26 U.S. Code § 35 - Health insurance costs of eligible individuals

§ 35.
Health insurance costs of eligible individuals
(a) In general

In the case of an individual, there shall be allowed as a credit against the tax imposed by subtitle A an amount equal to 72.5 percent of the amount paid by the taxpayer for coverage of the taxpayer and qualifying family members under qualified health insurance for eligible coverage months beginning in the taxable year.

(b) Eligible coverage monthFor purposes of this section—
(1) In generalThe term “eligible coverage month” means any month if—
(A) as of the first day of such month, the taxpayer—
(i)
is an eligible individual,
(ii)
is covered by qualified health insurance, the premium for which is paid by the taxpayer,
(iii)
does not have other specified coverage, and
(iv)
is not imprisoned under Federal, State, or local authority, and
(B)
such month begins more than 90 days after the date of the enactment of the Trade Act of 2002, and before January 1, 2020.
(2) Joint returns

In the case of a joint return, the requirements of paragraph (1)(A) shall be treated as met with respect to any month if at least 1 spouse satisfies such requirements.

(c) Eligible individualFor purposes of this section—
(1) In generalThe term “eligible individual” means—
(A)
an eligible TAA recipient,
(B)
an eligible alternative TAA recipient, and
(C)
an eligible PBGC pension recipient.
(2) Eligible TAA recipient
(A) In general

Except as provided in subparagraph (B), the term “eligible TAA recipient” means, with respect to any month, any individual who is receiving for any day of such month a trade readjustment allowance under chapter 2 of title II of the Trade Act of 1974 or who would be eligible to receive such allowance if section 231 of such Act were applied without regard to subsection (a)(3)(B) of such section. An individual shall continue to be treated as an eligible TAA recipient during the first month that such individual would otherwise cease to be an eligible TAA recipient by reason of the preceding sentence.

(B) Special ruleIn the case of any eligible coverage month beginning after the date of the enactment of this paragraph, the term “eligible TAA recipient” means, with respect to any month, any individual who—
(i)
is receiving for any day of such month a trade readjustment allowance under chapter 2 of title II of the Trade Act of 1974,
(ii)
would be eligible to receive such allowance except that such individual is in a break in training provided under a training program approved under section 236 of such Act that exceeds the period specified in section 233(e) of such Act, but is within the period for receiving such allowances provided under section 233(a) of such Act, or
(iii)
is receiving unemployment compensation (as defined in section 85(b)) for any day of such month and who would be eligible to receive such allowance for such month if section 231 of such Act were applied without regard to subsections (a)(3)(B) and (a)(5) thereof.
An individual shall continue to be treated as an eligible TAA recipient during the first month that such individual would otherwise cease to be an eligible TAA recipient by reason of the preceding sentence.
(3) Eligible alternative TAA recipientThe term “eligible alternative TAA recipient” means, with respect to any month, any individual who—
(A)
is a worker described in section 246(a)(3)(B) of the Trade Act of 1974 who is participating in the program established under section 246(a)(1) of such Act, and
(B)
is receiving a benefit for such month under section 246(a)(2) of such Act.
An individual shall continue to be treated as an eligible alternative TAA recipient during the first month that such individual would otherwise cease to be an eligible alternative TAA recipient by reason of the preceding sentence.
(4) Eligible PBGC pension recipientThe term “eligible PBGC pension recipient” means, with respect to any month, any individual who—
(A)
has attained age 55 as of the first day of such month, and
(B)
is receiving a benefit for such month any portion of which is paid by the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation under title IV of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974.
(d) Qualifying family memberFor purposes of this section—
(1) In generalThe term “qualifying family member” means—
(A)
the taxpayer’s spouse, and
(B)
any dependent of the taxpayer with respect to whom the taxpayer is entitled to a deduction under section 151(c).
Such term does not include any individual who has other specified coverage.
(2) Special dependency test in case of divorced parents, etc.

If section 152(e) applies to any child with respect to any calendar year, in the case of any taxable year beginning in such calendar year, such child shall be treated as described in paragraph (1)(B) with respect to the custodial parent (as defined in section 152(e)(4)(A)) and not with respect to the noncustodial parent.

