50 CFR § 23.23 - What information is required on U.S. and foreign CITES documents?
(a) Purpose. Article VI of the Treaty provides standard information that must be on a permit and certificate issued under Articles III, IV, and V. To identify a false or invalid document, any CITES document, including a CITES exemption document issued under Article VII, must contain standardized information to allow a Party to verify that the specimen being shipped is the one listed on the document and that the trade is consistent with the provisions of the Treaty.
(b) CITES form. A CITES document issued by a Party must be issued in one or more of the three working languages of CITES (English, Spanish, or French). A CITES document from a non-Party may be in the form of a permit or certificate, letter, or any other form that clearly indicates the nature of the document and includes the information in paragraphs (c) through (e) of this section and the additional information in § 23.25.
(c) Required information. Except for a phytosanitary certificate used as a CITES certificate for artificially propagated plants in paragraph (f) of this section, or a customs declaration label used to identify specimens being moved between registered scientific institutions (§ 23.48(e)(5)), a CITES document issued by a Party or non-Party must contain the information set out in this paragraph (listed alphabetically). Specific types of CITES documents must also contain the additional information identified in paragraph (e) of this section. A CITES document is valid only when it contains the following information:
|(1) Appendix||The CITES Appendix in which the species, subspecies, or population is listed (see § 23.21 when a Party has taken a reservation on a listing). For products that contain or consist of more than one CITES species, the Appendix in which each species is listed must be indicated on the CITES document.|
|(2) Applicant's signature||The applicant's signature if the CITES document includes a place for it.|
|(3) Bill of lading, air waybill, or flight number||As applicable for export or re-export: (i) by ocean or air cargo, the bill of lading or air waybill number or (ii) in accompanying baggage, the flight number, as recorded on the CITES document by the inspecting official at the port, if known at the time of validation or certification.|
|(4) Dates||Date of issue and date of expiration (“valid until” date on the standardized CITES form), which is midnight of the date on the CITES document. See § 23.54 for the length of validity for different types of CITES documents.|
|(5) Description of the specimen||A complete description of the specimen, including whether live or the type of goods. The sex and age of a live specimen should be recorded, if possible. Such information must be in English, Spanish, or French on a CITES document from a Party. If a code is used to indicate the type of specimen, it must agree with the
|(6) Document number||A unique control number. We use a unique 12-character number. The first two characters are the last two digits of the year of issuance, the next two are the two-letter ISO country code, followed by a six-digit serial number, and two digits or letters used for national informational purposes.|
|(7) Humane transport of live specimens||If the CITES document authorizes the export or re-export of live specimens, a statement that the document is valid only if the transport conditions comply with the
|(8) Identification of the specimen||Any unique identification number or mark (such as a tag, band, ring, microchip, label, or serial number), including any mark required under these regulations or a CITES listing annotation. For a microchip, the microchip code, trademark of the transponder manufacturer and, where possible, the location of the microchip in the specimen. If a microchip is used, we may, if necessary, ask the importer, exporter, or re-exporter to have equipment on hand to read the microchip at the time of import, export, or re-export.|
|(9) Management Authority||The complete name and address of the issuing Management Authority as included in the CITES directory, which is available from the CITES website or us (see § 23.7).|
|(10) Name and address||The complete name and address, including country, of the exporter and importer.|
|(11) Purpose of transaction||The purpose of the transaction identified either through a written description of the purpose of the transaction or by using one of the codes given in paragraph (d) of this section. The code is determined by the issuing Management Authority through information submitted with an application. This is not required for a certificate of origin.|
|(12) Quantity||The quantity of specimens authorized in the shipment and, if appropriate, the unit of measurement using the metric system. For products that contain or consist of more than one CITES species, the quantity of each species must be indicated on the CITES document.
(i) The unit of measurement should be appropriate to the type of specimen and agree with the
(ii) Weight should be in kilograms. If weight is used, net weight (weight of the specimen alone) must be stated, not gross weight that includes the weight of the container or packaging.
(iii) Volume should be in cubic meters for logs and sawn wood and either square meters or cubic meters for veneer and plywood.
(iv) For re-export, if the type of good has not changed since being imported, the same unit of measurement as on the export permit must be used, except to change to units that are to be used in the CITES annual report.
|(13) Scientific name||The scientific name of the species, including the subspecies when needed to determine the level of protection of the specimen under CITES. For products that contain or consist of more than one CITES species, the scientific name of each species must be indicated on the CITES document. Scientific names must be in the standard nomenclature as it appears in the CITES Appendices or the references adopted by the CoP. A list of current references is available from the CITES website or us (see § 23.7). A CITES document may contain higher-taxon names in
(i) The CoP has agreed that the use of a higher-taxon name is acceptable for use on CITES documents.
(A) If the genus cannot be readily determined for coral rock, the scientific name to be used is the order Scleractinia.
(B) If the species cannot be determined for worked specimens of black coral, specimens may be identified at the genus level. If the genus cannot be determined for worked specimens of black coral, the scientific name to be used is the order Antipatharia. Raw black coral and live black coral must be identified to the level of species.
(C) Live and dead coral must be identified to the level of species except where the CoP has agreed that identification to genus is acceptable. A current list of coral taxa identifiable to genus is available from the CITES website or us (see § 23.7).
(D) Re-export of worked skins or pieces of
(ii) The issuing Party can show the use of a higher-taxon name is well justified and has communicated the justification to the Secretariat.
