computers

Commerce Control List

In the interest of U.S. national security, the Department of Commerce's Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) is responsible for implementing and enforcing the Export Administration Regulations (EAR), which regulate the export and re-export of many...

Computer and Internet Fraud

Overview

Fraud through the criminal use of a computer or the Internet can take many different forms. “Hacking” is a common form, in which a perpetrator uses technological tools to remotely access a protected computer or system. Another common form...

Computer Maintenance Competition Assurance Act

Title III of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act, the Computer Maintenance Competition Assurance Act, broadened Section 117 of the Copyright Act to allow third-party maintenance organizations to used software licensed to a computer’s owner or lessee...

Cookie

Definition

Information that a web server (i.e. a website) sends to a web browser. The browser stores the information in a text file, and re-sends the information to the server each time the browser accesses the server. The main purpose of a cookie is to...

Cybersquatting

When a person other than the owner of a well-known trademark registers that trademark as an Internet domain name and then attempts to profit from it either by ransoming the domain name back to the trademark owner or by using the domain name to divert...

Digital Signature

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionarySee: electronic signature

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary.

Electronic Signature

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA paperless method of entering into an electronic contract. Under the Electronic Signatures Act, enacted in 2000, electronic contracts (with a few exceptions) are as enforceable as those executed on paper...

Electronic Surveillance

Overview

Electronic surveillance is defined in federal law as the nonconsensual acquisition by an electronic, mechanical, or other surveillance device of the contents of any wire or electronic communication, under circumstances in which a party to the...

inlining

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryThe process of incorporating a graphic file from one website onto another website. For example, inlining occurs if a user at site A can, without leaving site A, view a cartoon-of-the-day featured on site...

Internet service provider (ISP)

An Internet service provider (ISP) is an entity that provides broadband service to subscribers. Broadband refers to all services that supply high-speed Internet to subscribers. In the United States, ISPs are regulated at the federal (per the Federal...

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