Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryAny business that transports property or people by any means of conveyance (truck, auto, taxi, bus, airplane, railroad, ship) for a charge. There are two types of carriers: common carrier (in the regular...

Carrier's Lien

A type of lien that gives a security interest in shipped goods to a shipper that publicly operates a business for the transportation of goods. This lien typically arises when the shipper takes possession of the goods and lasts until the shipper has...

Carrying for Hire

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryThe act of transporting goods or individuals for a fee.

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary.


Refers to the highways, waterways, and air traffic of the country. Compare with instrumentalities.


1. Broadly, the highest law of an entity. More specifically:

(a) In corporate law, the articles of incorporation.

(b) In public law, the instrument by which a municipality is incorporated (e.g., city charter). This type of charter...


In 15 U.S.C. §1127:

1) The exchanging, buying, or selling of things having economic value between two or more entities, for example goods, services, and money. Commerce is often done on a large scale, typically between individuals, businesses,...

Commerce Clause


The Commerce Clause refers to Article 1, Section 8, Clause 3 of the U.S. Constitution, which gives Congress the power “to regulate commerce with foreign nations, and among the several states, and with the Indian tribes.

Congress has...

Common Carrier

A common carrier is a person or a commercial enterprise that transports passengers or goods for a fee and establishes that their service is open to the general public. Typical examples of common carriers include, a shipowner, railroad,...


A passenger is an occupant of a car, train, boat, airplane, or other transportation vehicle other than the person operating it or a member of the crew. Generally, a passenger is owed a duty of care by a carrier. However, some states draw a...

private carrier

A carrier refers to an individual or organization that contracts to transport passengers or goods for a fee. The common law recognizes two types of carriers: common carriers and private carriers.

A private carrier, also...