007.04.12 Ark. Code R. § 006 - Regulations Pertainging to Retail Food Establishments

Current through Register Vol. 2022, No. 3, March, 2022

Chapter 1 Purpose and Definitions
1-1 TITLE, INTENT, SCOPE
1-101.10 Food Code.

These provisions shall be known as the Food Code, hereinafter referred to these RULES AND REGULATIONS OR THIS REGULATION.

1-102.10 Food Safety, Illness Prevention, and Honest Presentation.

The purpose of these rules and regulations is to safeguard public health and provide to consumers food that is safe, unADULTERATED, and honestly presented.

1-103.10 Statement.

these rules and regulations establishes definitions; sets standards for management and personnel, food operations, and equipment and facilities; and provides for food establishment plan review, permit issuance, inspection, employee restriction, and permit suspension.

1-2 DEFINITIONS
1-201 Applicability and Terms Defined
1-201.10 Statement of Application of Listing of Terms.
(A) The following definitions apply in the interpretation and application of these rules and REGULATIONS.
(B) Terms Defined.

Accredited program.

(1) "Accredited program" means a food protection manager certification program that has been evaluated and listed by an accrediting agency as conforming to national standards for organizations that certify individuals.
(2) "Accredited program" refers to the certification process and is a designation based upon an independent evaluation of factors such as the sponsor's mission; organizational structure; staff resources; revenue sources; policies; public information regarding program scope, eligibility requirements, re-certification, discipline and grievance procedures; and test development and administration.
(3) "Accredited program" does not refer to training functions or educational programs.

Additive.

(1) "Food additive" has the meaning stated in the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, § 201 (s) and 21 CFR 170.
(2) "Color additive" has the meaning stated in the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, § 201 (t) and 21 CFR 70.

"Adulterated" has the meaning stated in the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, § 402.

"Approved" means acceptable to the regulatory authority based on a determination of conformity with principles, practices, and generally recognized standards that protect public health.

"aw" means water activity which is a measure of the free moisture in a food, is the quotient of the water vapor pressure of the substance divided by the vapor pressure of pure water at the same temperature, and is indicated by the symbol aw.

Bed and Breakfast is an establishment offering lodging and breakfast which must comply with this Regulation if its food service facility is operated in connection with 6 or more sleeping rooms and/or more than 10 people.

"Beverage" means a liquid for drinking, including water.

"Bottled drinking water" means water that is sealed in bottles, packages, or other containers and offered for sale for human consumption, including bottled mineral water.

"Casing" means a tubular container for sausage products made of either natural or artificial (synthetic) material.

"Certification number" means a unique combination of letters and numbers assigned by a shellfish control authority to a molluscan shellfish dealer according to the provisions of the National Shellfish Sanitation Program. CIP. means Code of Federal Regulations. Citations in this Code to the CFR refer seque

CIP

(1) "CIP" means cleaned in place by the circulation or flowing by mechanical means through a piping system of a detergent solution, water rinse, and sanitizing solution onto or over equipment surfaces that require cleaning, such as the method used, in part, to clean and sanitize a frozen dessert machine.
(2) "CIP" does not include the cleaning of equipment such as band saws, slicers, or mixers that are subjected to in-place manual cleaning without the use of a CIP system.

"CFR" intially to the Title, Part, and Section numbers, such as 21 CFR 178.1010 refers to Title 21, Part 178, Section 1010.

"Code of Federal Regulations" means the compilation of the general and permanent rules published in the Federal Register by the executive departments and agencies of the federal government which:

(1) Is published annually by the U.S. Government Printing Office; and
(2) Contains FDA rules in 21 CFR, USDA rules in 7 CFR and 9 CFR, EPA rules in 40 CFR, and Wildlife and Fisheries rules in 50 CFR.

"Coffee Kiosk" means:

(1) An establishment limited to the preparation and service of coffee based products.
(2) Items that are offered for sale that are not coffee based drinks must be offered in pre-packaged form and not requiring refrigeration.

"Commingle" means:

(1) To combine shellstock harvested on different days or from different growing areas as identified on the tag or label, or
(2) To combine shucked shellfish from containers with different container codes or different shucking dates.

Comminuted.

(1) "Comminuted" means reduced in size by methods including chopping, flaking, grinding, or mincing.
(2) "Comminuted" includes fish or meat products that are reduced in size and restructured or reformulated such as gefilte fish, gyros, ground beef, and sausage; and a mixture of 2 or more types of meat that have been reduced in size and combined, such as sausages made from 2 or more meats.

"Commissary" means a catering operation, restaurant, central preparation facility, or any other place in which food, containers or supplies are kept, handled, prepared, packaged or stored.

"Confirmed disease outbreak" means a foodborne disease outbreak in which laboratory analysis of appropriate specimens identifies a causative agent and epidemiological analysis implicates the food as the source of the illness.

"Consumer" means a person who is a member of the public, takes possession of food, is not functioning in the capacity of an operator of a food establishment or food processing plant, and does not offer the food for resale.

"Corrosion-resistant material" means a material that maintains acceptable surface clean ability characteristics under prolonged influence of the food, to be contacted, the normal use of cleaning and sanitizing solutions, and other conditions of the use environment.

"Critical control point" means a point or procedure in a specific food system where loss of control may result in an unacceptable health risk.

Critical Item (Priority Item or Priority Foundation Item).

(1) "Priority item" means a provision in this Code whose application contributes directly to the elimination, prevention or reduction to an acceptable level, hazards associated with food borne illness or injury and there is no other provision that more directly controls the hazard.

"Priority item" includes items with a quantifiable measure to show control of hazards such as cooking, reheating, cooling, handwashing; and is an item that is denoted in this Code with a superscript P- p.

(2) "Priority Foundation Item" means a provision of these rules and regulations whose application supports, facilitates or enables one or more priority items.

Core Item

(1) "Core item" means a provision in this Code that is not designated as a priority ITEM OR A PRIORITY FOUNDATION ITEM.
(2) "Core item" includes an item that usually relates to general sanitation, operational controls, sanitation standard operating procedures (SSOPs), facilities or structures, equipment design, or general maintenance.

"Critical limit" means the maximum or minimum value to which a physical, biological, or chemical parameter must be controlled at a critical control point to minimize the risk that the identified food safety hazard may occur.

"Cut leafy greens" means fresh leafy greens whose leaves have been cut, shredded, sliced, chopped, or torn. The term "leafy greens" includes iceberg lettuce, romaine lettuce, leaf lettuce, butter lettuce, baby leaf lettuce (i.e., immature lettuce or leafy greens), escarole, endive, spring mix, spinach, cabbage, kale, arugula, and chard. The term "leafy greens" does not include herbs such as cilantro or parsley.

"Dealer" means a person who is authorized by a shellfish control authority for the activities of shellstock shipper, shucker-packer, repacker, reshipper, or depuration processor of molluscan shellfish according to the provisions of the National Shellfish Sanitation Program.

"Disclosure" means a written statement that clearly identifies the animal-derived FOODS which are, or can be ordered, raw, undercooked, or without otherwise being processed to eliminate pathogens, or item that contain an ingredient that is raw, undercooked, or without otherwise being processed to eliminate pathogens.

Day Care Family Home is a facility where children are cared for in a caregivers own family residence which routinely serves more than 10 children with a maximum of 16 under the purview of the Child Care Facility Licensing Act, Act 434 of 1969, which must meet the requirements of the Regulation.

Drinking Water.

(1) "Drinking water" means water that meets 40 CFR 141 National Primary Drinking Water Regulations.
(2) "Drinking water" is traditionally known as "potable water."
(3) "Drinking water" includes the term "water" except where the term used connotes that the water is not potable, such as "boiler water," "mop water," "rainwater," "wastewater," and "nondrinking" water.

"Dry storage area" means a room or area designated for the storage of packaged or containerized bulk food that is not potentially hazardous and dry goods such as single-service items.

Easily Cleanable means that surfaces are readily accessible and made of such materials and finish and so fabricated that residue may be effectively removed by normal cleaning methods.

"Easily movable" means:

(1) Portable; mounted on casters, gliders, or rollers; or provided with a mechanical means to safely tilt a unit of equipment for cleaning; and
(2) Having no utility connection, a utility connection that disconnects quickly, or a flexible utility connection line of sufficient length to allow the equipment to be moved for cleaning of the equipment and adjacent area.

