antitrust

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[Question(s) presented][Issue(s)][Facts][Discussion][Analysis]Issue

Can courts refuse to enforce class-arbitration waivers and permit class-action lawsuits where a plaintiff’s individual claim is worth much less than the cost of bringing that claim?...

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Respondent, National Football League (“NFL”), is an unincorporated association of 32 professional football teams that produces an annual season of football games and the Super Bowl championship game. See American Needle, Inc. v. National Football...

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In 2005, Animal Science Products, Inc. and various Vitamin C producers in the United States (“Animal Science Products”) filed suit in the Eastern District of New York against Hebei Welcome Pharmaceuticals Co. (“Hebei”), a Chinese pharmaceutical company...

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Overview

Antitrust refers to laws which regulate the concentration of economic power, particularly with regard to trusts and monopolies.

History

Because of fears during the late 1800s that monopolies were dominating America's free market...

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In 2007, Apple released the original iPhone. In re Apple iPhone Antitrust Litig., 846 F.3d 313, 315–16 (9th Cir. 2017). One year later, Apple launched the “App Store,” through which iPhone users may purchase and download applications (“apps”). Id....

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Glen Billing and other investors filed a class action lawsuit against Credit Suisse First Boston Ltd. (“Credit Suisse”) and other Wall Street investment firms. In re Initial Public Offering Antitrust Litigation, 287 F.Supp.2d 497 (S.D.N.Y. 2003) (“In...

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Leegin Creative Leather Products (“Leegin”) is a California-based leather manufacturer that produces and markets women’s accessories. Brief for Petitioner at 2. In 1990, Leegin introduced the “Brighton” brand of products, which...

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In 2010, the three largest credit card networks in the United States—American Express (“Amex”), Visa, and MasterCard—were sued by the United States and seventeen States for violating federal antitrust laws. United States v. American Express Co., 838 F....

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Starting in 2005, Respondents Learjet, Inc. and other retail gas purchasers (collectively, “Learjet”), filed claims in both federal and state court alleging that Petitioners Oneok, Inc. and other natural gas traders (collectively, “Oneok”),...

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Definition

The Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890 is a federal statute which prohibits activities that restrict interstate commerce and competition in the marketplace. The Sherman Act was amended by the Clayton Act in 1914. The Sherman Act is codified in 15...

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