The following definitions apply to terms used in 45 CFR parts 2510
The term Act
means the National and Community Service Act of 1990, as amended (42 U.S.C. 12501
Administrative costs. The term administrative costs means general or centralized expenses of overall administration of an organization that receives assistance under the Act and does not include program costs.
For organizations that have an established indirect cost rate for Federal awards, administrative costs mean those costs that are included in the organization's indirect cost rate. Such costs are generally identified with the organization's overall operation and are further described in Office of Management and Budget Circulars A-21 (Cost Principles for Educational Institutions), A-87 (Cost Principles for State, Local and Indian Tribal Governments), and A-122 (Cost Principles for Nonprofit Organizations) that provide guidance on indirect cost to Federal agencies. Copies of Office of Management and Budget Circulars are available from the Executive Office of the President, 725 17th Street, NW., room 2200, New Executive Office Building, Washington, D.C. 20503. They may also be accessed on-line at:
For organizations that do not have an established indirect cost rate for Federal awards, administrative costs include:
Costs for financial, accounting, auditing, contracting, or general legal services except in unusual cases when they are specifically approved in writing by the Corporation as program costs.
Costs for internal evaluation, including overall organizational management improvement costs (except for independent evaluations and internal evaluations of a program or project).
Costs for general liability insurance that protects the organization(s) responsible for operating a program or project, other than insurance costs solely attributable to a program or project.
Adult Volunteer. (1) The term adult volunteer means an individual, such as an older adult, an individual with disability, a parent, or an employee of a business of public or private nonprofit organization, who—
Works without financial remuneration in an educational institution to assist students of out-of-school youth; and
Is beyond the age of compulsory school attendance in the State in which the educational institution is located.
AmeriCorps. The term AmeriCorps means the combination of all AmeriCorps programs and participants.
AmeriCorps educational award. The term AmeriCorps educational award means a national service educational award described in section 147 of the Act.
AmeriCorps participant. The term AmeriCorps participant means any individual who is serving in—
An AmeriCorps program;
An approved AmeriCorps position; or
AmeriCorps program. The term AmeriCorps program means—
Any program that receives approved AmeriCorps positions;
Any program that receives Corporation funds under section 121 of the Act; or
Approved AmeriCorps position. The term approved AmeriCorps position means an AmeriCorps position for which the Corporation has approved the provision of an AmeriCorps educational award as one of the benefits to be provided for successful service in the position.
Approved Silver Scholar position. The term approved Silver Scholar position means a Silver Scholar position for which the Corporation has approved a Silver Scholar education award.
Approved Summer of Service position. The term approved Summer of Service position means a Summer of Service position for which the Corporation has approved a Summer of Service education award.
Carry out. The term carry out, when used in connection with an AmeriCorps program described in section 122 of the Act, means the planning, establishment, operation, expansion, or replication of the program.
Chief Executive Officer. The term Chief Executive Officer, except when used to refer to the chief executive officer of a State, means the Chief Executive Officer of the Corporation appointed under section 193 of the Act.
Children. The term children means individuals 17 years of age and younger.
Community-based agency. The term community-based agency means a private nonprofit organization (including a church or other religious entity) that—
Is representative of a community or a significant segment of a community; and
Is engaged in meeting educational, public safety, human, or environmental community needs.
Community-based entity. The term community-based entity means a public or private nonprofit organization that—
Has experience with meeting unmet human, educational, environmental, or public safety needs; and
Meets other such criteria as the Chief Executive Officer may establish.
Corporation. The term Corporation means the Corporation for National and Community Service established under section 191 of the Act.
The term economically disadvantaged,
with respect to an individual, has the same meaning as such term as defined in the Job Training Partnership Act (29 U.S.C. 1503(8)
The term elementary school
has the same meaning given the term in section 1471(8) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 2891(8)
Empowerment zone. The term empowerment zone means an area designated as an empowerment zone by the Secretary of the Department of Housing and Urban Development or the Secretary of the Department of Agriculture.
Grantmaking entity. (1) For school-based programs, the term grantmaking entity means a public or private nonprofit organization experienced in service-learning that—
Submits an application to make grants for school-based service-learning programs in two or more States; and
Was in existence at least one year before the date on which the organization submitted the application.
For community-based programs, the term grantmaking entity means a qualified organization that—
Submits an application to make grants to qualified organizations to implement, operate, expand, or replicate community-based service programs that provide for educational, public safety, human, or environmental service by school-age youth in two or more States; and
Was in existence at least one year before the date on which the organization submitted the application.
