Court of Appeal(s) has multiple meanings:
- First, the Court of Appeal(s) could be an intermediate appellate court. In this instance, it would be any state or federal court that hears appeals from rulings and judgments of lower trial and appeals courts. Specifically, a “court of appeal(s)” is also a “court of record” within statute. This means that the court has “court of record” power to penalize lawyers for any duty violation, willful neglect, or disobedience of any lawful court order. An attorney’s refusal or neglect to obey a court order from a court of appeal(s) is considered an act of contempt.
- Another meaning of the Court of Appeals is that it is the highest court in some states. Simply put, it would be equivalent to the State Supreme Court. In New York, Maryland, Virginia, and Kentucky (before 1976), the highest state court in those states was called the Court of Appeals.
- Finally, a branch of the English Supreme Court of Judicature is called the Court of Appeal.
[Last updated in June of 2020 by the Wex Definitions Team]