 2, 2015 and assessed on or after January 15, 2017
7 U.S.C. 136 l.(a)(1) Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) $5,000 $18,750 $19,057
7 U.S.C. 136 l.(a)(2) 1 FIFRA $1,000/$500/$1,000 $2,750/$1,772/$2,750 $2,795/$1,801/$2,795
15 U.S.C. 2615(a)(1) Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) $25,000 $37,500 $38,114
15 U.S.C. 2647(a) TSCA $5,000 $10,781 $10,957
15 U.S.C. 2647(g) TSCA $5,000 $8,908 $9,054
31 U.S.C. 3802(a)(1) Program Fraud Civil Remedies Act (PFCRA) $5,000 $10,781 $10,957
31 U.S.C. 3802(a)(2) PFCRA $5,000 $10,781 $10,957
33 U.S.C. 1319(d) Clean Water Act (CWA) $25,000 $51,570 $52,414
33 U.S.C. 1319(g)(2)(A) CWA $10,000/$25,000 $20,628/$51,570 $20,965/$52,414
33 U.S.C. 1319(g)(2)(B) CWA $10,000/$125,000 $20,628/$257,848 $20,965/$262,066
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(6)(B)(i) CWA $10,000/$25,000 $17,816/$44,539 $18,107/$45,268
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(6)(B)(ii) CWA $10,000/$125,000 $17,816/$222,695 $18,107/$226,338
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(7)(A) CWA $25,000/$1,000 $44,539/$1,782 $45,268/$1,811
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(7)(B) CWA $25,000 $44,539 $45,268
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(7)(C) CWA $25,000 $44,539 $45,268
33 U.S.C. 1321(b)(7)(D) CWA $100,000/$3,000 $178,156/$5,345 $181,071/$5,432
33 U.S.C. 1414b(d)(1) Marine Protection, Research, and Sanctuaries Act (MPRSA) $600 $1,187 $1,206
33 U.S.C. 1415(a) MPRSA $50,000/$125,000 $187,500/$247,336 $190,568/$251,382
33 U.S.C. 1901 note (see 1409(a)(2)(A)) Certain Alaskan Cruise Ship Operations (CACSO) $10,000/$25,000 $13,669/$34,172 $13,893/$34,731
33 U.S.C. 1901 note (see 1409(a)(2)(B)) CACSO $10,000/$125,000 $13,669/$170,861 $13,893/$173,656
33 U.S.C. 1901 note (see 1409(b)(1)) CACSO $25,000 $34,172 $34,731
33 U.S.C. 1908(b)(1) Act To Prevent Pollution From Ships (APPS) $25,000 $70,117 $71,264
33 U.S.C. 1908(b)(2) APPS $5,000 $14,023 $14,252
42 U.S.C. 300g-3(b) Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) $25,000 $53,907 $54,789
42 U.S.C. 300g-3(g)(3)(A) SDWA $25,000 $53,907 $54,789
42 U.S.C. 300g-3(g)(3)(B) SDWA $5,000/$25,000 $10,781/$37,561 $10,957/$38,175
42 U.S.C. 300g-3(g)(3)(C) SDWA $25,000 $37,561 $38,175
42 U.S.C. 300h-2(b)(1) SDWA $25,000 $53,907 $54,789
42 U.S.C. 300h-2(c)(1) SDWA $10,000/$125,000 $21,563/$269,535 $21,916/$273,945
42 U.S.C. 300h-2(c)(2) SDWA $5,000/$125,000 $10,781/$269,535 $10,957/$273,945
42 U.S.C. 300h-3(c) SDWA $5,000/$10,000 $18,750/$40,000 $19,057/$40,654
42 U.S.C. 300i(b) SDWA $15,000 $22,537 $22,906
42 U.S.C. 300i-1(c) SDWA $100,000/$1,000,000 $131,185/$1,311,850 $133,331/$1,333,312
42 U.S.C. 300j(e)(2) SDWA $2,500 $9,375 $9,528
42 U.S.C. 300j-4(c) SDWA $25,000 $53,907 $54,789
42 U.S.C. 300j-6(b)(2) SDWA $25,000 $37,561 $38,175
42 U.S.C. 300j-23(d) SDWA $5,000/$50,000 $9,893/$98,935 $10,055/$100,554
42 U.S.C. 4852d(b)(5) Residential Lead-Based Paint Hazard Reduction Act of 1992 $10,000 $16,773 $17,047
42 U.S.C. 4910(a)(2) Noise Control Act of 1972 $10,000 $35,445 $36,025
42 U.S.C. 6928(a)(3) Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) $25,000 $93,750 $95,284
42 U.S.C. 6928(c) RCRA $25,000 $56,467 $57,391
42 U.S.C. 6928(g) RCRA $25,000 $70,117 $71,264
42 U.S.C. 6928(h)(2) RCRA $25,000 $56,467 $57,391
42 U.S.C. 6934(e) RCRA $5,000 $14,023 $14,252
42 U.S.C. 6973(b) RCRA $5,000 $14,023 $14,252
42 U.S.C. 6991e(a)(3) RCRA $25,000 $56,467 $57,391
42 U.S.C. 6991e(d)(1) RCRA $10,000 $22,587 $22,957
42 U.S.C. 6991e(d)(2) RCRA $10,000 $22,587 $22,957
42 U.S.C. 7413(b) Clean Air Act (CAA) $25,000 $93,750 $95,284
42 U.S.C. 7413(d)(1) CAA $25,000/$200,000 $44,539/$356,312 $45,268/$362,141
42 U.S.C. 7413(d)(3) CAA $5,000 $8,908 $9,054
42 U.S.C. 7524(a) CAA $25,000/$2,500 $44,539/$4,454 $45,268/$4,527
42 U.S.C. 7524(c)(1) CAA $200,000 $356,312 $362,141
42 U.S.C. 7545(d)(1) CAA $25,000 $44,539 $45,268
42 U.S.C. 9604(e)(5)(B) Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) $25,000 $53,907 $54,789
42 U.S.C. 9606(b)(1) CERCLA $25,000 $53,907 $54,789
42 U.S.C. 9609(a)(1) CERCLA $25,000 $53,907 $54,789
42 U.S.C. 9609(b) CERCLA $25,000/$75,000 $53,907/$161,721 $54,789/$164,367
42 U.S.C. 9609(c) CERCLA $25,000/$75,000 $53,907/$161,721 $54,789/$164,367
42 U.S.C. 11045(a) Emergency Planning and Community Right-To-Know Act (EPCRA) $25,000 $53,907 $54,789
42 U.S.C. 11045(b)(1)(A) EPCRA $25,000 $53,907 $54,789
42 U.S.C. 11045(b)(2) EPCRA $25,000/$75,000 $53,907/$161,721 $54,789/$164,367
42 U.S.C. 11045(b)(3) EPCRA $25,000/$75,000 $53,907/$161,721 $54,789/$164,367
42 U.S.C. 11045(c)(1) EPCRA $25,000 $53,907 $54,789
42 U.S.C. 11045(c)(2) EPCRA $10,000 $21,563 $21,916
42 U.S.C. 11045(d)(1) EPCRA $25,000 $53,907 $54,789
42 U.S.C. 14304(a)(1) Mercury-Containing and Rechargeable Battery Management Act (Battery Act) $10,000 $15,025 $15,271
42 U.S.C. 14304(g) Battery Act $10,000 $15,025 $15,271