Egg.

(1) "Egg" means the shell EGG of avian species such as chicken, duck, goose, guinea, quail, RATITES or turkey.
(2) "Egg" does not include:
(a) A balut;
(b) The egg of reptile species such as alligator; or
(c) An EGG PRODUCT.

Egg Product.

(1) "Egg Product" means all, or a portion of, the contents found inside eggs separated from the shell and pasteurized in a food processing plant, with or without added ingredients, intended for human consumption, such as dried, frozen or liquid eggs.
(2) "Egg Product" does not include food which contains eggs only in a relatively small proportion such as cake mixes.

"Employee" means the permit holder, person in charge, person having supervisory or management duties, person on the payroll, family member, volunteer, person performing work under contractual agreement, or other person working in a retail food ESTABLISHMENT.

"Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia Coli" (EHEC) means E. coll which cause hemorrhagic colitis, meaning bleeding enterically or bleeding from the intestine. The term is typically used in association with E. coli that has the capacity to produce Shiga toxins and to cause attaching and effacing lesions in the intestine. EHEC is a subset of STEC, whose members produce additional virulence factors. Infections with EHEC may be asymptomatic but are classically associated with bloody diarrhea (hemorrhagic colitis) and hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) or thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP). Examples of serotypes of EHEC include: E. coli 0157:H7; E. coli 0157:NM; E. coli 026:1-111; E. coli0145:NM; E. coli0103:H2; or E. coli0111 :NM. Also see SHIGA TOXIN-PRODUCING E. COll.

"EPA" means the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

Equipment.

(1) "Equipment" means an article that is used in the operation of a retail food service establishment such as a freezer, grinder, hood, ice maker, meat block, mixer, oven, reach-in refrigerator, scale, sink, slicer, stove, table, temperature measuring device for ambient air, vending machine, or warewashing machine.
(2) "Equipment" does not include items used for handling or storing large quantities of packaged foods that are received from a supplier in a cased or overwrapped lot, such as hand trucks, forklifts, dollies, pallets, racks, and skids.

"Exclude" means to prevent a person from working as a food employee or entering a food establishment except for those areas open to the general public.

"FDA" means the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

Fish.

(1) "Fish" means fresh or saltwater finfish, crustaceans and other forms of aquatic life (including alligator, frog, aquatic turtle, jellyfish, sea cucumber, and sea urchin and the roe of such animals) other than birds or mammals, and all mollusks, if such animal life is intended for human consumption.
(2) "Fish" includes an edible human food product derived in whole or in part from fish, including fish that have been processed in any manner.

"Food" means a raw, cooked, or processed edible substance, ice, beverage, or ingredient used or intended for use or for sale in whole or in part for human consumption, or chewing gum.

"Food borne disease outbreak" means the occurrence of two or more cases of a similar illness resulting from the ingestion of a common food.

"Food-contact surface" means:

(1) A surface of equipment or a utensil with which food normally comes into contact; or
(2) A surfaces of equipment or a utensil from which food may drain, drip, or splash:
(a) Into a food, or
(b) Onto a surface normally in contact with food.

"Food employee" means an individual working with unPACKAGED food, food equipment Or UTENSILS, Or FOOD-CONTACT SURFACES.

Food Processing Plant.

(1) "Food processing establishment plant" means a commercial operation that manufactures, packages, labels, or stores food for human consumption and does not provide food directly to a consumer. The term does not include a food service establishment, retail food store, or commissary operation.
(2) "Food processing plant" does not include a retail food establishment.

Game Animal.

(1) "Game animal" means an animal, the products of which are food, that is not classified as livestock, sheep, swine, goat, horse, mule, or other equine in 9 CFR 301 Definitions, or as Poultry.
(2) "Game animal" includes mammals such as reindeer, elk, deer, antelope, water buffalo, bison, rabbit, squirrel, opossum, raccoon, nutria, or muskrat, and non-aquatic reptiles such as land snakes.
(3) "Game animal" does not include ratites such as ostrich, emu, and rhea.

"General use pesticide" means a pesticide that is not classified by EPA for restricted use as specified in 40 CFR 152.175.

"Grade A standards" means the requirements of the United States Public Health Service/FDA "Grade A Pasteurized Milk Ordinance" and "Grade A Condensed and Dry Milk Ordinance" with which certain fluid and dry milk and milk products comply.

"HACCP plan" means a written document that delineates the formal procedures for following the Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point principles developed by The National Advisory Committee on Microbiological Criteria for Foods.

Handwashing Sink.

(1) "Handwashing sink" means a lavatory, a basin or vessel for washing, a wash basin, or a plumbing fixture especially placed for use in personal hygiene and designed for the washing of the hands.
(2) "Handwashing sink" includes an automatic handwashing facility.

"Hazard" means a biological, chemical, or physical property that may cause an unacceptable consumer health risk.

"Hermetically sealed container" means a container that is designed and intended to be secure against the entry of microorganisms and, in the case of low acid canned foods, to maintain the commercial sterility of its contents after processing.

"Highly susceptible population" means persons who are more likely than other people in the general population to experience food borne disease because they are:

(1) Immunocompromised; preschool age children, or older adults; and
(2) Obtaining food at a facility that provides services such as custodial care, health care, or assisted living, such as a child or adult day care center, kidney dialysis center, hospital or nursing home, or nutritional or socialization services such as a senior center.

"Imminent health hazard" means a significant threat or danger to health that is considered to exist when there is evidence sufficient to show that a product, practice, circumstance, or event creates a situation that requires immediate correction or cessation of operation to prevent injury based on.

(1) The number of potential injuries, and
(2) The nature, severity, and duration of the anticipated injury.

"Injected" means manipulating a meat to which a solution has been introduced into its interior by processes referred to as "injection", "pump marinating", or "stitch pumping".

"Juice"

(1) "Juice" means the aqueous liquid expressed or extracted from one or more fruits or vegetables, purees of the edible portions of one or more fruits or vegetables, or any concentrates of such liquid or puree.
(2) "Juice "does not include, for purposes of HACCP, liquids, purees, or concentrates that are not used as beverages or ingredients of beverages.

"Kitchenware" means food preparation and storage utensils.

"Law" means applicable local, state, and federal statutes, regulations, and ordinances.

"Linens" means fabric items such as cloth hampers, cloth napkins, tablecloths, wiping cloths, and work garments including cloth gloves.

"Meat" means the flesh of animals used as food including the dressed flesh of cattle, swine, sheep, or goats and other edible animals, except fish, poultry, and wild game animals as specified under Subparagraphs 3-201.17(A)(3) and (4).

Mechanically Tenderized.

(1) "Mechanically tenderized" means manipulating meat with deep penetration by processes which may be referred to as "blade tenderizing," "jaccarding", "pinning", "needling," or using blades, pins, needles or any mechanical device.
(2) "Mechanically tenderized" does not include processes by which solutions are injected into meat.

"mg/L" means milligrams per liter, which is the metric equivalent of parts per million (ppm).

"Molluscan shellfish" means any edible species of fresh or frozen oysters, clams, mussels, and scallops or edible portions thereof, except when the scallop product consists only of the shucked adductor muscle.

Non-Continuous Cooking.

(1) "Non-continuous cooking" means the cooking of food in a food establishment using a process in which the initial heating of the food is intentionally halted so that it may be cooled and held for complete cooking at a later time prior to sale or service.
(2) "Non-continuous cooking" does not include cooking procedures that only involve temporarily interrupting or slowing an otherwise continuous cooking process.

Mobile retail food establishment means a vehicle mounted food service establishment designed to be readily movable and approved by LAW to travel highways, roadways, and/or waterways in the state of Arkansas that is a self contained retail food establishment equipped with permanently mounted fresh water holding tanks and waste holding tanks.

Packaged.

(1) "Packaged" means bottled, canned, cartoned, securely bagged, or securely wrapped, whether packaged in a retail food establishment or a food PROCESSING PLANT.
(2) "Packaged" does not include a wrapper, carry-out box, or other nondurable container used to containerize food with the purpose of facilitating food protection during service and receipt of the food by the consumer.

"Permit" means the document issued by the regulatory authority that authorizes a person to operate a retail food establishment.

