42 U.S. Code § 5318 - Urban development action grants
The Secretary is authorized to make urban development action grants to cities and urban counties which are experiencing severe economic distress to help stimulate economic development activity needed to aid in economic recovery. There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section $225,000,000 for fiscal year 1988, and $225,000,000 for fiscal year 1989. Any amount appropriated under this subsection shall remain available until expended.
Activities assisted under this section may include such activities, in addition to those authorized under section 5305(a) of this title, as the Secretary determines to be consistent with the purposes of this section. In any case in which the project proposes the repayment to the applicant of the grant funds, such funds shall be made available by the applicant for economic development activities that are eligible activities under this section or section 5305 of this title. The applicant shall annually provide the Secretary with a statement of the projected receipt and use of repaid grant funds during the next year together with a report acceptable to the Secretary on the use of such funds during the most recent preceding full fiscal year of the applicant.
The Secretary shall, at least on an annual basis, make reviews and audits of recipients of grants under this section as necessary to determine the progress made in carrying out activities substantially in accordance with approved plans and timetables. The Secretary may adjust, reduce, or withdraw grant funds, or take other action as appropriate in accordance with the findings of these reviews and audits, except that funds already expended on eligible activities under this chapter shall not be recaptured or deducted from future grants made to the recipient.
No assistance may be provided under this section for projects intended to facilitate the relocation of industrial or commercial plants or facilities from one area to another, unless the Secretary finds that the relocation does not significantly and adversely affect the unemployment or economic base of the area from which the industrial or commercial plant or facility is to be relocated. The provisions of this paragraph shall apply only to projects that do not have identified intended occupants.
The restrictions established in paragraph (2) shall not apply if the Secretary determines that the relocation or expansion does not significantly and adversely affect the employment or economic base of the city, county, or community from which the relocation or expansion occurs.
Following notice of intent to withhold, deny, or cancel assistance under paragraph (1) or (2), the Secretary shall provide a period of not less than 90 days in which the applicant can appeal to the Secretary the withholding, denial, or cancellation of assistance. Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, nothing in this section or in any legislative history related to the enactment of this section may be construed to permit an inference or conclusion that the policy of the Congress in the urban development action grant program is to facilitate the relocation of businesses from one area to another.
For purposes of this subsection, the term “operation” includes any plant, equipment, facility, position, employment opportunity, production capacity, or product line.
Not later than 60 days after February 5, 1988, the Secretary shall issue such regulations as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this subsection. Such regulations shall include specific criteria to be used by the Secretary in determining whether there is a significant and adverse effect under paragraph (3).
Not less than 25 per centum of the funds made available for grants under this section shall be used for cities with populations of less than fifty thousand persons which are not central cities of a metropolitan statistical area. The Secretary shall encourage cooperation by geographically proximate cities of less than 50,000 population by permitting consortia of such cities, which may also include county governments that are not urban counties, to apply for grants on behalf of a city that is otherwise eligible for assistance under this section. Any grants awarded to such consortia shall be administered in compliance with eligibility requirements applicable to individual cities.
A grant may be made under this section only where the Secretary determines that there is a strong probability that (1) the non-Federal investment in the project would not be made without the grant, and (2) the grant would not substitute for non-Federal funds which are otherwise available to the project.
In making grants under this section, the Secretary shall take such steps as the Secretary deems appropriate to assure that the amount of the grant provided is the least necessary to make the project feasible.
For purposes of this section, the Secretary may reduce or waive the requirement in section 5302(a)(5)(B)(ii) of this title that a town or township be closely settled.
In the case of any application which identifies any property in accordance with subsection (c)(4)(B) of this section, the Secretary may not commit funds with respect to an approved application unless the applicant has certified to the Secretary that the appropriate State historic preservation officer and the Secretary of the Interior have been provided an opportunity to take action in accordance with the provisions of section 5320(b) of this title.