Higher Education partnerships. The term higher education partnership means one or more public or private nonprofit organizations, or public agencies, including States, and one or more institutions of higher education that have entered into a written agreement specifying the responsibilities of each partner.
The term Indian
means a person who is a member of an Indian tribe, or is a “Native”, as defined in section 3(b) of the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1602(b)
Indian lands. The term Indian lands means any real property owned by an Indian tribe, any real property held in trust by the United States for an Indian or Indian tribe, and any real property held by an Indian or Indian tribe that is subject to restrictions on alienation imposed by the United States.
Indian tribe. The term Indian tribe means—
An Indian tribe, band, nation, or other organized group or community that is recognized as eligible for the special programs and services provided by the United States under Federal law to Indians because of their status as Indians, including—
Any Native village, as defined in section 3(c) of the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1602(c)), whether organized traditionally or pursuant to the Act of June 18, 1934 (commonly known as the “Indian Reorganization Act”, 25 U.S.C. 461
et seq.); and
Any Regional Corporation or Village Corporation, as defined in subsection (g) or (j), respectively, of section 3 of the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1602 (g) or (j)); and
Any tribal organization controlled, sanctioned, or chartered by an entity described in paragraph (1) of this definition.
Individual with a disability.
Except as provided in section 175(a) of the Act, the term individual with a disability
has the meaning given the term in section 7(8)(B) of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (29 U.S.C. 706(8)(B)
), which includes individuals with cognitive and other mental impairments, as well as individuals with physical impairments, who meet the criteria in that definition.
Infrastructure-building activities. The term infrastructure-building activities refers to activities that increase the capacity of organizations, programs and individuals to provide high quality service to communities.
Institution of higher education.
The term institution of higher education
has the same meaning given the term in section 101 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001
Local educational agency (LEA).
The term local educational agency
has the same meaning given the term in section 1471(12) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 2891(12)
The term local partnership
means a partnership, as defined in § 2510.20
of this chapter, that meets the eligibility requirements to apply for subgrants under § 2516.110
or § 2517.110
of this chapter.
National nonprofit. The term national nonprofit means any nonprofit organization whose mission, membership, activities, or constituencies are national in scope.
National service laws.
The term national service laws
means the Act and the Domestic Volunteer Service Act of 1973 (42 U.S.C. 4950
Objective. The term objective means a desired accomplishment of a program.
Out-of-school youth. The term out-of-school youth means an individual who—
Has not attained the age of 27;
Has not completed college or its equivalent; and
Is not enrolled in an elementary or secondary school or institution of higher education.
Participant. (1) The term participant means an individual enrolled in a program that receives assistance under the Act.
A participant may not be considered to be an employee of the program in which the participant is enrolled.
A participant may also be referred to by the term member.
Partnership. The term partnership means two or more entities that have entered into a written agreement specifying the partnership's goals and activities as well as the responsibilities, goals, and activities of each partner.
Partnership program. The term partnership program means a program through which an adult volunteer, a public or private nonprofit organization, an institution of higher education, or a business assists a local educational agency.
Program. The term program, unless the context otherwise requires, and except when used as part of the term academic program, means a program described in section 111(a) (other than a program referred to in paragraph (3)(B) of that section), 117A(a), 119(b)(1), or 122(a) of the Act, or in paragraph (1) or (2) of section 152(b) of the Act, or an activity that could be funded under sections 198, 198C, or 198D of the Act.
Program costs. The term program costs means expenses directly related to a program or project, including their operations and objectives. Program costs include, but are not limited to:
Costs attributable to participants, including: living allowances, insurance payments, and expenses for training and travel.
Costs (including salary, benefits, training, travel) attributable to staff who recruit, train, place, support, coordinate, or supervise participants, or who develop materials used in such activities.
Costs for independent evaluations and internal evaluations to the extent that the evaluations cover only the funded program or project.
Costs, excluding those already covered in an organization's indirect cost rate, attributable to staff that work in a direct program or project support, operational, or oversight capacity, including, but not limited to: support staff whose functions directly support program or project activities; staff who coordinate and facilitate single or multi-site program and project activities; and staff who review, disseminate and implement Corporation guidance and policies directly relating to a program or project.
Space, facility, and communications costs for program or project operations and other costs that primarily support program or project operations, excluding those costs that are already covered by an organization's indirect cost rate.