(e) Qualified health insuranceFor purposes of this section—
(1) In generalThe term “qualified health insurance” means any of the following:
(A)
Coverage under a COBRA continuation provision (as defined in section 9832(d)(1)).
(B)
State-based continuation coverage provided by the State under a State law that requires such coverage.
(C)
Coverage offered through a qualified State high risk pool (as defined in section 2744(c)(2) of the Public Health Service Act).
(D)
Coverage under a health insurance program offered for State employees.
(E)
Coverage under a State-based health insurance program that is comparable to the health insurance program offered for State employees.
(F) Coverage through an arrangement entered into by a State and—
(i)
a group health plan (including such a plan which is a multiemployer plan as defined in section 3(37) of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974),
(ii)
an issuer of health insurance coverage,
(iii)
an administrator, or
(iv)
an employer.
(G)
Coverage offered through a State arrangement with a private sector health care coverage purchasing pool.
(H)
Coverage under a State-operated health plan that does not receive any Federal financial participation.
(I)
Coverage under a group health plan that is available through the employment of the eligible individual’s spouse.
(J)
In the case of any eligible individual and such individual’s qualifying family members, coverage under individual health insurance (other than coverage enrolled in through an Exchange established under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act). For purposes of this subparagraph, the term “individual health insurance” means any insurance which constitutes medical care offered to individuals other than in connection with a group health plan and does not include Federal- or State-based health insurance coverage.
(K)
Coverage under an employee benefit plan funded by a voluntary employees’ beneficiary association (as defined in section 501(c)(9)) established pursuant to an order of a bankruptcy court, or by agreement with an authorized representative, as provided in section 1114 of title 11, United States Code.
(2) Requirements for state-based coverage
(A) In generalThe term “qualified health insurance” does not include any coverage described in subparagraphs (B) through (H) of paragraph (1) unless the State involved has elected to have such coverage treated as qualified health insurance under this section and such coverage meets the following requirements:
(i) Guaranteed issue

Each qualifying individual is guaranteed enrollment if the individual pays the premium for enrollment or provides a qualified health insurance costs credit eligibility certificate described in section 7527 and pays the remainder of such premium.

(ii) No imposition of preexisting condition exclusion

No pre-existing condition limitations are imposed with respect to any qualifying individual.

(iii) Nondiscriminatory premium

The total premium (as determined without regard to any subsidies) with respect to a qualifying individual may not be greater than the total premium (as so determined) for a similarly situated individual who is not a qualifying individual.

(iv) Same benefits

Benefits under the coverage are the same as (or substantially similar to) the benefits provided to similarly situated individuals who are not qualifying individuals.

(B) Qualifying individualFor purposes of this paragraph, the term “qualifying individual” means—
(i)
an eligible individual for whom, as of the date on which the individual seeks to enroll in the coverage described in subparagraphs (B) through (H) of paragraph (1), the aggregate of the periods of creditable coverage (as defined in section 9801(c)) is 3 months or longer and who, with respect to any month, meets the requirements of clauses (iii) and (iv) of subsection (b)(1)(A); and
(ii)
the qualifying family members of such eligible individual.
(3) ExceptionThe term “qualified health insurance” shall not include—
(A)
a flexible spending or similar arrangement, and
(B)
any insurance if substantially all of its coverage is of excepted benefits described in section 9832(c).
(f) Other specified coverageFor purposes of this section, an individual has other specified coverage for any month if, as of the first day of such month—
(1) Subsidized coverage
(A) In general

Such individual is covered under any insurance which constitutes medical care (except insurance substantially all of the coverage of which is of excepted benefits described in section 9832(c)) under any health plan maintained by any employer (or former employer) of the taxpayer or the taxpayer’s spouse and at least 50 percent of the cost of such coverage (determined under section 4980B) is paid or incurred by the employer.

(B) Eligible alternative TAA recipientsIn the case of an eligible alternative TAA recipient, such individual is either—
(i)
eligible for coverage under any qualified health insurance (other than insurance described in subparagraph (A), (B), or (F) of subsection (e)(1)) under which at least 50 percent of the cost of coverage (determined under section 4980B(f)(4)) is paid or incurred by an employer (or former employer) of the taxpayer or the taxpayer’s spouse, or
(ii)
covered under any such qualified health insurance under which any portion of the cost of coverage (as so determined) is paid or incurred by an employer (or former employer) of the taxpayer or the taxpayer’s spouse.
(C) Treatment of cafeteria plans

For purposes of subparagraphs (A) and (B), the cost of coverage shall be treated as paid or incurred by an employer to the extent the coverage is in lieu of a right to receive cash or other qualified benefits under a cafeteria plan (as defined in section 125(d)).