If no amounts are set aside under, or amounts are precluded from being appropriated for this section for fiscal years after fiscal year 1983, any amount which is or becomes available for use under this section after fiscal year 1983 shall be added to amounts appropriated under section 5303 of this title, except that amounts available to the Secretary for use under this subsection as of October 1, 1993, and amounts released to the Secretary pursuant to subsection (t) of this section may be used to provide grants under section 5308(q) of this title..
An unincorporated portion of an urban county that is approved by the Secretary as an identifiable community for purposes of this section is eligible for a grant under subsection (b)(2) of this section if such portion meets the eligibility requirements contained in the first sentence of subsection (b)(1) of this section and the requirements of subsection (b)(2)(B) of this section (applied to the population of the portion of the urban county) and if it otherwise complies with the provisions of this section.
Of the amounts appropriated for purposes of this section for any fiscal year, not more than $2,500,000 may be used by the Secretary to make technical assistance grants to States or their agencies, municipal technical advisory services operated by universities, or State associations of counties or municipalities, to enable such entities to assist units of general local government described in subsection (i) of this section in developing, applying for assistance for, and implementing programs eligible for assistance under this section.
In utilizing the discretion of the Secretary when providing assistance and applying selection criteria under this section, the Secretary may not discriminate against applications on the basis of (1) the type of activity involved, whether such activity is primarily housing, industrial, or commercial; or (2) the type of applicant, whether such applicant is a city or urban county.
For fiscal years 1988 and 1989, the maximum grant amount for any project under this section is $10,000,000.
 So in original. Probably should not be capitalized.
 So in original.
This chapter, referred to in subsecs. (g) and (t)(1)(B)(i), (2)(A), was in the original “this title”, meaning title I of Pub. L. 93–383, Aug. 22, 1974, 88 Stat. 633, which is classified principally to this chapter. For complete classification of title I to the Code, see Tables.
For effective date of this paragraph, referred to in subsec. (h)(5)(C)(i), see section 516(b) of Pub. L. 100–242, set out as an Effective Date of 1988 Amendment note below.
Amendment of subsec. (n)(1) by Pub. L. 99–500 and 99–591 is based on provisions under the headings “Management and Administration” and “Administrative Provision” in title I of H.R. 5313 [Department of Housing and Urban Development—Independent Agencies Appropriations Act, 1987], as incorporated by reference by section 101(g) of Pub. L. 99–500 and 99–591, and enacted into law by section 106 of Pub. L. 100–202.
1994—Subsec. (o). Pub. L. 103–233, § 232(b), inserted before period at end “, except that amounts available to the Secretary for use under this subsection as of October 1, 1993, and amounts released to the Secretary pursuant to subsection (t) of this section may be used to provide grants under section 5308(q) of this title.”
Subsec. (t). Pub. L. 103–233, § 232(c)(1), added subsec. (t).
1988—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 100–242, § 501(c), substituted “There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section $225,000,000 for fiscal year 1988, and $225,000,000 for fiscal year 1989. Any amount appropriated under this subsection shall remain available until expended.” for “Of the total amount approved in appropriation Acts under section 5303 of this title for each of the fiscal years 1982 and 1983, not more than $500,000,000 shall be available for each of the fiscal years 1982 and 1983 for grants under this section. There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out the provisions of this section not to exceed $440,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 1984, 1985, and 1986, and any amount appropriated under this sentence shall remain available until expended.”
Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 100–242, § 515(a), inserted dash before “(A)”, indented subpars. (A) and (B), struck out “as the primary criterion,” in subpar. (A) and “and” at end of subpar. (B), added subpars. (C) and (D), and struck out former subpar. (C) which read as follows: “at least the following other criteria: demonstrated performance of the city or urban county in housing and community development programs; the extent to which the grant will stimulate economic recovery by leveraging private investment; the number of permanent jobs to be created and their relation to the amount of grant funds requested; the proportion of permanent jobs accessible to lower income persons and minorities, including persons who are unemployed; the impact of the proposed activities on the fiscal base of the city or urban county and its relation to the amount of grant funds requested; the extent to which State or local government funding or special economic incentives have been committed; and the feasibility of accomplishing the proposed activities in a timely fashion within the grant amount available.”