"Permit holder" means the entity that:

(1) Is legally responsible for the operation of the retail food establishment such as the owner, the owner's agent, or other person; and
(2) Possesses a valid permit to operate a retail food establishment.

"Person" means an association, a corporation, individual, partnership, or other legal entity, government, or governmental subdivision or agency.

"Person in charge" means the individual present in at a retail food establishment who is responsible for the operation at the time of inspection.

Personal Care Items.

(1) "Personal care items" means items or substances that may be poisonous, toxic, or a source of contamination and are used to maintain or enhance a person's health, hygiene, or appearance.
(2) "Personal care items" include items such as medicines; first aid supplies; and other items such as cosmetics, and toiletries such as toothpaste and mouthwash.

"pH" means the symbol for the negative logarithm of the hydrogen ion concentration, which is a measure of the degree of acidity or alkalinity of a solution. Values between 0 and 7 indicate acidity and values between 7 and 14 indicate alkalinity. The value for pure distilled water is 7, which is considered neutral.

"Physical facilities" means the structure and interior surfaces of a retail food establishment including accessories such as soap and towel dispensers and attachments such as light fixtures and heating or air conditioning system vents.

"Plumbing fixture" means a receptacle or device that:

(1) Is permanently or temporarily connected to the water distribution system of the premises and demands a supply of water from the system; or
(2) Discharges used water, waste materials, or sewage directly or indirectly to the drainage system of the premises.

"Plumbing system" means the water supply and distribution pipes; plumbing fixtures and traps; soil, waste, and vent pipes; sanitary and storm sewers and building drains, including their respective connections, devices, and appurtenances within the premises; and water-treating equipment.

"Poisonous or toxic materials" means substances that are not intended for ingestion and are included in 4 categories:

(1) Cleaners and sanitizers, which include cleaning and sanitizing agents and agents such as caustics, acids, drying agents, polishes, and other chemicals;
(2) Pesticides, except sanitizers, which include substances such as insecticides and rodenticides;
(3) Substances necessary for the operation and maintenance of the establishment such as nonfood grade lubricants and personal care items that may be deleterious to health; and
(4) Substances that are not necessary for the operation and maintenance of the establishment and are on the premises for retail sale, such as petroleum products and paints.

Potentially Hazardous Food -(Time/Temperature Control for Safety Food).

(1) "Potentially hazardous food (time/temperature control for safety food" means a food that requires time/temperature control for safety (TCS) to limit pathogenic microorganism growth or toxin formation.
(2) "Potentially hazardous food (time/temperature control for safety food "

includes:

(a) an animal food that is raw or heat-treated; plant food origin that is heat-treated or consists of raw seed sprouts; cut melons; cut leafy greens; cut tomatoes or mixtures if cut tomatoes that are not modified in a way so that they are unable to support pathogenic micro-organism growth or toxin formation; or garlic-in-oil mixtures that are not modified in a way that results in mixtures that support they are unable to support microorganism growth or toxin formation, and.
(b) Except as specified in Subparagraph (3) (d) of this definition, a FOOD that because of the interaction of it's aw and pH values is designated as Product Assessment Required (PA) in Table A or B of this definition:

Table A. Interaction of pH and aw for control of spores in food heat-treated to destroy vegetative cells and subsequently packaged

aw values

pH values

4.6 or less

> 4.6-5.6

>5.6

<0.92

non-PHF7non-TCS FOOD**

non- PHF/non- TCS FOOD

non- PHF/non- TCS FOOD

> 0.92-0.95

non- PHF/non-TCS FOOD

non- PHF/non- TCS FOOD

D A ***

>0.95

non- PHF/non-TCS FOOD

PA

PA

* PHF means POTENTIALLY HAZARDOUS FOOD ** TCS FOOD means TIME/TEMPERATURE CONTROL FOR SAFETY FOOD *** PA means Product Assessment required

Table B. Interaction of pH and aw for control of vegetative cells and spores in food not heat-treated or heat-treated but not packaged

aw values

PH values

<4.2

4.2-4.6

> 4.6-5.0

>5.0

<0.88

non- PHF7 non-TCS food**

non- PHF/ non-TCS food

non-PHF/ non-TCS food

non-PHF/ non-TCS food

0.88-0.90

non-PHF/ non-TCS food

non-PHF/ non-TCS food

non-PHF/ non-TCS food

DA***

> 0.90-0.92

non-PHF/ non-TCS food

non-PHF/ non-TCS food

PA

PA

>0.92

non-PHF/ non-TCS food

PA

PA

PA

* PHF means POTENTIALLY HAZARDOUS FOOD ** TCS FOOD means TIME/TEMPERATURE CONTROL FOR SAFETY FOOD *** PA means Product Assessment required

(3) Potentially hazardous food (time/temperature control for safety food does not include:
(a) An air-cooled hard-boiled egg with shell intact, or a shell egg that is not hard-boiled, but has been treated to destroy all viable Salmonellae;
(b) A food, in an unopened hermetically sealed container, that is commercially processed to achieve and maintain commercial sterility under conditions of non-refrigerated storage and distribution;
(c) A food that because of its pH or aw value, or interaction of aw and pH values, is designated as a non-PHF/non-TCS food in Table A or B of this definition;
(d) A food that is designated as Product Assessment Required (PA) in Table A or B of this definition and has undergone a Product Assessment showing the growth or toxin formation of pathogenic microorganisms that are reasonably likely to occur in that food is precluded due to:-
(i) Intrinsic factors including added or natural characteristics of the food such as preservatives, antimicrobials, humectants, acidulants, or nutrients.
(ii) Extrinsic factors including environmental or operational factors that affect the food such as packaging, modified atmosphere such as reduced oxygen packaging, shelf life and use, or temperature range of storage and use, or
(ii) A combination of intrinsic and extrinsic factors; or
(e) FOOD that does not support the growth or toxin formation of pathogenic microorganisms in accordance with one of the Subparagraphs (3)(a)-(3)(d) of this definition even though the FOOD may contain a pathogenic microorganism or chemical or physical contaminant at a level sufficient to cause illness or injury.

Poultry

(1) Any domesticated bird (chickens, turkeys, ducks, geese, guineas, ratites, or squabs, whether live or dead, as defined in 9 CFR 381.1 Poultry Products Inspection Regulations Definition, Poultry; and
(2) Any migratory waterfowl or game bird, pheasant, partridge, quail, grouse, or pigeon, whether live or dead, as defined in 9 CFR 362.1 Voluntary Poultry Inspection Regulations, Definitions.

"Premises" means:

(1) The physical facility, its contents, and the contiguous land or property under the control of the permit holder; or
(2) The physical facility, its contents, and the land or property not described under Subparagraph (1) of this definition if its facilities and contents are under the control of the permit holder and may impact retail food establishment personnel, facilities, or operations, and a retail food establishment is only one component of a larger operation such as a health care facility, hotel, motel, school, recreational camp, or prison.

"Primal cut" means a basic major cut into which carcasses and sides of meat are separated, such as a beef round, pork loin, lamb flank, or veal breast.

"Priority foundation item" includes an item that requires the purposeful incorporation of specific actions, equipment or procedures by industry management to attain control of risk factors that contribute to food borne illness or injury such as personnel training, infrastructure or necessary equipment, HACCP plans, documentation or record keeping, and labeling; and is an item that is denoted in this Code with a superscript Pf.pf

"Public water system" has the meaning stated in 40 CFR 141 National Primary Drinking Water Regulations.

"Pushcart" means a non-self-propelled vehicle equipped with permanently mounted fresh water holding tanks and waste holding tanks, limited to serving food requiring minimal handling or commissary-wrapped food maintained at proper temperatures.

(1) Food products prepared on and served from such units are limited to: non-potentially hazardous foods; or the preparation and service of frankfurters; except that other potentially hazardous food products, including soft serve frozen desserts, may be prepared on and served from such units if the unit is operated only within a fully enclosed facility such as a mall, coliseum, arena, stadium, etc.
(2) Must operate from an approved, permitted, commissary and must report back to the commissary daily for cleaning and resupply.

"Ratite" means a flightless bird such as an emu, ostrich, or rhea.

Ready-to-Eat Food.

