Historical and Revision Notes
Pub. L. 103–272
Aug. 23, 1958, Pub. L. 85–726, § 305, 72 Stat. 749.
July 12, 1976, Pub. L. 94–353, § 21, 90 Stat. 884.
Oct. 15, 1966, Pub. L. 89–670, § 6(c)(1), 80 Stat. 938; Jan. 12, 1983, Pub. L. 97–449, § 7(b), 96 Stat. 2444.
The words “and foster” in 49 App.:1346 are omitted as surplus. The words “In carrying out this section” are substituted for “In furtherance of his mandate to promote civil aviation” in 49 App.:1346a because of the restatement. The word “Administrator” is substituted for “Secretary of Transportation acting through the Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration” for consistency with the source provisions restated in this section. The words “be designed so as to”, “various aspects of”, and “civil and” are omitted as surplus.
2020—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 116–260 designated existing provisions as par. (1), inserted heading, and added par. (2).
2018—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 115–254, § 539(a), substituted “section 47175” for “section 47176”.
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 115–254, § 241, added subsec. (d).
2003—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 108–176, § 813, amended heading and text of subsec. (b) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “The Secretary of Transportation may develop and construct a civil supersonic aircraft.”
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 108–176, § 303, added subsec. (c).
1996—Pub. L. 104–264, § 401(b)(1)(A), inserted “safety of” before “air commerce” in section catchline.
Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 104–264, § 401(b)(1)(B), (C), inserted “Safety of” before “Air Commerce” in heading and “safety of” before “air commerce” in text.
1994—Pub. L. 103–429 designated existing provisions as subsec. (a), inserted heading, substituted “carrying out this subsection” for “carrying out this section”, and added subsec. (b).
Effective Date of 1996 Amendment
Except as otherwise specifically provided, amendment by Pub. L. 104–264 applicable only to fiscal years beginning after Sept. 30, 1996, and not to be construed as affecting funds made available for a fiscal year ending before Oct. 1, 1996, see section 3 of Pub. L. 104–264, set out as a note under section 106 of this title.
International Pilot Training
Pub. L. 116–260, div. V, title I, § 119(e), Dec. 27, 2020, 134 Stat. 2341, provided that:
“(1) In general.—The Secretary of Transportation, the Administrator, and other appropriate officials of the Government shall exercise leadership in setting global standards to improve air carrier pilot training and qualifications for—
monitoring and managing the behavior and performance of automated systems;
controlling the flightpath of aircraft
without autoflight systems engaged;
effectively utilizing and managing autoflight systems, when appropriate;
effectively identifying situations in which the use of autoflight systems is appropriate and when such use is not appropriate; and
recognizing and responding appropriately to non-normal conditions.
“(2) International leadership.—The Secretary, the Administrator, and other appropriate officials of the Government shall exercise leadership under paragraph (1) by working with—
foreign counterparts of the Administrator in the ICAO and its subsidiary organizations;
other international organizations and fora; and
“(3) Considerations.—In exercising leadership under paragraph (1), the Secretary, the Administrator, and other appropriate officials of the Government shall consider—
the latest information relating to human factors;
manufacturing trends, including those relating to increased automation in the cockpit;
the extent to which cockpit automation improves aviation safety and introduces novel risks;
the availability of opportunities for pilots to practice manual flying skills;
the need for consistency in maintaining and enhancing manual flying skills worldwide;
recommended practices of other countries that enhance manual flying skills and automation management; and
whether a need exists for initial and recurrent training standards for improve pilots’ proficiency in manual flight and in effective management of autoflight systems.
“(4) Congressional briefing.—
The Secretary, the Administrator, and other appropriate officials of the Government shall provide to the congressional committees of jurisdiction regular briefings on the status of efforts undertaken pursuant to this subsection.”
[For definitions of terms used in section 119(e) of div. V of Pub. L. 116–260, set out above, see section 137 of div. V of Pub. L. 116–260, set out as a note under section 40101 of this title.]
International Efforts Regarding Tracking of Civil Aircraft
Pub. L. 115–254, div. B, title III, § 304, Oct. 5, 2018, 132 Stat. 3261, provided that:
“The Administrator [of the Federal Aviation Administration] shall exercise leadership on creating a global approach to improving aircraft tracking by working with—
foreign counterparts of the Administrator in the International Civil Aviation Organization and its subsidiary organizations;
other international organizations and fora; and
the private sector.”