(2) Coverage under Medicare, Medicaid, or SCHIPSuch individual—
(A)
is entitled to benefits under part A of title XVIII of the Social Security Act or is enrolled under part B of such title, or
(B)
is enrolled in the program under title XIX or XXI of such Act (other than under section 1928 of such Act).
(3) Certain other coverageSuch individual—
(A)
is enrolled in a health benefits plan under chapter 89 of title 5, United States Code, or
(B)
is entitled to receive benefits under chapter 55 of title 10, United States Code.
(g) Special rules
(1) Coordination with advance payments of credit

With respect to any taxable year, the amount which would (but for this subsection) be allowed as a credit to the taxpayer under subsection (a) shall be reduced (but not below zero) by the aggregate amount paid on behalf of such taxpayer under section 7527 for months beginning in such taxable year.

(2) Coordination with other deductions

Amounts taken into account under subsection (a) shall not be taken into account in determining any deduction allowed under section 162(l) or 213.

(3) Medical and health savings accounts

Amounts distributed from an Archer MSA (as defined in section 220(d)) or from a health savings account (as defined in section 223(d)) shall not be taken into account under subsection (a).

(4) Denial of credit to dependents

No credit shall be allowed under this section to any individual with respect to whom a deduction under section 151 is allowable to another taxpayer for a taxable year beginning in the calendar year in which such individual’s taxable year begins.

(5) Both spouses eligible individualsThe spouse of the taxpayer shall not be treated as a qualifying family member for purposes of subsection (a), if—
(A)
the taxpayer is married at the close of the taxable year,
(B)
the taxpayer and the taxpayer’s spouse are both eligible individuals during the taxable year, and
(C)
the taxpayer files a separate return for the taxable year.
(6) Marital status; certain married individuals living apart

Rules similar to the rules of paragraphs (3) and (4) of section 21(e) shall apply for purposes of this section.

(7) Insurance which covers other individuals

For purposes of this section, rules similar to the rules of section 213(d)(6) shall apply with respect to any contract for qualified health insurance under which amounts are payable for coverage of an individual other than the taxpayer and qualifying family members.

(8) Treatment of paymentsFor purposes of this section—
(A) Payments by Secretary

Payments made by the Secretary on behalf of any individual under section 7527 (relating to advance payment of credit for health insurance costs of eligible individuals) shall be treated as having been made by the taxpayer on the first day of the month for which such payment was made.

(B) Payments by taxpayer

Payments made by the taxpayer for eligible coverage months shall be treated as having been made by the taxpayer on the first day of the month for which such payment was made.

(9) COBRA premium assistance

In the case of an assistance eligible individual who receives premium reduction for COBRA continuation coverage under section 3001(a) of title III of division B of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 for any month during the taxable year, such individual shall not be treated as an eligible individual, a certified individual, or a qualifying family member for purposes of this section or section 7527 with respect to such month.

(10) Continued qualification of family members after certain events
(A) Medicare eligibility

In the case of any month which would be an eligible coverage month with respect to an eligible individual but for subsection (f)(2)(A), such month shall be treated as an eligible coverage month with respect to such eligible individual solely for purposes of determining the amount of the credit under this section with respect to any qualifying family members of such individual (and any advance payment of such credit under section 7527). This subparagraph shall only apply with respect to the first 24 months after such eligible individual is first entitled to the benefits described in subsection (f)(2)(A).

(B) Divorce

In the case of the finalization of a divorce between an eligible individual and such individual’s spouse, such spouse shall be treated as an eligible individual for purposes of this section and section 7527 for a period of 24 months beginning with the date of such finalization, except that the only qualifying family members who may be taken into account with respect to such spouse are those individuals who were qualifying family members immediately before such finalization.

(C) DeathIn the case of the death of an eligible individual—
(i)
any spouse of such individual (determined at the time of such death) shall be treated as an eligible individual for purposes of this section and section 7527 for a period of 24 months beginning with the date of such death, except that the only qualifying family members who may be taken into account with respect to such spouse are those individuals who were qualifying family members immediately before such death, and
(ii)
any individual who was a qualifying family member of the decedent immediately before such death (or, in the case of an individual to whom paragraph (4) applies, the taxpayer to whom the deduction under section 151 is allowable) shall be treated as an eligible individual for purposes of this section and section 7527 for a period of 24 months beginning with the date of such death, except that in determining the amount of such credit only such qualifying family member may be taken into account.
(11) Election
(A) In general

This section shall not apply to any taxpayer for any eligible coverage month unless such taxpayer elects the application of this section for such month.

(B) Timing and applicability of electionExcept as the Secretary may provide—
(i)
an election to have this section apply for any eligible coverage month in a taxable year shall be made not later than the due date (including extensions) for the return of tax for the taxable year; and
(ii)
any election for this section to apply for an eligible coverage month shall apply for all subsequent eligible coverage months in the taxable year and, once made, shall be irrevocable with respect to such months.
(12) Coordination with premium tax credit
(A) In general

An eligible coverage month to which the election under paragraph (11) applies shall not be treated as a coverage month (as defined in section 36B(c)(2)) for purposes of section 36B with respect to the taxpayer.

