INTERMEDIATE SCRUTINY

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Overview

Equal Protection refers to the idea that a governmental body may not deny people equal protection of its governing laws. The governing body state must treat an individual in the same manner as others in similar conditions and circumstances....

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Overview Intermediate scrutiny is a test courts will use to determine a statute's constitutionality. Intermediate scrutiny is only invoked when a state or the federal government passes a statute which negatively affects certain protected classes (this is...
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Overview

The rational basis test is a judicial review test. A judicial review test is what courts use to determine the constitutionality of a statute or ordinance.

The Requirements of the Test

To pass the rational basis test, the statute or...

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Respondent Town of Gilbert’s (“Gilbert”) sign ordinance (“Sign Code”) requires that individuals obtain a permit to post signs within the city limits. See Reed v. Town of Gilbert, 707 F.3d 1057, 1061 (9th Cir. 2013). There are, however,...

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Overview

Strict scrutiny is a form of judicial review that courts use to determine the constitutionality of certain laws. Strict scrutiny is often used by courts when a plaintiff sues the government for discrimination. To pass strict scrutiny, the...