A civil code is a codification of private law relating to contracts, property, family, and obligations. Commonly, a state that has a civil code generally also has a code of civil procedure. In some states with a civil code, some core fields of private law would be codified in a commercial code.
- General Provisions
Division 1 contains laws that govern the field of personal rights; Division 2 contains laws that govern property rights; Division 3 codifies rules in California like the regulations relating to agency, mortgages, extensions of credit; Division 4 defines remedies available in lawsuits. The Code is organized similarly to many other civil codes, and many of its provisions are codifications of well-established common law principles.
[Last updated in July of 2022 by the Wex Definitions Team]