(B) Coordination with advance payments of premium tax creditIn the case of a taxpayer who makes the election under paragraph (11) with respect to any eligible coverage month in a taxable year or on behalf of whom any advance payment is made under section 7527 with respect to any month in such taxable year—
(i) the tax imposed by this chapter for the taxable year shall be increased by the excess, if any, of—
(I)
the sum of any advance payments made on behalf of the taxpayer under section 1412 of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and section 7527 for months during such taxable year, over
(II)
the sum of the credits allowed under this section (determined without regard to paragraph (1)) and section 36B (determined without regard to subsection (f)(1) thereof) for such taxable year; and
(ii)
section 36B(f)(2) shall not apply with respect to such taxpayer for such taxable year, except that if such taxpayer received any advance payments under section 7527 for any month in such taxable year and is later allowed a credit under section 36B for such taxable year, then section 36B(f)(2)(B) shall be applied by substituting the amount determined under clause (i) for the amount determined under section 36B(f)(2)(A).
(13) Regulations

The Secretary may prescribe such regulations and other guidance as may be necessary or appropriate to carry out this section, section 6050T, and section 7527.

(Added Pub. L. 107–210, div. A, title II, § 201(a), Aug. 6, 2002, 116 Stat. 954; amended Pub. L. 108–311, title IV, § 401(a)(2), Oct. 4, 2004, 118 Stat. 1183; Pub. L. 110–172, § 11(a)(5), Dec. 29, 2007, 121 Stat. 2485; Pub. L. 111–5, div. B, title I, §§ 1899A(a)(1), 1899C(a), 1899E(a), 1899G(a), title III, § 3001(a)(14)(A), Feb. 17, 2009, 123 Stat. 423, 424, 426, 430, 465; Pub. L. 111–144, § 3(b)(5)(A), Mar. 2, 2010, 124 Stat. 44; Pub. L. 111–344, title I, §§ 111(a), 113(a), 115(a), 117(a), Dec. 29, 2010, 124 Stat. 3614–3616; Pub. L. 112–40, title II, § 241(a), (b)(1), (3)(A)–(C), Oct. 21, 2011, 125 Stat. 418, 419; Pub. L. 113–295, div. A, title II, § 209(j)(3), Dec. 19, 2014, 128 Stat. 4031; Pub. L. 114–27, title IV, § 407(a), (b), (d), June 29, 2015, 129 Stat. 381, 382.)
References in Text

The date of the enactment of the Trade Act of 2002, referred to in subsec. (b)(1)(B), is the date of enactment of Pub. L. 107–210, which was approved Aug. 6, 2002.

The Trade Act of 1974, referred to in subsec. (c)(2), (3), is Pub. L. 93–618, Jan. 3, 1975, 88 Stat. 1978. Chapter 2 of title II of the Act is classified generally to part 2 (§ 2271 et seq.) of subchapter II of chapter 12 of Title 19, Customs Duties. Sections 231, 233, 236, and 246 of the Act are classified to sections 2291, 2293, 2296, and 2318 of Title 19, respectively. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see section 2101 of Title 19 and Tables.

The date of the enactment of this paragraph, referred to in subsec. (c)(2)(B), probably means the date of enactment of Pub. L. 111–5, which amended par. (2) generally and which was approved Feb. 17, 2009.

The Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, referred to in subsecs. (c)(4)(B) and (e)(1)(F)(i), is Pub. L. 93–406, Sept. 2, 1974, 88 Stat. 829. Title IV of the Act is classified principally to subchapter III (§ 1301 et seq.) of chapter 18 of Title 29, Labor. Section 3(37) of the Act is classified to section 1002(37) of Title 29. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 1001 of Title 29 and Tables.

Section 2744(c)(2) of the Public Health Service Act, referred to in subsec. (e)(1)(C), is classified to section 300gg–44(c)(2) of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare.

The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, referred to in subsecs. (e)(1)(J) and (g)(12)(B)(i)(I), is Pub. L. 111–148, Mar. 23, 2010, 124 Stat. 119. Section 1412 of the Act is classified to section 18082 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 18001 of Title 42 and Tables.

The Social Security Act, referred to in subsec. (f)(2), is act Aug. 14, 1935, ch. 531, 49 Stat. 620. Parts A and B of title XVIII of the Act are classified generally to parts A (§ 1395c et seq.) and B (§ 1395j et seq.), respectively, of subchapter XVIII of chapter 7 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare. Titles XIX and XXI of the Act are classified generally to subchapters XIX (§ 1396 et seq.) and XXI (§ 1397aa et seq.), respectively, of chapter 7 of Title 42. Section 1928 of the Act is classified to section 1396s of Title 42. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see section 1305 of Title 42 and Tables.