Subsec. (d)(3) to (5). Pub. L. 100–242, § 515(b), added pars. (3) to (5).
Subsec. (d)(5)(C), (D). Pub. L. 100–404 added subpars. (C) and (D).
Subsec. (d)(6). Pub. L. 100–242, § 515(b), (g)(2), temporarily added par. (6), see Effective Date of 1988 Amendment note below.
Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 100–628, § 1084(a), substituted “5305” for “5304” after “activities under this section or section”.
Pub. L. 100–242, § 515(c), inserted at end “In any case in which the project proposes the repayment to the applicant of the grant funds, such funds shall be made available by the applicant for economic development activities that are eligible activities under this section or section 5304 of this title. The applicant shall annually provide the Secretary with a statement of the projected receipt and use of repaid grant funds during the next year together with a report acceptable to the Secretary on the use of such funds during the most recent preceding full fiscal year of the applicant.”
Subsec. (h)(1). Pub. L. 100–242, § 516(a)(1), (2), designated existing provision as par. “(1) Speculative projects” and inserted at end “The provisions of this paragraph shall apply only to projects that do not have identified intended occupants.”
Subsec. (h)(2) to (7). Pub. L. 100–242, § 516(a)(3), added pars. (2) to (7).
Subsec. (n)(1). Pub. L. 100–628, § 1084(b), directed that subsec. (n)(1) of this section as similarly amended first by provisions made effective by section 101(g) of Pub. L. 99–500 and Pub. L. 99–591 [see 1986 Amendment note below and Codification note above] and later by section 515(i) of Pub. L. 100–242 [see below] is amended to read as if the amendment by Pub. L. 100–242 had not been enacted.
Subsec. (r). Pub. L. 100–242, § 515(d), amended subsec. (r) generally. Prior to amendment, subsec. (r) read as follows: “In providing assistance under this section, the Secretary may not discriminate among programs on the basis of the particular type of activity involved, whether such activity is primarily a neighborhood, industrial, or commercial activity.”
Subsec. (s). Pub. L. 100–242, § 515(h), added subsec. (s).
1987—Subsec. (n)(1). For amendment by § 106 of Pub. L. 100–202, see 1986 Amendment note below.
Subsec. (n)(2)(A). Pub. L. 100–202, § 101(f) [title I, § 101], inserted “, or on former Indian reservations in Oklahoma as determined by the Secretary of the Interior,” after “reservation”.
1986—Subsec. (n)(1). Pub. L. 99–500 and 99–591, § 101(g), as enacted by Pub. L. 100–202, inserted at end “Such term also includes the counties of Kauai, Maui and Hawaii in the State of Hawaii.” See Codification note above.
1984—Subsec. (n)(1). Pub. L. 98–454 inserted reference to American Samoa and the Northern Mariana Islands.
1983—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 98–181, § 121(a), inserted authorizations for appropriations not to exceed $440,000,000 for each of the fiscal years 1984, 1985, and 1986.
Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 98–181, § 121(b), substituted “the extent of unemployment, job lag, or surplus labor” for “where data are available, the extent of unemployment and job lag”, and inserted provisions for continued eligibility for assistance of any city with a population of less than 50,000 persons, other than a central city of a metropolitan area, which until the Secretary revises the standards for eligibility for such cities and includes the extent of unemployment, job lag, or labor surplus as a standard of distress for such cities, and provisions requiring the Secretary to make such revision as soon as possible following Nov. 30, 1983.
Subsec. (b)(2)(A)(i), (B)(i). Pub. L. 98–181, § 121(c), inserted “neighborhood statistics areas,” after “enumeration districts,”.
Subsec. (c)(3)(C). Pub. L. 98–181, § 121(d), added cl. (C).
Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 98–181, § 121(e), substituted “criteria for a national competition” for “criteria” in provisions preceding cl. (A).
Subsec. (i). Pub. L. 98–181, § 121(f), inserted provisions relating to applications by consortia of cities less than 50,000 population.
Subsecs. (p) to (r). Pub. L. 98–181, § 121(g), added subsecs. (p) to (r).
1981—Pub. L. 97–35 substantially restructured and reorganized provisions, made changes in nomenclature and phraseology, and revised purposes, selection criteria and standards, application procedures, approval powers of Secretary, covered activities, limitations, allocation computations, funding prerequisites, amounts for grants, waivers, notice requirements, applicable definitions, and special provisions for years after 1983.
1980—Subsec. (c)(7). Pub. L. 96–399, § 110(a)(1)–(3), added par. (7).
Subsec. (n). Pub. L. 96–399, § 110(b), added subsec. (n).
Subsec. (o). Pub. L. 96–399, § 117(a), added subsec. (o).
1979—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 96–153, § 104, designated existing provisions as par. (1) and added par. (2).
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 96–153, § 104(b), designated existing provisions as par. (1) and substituted “(1) Except in the case of a city or urban county eligible under subsection (b)(2) of this section, in establishing criteria” for “In establishing criteria” in opening sentence, redesignated existing cls. (1) to (3) as (A) to (C), and added pars. (2) and (3).
Subsecs. (l), (m). Pub. L. 96–153, § 105, added subsecs. (l) and (m).
1978—Subsec. (c)(6). Pub. L. 95–557, § 103(g), added par. (6).
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 95–557, § 103(h), inserted “impact of the proposed urban development action program on the residents, particularly those of low and moderate income, of the residential neighborhood, and on the neighborhood, in which the program is to be located” after “objectives of this chapter”.
Amendment by Pub. L. 103–233 applicable with respect to any amounts made available to carry out subchapter II (§ 12721 et seq.) of chapter 130 of this title after Apr. 11, 1994, and any amounts made available to carry out that subchapter before that date that remain uncommitted on that date, with Secretary to issue any regulations necessary to carry out such amendment not later than end of 45-day period beginning on that date, see section 209 of Pub. L. 103–233, set out as a note under section 5301 of this title.
Pub. L. 100–202, § 106, Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1329–433, provided that the amendment made by Pub. L. 99–500 and 99–591 is effective on date of enactment [Oct. 18, 1986] of the “pertinent joint resolution” making continuing appropriations for fiscal year 1987 [Pub. L. 99–500 and 99–591].
“To provide for the revitalization and renewal of inner city neighborhoods in the areas of Los Angeles, California, that were damaged by the civil disturbances during April and May of 1992, and to demonstrate the effectiveness of new town developments in revitalizing and restoring depressed and underprivileged inner city neighborhoods, the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development shall, to the extent or in such amounts as are provided in appropriation Acts, make any assistance authorized under this title available under this title to units of general local government, governing boards, and eligible mortgagors in accordance with the provisions of this title.
“Each governing board carrying out a new town development demonstration under this title shall submit to the Congress a copy of the new town plan of the governing board, upon the approval of that plan under section 1102(d).
Pub. L. 100–242, title V, § 515(e), Feb. 5, 1988, 101 Stat. 1933, which required the Comptroller General of the United States to triennially prepare and submit to Congress a comprehensive report evaluating the eligibility standards and selection criteria applicable under this section, terminated, effective May 15, 2000, pursuant to section 3003 of Pub. L. 104–66, as amended, set out as a note under section 1113 of Title 31, Money and Finance. See, also, item 14 on page 9 of House Document No. 103–7.
Pub. L. 98–181, title I [title I, § 123], Nov. 30, 1983, 97 Stat. 1172, which provided for a demonstration program to determine the feasibility of supporting eligible neighborhood development activities by providing Federal matching funds to eligible neighborhood development organizations, was transferred to section 5318a of this title.