The first sentence is based in part on former sections 73b–2, 836, and 837, which are carried into this subchapter. Application of the second sentence to section 5703, and the third sentence, are based on former section 73b–2, which is carried into section 5703.
Standard changes are made to conform with the definitions applicable and the style of this title as outlined in the preface to the report.
2017—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 115–34 amended subsec. (c) generally. Prior to amendment, subsec. (c) read as follows: “The Administrator of General Services shall periodically, but at least every 2 years, submit to the Director of the Office of Management and Budget an analysis of estimated total agency payments for such items as travel and transportation of people, average costs and duration of trips, and purposes of official travel; and of estimated total agency payments for employee relocation. This analysis shall be based on a sampling survey of agencies each of which spent more than $5,000,000 during the previous fiscal year on travel and transportation payments, including payments for employee relocation. Agencies shall provide to the Administrator the necessary information in a format prescribed by the Administrator and approved by the Director.”
2014—Subsec. (b)(1)(A). Pub. L. 113–291, § 915(b)(1), amended subpar. (A) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “The Administrator of General Services, in consultation with the Secretary of Transportation, the Secretary of Defense, and representatives of organizations of employees of the Government, shall conduct periodic investigations of the cost of travel and the operation of privately owned vehicles to employees while engaged on official business, and shall report the results of such investigations to Congress at least once a year.”
Subsec. (b)(2)(A)(i). Pub. L. 113–291, § 915(b)(2), amended cl. (i) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “shall prescribe a mileage reimbursement rate which reflects the current costs as determined by the Administrator of operating privately owned automobiles, and which shall not exceed, as provided in section 5704(a)(1) of this title, the single standard mileage rate established by the Internal Revenue Service, and”.
1996—Subsec. (b)(1)(A). Pub. L. 104–316 struck out “the Comptroller General of the United States,” after “in consultation with”.
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 104–201 struck out subsec. (d) which provided that agencies ensure that their approved accommodation percentages be not less than specified percentages for fiscal years beginning 4 and 5 years after Sept. 25, 1990, and that their percentages be not less than 90 percent for fiscal years beginning 6 years after Sept. 25, 1990, and thereafter.
1994—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 103–329, § 634(b), amended subsec. (b) generally, revising and restructuring text.
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 103–329, § 634(c), redesignated par. (1) as entire subsec. and struck out par. (2) which read as follows: “The requirements of paragraph (1) of this subsection shall expire upon the Administrator’s submission of the analysis that includes the fiscal year that ends September 30, 1991.”
1990—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 101–391 added subsec. (d).
1986—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 99–234 designated existing provisions as par. (1) and added par. (2).
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 99–234 added subsec. (c).
1975—Pub. L. 94–22 inserted “and reports” in section catchline, designated existing provisions as subsec. (a), substituted “Administrator of General Services” for “Director of the Bureau of the Budget”, struck out provision for fixing, payment, advancement and recovery of travel allowances and expenses in accordance with the regulations and provision for the non-applicability of this section to per diem allowances under section 5703(c), and inserted provision for regulations for travel by employees of the judicial branch of the Government by the Director of the Administrative Office of the United States Courts, and added subsec. (b).
Statutory Notes and Related Subsidiaries
Change of Name
Committee on Oversight and Government Reform of House of Representatives changed to Committee on Oversight and Reform of House of Representatives by House Resolution No. 6, One Hundred Sixteenth Congress, Jan. 9, 2019.
Regulations; Time for Issuance
Pub. L. 94–22, § 6(b), May 19, 1975, 89 Stat. 86, provided that regulations required under the first sentence of subsec. (b)(2) of this section, as amended by subsec. (a) of section 6 of Pub. L. 94–22, were to be issued no later than 30 days after May 19, 1975.
Termination of Reporting Requirements
For termination, effective May 15, 2000, of provisions in subsection (b)(1) of this section relating to reporting results of investigations to Congress, see section 3003 of Pub. L. 104–66, as amended, set out as a note under section 1113 of Title 31, Money and Finance, and page 174 of House Document No. 103–7.
Federal Employee Reimbursement for Use of Modern Travel Services
Pub. L. 115–34, § 2, May 16, 2017, 131 Stat. 846, provided that:
“(a) In General.—
Not later than 90 days after the date of enactment of this Act [May 16, 2017
], the Administrator of General Services shall prescribe regulations under section 5707 of title 5
, United States Code, to provide for the reimbursement for the use of a transportation network company or innovative mobility technology company by any Federal employee
traveling on official business under subchapter I of chapter 57 of such title, except that the Director of the Administrative Office of the United States Courts
shall prescribe such regulations with respect to employees
of the judicial branch of the Government.
“(b) Definitions.—In this section:
“(1) Innovative mobility technology company.—
The term ‘innovative mobility technology company’ means an organization, including a corporation, limited liability company, partnership, sole proprietorship, or any other entity, that applies technology to expand and enhance available transportation choices, better manages demand for transportation services, or provides alternatives to driving alone.
