standing

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After the 2010 census revealed malapportionment in most electoral districts in Alabama, the Republican-controlled Alabama legislature declared that compliance with the Constitution’s mandate of “one person, one vote” would be its highest priority in...

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In 2007, Apple released the original iPhone. In re Apple iPhone Antitrust Litig., 846 F.3d 313, 315–16 (9th Cir. 2017). One year later, Apple launched the “App Store,” through which iPhone users may purchase and download applications (“apps”). Id....

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In Arizona prior to 2000, the Arizona State Legislature (“Legislature”) had the authority to alter and decide congressional districts through the ordinary legislative process. See AZ State Legislature v. AZ Independent Redistricting Committee, 997 F....

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MIAMI’S LAWSUIT AGAINST BANK OF AMERICA

Miami brought a Fair Housing Act (“FHA”) lawsuit against Bank of America, Countrywide Financial Corporation, Countrywide Home Loans, and Countrywide Bank (collectively, “Bank of America” or “the Bank”) on December...

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MIAMI’S LAWSUIT AGAINST BANK OF AMERICA

Miami brought a Fair Housing Act (“FHA”) lawsuit against Bank of America, Countrywide Financial Corporation, Countrywide Home Loans, and Countrywide Bank (collectively, “Bank of America” or “the Bank”) on December...

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Wisconsin has long faced difficulty drawing its electoral districts—a process commonly known as redistricting. Whitford v. Gill, No. 15-cv-421-bbc, at *5–6 (W.D. Wis. Nov. 21, 2016). In the 1980s, after a Republican governor repeatedly vetoed any...

(LIIBULLETIN preview (pre-2014))

Oral argument: Feb. 22, 2011

Appealed from: United States Court of Appeals for Third Circuit (Sept. 17, 2009)

TENTH AMENDMENT, TREATY POWER, STATE SOVEREIGNTY, STANDING

Petitioner Carol Anne...

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In 2005, the U.S. Navy contracted Campbell-Ewald Co. to provide the Navy advertising services. See Campbell-Ewald v. Gomez, No. 13-55486, at 4 (9th Cir. 2014); see also Petition for Writ of Certiorari,...

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In 2005, the U.S. Navy contracted Campbell-Ewald Co. to provide the Navy advertising services. See Campbell-Ewald v. Gomez, No. 13-55486, at 4 (9th Cir. 2014); see also Petition for Writ of Certiorari, Campbell-Ewald Co., No. 14-857 at 3–4. As part of...

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Amnesty International USA, along with attorneys, human rights, labor, legal, and media organizations, filed a lawsuit challenging the constitutionality of the FISA Amendments Act of 2008 (FAA). See Brief for the Respondents,...

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[Questions Presented] [Issue] [Facts] [Discussion] [Analysis] Issue

Does a group of international organizations, lawyers, and media personnel have standing to sue for prospective relief based on their allegation that the United States would...

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Domino's Pizza, Inc. ("Domino's") entered into four contracts with JWM Investments, Inc. ("JWM") under which JWM was to build restaurants and lease them to Domino's. Respondent John McDonald, an African-American, was the sole officer, director, and...

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Appealed from: United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit

Oral argument: Dec. 6, 2005

JWM Investments, Inc., a company wholly owned by Respondent John McDonald, entered into a contract...

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To buy a house, an individual typically must obtain certain settlement services, such as title insurance. See 12 U.S.C. § 2602(3). Due to consumer reliance on real estate agents, settlement service firms began paying agents ...

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Oral argument: Nov. 30, 2011

Appealed from: United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit (June 21, 2010)

In this case, the Supreme Court will decide whether a plaintiff has Article III standing to sue under the Real Estate...

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In 2004, the Freedom from Religion Foundation (“the Foundation”), represented by three taxpayer plaintiffs, filed suit in Federal District Court, challenging part of President Bush’s Faith Based and Community Initiatives (“FBCI...

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The State of New York imposes a tax on all cigarettes sold or used in the State (known as a use tax). See City of New York v. Smokes-Spirits.com, Inc., 541 F.3d 425, 432 (2nd Cir. 2007). A similar tax exists for cigarettes...

