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A claim is actionable if there exist sufficient circumstances to meet the requirements of a cause of action. For example, a claim for the tort of battery is actionable if a person intentionally and without your consent made contact with you and you suffered harm from that contact. Furthermore, a claim for which the statute of limitations has run is not actionable even if it otherwise would be. 

A claim must be actionable for you to prevail in court. If the court determines that your claim as listed in the pleadings is not actionable, it will usually be dismissed by way of a FRCP 12(b)(6) motion.

[Last updated in June of 2022 by the Wex Definitions Team]