(1) "Ready-to-eat food" means food that:
(a) Is in a form that is edible without additional preparation to achieve food safety, as specified under Subparagraph 3 401.11 (A) (C) or Subpart 3-401.12 or 3-402.11; or
(b) Is a raw or partially cooked animal FOOD and the consumer is advised as specified under Subparagraph 3-401.11 (D)(1) and (3); or
(c) Is prepared in accordance with a variance that is granted as specified under Subparagraphs 3-401.11 (D)(4); and
(d) May receive additional preparation for palatability or aesthetic, epicurean, gastronomic, or culinary purposes.
(2) "Ready-to-eat food" includes:
(a) Raw animal food that is cooked as specified under Subpart 3401.11 or 3-401.12, or frozen as specified under Subpart 3-402.11;
(b) Raw fruits and vegetables that are washed as specified under Subpart 3-302.15;
(c) Fruits and vegetables that are cooked for hot holding, as specified under Subpart 3-401.13;
(d) All potentially hazardous food (time and temperature controlled for safe food) that is cooked to the temperature and time required for the specific food under Subpart 3-401 and cooled as specified in Subpart 3-501.14;
(e) Plant food for which further washing, cooking, or other processing is not required for food safety, and from which rinds, peels, husks, or shells, if naturally present are removed;
(f) Substances derived from plants such as spices, seasonings, and sugar;
(g) A bakery item such as bread, cakes, pies, fillings, or icing for which further cooking is not required for food safety;
(h) The following products that are produced in accordance with USDA guidelines and that have received a lethality treatment for pathogens: dry, fermented sausages, such as dry salami or pepperoni; salt-cured meat and poultry products, such as prosciutto ham, country cured ham, and Parma ham; and dried meat and poultry products, such as jerky or beef sticks; and
(i) Foods manufactured according to 21 CFR Part 113, Thermally Processed Low-Acid Foods Packaged in Hermetically Sealed Containers.

Reduced Oxygen Packaging.

(1) "Reduced oxygen packaging" means:
(a) The reduction of the amount of oxygen in a package by removing oxygen; displacing oxygen and replacing it with another gas or combination of gases; or otherwise controlling the oxygen content to a level below that normally found in the surrounding, 21% oxygen atmosphere, and
(b) A process as specified in Subparagraph (1) (a) of this definition that involves a food for which the hazards Clostridium botulinum or Listeria monocytogenes require control in the final PACKAGED form.
(2) "Reduced oxygen packaging" includes:
(a) Vacuum packaging, in which air is removed from a package of food and the package is hermetically sealed so that a vacuum remains inside the package, such as sous vide;
(b) Modified atmosphere packaging, in which the atmosphere of a package of food is modified so that its composition is different from air but the atmosphere may change over time due to the permeability of the packaging material or the respiration of the food. Modified atmosphere packaging includes: reduction in the proportion of oxygen, total replacement of oxygen, or an increase in the proportion of other gases such as carbon dioxide or nitrogen; and
(c) Controlled atmosphere packaging, in which the atmosphere of a package of food is modified so that until the package is opened, its composition is different from air, and continuous control of that atmosphere is maintained, such as by using oxygen scavengers or a combination of total replacement of oxygen, non-respiring food, and impermeable packaging material.

"Refuse" means solid waste not carried by water through the sewage system.

"Regulatory authority" means the local, state, or federal enforcement body or authorized representative having jurisdiction over the retail food establishment.

"Reminder" means a written statement concerning the health risk of consuming animal foods raw, undercooked or without otherwise being processed to eliminate pathogens.

"Re-service" means the transfer of food that is unused and returned by a CONSUMER after being served or sold and in the possession of the CONSUMER to another PERSON.

"Restrict" means to limit the activities of a food employee so that there is no risk of transmitting a disease that is transmissible through food and the food employee does not work with exposed food, clean equipment, utensils, linens; and unwrapped single-service Or SINGLE-USE ARTICLES.

"Restricted egg" means any check, dirty egg, incubator reject, inedible, leaker, or loss as defined in 9 CFR 590.

"Restricted use pesticide" means a pesticide product that contains the active ingredients specified in 40 CFR 152.175 Pesticides classified for restricted use, and that is limited to use by or under the direct supervision of a certified applicator.

Retail Food Establishment.

(1) "Retail Food Establishment" means an operation that stores, prepares, packages, serves, vends, or otherwise provides food for human consumption:
(a) Such as a restaurant; satellite or catered feeding location: catering operation if the operation provides food directly to a consumer or to a conveyance used to transport people; market; vending location; institution; or food bank; and
(b) That relinquishes possession of food to a consumer directly, or indirectly through a delivery service such as home delivery of grocery orders or restaurant takeout orders, or delivery service that is provided by common carriers.
(2) "Retail Food Establishment" includes:
(a) An element of the operation such as a transportation vehicle or a central preparation facility that supplies a vending location or satellite feeding location unless the vending or feeding location is permitted by the regulatory authority; and
(b) An operation that is conducted in a mobile, stationary, temporary, or permanent, or permanent facility or location; where consumption is on or off the premises; and regardless of whether there is a charge for the FOOD.
(3) "Retail Food Establishment" does not include:
(a) An establishment that offers only pre-PACKAGED foods that are not POTENTIALLY HAZARDOUS;
(b) A produce stand that only offers whole, uncut fresh fruits and vegetables;
(c) A food PROCESSING PLANT;
(d) A kitchen in a private home if only food that is not potentially hazardous is prepared for sale or service at a function such as a religious or charitable organization's bake sale if allowed by Arkansas Annotated Code 1403.
(e) An area where food that is prepared as specified in Subparagraph (3)(d) of this definition is sold or offered for human consumption:
(f) A kitchen in a private home, such as a small family day-care provider; or a bed-and-breakfast operation that prepares and offers food to guests if the home is owner occupied, the number of available guest bedrooms does not exceed 6, breakfast is the only meal offered, the number of guests served does not exceed 10, and the consumer is informed by statements contained in published advertisements, mailed brochures, and placards posted at the registration area that the food is prepared in a kitchen that is not regulated and inspected by the regulatory authority; or
(g) A private home that receives catered or home-delivered food.

"Risk" means the likelihood that an adverse health effect will occur within a population as a result of a hazard in a food.

"Safe material" means:

(1) An articles manufactured from or composed of materials that may not reasonably be expected to result, directly or indirectly, in their becoming a component or otherwise affecting the characteristics of any food;
(2) An additive that is used as specified in § 409 or 706 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act; or
(3) Other materials that are not additives and that are used in conformity with applicable regulations of the Food and Drug Administration.

"Sanitization" means the application of cumulative heat or chemicals on cleaned food-contact surfaces that, when evaluated for efficacy, is sufficient to yield a reduction of 5 logs, which is equal to a 99.999% reduction, of representative disease microorganisms of public health importance.

"Sealed" means free of cracks or other openings that allow the entry or passage of moisture.

"Seasonal operation" means an establishment operating on a seasonal basis not to exceed in 150 day period of time per calendar year, limited to the serving of dispensed drinks, coffee, snow cones, shaved ice, and other similar ice based products.

Semi-Public Water System means any water supply used or made available to the public for drinking or in connection with the manufacturing, processing or handling of ice, food, or drink. This definition does not include single-family residences, water vending machines, bottle water dispensers or distribution systems that distribute regulated, tested and approved water purchased from a regulated system. NOTE: Owners of water systems serving a population equal or exceeding 25 people or 15 connections, 60 days a year are considered a public water supply and must comply with the Arkansas Department of Health Rules and Regulations Pertaining to Public Water Supplies. Semi-Public water supply owners anticipating substantial growth should be aware of the Arkansas Department of Health public water regulations.

"Service animal" means an animal such as a guide dog, signal dog, or other animal individually trained to provide assistance to an individual with a disability.

"Servicing area" means an operating base location to which a food establishment or transportation vehicle returns regularly for such things as vehicle and equipment cleaning, discharging liquid or solid wastes, refilling water tanks and ice bins, and boarding food.

"Sewage" means liquid waste containing animal or vegetable matter in suspension or solution and may include liquids containing chemicals in solution.

"Shellfish control authority" means a state, federal, foreign, tribal, or other government entity legally responsible for administering a program that includes certification of molluscan shellfish harvesters and dealers for interstate commerce.

"Shellstock" means raw, in-shell molluscan shellfish.

"Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coir (STEC) means any E. coli capable of producing Shiga toxins (also called verocytotoxins or "Shiga-like" toxins). This includes, examples of sterotypes of STEC include both-0157:H7and non 0157 E.coli. Also see Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli

"Shucked shellfish" means molluscan shellfish that have one or both shells removed.

"Single-service articles" means tableware, carry-out utensils, and other items such as bags, containers, lids, closures, plates, knives, forks, spoons, placemats, stirrers, straws, toothpicks, and wrappers that are designed and constructed for one time, one person use after which they are intended for discard.

Single-Use Articles.

(1) "Single-use articles" means utensils and bulk food containers designed and constructed to be used once and discarded.
(2) "Single-use articles" includes items such as wax paper, butcher paper, plastic wrap, formed aluminum food containers, jars, plastic tubs or buckets, bread wrappers, pickle barrels, ketchup bottles, and number 10 cans which do not meet the materials, durability, strength, and cleanability specifications under Subpart 4-101.11, 4-201.11, and 4-202.11 for multiuse utensils.

"Slacking" means the process of moderating the temperature of a food such as allowing a food to gradually increase from a temperature of -23 C (-10 F) to -4 C (25 F) in preparation for deep-fat frying or to facilitate even heat penetration during the cooking of previously block-frozen food such as shrimp.

"Smooth" means:

(1) A food-contact surface having a surface free of pits and inclusions with a cleanability equal to or exceeding that of (100 grit) number 3 stainless steel;
(2) A non-FOOD contact surface of equipment having a surface equal to that of commercial grade hot-rolled steel free of visible scale; and
(3) A floor, wall, or ceiling having an even or level surface with no roughness or projections that renders it difficult to clean.

"Table-mounted equipment" means equipment that is not portable and is designed to be mounted off the floor on a table, counter, or shelf.

"Tableware" means eating and drinking, and serving utensils for table use such as flatware including forks, knives, and spoons; hollowware including bowls, cups, serving dishes, and tumblers; and plates.

"Temperature measuring device" means a thermometer, thermocouple, thermistor, or other device that indicates the temperature of food, air, or water.

"Temporary food establishment" means a retail food establishment that operates for a period of no more than 14 consecutive days in conjunction with a single event or celebration.

"USDA" means the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

"Utensil" means a FOOD-contact implement or container used in the storage, preparation, transportation, dispensing, sale, or service of food, such as kitchenware or tableware that is multiuse, single-service, or single-use; gloves used in contact with food; temperature sensing probes of food temperature measuring devices; and probe-type price or identification tags used in contact with food.

"Variance" means a written document issued by the regulatory authority that authorizes a modification or waiver of one or more requirements of this Code if, in the opinion of the regulatory authority, a health hazard or nuisance will not result from the modification or waiver.

"Vending machine" means a self-service device that, upon insertion of a coin, paper currency, token, card, or key, or by optional manual operation, dispenses unit servings of food in bulk or in packages without the necessity of replenishing the device between each vending operation.

"Vending machine location" means the room, enclosure, space, or area where one or more vending machines are installed and operated and includes the storage areas and areas on the premises that are used to service and maintain the vending machines.

"Warewashing" means the cleaning and sanitizing of utensils and foodcontact SURFACES Of EQUIPMENT.

"Whole-muscle, intact beef" means whole muscle beef that is not injected, mechanically tenderized, reconstructed, or scored and marinated, from which beef steaks may be cut.

Chapter 2 Management and Personnel
2-1 SUPERVISION

Responsibility

2-101.11 Assignment*
(A) Except as specified in (B) of this section the permit holder shall be the person in charge or shall designate a person in charge and shall ensure that a person in charge is present at the retail food establishment during all hours of operation. Pf
(B) In a food establishment with two or more separately permitted departments that are the legal responsibility of the same permit holder and that are located on the same premises, the permit holder may, during specific time periods when food is not being prepared, packaged, or served, designate a single person in charge who is present on the premises during all hours of operation, and who is responsible for each separately PERMITTED FOOD ESTABLISHMENT On the PREMISES. Pf
(C) Documenting or demonstrating the implementation of standard operating procedures that ensures compliance with the requirements of these rules and regulations.
(1) Food preparation activities are directed and corrective action is taken, as needed, to protect the health of the consumer; and
(2) In-house self-inspections of operations are conducted on a daily basis to ensure that food safety policies and procedures are followed.

Knowledge

2-102.11 Demonstration.*

Based on the risks inherent to the food operation, during inspections and upon request the person in charge shall demonstrate to the regulatory authority knowledge of foodborne disease prevention, application of the Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point principles, and the requirements of this Regulation. The person in charge at the time of inspection shall demonstrate this knowledge by:

(A) Complying with this Regulation by having no violations of critical items (Priority Items) during the current inspection; Pf
(B) Being a certified food protection manager who has shown proficiency of required information through passing a test that is part of an accredited program; Pf or
(C) Responding correctly to the inspector's questions as they relate to the specific food operation. The areas of knowledge include:
(1) Describing the relationship between the prevention of foodborne disease and the personal hygiene of a food employee; Pf
(2) Explaining the responsibility of the person in charge for preventing the transmission of foodborne disease by a food employee who has a disease or medical condition that may cause foodborne disease; Pf
(3) Describing the symptoms associated with the diseases that are transmissible through food; Pf
(4) Explaining the significance of the relationship between maintaining the time and temperature of potentially hazardous food (time/temperature control for safety food) and the prevention of foodborne illness; Pf
(5) Explaining the hazards involved in the consumption of raw or undercooked meat, poultry, eggs, and fish; Pf
(6) Stating the required food temperatures and times for safe cooking of potentially HAZARDOUS FOOD (TIME/TEMPERATURE CONTROL FOR SAFETY FOOD)jnduding MEAT, POULTRY, EGGS, and FISH; Pf
(7) Stating the required temperatures and times for the safe refrigerated storage, hot holding, cooling, and reheating of potentially hazardous food (Time/Temperature Control for Safety Food); Pf
(8) Describing the relationship between the prevention of foodborne illness and the management and control of the following:
(a) Cross contamination, Pf
(b) Hand contact with ready-to-eat foods, Pf
(c) Handwashing, Pf and
(d) Maintaining the retail food establishment in a clean condition and in good repair; Pf
(9) Describing foods identified as major food allergens and the symptoms that a major food allergen could cause in a sensitive individual who has an allergic reaction. Pf
(10) Explaining the relationship between food safety and providing equipment that is:
(a) Sufficient in number and capacity, Pf and
(b) Properly designed, constructed, located, installed, operated, maintained, and cleaned; Pf
(11) Explaining correct procedures for cleaning and sanitizing utensils and food-contact surfaces of equipment; Pf
(12) Identifying the source of water used and measures taken to ensure that it remains protected from contamination such as providing protection from backflow and precluding the creation of cross connections; Pf
(13) Identifying poisonous or toxic materials in the retail food establishment and the procedures necessary to ensure that they are safely stored, dispensed, used, and disposed of according to these rules and regulations; Pf
(14) Identifying critical control points in the operation from purchasing through sale or service that when not controlled may contribute to the transmission of foodborne illness and explaining steps taken to ensure that the points are controlled in accordance with the requirements of this Regulation; Pf
(15) Explaining the details of how the person in charge and food employees comply with the haccp plan if a plan is required by the law, this Regulation, or an agreement between the regulatory authority and the food establishment; Pf
(16) Explaining the responsibilities, rights, and authorities assigned by this Regulation to the:
(a) Food employee, Pf
(b) Person in charge, Pf and
(c) Regulatory authority. Pf
(17) Explaining how the person in charge and food employees comply with reporting responsibilities and exclusion or restriction of food employees.Pf
2-102.20 Food Protection Manager Certification.

A person in charge who demonstrates knowledge by being a food protection manager that is certified by a food protection manager certification program that is evaluated and listed by a Conference for Food Protection-recognized accrediting agency as conforming to the Conference for Food Protection Standards for Accreditation of Food Protection Manager Certification Programs is deemed to comply with Subpart 2-102.11 (B).

