Mutilation is a war crime under international criminal law. Under the law of the International Criminal Court, a prosecution for mutilation must show the following:
- The victim was permanently disfigured, or else an organ or appendage was permanently disabled or removed;
- the harm was not justified by medical, dental, or hospital treatment, nor in the victim's interest;
- the persons were hors de combat, civilians, or otherwise not taking active part in hostilities;
- the conduct was associated with an armed conflict.