voting rights act

(LIIBULLETIN preview)

In 2011, Texas’ 82nd Legislature (“Legislature”) proposed Plans C185 and H283 (“2011 Plans”) to change its voting districts before the 2012 elections. Perez v. Abbott, 274 F. Supp. 3d 624, 632 (W.D. Tex. 2017). Pursuant to Section 5 of the Voting...

(LIIBULLETIN preview)

After the 2010 census revealed malapportionment in most electoral districts in Alabama, the Republican-controlled Alabama legislature declared that compliance with the Constitution’s mandate of “one person, one vote” would be its highest priority in...

(LIIBULLETIN preview)

In 2003, North Carolina’s General Assembly redrew voting district lines throughout North Carolina in response to the 2000 decennial census. Pender County v. Bartlett, 649 S.E.2d 364, 366 (N.C. 2006). It split Pender...

(LIIBULLETIN preview)

In anticipation of the 2010 census results, the Virginia General Assembly began preparing to redraw the legislative districts for the Virginia House of Delegates and the Virginia Senate. See Bethune-Hill v. Virginia State Bd. of Elections, No. 3:14-cv-...

(Wex page)
Overview

A civil right is an enforceable right or privilege, which if interfered with by another gives rise to an action for injury. 

Discrimination occurs when the civil rights of an individual are denied or interfered with because of the...

(Wex page)
Overview

Equal Protection refers to the idea that a governmental body may not deny people equal protection of its governing laws. The governing body state must treat an individual in the same manner as others in similar conditions and...

(LIIBULLETIN preview)

In 2000, Arizona voters approved a ballot initiative creating the Arizona Independent Redistricting Commission, entrusted with redrawing the state’s legislative and congressional districts for future elections. See Harris...

(LIIBULLETIN preview)

In 2000, Arizona voters approved a ballot initiative creating the Arizona Independent Redistricting Commission, entrusted with redrawing the state’s legislative and congressional districts for future elections. See Harris v. Ariz. Indep. Redistricting...

(LIIBULLETIN preview (pre-2014))

Appealed from: United States District Court for the Eastern District of Texas

Oral argument: March 1, 2006

redistricting, gerrymandering, minority vote dilution, census, equal protection, first...
(LIIBULLETIN preview)

The U.S. Constitution requires states to reapportion their respective congressional seats based on population changes reflected by the U.S. Census Bureau’s decennial census. See U.S. Const. art. I, § 2. The...

(LIIBULLETIN preview)

In 1965, Congress passed the Voting Rights Act ("VRA") under § 2 of the Fifteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. The VRA prohibited state actors from imposing discriminatory practices that cut into the voting...

(LIIBULLETIN preview (pre-2014))

Oral argument: Apr. 29, 2009

Appealed from: United States District Court for the District of Columbia (May 30, 2008)

VOTING RIGHTS ACT, FIFTEENTH AMENDMENT, CIVIL RIGHTS, FEDERAL PRECLEARANCE, BOERNE CONGRUENCE & PROPORTIONALITY

...

(LIIBULLETIN preview)

North Carolina voters have repeatedly challenged two North Carolina voting districts in a redistricting plan intended to comply with the Voting Rights Act of 1965 (“VRA”). The VRA aims to eliminate racial discrimination in voting by providing every...

(LIIBULLETIN preview (pre-2014))
[Question(s) presented] [Issue(s)] [Facts] [Discussion] [Analysis]

Issue

Whether Congress’s twenty-five year extension of the Voting Rights Act exceeded its power to enforce the protections of the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments.

...

(LIIBULLETIN preview)

After receiving the 2010 census results data, the Virginia state legislature (“General Assembly”) redrew the state’s legislative districts. Golden Bethune-Hill v. Virginia State Board of Elections (“Bethune-Hill I”), 326 F. Supp. 3d 128, 137 (E.D. Va....

(Wex page)

Overview

 The Voting Rights Act (VRA), codified at 42 U.S.C. §§ 1973 to 1973aa-6, is an important federal civil rights law that protects minorities from discriminatory voting practices. Initially, the VRA only protected racial minorities,...

(LIIBULLETIN preview)

In 2012, the Virginia legislature approved a congressional districting plan (the “2012 plan”). See Page v. Virginia State Bd. of Elections, Civil Action No. 3:13cv678, 2015 WL 3604029, at *3 (E.D. Va. June 5, 2015). This plan had to...

(LIIBULLETIN preview)

In 2012, the Virginia legislature approved a congressional districting plan (the “2012 plan”). See Page v. Virginia State Bd. of Elections, Civil Action No. 3:13cv678, 2015 WL 3604029, at *3 (E.D. Va. June 5, 2015). This plan had to comply with the...