finance

A/R

Definition

Abbreviation for accounts receivable.

Absolute-Bar Rule

Definition

A rule preventing a creditor who sells collateral in a commercially unreasonable manner, e.g. without giving reasonable notice to the debtor, from obtaining a deficiency judgment.

Illustrative caselaw

See, e.g. Beardmore v. American...

Abuse

Definition

1) Abuse, generally: physically, sexually, or mentally injuring a person.

2) Child abuse: physically, sexually, or mentally injuring a child either with intent or through neglect.

3) Substance abuse: excessively using or misusing...

Accelerated Depreciation

Definition

Any method of depreciation used by businesses for accounting or tax purposes that allows greater deductions in the earlier years of the life of a company asset, as opposed to the straight-line depreciation method.

Accelerated...

Acceleration

See also Acceleration Clause

Acceleration Clause

Definition

An accelerated clause is a term in a loan agreement that requires the borrower to pay off the loan immediately under certain conditions.

Overview

An accelerated clause is typically invoked when the borrower materially breaches the loan...

Account

Definition

Within the context of secured transactions under Article 9 of the Uniform Commercial Code, this refers to a right to payment of a monetary obligation. Not included: (1) letters of credit, (2) commercial tort claims, (3) deposit accounts, (4...

Account Debtor

Definition

Someone who owes an obligation by virtue of an account, chattel paper, or general intangible.

Illustrative caselaw

See, e.g. Nickey Gregory Co., LLC v. AgriCap, LLC, 597 F.3d 591 (4th Cir. 2010).

See also

Secured transactions

Account Receivable

Definition

See accounts receivable.

Account Stated

Definition

A statement between a creditor and a debtor that settles the total amount of debt owed to the creditor.

There are three elements of an account stated: (1) There exists prior transactions between the parties, creating a creditor-debtor...

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