Duties

2-103.11 Person in Charge

The person in charge shall ensure that:

(A) RETAIL Food establishment operations are not conducted in a private home or in a room used as living or sleeping quarters as specified under Subpart 6-202.111; except as provided in this Regulation. Pf
(B) Persons unnecessary to the retail food establishment operation are not allowed in the food preparation, food storage, or warewashing areas, except that brief visits and tours may be authorized by the person in charge if steps are taken to ensure that exposed food; clean equipment, utensils, and linens; and unwrapped single-service and single-use articles are protected from contamination; Pf
(C) Employees and other persons such as delivery and maintenance persons and pesticide applicators entering the food preparation, food storage, and warewashing areas comply with this Regulation; Pf
(D) Employees are effectively cleaning their hands, by routinely monitoring the employees' handwashing; Pf
(E) Employees are visibly observing foods as they are received to determine that they are from approved sources, delivered at the required temperatures, protected from contamination, unADULTERATED, and accurately presented, by routinely monitoring the employees' observations and periodically evaluating foods upon their receipt; Pf
(F) Employees are properly cooking potentially hazardous food, (time/temperature control for safety food being particularly careful in cooking those foods known to cause severe foodborne illness and death, such as eggs and comminuted meats, through daily oversight of the employees' routine monitoring of the cooking temperatures using appropriate temperature measuring devices properly scaled and calibrated as specified under Subpart 4-203.11 and Subparagraph 4-502.11(B); Pf
(G) Employees are using proper methods to rapidly cool potentially hazardous foods (time/temperature control for safety FOOD).that are not held hot or are not for consumption within 4 hours, through daily oversight of the employees' routine monitoring of food temperatures during cooling;
(H) Consumers who order raw; or partially cooked ready-to-eat foods of animal origin are informed as specified under § 3-603.11 that the food is not cooked sufficiently to ensure its safety; Pf
(I) Employees are properly sanitizing cleaned multiuse equipment and utensils before they are reused, through routine monitoring of solution temperature and exposure time for hot water sanitizing, and chemical concentration, pH, temperature, and exposure time for chemical sanitizing; Pf
(J) Consumers are notified that clean tableware is to be used when they return to self-service areas such as salad bars and buffets as specified under Subpart 3-304.16; Pf
(K) Except when otherwise approved as specified in Subparagraph 3-301.11(B), employees are preventing cross-contamination of ready-to-eat food with bare hands by properly using suitable utensils such as deli tissue, spatulas, tongs, single-use gloves, or dispensing equipment; Pf
(L) Employees are properly trained in food safety as it relates to their assigned duties; Pf and
(M) Food employees are informed of their responsibility to report in accordance with law, to the person in charge, information about their health and activities as they relate to diseases that are transmissible through food, as specified under Subpart 2-201.11(A). Pf
2-2 EMPLOYEE HEALTH
2-201 Disease or Medical Condition

Disease or Medical Condition

2-201.11 Responsibility of the Person in Charge to Require Reporting by Food Employees and Applicants*

employer requires employee reporting of:

(A) The permit holder shall require food employees and applicants to whom a conditional offer of employment is made and food employees to report to the person in charge, information about their health and activities as they relate to diseases that are transmissible through food. A food employee or applicant shall report the information in a manner that allows the person in charge to prevent the likelihood of foodborne disease transmission, including providing necessary additional information, such as the date of onset of symptoms and an illness, or of a diagnosis without symptoms, if the food employee or applicant:
2-3 PERSONAL CLEANLINESS
2-301 Hands and Arms
2-301.11 Clean Condition.*

Food employees shall keep their hands and exposed portions of their arms clean. p

2-301.12 Cleaning Procedure.*
(A) Except as specified in Subparagraph (D) of this section, food employees shall clean their hands and exposed portions of their arms including (surrogate prosthetic devices for hands or arms) for at least 20 seconds, using a cleaning compound in a handwashing sink that is equipped as specified under Subpart 5-202.12 and Subpart 6-301. p
(B) Food employees shall use the following cleaning procedure, in the order stated, to clean their hands and exposed portions of their arms, including surrogate prosthetic devices for hands and arms:
(1) Rinse under clean, running warm water; p
(2) Apply an amount of cleaning compound recommended by the cleaning compound manufacturer; p
(3) Rub together vigorously for at least 10 to 15 seconds while:
(a) Paying particular attention to removing soil from underneath the fingernails during the cleaning procedure, p and
(b) Creating friction on the surfaces of the hands and arms or surrogate prosthetic devices for hands and arms, finger tips, and areas between the fingers; p
(4) Thoroughly rinse under clean, running warm water; p and
(5) Immediately follow the cleaning procedure with thorough drying using a method as specified under § 6-301.12. p
(C) To avoid re-contaminating their hands or surrogate prosthetic devices, food employees may use disposable paper towels or similar clean barriers when touching surfaces such as manually operated faucet handles on a handwashing sink or the handle of a restroom door.
(D) If approved and capable of removing the types of soils encountered In the FOOD operations Involved, an automatic handwashing facility may be used by food employees to clean their hands or surrogate prosthetic devices. This equipment must be installed and operated per the manufacturer's instructions.
2-301.13 Reserved for future use.
2-301.14 When to Wash.*

Food employees shall clean their hands and exposed portions of their arms as specified under Subpart 2-301.12 Immediately before engaging in food preparations including working with exposed food, clean equipment and utensils, and unwrapped single-service and single use articles p and:

(A) After touching bare human body parts other than clean hands and clean, exposed portions of arms; p
(B) After touching lacerations/cuts, sores or infected areas of the skin. p
(C) After using the toilet. p
(D) After caring for or handling animals. p
(E) Except as specified under 2-401.11(B) after coughing, sneezing, using a handkerchief or disposable tissue. p
(F) After using tobacco; p
(G) After eating or drinking; p
(H) After handling soiled equipment or utensils; p
(I) Prior to glove use; p
(L) During food preparation, as often as necessary to remove soil and contamination and to prevent cross contamination when changing tasks; p
(M) When switching between working with raw food and working with ready-to-eat foods. p
(N) After engaging in other activities that contaminate the hands. p
(O) When hands are visibly soiled. p
2-301.15 Where to Wash.

Food employees shall clean their hands in a handwashing sink or approved automatic handwashing facility and may not clean their hands in a sink used for food preparation or warewashing, or in a service sink or a curbed cleaning facility used for the disposal of mop water and similar liquid waste. Pf

2-301.16 Hand Antiseptics.
(A) Hand sanitizers and a chemical hand sanitizing solution used as a hand dip shall not be used in lieu of handwashing.
(B) If used after handwashing must be approved for usage as a food additive which is generally recognized as safe (GRAS) within the meaning of the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act.
(C) Be applied only to hands that are cleaned as specified in these Regulations.
(D) If used as a hand dip shall be maintained clean and at a strength equivalent to at least 100 mg/l chlorine.

Fingernails

2-302.11 Maintenance.
(A) Food employees shall keep their fingernails trimmed, filed, and maintained so the edges and surfaces are cleanable and not rough.
(B) Unless wearing intact gloves in good repair, a food employee may not wear fingernail polish or artificial fingernails when working with exposed food.

Jewelry

2-303.11 Prohibition.

Except for a plain ring such as a wedding band, while preparing food, food employees may not wear jewelry including medical information jewelry on their arms and hands.

Outer Clothing

2-304.11 Clean Condition.

Food employees shall wear clean outer clothing to prevent contamination of food, EQUIPMENT, UTENSILS, LINENS, and SINGLE-SERVICE and SINGLE-USE ARTICLES.

2-4 HYGIENIC PRACTICES
2-401 Food Contamination Prevention
2-401.11 Eating, Drinking, or Using Tobacco.*
(A) Except as specified in Subparagraph (B) of this section, an employee shall eat, drink, or use any form of tobacco only in designated areas where the contamination of exposed food; clean equipment, utensils, and linens; unwrapped singleservice and single-use articles; or other items needing protection can result.
(B) A food employee may drink from a closed beverage container if the container is handled to prevent contamination of:
(1) The employee's hands;
(2) The container; and
(3) Exposed food; clean equipment, utensils, and linens; and unwrapped SINGLE-SERVICE and SINGLE-USE ARTICLES.
2-401.12 Discharges from the Eyes, Nose, and Mouth.*

Food employees experiencing persistent sneezing, coughing, or a runny nose that causes discharges from the eyes, nose, or mouth may not work with exposed food; clean equipment, utensils, and linens; or unwrapped single-service or single-use ARTICLES.