“(2) Transportation network company.—The term ‘transportation network company’—
means a corporation, partnership, sole proprietorship, or other entity, that uses a digital network to connect riders to drivers affiliated with the entity in order for the driver to transport the rider using a vehicle owned, leased, or otherwise authorized for use by the driver to a point chosen by the rider; and
does not include a shared-expense carpool or vanpool arrangement that is not intended to generate profit for the driver.”
Reports Regarding Foreign Travel
Pub. L. 105–277, div. G, subdiv. B, title XXV, § 2505, Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681–837, as amended by Pub. L. 106–113, div. B, § 1000(a)(7) [div. A, title VII, § 707], Nov. 29, 1999, 113 Stat. 1536, 1501A–461; Pub. L. 108–271, § 8(b), July 7, 2004, 118 Stat. 814, provided that:
Except as provided in subsection (e), none of the funds authorized to be appropriated for the Department of State
for fiscal year 2000 or 2001 may be used to pay for the expenses of foreign travel by an officer or employee
of an Executive branch agency
to attend an international conference, or for the routine services that a United States diplomatic mission or consular post provides in support of foreign travel by such an officer or employee
to attend an international conference, unless that officer or employee
has submitted a preliminary report with respect to that foreign travel in accordance with subsection (b), and has not previously failed to submit a final report with respect to foreign travel to attend an international conference required by subsection (c).
“(b) Preliminary Reports.—A preliminary report referred to in subsection (a) is a report by an officer or employee of an Executive branch agency with respect to proposed foreign travel to attend an international conference, submitted to the Director prior to commencement of the travel, setting forth—
the name of the official who authorized the travel; and
the purpose and duration of the travel.
“(c) Final Reports.—A final report referred to in subsection (a) is a report by an officer or employee of an Executive branch agency with respect to foreign travel to attend an international conference, submitted to the Director not later than 30 days after the conclusion of the travel—
setting forth the actual duration and cost of the travel; and
updating any other information included in the preliminary report.
“(d) Report to Congress.—The Director shall submit a report on January 31 of the years 2000 and 2001 and July 31 of the years 2000 and 2001, to the Committees on Foreign Relations and Appropriations of the Senate and the Committees on International Relations and Appropriations of the House of Representatives, setting forth with respect to each international conference for which reports described in subsection (c) were required to be submitted to the Director during the preceding six months—
the names and employing agencies of all officers and employees
of Executive branch agencies who attended the international conference;
the names of all officials who authorized travel to the international conference, and the total number of officers and employees
who were authorized to travel to the conference by each such official; and
the total cost of travel by officers and employees
of Executive branch agencies to the international conference.
“(e) Exceptions.—This section shall not apply to travel by—
the President or the Vice President;
any officer or employee
who is carrying out an intelligence or intelligence-related activity, who is performing a protective function, or who is engaged in a sensitive diplomatic mission; or
any officer or employee
who travels prior to January 1, 1999
“(f) Definitions.—In this section:
The term ‘Director’ means the Director of the Office of International Conferences of the Department of State.
“(2) Executive branch agency.—The terms ‘Executive branch agency’ and ‘Executive branch agencies’ mean—
an entity or entities, other than the Government Accountability Office
, defined in section 105 of title 5
, United States Code; and
the Executive Office of the President (except as provided in subsection (e)).
“(3) International conference.—
The term ‘international conference’ means any meeting held under the auspices of an international organization or foreign government
, at which representatives of more than two foreign governments
are expected to be in attendance, and to which United States Executive branch agencies will send a total of ten or more representatives.
“(g) Report.—Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act [Oct. 21, 1998], and annually thereafter, the President shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report describing—
the total Federal expenditure of all official international travel in each Executive branch agency
during the previous fiscal year; and
the total number of individuals in each agency
who engaged in such travel.”
Reporting of Employee Relocation Expenses
Pub. L. 105–61, title VI, § 635, Oct. 10, 1997, 111 Stat. 1316, provided that:
“No later than 30 days after the enactment of this Act [Oct. 10, 1997
], the Director of the Office of Management and Budget
shall require all Federal departments and agencies to report total obligations for the expenses of employee
relocation. All obligations incident to employee
relocation authorized under either chapter 57
of title 5, United States Code, or section 901 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980
(22 U.S.C. 4081
; Public Law 96–465
), shall be included. Such information for the past, current, and budget years shall be included in the agency
budget submission to the President. The Director of the Office of Management and Budget
shall prepare a table presenting obligations for the expenses of employee
relocation for all departments and agencies, and such table shall be transmitted to Congress
each year as part of the President’s annual budget.”
GAO Audit of Agency Compliance
Pub. L. 101–391, § 5(b), Sept. 25, 1990, 104 Stat. 751, which provided that not later than 6 months after the last day of the first fiscal year during which lodging expenses were subject to the requirements of former subsec. (d) of this section, and not later than 6 months after the last day of every fiscal year thereafter, the Comptroller General was to conduct an audit of the compliance of agencies with the requirements of such subsection, and was to submit a report to Congress describing the results of such audit, was repealed by Pub. L. 104–201, div. A, title XVI, § 1614(a)(2), Sept. 23, 1996, 110 Stat. 2739, and Pub. L. 104–316, title I, § 103(f), Oct. 19, 1996, 110 Stat. 3829.