employment discrimination

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Overview

42 U.S. Code § 2000e-2 allows for an employer to discriminate against employees and potential employees "on the basis of his religion, sex, or national origin in those certain instances where religion, sex, or national origin is a bona...

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This case consolidates two cases: the first brought by Gerald Lynn Bostock (“Bostock”) and the second by Altitude Express, Inc. and Raymond Maynard (collectively “Altitude Express”).

In Bostock v. Clayton County, Georgia, Gerald Lynn Bostock—a...

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Herndrick Humphries, an African American, worked as an associate manager in a Cracker Barrel restaurant owned by CBOCS West, Inc. ("Cracker Barrel") for three years, until Cracker Barrel terminated his employment on...

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Oral argument: February 20, 2008

Appealed from: United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit (Jan. 10, 2007)

THIRTEENTH AMENDMENT, EMPLOYMENT DISCRIMINATION, RETALIATION, SECTION 1981, CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1866, STATUTE...
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Congress first imposed sanctions for hiring unauthorized workers when it passed the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 (“IRCA”), which criminalized the knowing or intentional hiring or continued employment of “unauthorized aliens” in...

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Oral argument: Dec. 8, 2010

Appealed from: United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit (Sept. 17, 2008)

PREEMPTION, EMPLOYMENT DISCRIMINATION, IRCA, LEGAL ARIZONA WORKERS ACT

The state of...

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In 2002, the Metropolitan Government of Nashville and Davidson County (“Metro”) opened an internal investigation into allegations of sexual harassment against Dr. Gene Hughes (“Hughes”), the employee-relations director for the Metro School...

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In 2002, the Metropolitan Government of Nashville and Davidson County (“Metro”) opened an internal investigation into allegations of sexual harassment against Dr. Gene Hughes (“Hughes”), the employee-relations director for the Metro School...

(LIIBULLETIN preview)

In 2002, the Metropolitan Government of Nashville and Davidson County (“Metro”) opened an internal investigation into allegations of sexual harassment against Dr. Gene Hughes (“Hughes”), the employee-relations director for the Metro School...

(LIIBULLETIN preview)

In Engquist v. Oregon Department of Agriculture, the Supreme Court will resolve a circuit split regarding whether an individual government employee can bring an Equal Protection claim against her employer, a state government agency, for...

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Oral argument: April 21, 2008

Appealed from: United States Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit (February 8, 2007)

EQUAL PROTECTION, EMPLOYMENT DISCRIMINATION, CLASS-OF-ONE DOCTRINE, RATIONAL BASIS REVIEW

Under...

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Overview

The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (“EEOC”) enforces federal laws prohibiting workplace discrimination. The EEOC was created by the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The employment section of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, known as Title...

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The Federal Express Corporation (“FedEx”) engages in the business of package transportation and delivery. Brief in Opposition to the Petition for Writ of Certiorari at 1. FedEx implemented new employee policies in 1994 and 1995. Holowecki v. Federal...
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Oral argument: Nov. 6, 2007

Appealed from: United States Court of Appeals, Second Circuit (March 8, 2006)

EMPLOYMENT DISCRIMINATION, AGE...
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Lilly Ledbetter began working at Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company’s Gadsden, Alabama tire plant in a supervisory role in 1979. Ledbetter v. Goodyear Tire and Rubber Co., 421 F.3d 1196, 1173 (11th Cir. 2005). In 1992,...

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Oral argument: November 27, 2006

Appealed from: United States Court of Appeals, Eleventh Circuit (Aug. 23, 2005)

Lilly Ledbetter sued her employer, Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company, under...

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In 1995, the City of Chicago (“Chicago”) adopted a new exam to screen applicants for entry-level firefighter positions. See Lewis v. City of Chicago, 528 F.3d 488, 490 (7th Cir. 2008). Chicago divided the scores into three categories—“...

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Appealed from the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit (June 4, 2008)

Oral argument: Feb. 22, 2010

CIVIL RIGHTS ACT, EMPLOYMENT DISCRIMINATION, TIMELY FILING OF CLAIM

Petitioners,...

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In 1967, Congress passed the Age Discrimination in Employment Act (“ADEA”) “to protect older workers from ‘arbitrary age discrimination in employment.’” Guido v. Mount Lemmon Fire District at 3, 5. Originally, the statute—which applies to “employers,”—...

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Brad Hanson worked as a State Office Manager for Senator Dayton, a former Senator for the state of Minnesota. Brief for Appellant at 5. Hanson’s primary duties included setting up the Senator’s local Minnesota offices and overseeing the...

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Anthony Perry is a former employee of the Census Bureau where he remained employed until his early retirement in April 2012. See Perry v. MSPB, 829 F.3d 760, 762 (D.C. Cir. 2016). In the mid-2000s, Perry developed osteoarthritis. See Petition for Writ...

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North American Stainless (“Stainless”) owns and operates a facility that manufactures stainless steel in Kentucky. See Thompson v. North American Stainless, LP, 567 F.3d 804, 806 (6th Cir. 2009). Eric Thompson worked for...

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Oral argument: Dec. 7, 2010

Appealed from: United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit (June 5, 2009)

TITLE VII, RETALIATION, EMPLOYMENT DISCRIMINATION, THIRD-PARTY STANDING

Petitioner Eric L...

(LIIBULLETIN preview (pre-2014))
[Question Presented] [Issue] [Facts] [Discussion] [Analysis] Issue

Does Title VII of the Civil Rights Act require a plaintiff alleging retaliation to show that retaliation was the only reason for a negative employment action?

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Facts

...

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Issue

Whether, for purposes of employer liability for racial harassment in the workplace, an employee must have the power to tangibly affect the employment status of the victim in order to be considered a supervisor.

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Facts

Vance began...

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Overview

Workers' compensation laws protect people who become injured or disabled while working at their jobs. The laws provide the injured workers with fixed monetary awards, in an attempt to eliminate the need for litigation. These laws also provide...