Other allowable costs, excluding those costs that are already covered by an organization's indirect cost rate, specifically approved by the Corporation as directly attributable to a program or project.
Program sponsor. The term program sponsor means an entity responsible for recruiting, selecting, and training participants, providing them benefits and support services, engaging them in regular group activities, and placing them in projects.
Project. The term project means an activity, or a set of activities, carried out through a program that receives assistance under the Act, that results in a specific identifiable service or improvement that otherwise would not be done with existing funds, and that does not duplicate the routine services or functions of the employer to whom participants are assigned.
Project sponsor. The term project sponsor means an organization, or other entity, that has been selected to provide a placement for a participant.
Qualified individual with a disability.
The term qualified individual with a disability
has the meaning given the term in section 101(8) of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12111(8)
Qualified organization. The term qualified organization means a public or private nonprofit organization, other than a grantmaking entity, that—
Has experience in working with school-age youth; and
Was in existence at least one year before the date on which the organization submitted an application for a service-learning program.
Recognized equivalent of a high-school diploma. The term recognized equivalent of a high-school diploma means:
A General Education Development Certificate (GED);
A State certificate received by a student after the student has passed a State-authorized examination that the State recognizes as the equivalent of a high-school diploma;
An academic transcript of a student who has successfully completed at least a two-year program that is acceptable for full credit toward a bachelor's degree; or
For a person who is seeking enrollment in an educational program that leads to at least an associate degree or its equivalent and who has not completed high-school but who excelled academically in high-school, documentation that the student excelled academically in high-school and has met the formalized, written policies of the institution for admitting such students.
Recurring access. The term recurring access means the ability on more than one occasion to approach, observe, or communicate with, an individual, through physical proximity or other means, including but not limited to, electronic or telephonic communication.
School-age youth. The term school-age youth means—
Individuals between the ages of 5 and 17, inclusive; and
Children with disabilities, as defined in section 602(a)(1) of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (20 U.S.C. 1401(a)(1)), who receive services under part B of that Act.
The term secondary school
has the same meaning given the term in section 1471(21) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 2891(21)
Service-learning. The term service-learning means a method under which students or participants learn and develop through active participation in thoughtfully organized service that—
Is conducted in and meets the needs of a community;
Is coordinated with an elementary school, secondary school, institution of higher education, or community service program, and with the community;
Helps foster civic responsibility;
Is integrated into and enhances the academic curriculum of the students or the educational components of the community service program in which the participants are enrolled; and
Includes structured time for the students and participants to reflect on the service experience.
Service-learning coordinator. The term service-learning coordinator means an individual trained in service-learning who identifies community partners for LEAs; assists in designing and implementing local partnerships service-learning programs; provides technical assistance and information to, and facilitates the training of, teachers; and provides other services for an LEA.
State. The term State means each of the several States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands. The term also includes Palau, until the Compact of Free Association is ratified.
State Commission. The term State Commission means a State Commission on National and Community Service maintained by a State pursuant to section 178 of the Act. Except when used in section 178, the term includes an alternative administrative entity for a State approved by the Corporation under that section to act in lieu of a State Commission.
State educational agency (SEA).
The term State educational agency
has the same meaning given that term in section 1471(23) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 2891(23)
Student. The term student means an individual who is enrolled in an elementary or secondary school or institution of higher education on a full-time or part-time basis.
Subdivision of a State. The term subdivision of a State means an governmental unit within a State other than a unit with Statewide responsibilities.
Subtitle C program.
The term subtitle C program
means an AmeriCorps program authorized and funded under subtitle C of the National and Community Service Act of 1990, as amended. (NCSA) (42 U.S.C. 12501
) It does not include demonstration programs, or other AmeriCorps programs, funded under subtitle H of the NCSA.
Target community. The term target community means the geographic community in which an AmeriCorps grant applicant intends to provide service to address an identified unmet human, educational, environmental, or public safety (including disaster-preparedness and response) need.
U.S. Territory. The term U.S. Territory means the Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and Palau, until the Compact of Free Association with Palau is ratified.
[59 FR 13783, Mar. 23, 1994, as amended at 63 FR 18137
, Apr. 14, 1998; 67 FR 45359
, July 9, 2002; 70 FR 39596
, July 8, 2005; 72 FR 48581
, Aug. 24, 2007; 73 FR 53759
, Sept. 17, 2008; 74 FR 46502
, Sept. 10, 2009; 75 FR 51409
, Aug. 20, 2010]