Section 3001(a) of title III of division B of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, referred to in subsec. (g)(9), is section 3001(a) of Pub. L. 111–5, div. B, title III, Feb. 17, 2009, 123 Stat. 455, which enacted sections 139C, 6432, and 6720C of this title, amended this section, and enacted provisions set out as a note under section 6432 of this title.

Prior Provisions

A prior section 35 was renumbered section 37 of this title.

Another prior section 35, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 14; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–866, title I, § 41(b), 72 Stat. 1639; Feb. 26, 1964, Pub. L. 88–272, title II, § 201(d)(2), 78 Stat. 32, related to partially tax-exempt interest received by individuals, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, § 1901(a)(2), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1764, effective with respect to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1976.

Amendments

2015—Subsec. (b)(1)(B). Pub. L. 114–27, § 407(a), substituted “before January 1, 2020” for “before January 1, 2014”.

Subsec. (e)(1)(J). Pub. L. 114–27, § 407(d)(2), inserted “(other than coverage enrolled in through an Exchange established under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act)” after “under individual health insurance”

Pub. L. 114–27, § 407(d)(1), substituted “under individual health insurance. For purposes of” for “under individual health insurance if the eligible individual was covered under individual health insurance during the entire 30-day period that ends on the date that such individual became separated from the employment which qualified such individual for—

“(i) in the case of an eligible TAA recipient, the allowance described in subsection (c)(2),

“(ii) in the case of an eligible alternative TAA recipient, the benefit described in subsection (c)(3)(B), or

“(iii) in the case of any eligible PBGC pension recipient, the benefit described in subsection (c)(4)(B).

For purposes of”.

Subsec. (g)(11) to (13). Pub. L. 114–27, § 407(b), added pars. (11) and (12) and redesignated former par. (11) as (13).

2014—Subsec. (g)(9) to (11). Pub. L. 113–295, § 209(j)(3), amended directory language of Pub. L. 111–5, § 3001(a)(14)(A). See 2009 Amendment notes below.

2011—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 112–40, § 241(b)(1), substituted “72.5 percent” for “65 percent (80 percent in the case of eligible coverage months beginning before February 13, 2011)”.

Subsec. (b)(1)(B). Pub. L. 112–40, § 241(a), inserted “, and before January 1, 2014” after “2002”.

Subsec. (c)(2)(B). Pub. L. 112–40, § 241(b)(3)(A), struck out “and before February 13, 2011” after “paragraph” in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (e)(1)(K). Pub. L. 112–40, § 241(b)(3)(B), substituted “Coverage” for “In the case of eligible coverage months beginning before February 13, 2012, coverage”.

Subsec. (g)(10). Pub. L. 112–40, § 241(b)(3)(C), which directed amendment of par. (9) relating to continued qualification of family members after certain events by striking out “In the case of eligible coverage months beginning before February 13, 2011—”, was executed by striking out such introductory provisions in par. (10) to reflect the probable intent of Congress and the redesignation of par. (9) as (10) by Pub. L. 111–5, § 3001(a)(14)(A), as amended by Pub. L. 113–295, § 209(j)(3). See 2009 Amendment and Effective Date of 2014 Amendment notes below.

2010—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 111–344, § 111(a), substituted “February 13, 2011” for “January 1, 2011”.

Subsec. (c)(2)(B). Pub. L. 111–344, § 113(a), substituted “February 13, 2011” for “January 1, 2011” in introductory provisions.

Subsec. (e)(1)(K). Pub. L. 111–344, § 117(a), substituted “February 13, 2012” for “January 1, 2011”.

Subsec. (g)(9). Pub. L. 111–144 substituted “section 3001(a) of title III of division B of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009” for “section 3002(a) of the Health Insurance Assistance for the Unemployed Act of 2009”.

Subsec. (g)(10). Pub. L. 111–344, § 115(a), which directed amendment of par. (9) relating to continued qualification of family members after certain events by substituting “February 13, 2011” for “January 1, 2011”, was executed by making the substitution in introductory provisions of par. (10) to reflect the probable intent of Congress and the redesignation of par. (9) as (10) by Pub. L. 111–5, § 3001(a)(14)(A), as amended by Pub. L. 113–295, § 209(j)(3). See 2009 Amendment and Effective Date of 2014 Amendment notes below.