(iii) The item is a pre-Convention manufactured product containing a specimen that cannot be identified to the species level.
|(14) Seal or stamp||The embossed seal or ink stamp of the issuing Management Authority.|
|(15) Security stamp||If a Party uses a security stamp, the stamp must be canceled by an authorized signature and a stamp or seal, preferably embossed. The number of the stamp must also be recorded on the CITES document.|
|(16) Signature||An original handwritten signature or signature stamp of a person authorized to sign CITES documents for the issuing Management Authority. The signature must be on file with the Secretariat.|
|(17) Signature name||The name of the person who signed the CITES document.|
|(18) Source||The source of the specimen. For products that contain or consist of more than one CITES species, the source code of each species must be indicated on the CITES document. For re-export, unless there is information to indicate otherwise, the source code on the CITES document used for import of the specimen must be used. See § 23.24 for a list of codes.|
|(19) Treaty name||Either the full name or acronym of the Treaty, or the CITES logo.|
|(20) Type of CITES document||The type of CITES document (import, export, re-export, or other):
(i) If marked “other,” the CITES document must indicate the type of document, such as certificate for artificially propagated plants, certificate for wildlife bred in captivity, certificate of origin, certificate of ownership, introduction-from-the-sea certificate, pre-Convention certificate, sample collection covered by an ATA carnet, scientific exchange certificate, or traveling-exhibition certificate.
(ii) If multiple types are authorized on one CITES document, the type that applies to each specimen must be clearly indicated.
|(21) Validation or certification||Except as provided for replacement (§ 23.52(f)) or retrospective (§ 23.53(f)) CITES documents, the actual quantity of specimens exported or re-exported:
(i) Using the same units of measurement as those on the CITES document.
(ii) Validated or certified by the stamp or seal and signature of the inspecting authority at the time of export or re-export.
(d) Purpose of transaction. If the purpose is not identified by a written description, the CITES document must contain one of the following codes:
|Code||Purpose of transaction|
|B||Breeding in captivity or artificial propagation|
|M||Medical research (including biomedical research)|
|N||Reintroduction or introduction into the wild|
|Q||Circus and traveling exhibition|
(e) Additional required information. The following describes the additional information that is required for specific types of documents (listed alphabetically):
|Type of document||Additional required information|
|(1) Annex (such as an attached inventory, conditions, or continuation pages of a CITES document)||The page number, document number, and date of issue on each page of an annex that is attached as an integral part of a CITES document. An authorized signature and ink stamp or seal, preferably embossed, of the Management Authority issuing the CITES document must also be included on each page of the annex. The CITES document must indicate an attached annex and the total number of pages.|
|(2) Certificate of origin (see § 23.38)||A statement that the specimen originated in the country that issued the certificate.|
|(3) Copy when used in place of the original CITES document||(i) Information required in paragraph (e)(7) of this section when the document authorizes export or re-export.
(ii) A statement by the Management Authority on the face of the document authorizing the use of a copy when the document authorizes import.
|(4) Export permit for a registered commercial breeding operation or nursery for Appendix-I specimens (see § 23.46)||The registration number of the operation or nursery assigned by the Secretariat, and if the exporter is not the registered operation or nursery, the name of the registered operation or nursery.|
|(5) Export permit with a quota||Number of specimens, such as 500/1,000, that were:
(i) Exported thus far in the current year, including those covered by the current permit (such as 500), and
(ii) Included in the current annual quota (such as 1,000).
|(6) Import permit (Appendix-I specimen) (see § 23.35)||A certification that the specimen will not be used for primarily commercial purposes and, for a live specimen, that the recipient has suitable facilities and expertise to house and care for it.|
|(7) Replacement CITES document (see § 23.52)||When a CITES document replaces an already issued CITES document that was lost, damaged, stolen, or accidentally destroyed:
(i) If a newly issued CITES document, indication it is a “replacement,” the number and date of issuance of the CITES document that was replaced, and reason for replacement.
(ii) If a copy of the original CITES document, indication it is a “replacement” and a “true copy of the original,” a new original signature of a person authorized to sign CITES documents for the issuing Management Authority, the date signed, and reason for replacement.
|(8) Partially completed documents (see § 23.51)||(i) A list of the blocks that must be completed by the permit holder.
(ii) If the list includes scientific names, an inventory of approved species must be included on the face of the CITES document or in an attached annex.
(iii) A signature of the permit holder, which acts as a certification that the information entered is true and accurate.
|(9) Pre-Convention document (see § 23.45)||(i) An indication on the face of the CITES document that the specimen is pre-Convention.
(ii) A date that shows the specimen was acquired before the date the Convention first applied to it.
|(10) Re-export certificate (see § 23.37)||(i) The country of origin, the export permit number, and the date of issue.
(ii) If previously re-exported, the country of last re-export, the re-export certificate number, and the date of issue.
(iii) If all or part of this information is not known, a justification must be given.
(iv) For products that contain or consist of more than one CITES species, the information in paragraphs (e)(10)(i) through (iii) of this section for each species must be indicated on the CITES document.
|(11) Retrospective CITES document (see § 23.53)||A clear statement that the CITES document is issued retrospectively and the reason for issuance.|
|(12) Sample collection covered by an ATA carnet (see § 23.50)||(i) A statement that the document covers a sample collection and is invalid unless accompanied by a valid ATA carnet.
(ii) The number of the accompanying ATA carnet recorded by the Management Authority, customs, or other responsible CITES inspecting official.
(2) The certificate is used only when all the following conditions are met:
(i) The plants are being exported, not re-exported.
(3) The certificate contains the following information:
(i) The scientific name of the species, including the subspecies when needed to determine the level of protection of the specimen under CITES, using standard nomenclature as it appears in the CITES Appendices or the references adopted by the CoP.
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