2-402 Hair Restraints
2-402.11 Effectiveness.
(A) Except as provided in Subparagraph (B) of this section, food employees shall wear hair restraints such as hats, hair coverings or nets, beard restraints, and clothing that covers body hair, that are designed and worn to effectively keep their hair from contacting exposed food; clean equipment, utensils, and linens; and unwrapped single-service and single-use articles.
(B) This section does not apply to food employees such as counter staff who only serve beverages and wrapped or packaged foods, hostesses, and wait staff if they present a minimal risk of contaminating exposed food; clean equipment, utensils, and linens; and unwrapped single-service and single-use articles.
2-403 Animals
2-403.11 Handling Prohibition.*
(A) Except as specified in Subparagraph (B) of this section, food employees may not care for or handle animals that may be present such as patrol dogs, service animals, or pets that are allowed as specified in Subparagraphs 6-501.115 (B)(2)-(5). p'
(B) Food employees with service animals may handle or care for their service animals and food employees may handle or care for fish in aquariums or molluscan shellfish or Crustacea in display tanks if they wash their hands as specified under Subpart 2-301.12 and Subparagraph 2-301.14(C).
Chapter 3 Food
3-1 CHARACTERISTICS
3-101 Condition
3-101.11 Safe, Unadulterated, and Honestly Presented.*

Food shall be safe, unADULTERATED, and, as specified under Subpart 3-601.12, honestly presented. p

3-2 SOURCES, SPECIFICATIONS, AND ORIGINAL CONTAINERS AND RECORDS
3-201 Sources
3-201.11 Compliance with Food Law.*
(A) Food shall be obtained from sources that comply with law. p
(B) Food prepared in a private home may not be used or offered for human consumption in a food establishment. p
(C) Packaged food shall be labeled as specified in law, including 21 CFR 101 Food Labeling, 9 CFR 317 Labeling, Marking Devices, and Containers, and 9 CFR 381 Subpart N Labeling and Containers, and as specified under Subparts 3-202.17 and 3-202.18. Pf
(D) fish, other than those specified in paragraph 3-402.11(B), that are intended for consumption in raw or undercooked form and allowed as specified in Subparagraph 3-401.11(D), may be offered for sale or service if they are obtained from a supplier that freezes the fish as specified under paragraph 3-402.11; or if they are frozen on the premises as specified under paragraph 3-402.11 and records are retained as specified under paragraph 3-402.12.
(E) Whole-muscle, intact beef steaks that are intended for consumption in an undercooked form without a consumer advisory as specified in 3-401.11(C) shall be:
(1) Obtained from a food processing plant that, upon request by the purchaser, packages the steaks and labels them, to indicate that the steaks meet the definition of whole-muscle, intact beef, Pfor
(2) Deemed acceptable by the regulatory authority based on other evidence, such as written buyer specifications or invoices, that indicates that the steaks meet the definition of whole-muscle, intact beef, Pf and
(3) If individually cut in a retail food establishment:
(a) Cut from whole-muscle intact beef that is labeled by a FOOD PROCESSING plant as specified in Subparagraph (1) or identified as specified in Subparagraph (2) of this section, Pf
(b) Prepared so they remain intact, Pf and
(c) If packaged for undercooking in a Retail food establishment, labeled as specified in Subparagraph (1) or identified as specified in (2) of this section. Pf
(F) Meat and poultry that is not a ready-to-eat food and is in a packaged form when it is offered for sale or otherwise offered for consumption, shall be labeled to include safe handling instructions as specified in these rules and regulations, including 9 CFR 317.2(1) and 9 CFR 381.125(b).
(G) Shell eggs that have not been specifically treated to destroy all viable Salmonellae spp. shall be labeled to include safe handling instructions as specified in law, including 21 CFR 101.17(h).
3-201.12 Food in a Hermetically Sealed Container.*

Food in a hermetically sealed container shall be obtained from a food processing plant that is regulated by the food regulatory agency that has jurisdiction over the plant. p

3-201.13 Fluid Milk and Milk Products.*

Fluid milk and milk products shall be obtained from sources that comply with grade a standards as specified in law. p

3-201.14 Fish.*
(A) Fish that are received for sale or service shall be:
(1) Commercially and legally caught or harvested; p or
(2) Approved for sale or service. p
(B) Molluscan shellfish that are recreationally caught may not be received for sale or service. p
3-201.15 Molluscan Shellfish.*
(A) Molluscan shellfish shall be obtained from sources according to these rules and regulations and the requirements specified in the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Food and Drug Administration, National Shellfish Sanitation Program Guide for the Control of Molluscan Shellfish. p
(B) Molluscan shellfish received in interstate commerce shall be from sources that are listed in the Interstate Certified Shellfish Shippers List. p
3-201.16 Wild Mushrooms.*

If wild mushrooms are to be sold they must be:

(1) Cultivated wild mushroom species that are grown, harvested, and processed in an operation that is regulated by the food regulatory agency that has jurisdiction over the operation; or
(2) Wild mushroom species in packaged form and are the product of a food processing plant that is regulated by the food regulatory agency that has jurisdiction over the plant.
3-201.17 Game Animals.*
(A) If game animals are received for sale or service they shall be:
(1) Commercially raised for food pand:
(a) Raised slaughtered, and processed under a voluntary inspection program that is conducted by the agency that has animal health jurisdiction, p or
(b) Under a routine inspection program conducted by a regulatory agency other than the agency that has animal health jurisdiction, p and
(c) Raised, slaughtered, and processed according to:
(i) Laws governing meat and poultry as determined by the agency that has animal health jurisdiction and the agency that conducts the inspection program, pand
(ii) Requirements which are developed by the agency that has animal health jurisdiction and the agency that conducts the inspection program with consideration of factors such as the need for antemortem and postmortem examination by an approved veterinarian or veterinarian's designee; p
(2) Under a voluntary inspection program administered by the USDA for game animals such as exotic animals (reindeer, elk, deer, antelope, water buffalo, or bison) that are "inspected and approved" in accordance with 9 CFR 352 Exotic Animals; Voluntary Inspection or rabbits that are "inspected and certified" in accordance with 9 CFR 354 Voluntary Inspection of Rabbits and Edible Products Thereof; p
(3) As allowed by law, for wild game animals that are live-caught:
(a) Under a routine inspection program conducted by a regulatory agency such as the agency that has animal health jurisdiction, p and
(b) Slaughtered and processed according to:
(i) Laws governing meat and poultry as determined by the agency that has animal health jurisdiction and the agency that conducts the inspection program, pand
(ii) Requirements which are developed by the agency that has animal health jurisdiction and the agency that conducts the inspection program with consideration of factors such as the need for antemortem and postmortem examination by an approved veterinarian or veterinarian's designee; por
(4) As allowed by law, for field-dressed wild game animals under a routine inspection program that ensures the animals:
(a) Receive a postmortem examination by an approved veterinarian or veterinarian's designee, p or
(b) Are field-dressed and transported according to requirements specified by the agency that has animal health jurisdiction and the agency that conducts the inspection program, p and
(c) Are processed according to laws governing meat and poultry as determined by the agency that has animal health jurisdiction and the agency that conducts the inspection program. p
(B) A game animal may not be received for sale or service if it is a species of wildlife that is listed in 50 CFR 17 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants.
3-202 Specifications for Receiving
3-202.11 Temperature.*
(A) Except as specified in Paragraph (B) of this section, refrigerated, potentially hazardous food (Time/Temperature Control for Safety Food) shall be at a temperature of 5 C (41 F) or below when received. p
(B) If a temperature other than 5°C (41°F) for a potentially hazardous food (Time/Temperature Control for Safety Food) is specified in law governing its distribution, such as laws governing milk and molluscan shellfish, the food may be received at the specified temperature.
(C) Raw shell eggs shall be received in refrigerated equipment that maintains an ambient air temperature of 7 C (45 F) or less. p
(D) Potentially hazardous food (Time/Temperature Control for Safety Food) that is cooked to a temperature and for a time specified under Subpart 3-401.11 - 3-401.13 and received hot shall be at a temperature of 57 C (135 F) or above. p
(E) A food that is labeled frozen and shipped frozen by a food processing plant shall be received frozen. Pf
(F) Upon receipt, potentially hazardous food (Time/Temperature Control for Safety Food) shall be free of evidence of previous temperature abuse. Pf
3-202.12 Additives.*