2009—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 111–5, § 1899A(a)(1), inserted “(80 percent in the case of eligible coverage months beginning before January 1, 2011)” after “65 percent”.

Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 111–5, § 1899C(a), amended par. (2) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “The term ‘eligible TAA recipient’ means, with respect to any month, any individual who is receiving for any day of such month a trade readjustment allowance under chapter 2 of title II of the Trade Act of 1974 or who would be eligible to receive such allowance if section 231 of such Act were applied without regard to subsection (a)(3)(B) of such section. An individual shall continue to be treated as an eligible TAA recipient during the first month that such individual would otherwise cease to be an eligible TAA recipient by reason of the preceding sentence.”

Subsec. (e)(1)(K). Pub. L. 111–5, § 1899G(a), added subpar. (K).

Subsec. (g)(9), (10). Pub. L. 111–5, § 3001(a)(14)(A), as amended by Pub. L. 113–295, § 209(j)(3), added par. (9) relating to COBRA premium assistance and redesignated former par. (9) relating to continued qualification of family members after certain events as (10). Former par. (10) relating to regulations redesignated (11).

Pub. L. 111–5, § 1899E(a), added par. (9) relating to continued qualification of family members after certain events and redesignated former par. (9) relating to regulations as (10).

Subsec. (g)(11). Pub. L. 111–5, § 3001(a)(14)(A), as amended by Pub. L. 113–295, § 209(j)(3), redesignated par. (10) relating to regulations as (11).

2007—Subsec. (d)(2). Pub. L. 110–172 struck out “paragraph (2) or (4) of” before “section 152(e)” and substituted “(as defined in section 152(e)(4)(A))” for “(within the meaning of section 152(e)(1))”.

2004—Subsec. (g)(3). Pub. L. 108–311 amended heading and text of par. (3) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “Amounts distributed from an Archer MSA (as defined in section 220(d)) shall not be taken into account under subsection (a).”

Effective Date of 2015 Amendment

Pub. L. 114–27, title IV, § 407(f), June 29, 2015, 129 Stat. 382, provided that:

“(1)In general.—
Except as provided in paragraph (2), the amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections 6501 and 7527 of this title] shall apply to coverage months in taxable years beginning after December 31, 2013.
“(2)Plans available on individual market for use of tax credit.—
The amendment made by subsection (d)(2) [amending this section] shall apply to coverage months in taxable years beginning after December 31, 2015.
“(3)Transition rule.—Notwithstanding section 35(g)(11)(B)(i) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (as added by this title), an election to apply section 35 of such Code to an eligible coverage month (as defined in section 35(b) of such Code) (and not to claim the credit under section 36B of such Code with respect to such month) in a taxable year beginning after December 31, 2013, and before the date of the enactment of this Act [June 29, 2015]—
“(A)
may be made at any time on or after such date of enactment and before the expiration of the 3-year period of limitation prescribed in section 6511(a) with respect to such taxable year; and
“(B)
may be made on an amended return.”

Effective Date of 2014 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 113–295 effective as if included in the provisions of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Tax Act of 2009, Pub. L. 111–5, div. B, title I, to which such amendment relates, see section 209(k) of Pub. L. 113–295, set out as a note under section 24 of this title.

Effective Date of 2011 Amendment

Pub. L. 112–40, title II, § 241(c), Oct. 21, 2011, 125 Stat. 419, provided that:

“(1)In general.—
Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, the amendments made by this section [amending this section, section 7527 of this title, and former section 2918 of Title 29, Labor] shall apply to coverage months beginning after February 12, 2011.
“(2) Advance payment provisions.—
“(A)
The amendment made by subsection (b)(2)(B) [amending section 7527 of this title] shall apply to certificates issued after the date which is 30 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 21, 2011].
“(B)
The amendment made by subsection (b)(2)(D) [amending section 7527 of this title] shall apply to coverage months beginning after the date which is 30 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.”

Effective Date of 2010 Amendment

Pub. L. 111–344, title I, § 111(c), Dec. 29, 2010, 124 Stat. 3615, provided that:

“The amendments made by this section [amending this section and section 7527 of this title] shall apply to coverage months beginning after December 31, 2010.”

Pub. L. 111–344, title I, § 113(b), Dec. 29, 2010, 124 Stat. 3615, provided that:

“The amendment made by this section [amending this section] shall apply to coverage months beginning after December 31, 2010.”

Pub. L. 111–344, title I, § 115(c), Dec. 29, 2010, 124 Stat. 3615, provided that:

“The amendments made by this section [amending this section and former section 2918 of Title 29, Labor] shall apply to months beginning after December 31, 2010.”

