33 CFR 156.120 - Requirements for transfer.
A transfer is considered to begin when the person in charge on the transferring vessel or facility and the person in charge on the receiving facility or vessel first meet to begin completing the declaration of inspection, as required by § 156.150 of this part. No person shall conduct an oil or hazardous material transfer operation unless:
(a) The vessel's moorings are strong enough to hold during all expected conditions of surge, current, and weather and are long enough to allow adjustment for changes in draft, drift, and tide during the transfer operation;
(b) Transfer hoses and loading arms are long enough to allow the vessel to move to the limits of its moorings without placing strain on the hose, loading arm, or transfer piping system;
(c) Each hose is supported to prevent kinking or other damage to the hose and strain on its coupling.
(d) Each part of the transfer system is aligned to allow the flow of oil or hazardous material;
(e) Each part of the transfer system not necessary for the transfer operation is securely blanked or shut off;
(f) The end of each hose and loading arm that is not connected for the transfer of oil or hazardous material is blanked off using the closure devices required by §§ 154.520 and 155.805 of this chapter;
(g) The transfer system is attached to a fixed connection on the vessel and the facility except that when a vessel is receiving fuel, an automatic back pressure shutoff nozzle may be used;
(h) Each overboard discharge or sea suction valve that is connected to the vessel's transfer or cargo tank system is sealed or lashed in the closed position; except when used to receive or discharge ballast in compliance with 33 CFR Part 157;
(i) Each transfer hose has no unrepaired loose covers, kinks, bulges, soft spots, or any other defect which would permit the discharge of oil or hazardous material through the hose material and no gouges, cuts, or slashes that penetrate the first layer of hose reinforcement (“reinforcement” means the strength members of the hose, consisting of fabric, cord and/or metal);
(k) Each connection meets § 156.130;
(l) Any monitoring devices required by § 154.525 of this chapter are installed and operating properly;
(o) Each drain and scupper is closed by the mechanical means required by § 155.310;
(p) All connections in the transfer system are leak free except that a component in the transfer system, such as the packing glands of a pump, may leak at a rate that does not exceed the capacity of the discharge containment provided during the transfer operation;
(1) Is at the site of the transfer operation and immediately available to the transfer personnel;
(2) Has in his or her possession a copy of the facility operations manual or vessel transfer procedures, as appropriate; and
(3) Conducts the transfer operation in accordance with the facility operations manual or vessel transfer procedures, as appropriate;
(u) The personnel required, under the facility operations manual and the vessel transfer procedures, to conduct the transfer operation:
(1) Are on duty; and
(2) Conduct the transfer operation in accordance with the facility operations manual or vessel transfer procedures, as appropriate;
(w) The person in charge of the transfer on the transferring vessel or facility and the person in charge of it on the receiving vessel or facility have held a conference, to ensure that each person in charge understands -
(1) The identity of the product to be transferred;
(2) The sequence of transfer operations;
(3) The transfer rate;
(4) The name or title and location of each person participating in the transfer operation;
(5) Details of the transferring and receiving systems including procedures to ensure that the transfer pressure does not exceed the maximum allowable working pressure (MAWP) for each hose assembly, loading arm and/or transfer pipe system;
(6) Critical stages of the transfer operation;
(7) Federal, state, and local rules that apply to the transfer of oil or hazardous material;
(8) Emergency procedures;
(9) Discharge containment procedures;
(10) Discharge reporting procedures;
(11) Watch or shift arrangement;
(12) Transfer shutdown procedures; and,
(13) If the persons use radios, a predetermined frequency for communications during the transfer, agreed upon by both.
(x) The person in charge of transfer operations on the transferring vessel or facility and the person in charge of transfer operations on the receiving vessel or facility agree to begin the transfer operation;
(z) For transfer operations between tank barges from sunset to sunrise, lighting is provided as described in § 155.790 of this chapter.
(aa) A transfer operation which includes collection of vapor emitted to or from a vessel's cargo tanks through a vapor control system (VCS) not located on the vessel must have the following verified by the person in charge:
(1) Each manual valve in the vapor collection system is correctly positioned to allow the collection of cargo vapor;
(2) A vapor collection hose or arm is connected to the vessel's vapor connection;
(4) The initial transfer rate and the maximum transfer rate are determined;
(5) The maximum and minimum operating pressures at the facility vapor connection are determined;
(6) The tank barge overfill control system, if installed, is connected to the facility, tested, and operating properly;
(7) The following have been performed not more than 24 hours prior to the start of the transfer operation or in accordance with 33 CFR 154.2150(b):
(8) Each vapor recovery hose has no unrepaired loose covers, kinks, bulges, soft spots, or any other defect which would permit the discharge of vapor through the hose material, and no external gouges, cuts, or slashes that penetrate the first layer of hose reinforcement; and
(9) The oxygen content in the vapor space of each of the vessel's cargo tanks connected to the vapor collection system, if inerted, is -
(i) At or below 60 percent by volume of the cargo's minimum oxygen concentration for combustion; or
(10) The freezing point of each cargo has been determined. If there is a possibility that the ambient air temperature during transfer operations will be at or below the freezing point of the cargo, adequate precautions have been taken to prevent freezing of vapor or condensate, or to detect and remove the liquid condensate and solids to prevent accumulation;
(12) The VCS has been cleaned, in accordance with 33 CFR 154.2150(p), between transfers of incompatible cargoes.
(bb) If the transfer operation involves loading oil, as defined in § 151.05 of this chapter, into a cargo tank, the overfill device required by § 155.480 of this chapter is installed and operating properly.
(cc) Smoking is not permitted in the facilities marine transfer area except in designated smoking areas.
(dd) Welding, hot work operations and smoking are prohibited on vessels during the transfer of flammable or combustible materials, except that smoking may be permitted in accommodation areas designated by the master.
- 33 CFR 4.02 — Display.
- 33 CFR 156.150 — Declaration of Inspection.
- 33 CFR 150.425 — What Are the Requirements for Transferring Cargo?
- 33 CFR 156.170 — Equipment Tests and Inspections.
- 33 CFR 155.715 — Contents of Letter of Designation as a Person-In-Charge of the Transfer of Fuel Oil.
- 33 CFR 156.160 — Supervision by Person in Charge.