Utah Admin. Code R315-261-1 - Purpose and Scope

(a) This rule identifies those solid wastes which are subject to regulation as hazardous wastes under Rules R315-262 through 265, 268, 270, and 124 and which are subject to the notification requirements of these rules.
(1) Sections R315-261-1 through 9 define the terms 'solid waste" and "hazardous waste", identfies those wastes which are excluded from regulation under Rules R315-262 through R315-266, R315-268 and R315-270 and establish special management requirements for hazardous waste produced by very small quantity generators and hazardous waste which is recycled.
(2) Sections R315-261-10 and 11 set forth the criteria used to identify characteristics of hazardous waste and to list particular hazardous wastes.
(3) Sections R315-261-20 through 24 identify characteristics of hazardous waste.
(4) Sections R315-261-30 through 35 list particular hazardous wastes.
(1) The definition of solid waste contained in this rule applies only to wastes that also are hazardous for purposes of the rules implementing Title 19 Chapter 6. For example, it does not apply to materials such as non-hazardous scrap, paper, textiles, or rubber that are not otherwise hazardous wastes and that are recycled.
(2) Rule R315-261 identifies only some of the materials which are solid wastes and hazardous wastes under the Utah Solid and Hazardous Waste Act. A material which is not defined as a solid waste in Rule R315-261, or is not a hazardous waste identified or listed in Rule R315-261, is still a solid waste and a hazardous waste for purposes of these sections if:
(i) In the case of section 19-6-109, the Director has reason to believe that the material may be a solid waste within the meaning of Subsection 19-6-102(13) and a hazardous waste within the meaning of Subsection 19-6-102(7) or
(ii) In the case of section 19-6-115, the material is presenting an imminent and substantial danger to human health or the environment.
(c) For the purposes of Sections R315-261-2 and 261-6:
(1) A 'spent material" is any material that has been used and as a result of contamination can no longer serve the purpose for which it was produced without processing;
(2) "Sludge" has the same meaning used in Section R315-260-10;
(3) A "by-product" is a material that is not one of the primary products of a production process and is not solely or separately produced by the production process. Examples are process residues such as slags or distillation column bottoms. The term does not include a co-product that is produced for the general public's use and is ordinarily used in the form it is produced by the process.
(4) A material is "reclaimed" if it is processed to recover a usable product, or if it is regenerated. Examples are recovery of lead values from spent batteries and regeneration of spent solvents. In addition, for purposes of Subsections R315-261-4(a)(23), and (24) smelting, melting and refining furnaces are considered to be solely engaged in metals reclamation if the metal recovery from the hazardous secondary materials meets the same requirements as those specified for metals recovery from hazardous waste found in Subsection R315-266-100(d)(1) through (3), and if the residuals meet the requirements specified in Section R315-266-112.
(5) A material is "used or reused" if it is either:
(i) Employed as an ingredient, including use as an intermediate, in an industrial process to make a product, for example, distillation bottoms from one process used as feedstock in another process. However, a material will not satisfy this condition if distinct components of the material are recovered as separate end products, as when metals are recovered from metal-containing secondary materials; or
(ii) Employed in a particular function or application as an effective substitute for a commercial product, for example, spent pickle liquor used as phosphorous precipitant and sludge conditioner in wastewater treatment.
(6) "Scrap metal" is bits and pieces of metal parts; for example bars, turnings, rods, sheets, or wire; or metal pieces that may be combined together with bolts or soldering; for example radiators, scrap automobiles, or railroad box cars; which when worn or superfluous can be recycled.
(7) A material is "recycled" if it is used, reused, or reclaimed.
(8) A material is "accumulated speculatively" if it is accumulated before being recycled. A material is not accumulated speculatively, however, if the person accumulating it can show that the material is potentially recyclable and has a feasible means of being recycled; and that during the calendar year, commencing on January 1, the amount of material that is recycled, or transferred to a different site for recycling, equals at least 75 percent by weight or volume of the amount of that material accumulated at the beginning of the period. Materials shall be placed in a storage unit with a label indicating the first date that the material began to be accumulated. If placing a label on the storage unit is not practicable, the accumulation period shall be documented through an inventory log or other appropriate method. In calculating the percentage of turnover, the 75 percent requirement is to be applied to each material of the same type, e.g., slags from a single smelting process, that is recycled in the same way, i.e., from which the same material is recovered or that is used in the same way. Materials accumulating in units that would be exempt from regulation under Subsection R315-261-4(c) are not to be included in making the calculation. Materials that are already defined as solid wastes also are not to be included in making the calculation. Materials are no longer in this category once they are removed from accumulation for recycling, however.
(9) "Excluded scrap metal" is processed scrap metal, unprocessed home scrap metal, and unprocessed prompt scrap metal.
(10) "Processed scrap metal" is scrap metal which has been manually or physically altered to either separate it into distinct materials to enhance economic value or to improve the handling of materials. Processed scrap metal includes, but is not limited to scrap metal which has been baled, shredded, sheared, chopped, crushed, flattened, cut, melted, or separated by metal type, i.e., sorted, and, fines, drosses and related materials which have been agglomerated. Note: shredded circuit boards being sent for recycling are not considered processed scrap metal. They are covered under the exclusion from the definition of solid waste for shredded circuit boards being recycled Subsection R315-261-4(a)(14).
(11) "Home scrap metal" is scrap metal as generated by steel mills, foundries, and refineries such as turnings, cuttings, punchings, and borings.
(12) "Prompt scrap metal" is scrap metal as generated by the metal working/fabrication industries and includes such scrap metal as turnings, cuttings, punchings, and borings. Prompt scrap is also known as industrial or new scrap metal.


Utah Admin. Code R315-261-1
Adopted by Utah State Bulletin Number 2016-9, effective 4/15/2016 Amended by Utah State Bulletin Number 2017-17, effective 8/31/2017 Amended by Utah State Bulletin Number 2019-21, effective 10/15/2019

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