Pub. L. 111–344, title I, § 117(b), Dec. 29, 2010, 124 Stat. 3616, provided that:

“The amendment made by this section [amending this section] shall apply to coverage months beginning after December 31, 2010.”

Amendment by Pub. L. 111–144 effective as if included in the provisions of section 3001 of Pub. L. 111–5 to which it relates, see section 3(c) of Pub. L. 111–144, set out as a note under section 6432 of this title.

Effective Date of 2009 Amendment

Except as otherwise provided and subject to certain applicability provisions, amendment by sections 1899A(a)(1), 1899C(a), 1899E(a), and 1899G(a) of Pub. L. 111–5 effective upon the expiration of the 90-day period beginning on Feb. 17, 2009, see section 1891 of Pub. L. 111–5, set out as an Effective and Termination Dates of 2009 Amendment note under section 2271 of Title 19, Customs Duties.

Pub. L. 111–5, div. B, title I, § 1899A(b), Feb. 17, 2009, 123 Stat. 424, provided that:

“The amendments made by this section [amending this section and section 7527 of this title] shall apply to coverage months beginning on or after the first day of the first month beginning 60 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Feb. 17, 2009].”

Pub. L. 111–5, div. B, title I, § 1899C(b), Feb. 17, 2009, 123 Stat. 425, provided that:

“The amendment made by this section [amending this section] shall apply to coverage months beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act [Feb. 17, 2009].”

Pub. L. 111–5, div. B, title I, § 1899E(c), Feb. 17, 2009, 123 Stat. 428, provided that:

“The amendments made by this section [amending this section and former section 2918 of Title 29, Labor] shall apply to months beginning after December 31, 2009.”

Pub. L. 111–5, div. B, title I, § 1899G(b), Feb. 17, 2009, 123 Stat. 430, provided that:

“The amendments made by this section [amending this section] shall apply to coverage months beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act [Feb. 17, 2009].”

Amendment by section 3001(a)(14)(A) of Pub. L. 111–5 applicable to taxable years ending after Feb. 17, 2009, see section 3001(a)(14)(B) of Pub. L. 111–5, set out as a Premium Assistance for COBRA Benefits note under section 6432 of this title.

Effective Date of 2004 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 108–311 effective as if included in section 1201 of Pub. L. 108–173, see section 401(b) of Pub. L. 108–311, set out as a note under section 26 of this title.

Effective Date

Pub. L. 107–210, div. A, title II, § 201(d), Aug. 6, 2002, 116 Stat. 960, provided that:

“(1)In general.—
Except as provided in paragraph (2), the amendments made by this section [enacting this section and section 300gg–45 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, amending section 1324 of Title 31, Money and Finance, and renumbering former section 35 of this title as section 36 of this title] shall apply to taxable years beginning after December 31, 2001.
“(2)State high risk pools.—
The amendment made by subsection (b) [enacting section 300gg–45 of Title 42] shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act [Aug. 6, 2002].”

Construction

Pub. L. 107–210, div. A, title II, § 203(f), Aug. 6, 2002, 116 Stat. 972, provided that:

“Nothing in this title [enacting this section and sections 6050T and 7527 of this title, and section 300gg–45 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, amending sections 4980B, 6103, 6724, and 7213A of this title,sections 1165, 2862, 2918, and 2919 of Title 29, Labor, section 1324 of Title 31, Money and Finance, and section 300bb–5 of Title 42, renumbering former section 35 of this title as section 36 of this title, and enacting provisions set out as notes under this section and section 6050T of this title] (or the amendments made by this title), other than provisions relating to COBRA continuation coverage and reporting requirements, shall be construed as creating any new mandate on any party regarding health insurance coverage.”

Agency Outreach

Pub. L. 114–27, title IV, § 407(g), June 29, 2015, 129 Stat. 383, provided that:

“As soon as possible after the date of the enactment of this Act [June 29, 2015], the Secretaries of the Treasury, Health and Human Services, and Labor (or such Secretaries’ delegates) and the Director of the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation (or the Director’s delegate) shall carry out programs of public outreach, including on the Internet, to inform potential eligible individuals (as defined in section 35(c)(1) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986) of the extension of the credit under section 35 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 and the availability of the election to claim such credit retroactively for coverage months beginning after December 31, 2013.”

