antitrust

Monopoly

A type of commercial advantage enjoyed by one business entity that lets it determine to a significant extent the terms on which products or services may be obtained in a given region. For example, a monopoly would exist if a single supplier of...

Predatory pricing

Below-cost pricing intended to eliminate specific competitors and reduce overall competition.

See Antitrust for more information.

price fixing

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA criminal violation of federal antitrust statutes, in which several competing businesses agree to set prices for their products to prevent real competition and keep the public from benefiting from price...

Resale Price Maintenance Agreements

Resale Price Maintenance Agreements or (RPM) are arrangement where resellers agree that they will sell product or products at certain prices at or above price floor (minimum RPM) or at or below a price ceiling (maximum RPM).

Early in the 20th...

Standard Oil Co. of New Jersey v. United States (1911)

Standard Oil Co. of New Jersey v. United States (1911) is a U.S. Supreme Court case holding that Standard Oil Company, a major oil conglomerate in the early 20th century, violated the Sherman Antitrust Act through anticompetitive actions, i.e...

State action antitrust immunity

Under the state-action doctrine elucidated in Parker v. Brown, 317 U.S. 341 (1943), state and municipal authorities are immune from federal antitrust lawsuits for actions taken pursuant to a clearly expressed state policy that, when legislated, had...

Tying arrangement

Definition

An agreement in which the seller conditions the sale of one product (the "tying" product) on the buyer's agreement to purchase a separate product (the "tied" product) from the seller. Alternatively, it is also considered a tying arrangement...

White-collar crime

Overview

White-collar crime generally encompasses a variety of nonviolent crimes usually committed in commercial situations for financial gain.

The following is an inclusive list of white-collar offenses : antitrust violations, bankruptcy...

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