1 Note that 7 U.S.C. 136l.(a)(2) contains three separate statutory maximum civil penalty provisions. The first mention of $1,000 and the $500 statutory maximum civil penalty amount were originally enacted in 1978 (Pub. L. 95-396), and the second mention of $1,000 was enacted in 1972 (Pub. L. 92-516).

[ 78 FR 66647, Nov. 6, 2013, as amended at 81 FR 43094, July 1, 2016; 82 FR 3635, Jan. 12, 2017]

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Title 40 published on 2015-08-22

The following are ALL rules, proposed rules, and notices (chronologically) published in the Federal Register relating to 40 CFR Part 19 after this date.

  • 2017-01-12; vol. 82 # 8 - Thursday, January 12, 2017
    1. 82 FR 3633 - Civil Monetary Penalty Inflation Adjustment Rule
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
      Final rule.
      This final rule is effective on January 15, 2017.
      40 CFR Part 19

Title 40 published on 2015-08-22.

The following are only the Rules published in the Federal Register after the published date of Title 40.

For a complete list of all Rules, Proposed Rules, and Notices view the Rulemaking tab.

  • 2017-01-12; vol. 82 # 8 - Thursday, January 12, 2017
    1. 82 FR 3633 - Civil Monetary Penalty Inflation Adjustment Rule
      GPO FDSys: XML | Text
      ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
      Final rule.
      This final rule is effective on January 15, 2017.
      40 CFR Part 19