42 U.S. Code § 12745 - Qualification as affordable housing
The Secretary may adjust the qualifying rent established for a project under subparagraph (A) of paragraph (1), only if the Secretary finds that such adjustment is necessary to support the continued financial viability of the project and only by such amount as the Secretary determines is necessary to maintain continued financial viability of the project.
Housing shall qualify as affordable housing despite a temporary noncompliance with subparagraph (B) or (C) of paragraph (1) if such noncompliance is caused by increases in the incomes of existing tenants and if actions satisfactory to the Secretary are being taken to ensure that all vacancies are filled in accordance with paragraph (1) until such noncompliance is corrected. Tenants who no longer qualify as low-income families shall pay as rent the lesser of the amount payable by the tenant under State or local law or 30 percent of the family’s adjusted monthly income, as recertified annually. The preceding sentence shall not apply with respect to funds made available under this Act for units that have been allocated a low-income housing tax credit by a housing credit agency pursuant to section 42 of title 26.
Housing that accounts for less than 100 percent of the dwelling units in a project shall qualify as affordable housing if such housing meets the criteria of this section.
Housing in a project that is designed in part for uses other than residential use shall qualify as affordable housing if such housing meets the criteria of this section.
A family described in this subparagraph is a family that consists of at least one elderly person (who is the head of household) and one or more of such person’s grand  children, great grandchildren, great nieces, great nephews, or great great grandchildren (as defined by the Secretary), but does not include any parent of such grandchildren, great grandchildren, great nieces, great nephews, or great great grandchildren. Such term includes any such grandchildren, great grandchildren, great nieces, great nephews, or great great grandchildren who have been legally adopted by such elderly person.
 So in original.
 So in original. Probably should be “grandchildren”.
This Act, referred to in subsec. (a)(1)(E), (3), is Pub. L. 101–625, Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 4079, known as the Cranston-Gonzalez National Affordable Housing Act. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 12701 of this title and Tables.
2000—Subsec. (a)(6). Pub. L. 106–569 added par. (6).
1998—Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 105–276 amended par. (2) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (2) read as follows: “is the principal residence of an owner whose family qualifies as a low-income family at the time of purchase;”.
1994—Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 103–233, § 203(a), redesignated par. (4) as (3) and struck out former par. (3) which read as follows: “is made available for initial purchase only to first-time homebuyers;”.
Subsec. (b)(3)(B). Pub. L. 103–233, § 203(b), substituted “subchapter” for “subsection” after “requirements of this”.
Subsec. (b)(4), (5). Pub. L. 103–233, § 203(a)(2), redesignated pars. (4) and (5) as (3) and (4), respectively.
1992—Subsec. (a)(1)(A). Pub. L. 102–550, § 208(a)(1), substituted “number of bedrooms in the unit” for “smaller and larger families”.
Subsec. (a)(1)(E). Pub. L. 102–550, § 208(b), inserted before semicolon “, except upon a foreclosure by a lender (or upon other transfer in lieu of foreclosure) if such action (i) recognizes any contractual or legal rights of public agencies, nonprofit sponsors, or others to take actions that would avoid termination of low-income affordability in the case of foreclosure or transfer in lieu of foreclosure, and (ii) is not for the purpose of avoiding low income affordability restrictions, as determined by the Secretary”.
Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 102–550, § 208(a)(2), (3), substituted “the lesser of the amount payable by the tenant under State or local law or” for “not less than” in second sentence and inserted at end “The preceding sentence shall not apply with respect to funds made available under this Act for units that have been allocated a low-income housing tax credit by a housing credit agency pursuant to section 42 of title 26.”
Subsec. (b)(4). Pub. L. 102–550, § 209, added par. (4) and struck out former par. (4) which read as follows: “is made available for subsequent purchase only—
“(A) to persons who meet the qualifications specified under paragraph (2), and
“(B) at a price consistent with guidelines that are established by the participating jurisdiction and determined by the Secretary to be appropriate—
“(i) to provide the owner with a fair return on investment, including any improvements, and
“(ii) to ensure that the housing will remain affordable to a reasonable range of low income homebuyers; and”.
Amendment by Pub. L. 103–233 applicable with respect to any amounts made available to carry out this subchapter after Apr. 11, 1994, and any amounts made available to carry out this subchapter before that date that remain uncommitted on that date, with Secretary to issue any regulations necessary to carry out such amendment not later than end of 45-day period beginning on that date, see section 209 of Pub. L. 103–233, set out as a note under section 5301 of this title.
Amendment by Pub. L. 102–550 applicable to unexpended funds allocated under subchapter II of this chapter in fiscal year 1992, except as otherwise specifically provided, see section 223 of Pub. L. 102–550, set out as a note under section 12704 of this title.
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