(LIIBULLETIN preview (pre-2014))

Oral argument: Nov. 3, 2009

Appealed from: United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit (Sept. 2, 2008)

RACKETEER INFLUENCED AND CORRUPT ORGANIZATIONS ACT, RICO, TAXES, STANDING, INJURY

Both the State and the City of New York...

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Overview

Justiciability refers to the types of matters that a court can adjudicate.  If a case is "nonjusticiable," then the court cannot hear it. Typically to be justiciable, the court must not be offering an advisory opinion, the...

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An Explanation of Futures Trading

The following explanation is taken from the

Kansas City Board of Trade's Explanation of Basics of Futures and Options. Futures are contracts involving commodities which are paid for when the contract is ...

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<& /supct/inclusions/header_cert.htm &>

Oral argument: October 29, 2007

Appealed from: United States Court of Appeals, 2nd Circuit (2005)

OPTIONS AND FUTURES COMMODITIES, STANDING, PRIVATE RIGHTS OF ACTION

Klein & Co...

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Facts

Petitioner Lexmark International, Inc. (“Lexmark”) is a major manufacturer of laser printers and toner cartridges. See Static Control Components, Inc. v. Lexmark Intl., Inc., 697 F.3d 387, 394–395 (6th Cir. 2012). Typically, manufacturers like...

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Overview

Federal courts will refuse to hear a case if they find that it presents a political question. This doctrine refers to the idea that an issue is so politically charged that federal courts, which are typically viewed as the apolitical branch...

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In 1994, Congress passed the Jacob Wetterling Crimes Against Children and Sexually Violent Offender Registration Act (“Wetterling Act”), which encouraged states (via conditioned federal funding) to adopt comprehensive sex offender...

(LIIBULLETIN preview (pre-2014))

Oral argument: Oct. 3, 2011

Appealed from: United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit

Billy Joe Reynolds, a registered sex offender, was convicted for failing to update his registration upon moving from Missouri to Pennsylvania...

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North Carolina’s congressional redistricting takes place every ten years in a process overseen by both chambers of the state’s General Assembly. Common Cause v. Rucho, 279 F. Supp. 3d 587, 599 (M.D.N.C. 2018). In 2010, North Carolina voters elected...

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The issues in this case arise from the information that Petitioner Spokeo, Inc. provides to its users about other individuals through its online services. See Robins v. Spokeo, Inc., 742 F.3d 409, 410 (9th Cir. 2014),...

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The issues in this case arise from the information that Petitioner Spokeo, Inc. provides to its users about other individuals through its online services. See Robins v. Spokeo, Inc., 742 F.3d 409, 410 (9th Cir. 2014), cert. granted, 135 S. Ct. 1892,...

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Definition

The state action requirement refers to the requirement that in order for a plaintiff to have standing to sue over a law being violated, the plaintiff must demonstrate that the government (local, state, or federal), was responsible for...

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In 1992, Congress enacted the Forest Service Decisionmaking and Appeals Reform Act (“ARA”). See Brief for Petitioners, Priscilla Summers et al. at 2. The ARA requires the United States Forest Service to establish a...

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After receiving the 2010 census results data, the Virginia state legislature (“General Assembly”) redrew the state’s legislative districts. Golden Bethune-Hill v. Virginia State Board of Elections (“Bethune-Hill I”), 326 F. Supp. 3d 128, 137 (E.D. Va....

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In 2012, the Virginia legislature approved a congressional districting plan (the “2012 plan”). See Page v. Virginia State Bd. of Elections, Civil Action No. 3:13cv678, 2015 WL 3604029, at *3 (E.D. Va. June 5, 2015). This plan had to...

(LIIBULLETIN preview)

In 2012, the Virginia legislature approved a congressional districting plan (the “2012 plan”). See Page v. Virginia State Bd. of Elections, Civil Action No. 3:13cv678, 2015 WL 3604029, at *3 (E.D. Va. June 5, 2015). This plan had to comply with the...