Survey and Report on Enhanced Health Coverage Tax Credit Program

Pub. L. 111–5, div. B, title I, § 1899I, Feb. 17, 2009, 123 Stat. 431, provided that:

“(a) Survey.—
“(1)In general.—
The Secretary of the Treasury shall conduct a biennial survey of eligible individuals (as defined in section 35(c) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986) relating to the health coverage tax credit under section 35 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (hereinafter in this section referred to as the ‘health coverage tax credit’).
“(2)Information obtained.—The survey conducted under subsection (a) shall obtain the following information:
“(A) HCTC participants.—In the case of eligible individuals receiving the health coverage tax credit (including individuals participating in the health coverage tax credit program under section 7527 of such Code, hereinafter in this section referred to as the ‘HCTC program’)—
“(i)
demographic information of such individuals, including income and education levels,
“(ii)
satisfaction of such individuals with the enrollment process in the HCTC program,
“(iii)
satisfaction of such individuals with available health coverage options under the credit, including level of premiums, benefits, deductibles, cost-sharing requirements, and the adequacy of provider networks, and
“(iv)
any other information that the Secretary determines is appropriate.
“(B)Non-HCTC participants.—In the case of eligible individuals not receiving the health coverage tax credit—
“(i)
demographic information of each individual, including income and education levels,
“(ii)
whether the individual was aware of the health coverage tax credit or the HCTC program,
“(iii)
the reasons the individual has not enrolled in the HCTC program, including whether such reasons include the burden of the process of enrollment and the affordability of coverage,
“(iv)
whether the individual has health insurance coverage, and, if so, the source of such coverage, and
“(v)
any other information that the Secretary determines is appropriate.
“(3)Report.—
Not later than December 31 of each year in which a survey is conducted under paragraph (1) (beginning in 2010), the Secretary of the Treasury shall report to the Committee on Finance and the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions of the Senate and the Committee on Ways and Means, the Committee on Education and Labor [now Committee on Education and the Workforce], and the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of Representatives the findings of the most recent survey conducted under paragraph (1).
“(b)Report.—Not later than October 1 of each year (beginning in 2010), the Secretary of the Treasury (after consultation with the Secretary of Health and Human Services, and, in the case of the information required under paragraph (7), the Secretary of Labor) shall report to the Committee on Finance and the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions of the Senate and the Committee on Ways and Means, the Committee on Education and Labor [now Committee on Education and the Workforce], and the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of Representatives the following information with respect to the most recent taxable year ending before such date:
“(1) In each State and nationally—
“(A)
the total number of eligible individuals (as defined in section 35(c) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986) and the number of eligible individuals receiving the health coverage tax credit,
“(B)
the total number of such eligible individuals who receive an advance payment of the health coverage tax credit through the HCTC program,
“(C)
the average length of the time period of the participation of eligible individuals in the HCTC program, and
“(D)
the total number of participating eligible individuals in the HCTC program who are enrolled in each category of coverage as described in section 35(e)(1) of such Code,
with respect to each category of eligible individuals described in section 35(c)(1) of such Code.
“(2) In each State and nationally, an analysis of—
“(A)
the range of monthly health insurance premiums, for self-only coverage and for family coverage, for individuals receiving the health coverage tax credit, and
“(B)
the average and median monthly health insurance premiums, for self-only coverage and for family coverage, for individuals receiving the health coverage tax credit,
with respect to each category of coverage as described in section 35(e)(1) of such Code.
“(3) In each State and nationally, an analysis of the following information with respect to the health insurance coverage of individuals receiving the health coverage tax credit who are enrolled in coverage described in subparagraphs (B) through (H) of section 35(e)(1) of such Code:
“(A)
Deductible amounts.
“(B)
Other out-of-pocket cost-sharing amounts.
“(C)
A description of any annual or lifetime limits on coverage or any other significant limits on coverage services, or benefits.
The information required under this paragraph shall be reported with respect to each category of coverage described in such subparagraphs.
“(4)
In each State and nationally, the gender and average age of eligible individuals (as defined in section 35(c) of such Code) who receive the health coverage tax credit, in each category of coverage described in section 35(e)(1) of such Code, with respect to each category of eligible individuals described in such section.
“(5)
The steps taken by the Secretary of the Treasury to increase the participation rates in the HCTC program among eligible individuals, including outreach and enrollment activities.
“(6)
The cost of administering the HCTC program by function, including the cost of subcontractors, and recommendations on ways to reduce administrative costs, including recommended statutory changes.
“(7)
The number of States applying for and receiving national emergency grants under [former] section 173(f) of the Workforce Investment Act of 1998 ([former] 29 U.S.C. 2918(f)), the activities funded by such grants on a State-by-State basis, and the time necessary for application approval of such grants.”

Written determinations for this section

These documents, sometimes referred to as "Private Letter Rulings", are taken from the IRS Written Determinations page; the IRS also publishes a fuller explanation of what they are and what they mean. The collection is updated (at our end) daily. It appears that the IRS updates their listing every Friday.

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