Tenth amendment

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Facts

In 2006, Carol Anne Bond discovered that her friend, Myrlinda Haynes, was pregnant from an affair with Bond’s husband. See United States v. Bond, 681 F.3d 149, 151 (3d Cir. 2012). Seeking revenge, Bond acquired toxic chemicals, 10-...

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Oral argument: Feb. 22, 2011

Appealed from: United States Court of Appeals for Third Circuit (Sept. 17, 2009)

TENTH AMENDMENT, TREATY POWER, STATE SOVEREIGNTY, STANDING

Petitioner Carol Anne Bond...

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In 1992, Congress passed the Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act (“PASPA”), which prohibits states and their political subdivisions from authorizing, licensing, regulating, and controlling sports gambling. See NCAA v. Governor of New Jersey...

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Overview

Federalism is a system of government in which the same territory is controlled by two levels of government. Generally, an overarching national government is responsible for broader governance of larger territorial areas, while the smaller...

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Overview

The incorporation doctrine is a constitutional doctrine through which the first ten amendments of the United States Constitution (known as the Bill of Rights) are made applicable to the states through the Due Process clause of the Fourteenth...

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Facts

Congress passed the Civil Rights Act of 1968, which includes the Fair Housing Act (“FHA”), to secure equal housing opportunities regardless of race, creed, or national origin. This same period of history also saw the enactment of the Civil Rights...

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Wachovia Bank is a national bank chartered under the National Bank Act, 12 U.S.C. § 21. Wachovia Mortgage is a "State-chartered nonbank, operating subsidiary of Wachovia Bank." Watters v. Wachovia, 431 F.3d 556, 558 (6th. Cir. 2005); Brief for the...