Food may not contain unAPPROVED food additives or additives that exceed amounts specified in 21 CFR 170-180 relating to food additives, generally recognized as safe or prior sanctioned substances that exceed amounts specified in 21 CFR 181-186, substances that exceed amounts specified in 9 CFR Subpart C Section 424.21(b) Food ingredients and sources of radiation, or pesticide residues that exceed provisions specified in 40 CFR 180 Tolerances for pesticide chemicals in food, and exceptions. p

3-202.13 Eggs.*

eggs shall be received clean and sound and may not exceed the restricted egg tolerances for U.S. Consumer Grade B as specified in United States Standards, Grades and Weight Classes for Shell Eggs, AMS 56 200et seq., administered by the Agricultural Marketing Service of USDA. p

3-202.14 Eggs and Milk Products, Pasteurized.*
(A) egg products shall be obtained pasteurized. p
(B) Fluid and dry milk and milk products shall:
(1) Be obtained pasteurized; pand
(2) Comply with grade a standards as specified in law. p
(C) Frozen milk products, such as ice cream, shall be obtained pasteurized as specified in 21 CFR 135 - Frozen Desserts. p
(D) Cheese shall be obtained pasteurized unless alternative procedures to pasteurization are specified in the CFR, such as 21 CFR 133 - Cheeses and Related Cheese Products, for curing certain cheese varieties. p
3-202.15 Package Integrity.*

Food packages shall be in good condition and protect the integrity of the contents so that the food is not exposed to adulteration or potential contaminants. Pf

3-202.16 Ice.*

Ice for use as a food or a cooling medium shall be made from drinking water. p

3-202.17 Shucked Shellfish, Packaging and Identification.
(A) Raw shucked shellfish shall be obtained in nonreturnable packages which bear a legible label that identifies the: Pf
(1) Name, address, and certification number of the shucker-packer or repacker of the molluscan shellfish; Pfand
(2) The "sell by" or "best used by" date for packages with a capacity of less than 1.89 L (one-half gallon) or the date shucked for packages with a capacity of 1.89 L (one-half gallon) or more. Pf
(B) A package of raw shucked shellfish that does not bear a label or which bears a label which does not contain all the information as specified under Paragraph (A) of this section shall be subject to a hold order, as allowed by law, or seizure and destruction in accordance with 21 CFR Subpart D - Specific Administrative Decisions Regarding Interstate Shipments, Section 1240.60(d). Molluscan shellfish.
3-202.18 Shellstock Identification.*
(A) Shellstock shall be obtained in containers bearing legible source identification tags or labels that are affixed by the harvester and each dealer that depurates, ships, or reships the shellstock, as specified in the National Shellfish Sanitation Program Guide for the Control of Molluscan Shellfish, and that list: Pf
(1) Except as specified under Paragraph (C) of this section, on the harvester's tag or label, the following information in the following order: Pf
(a) The harvester's identification number that is assigned by the SHELLFISH CONTROL AUTHORITY, Pf
(b) The date of harvesting, Pf
(c) The most precise identification of the harvest location or aquaculture site that is practicable based on the system of harvest area designations that is in use by the shellfish control authority and including the abbreviation of the name of the state or country in which the shellfish are harvested, Pf
(d) The type and quantity of shellfish, Pf and
(e) The following statement in bold, capitalized type: "this tag is REQUIRED TO BE ATTACHED UNTIL CONTAINER IS EMPTY OR RETAGGED and thereafter kept on file for 90 days."Pf and
(2) Except as specified in Subparagraph (D) of this section, on each dealer's tag or label, the following information in the following order: Pf
(a) The dealer's name and address, and the certification number assigned by the shellfish control authority, Pf
(c) The original shipper's certification number including the abbreviation of the name of the state or country in which the shellfish areharvested, Pf
(c) The same information as specified for a harvester's tag under Subparagraphs (A)(1)(b)-(d) of this section, Pfand
(d) The following statement in bold, capitalized type: " this tag is attached until container is empty and thereafter kept on fileFOR 90 DAYS." Pf
(B) A container of shellstock that does not bear a tag or label or that bears a tag or label that does not contain all the information as specified under Subparagraph (A) of this section shall be subject to a hold order, as allowed by law, or seizure and destruction in accordance with 21 CFR Subpart D - Specific Administrative Decisions Regarding Interstate Shipments, Section 1240.60(d).
(C) If a place is provided on the harvester's tag or label for a dealer's name, address, and certification number, the dealer's information shall be listed first.
(D) If the harvester's tag or label is designed to accommodate each dealer's identification as specified under Subparagraphs (A)(2)(a) and (b) of this section, individual dealer tags or labels need not be provided.
3-202.19 Shellstock, Condition.

When received by a retail food establishment, shellstock shall be reasonably free of mud, dead shellfish, and shellfish with broken shells. Dead shellfish or shellstock with badly broken shells shall be discarded.

3-202.110 Juice Treated.

Pre-PACKAGED juice shall:

(A) Be obtained from a processor with a HACCP system as specified in 21 CFR Part 120; Hazard Analysis and Critical Control (HACCP) Systems; Pfand
(B) Be obtained pasteurized or otherwise treated to attain a 5-log reduction of the most resistant microorganism of public health significance as specified in 21 CFR Part 120.24; or Process Controls. p
3-203 Original Containers and Records
3-203.11 Molluscan Shellfish, Original Container.
(A) Except as specified in (B) of this section, molluscan shellfish may not be removed from the lot in which they are received other than immediately before sale or preparation for service.
(B) For display purposes, shellstock may be removed from the lot in which they are received, displayed on drained ice, or held in a display lot, and a quantity specified by a consumer may be removed from the display or display container and provided to the consumer if:
(1) The source of the shellstock on display is identified as specified under 3-202.18 and recorded as specified under 3-203.12; and
(2) The shellstock are protected from contamination.
(C) Shucked shellfish may be removed from the lot in which they were received and held in a display container from which individual servings are dispensed upon a consumer's request if:
(1) The labeling information for the shellfish on display as specified under 3-202.17 is retained and correlated to the date when, or dates during which, the shellfish are sold or served; and
(2) The shellfish are protected from contamination.
3-203.12 Shellstock, Maintaining Identification.*
(A) Except as specified under Subparagraph (C)(2) of this section, shellstock tags shall remain attached to the lot in which the shellstock are received until the container is empty. Pf
(B) The date when the last shellstock from the container is sold or served shall be recorded on the tag or label. Pf
(C) The identity of the source of shellstock that are sold or served shall be maintained by retaining shellstock tags or labels for 90 calendar days from the date that is recorded on the tag or label, as specified under B of this section, by: Pf
(1) Using an approved record keeping system that keeps the tags or labels in chronological order correlated to the date that is recorded on the tag or label, as specified under B of this section; Pfand
(2) If shellstock are removed from their tagged or labeled container:
(a) Preserving source identification by using a record keeping system as specified under Subparagraph (C)(1) of this section, Pf and
(b) Ensuring that shellstock from one tagged or labeled container are not commingled with shellstock from another container with different certification numbers; different harvest dates; or different growing areas as identified on the tag or label before being ordered by the consumer. Pf
3-3 PROTECTION FROM CONTAMINATION AFTER RECEIVING
3-301 Preventing Contamination by Employees
3-301.11 Preventing Contamination from Hands.*
(A) Food employees shall wash their hands as specified under 2-301.12.
(B) Except when washing fruits and vegetables as specified under 3-302.15, or as specified in D of this section, food employees may not contact exposed, ready-to-eat food with their bare hands and shall use suitable utensils such as deli tissue, spatulas, tongs, single-use gloves, or dispensing equipment. p
(C) Food employees shall minimize bare hand and arm contact with exposed food that is not in a ready-to-eat form. Pf
(D) Food employees not serving a highly susceptible population may contact exposed, ready-to-eat food with their bare hands if:
(1) The permit holder obtains prior approval from the regulatory authority;
(2) Written procedures are maintained in the food establishment and made available to the regulatory authority upon request that include:
(a) For each bare hand contact procedure, a listing of the specific ready-to-eat foods that are touched by bare hands,
(b) Diagrams and other information showing that handwashing facilities, installed, located, equipped, and maintained as specified under 5-203.11, 5-204.11, 5-205.11, 6-301.11, 6-301.12, and 6-301.14, are in an easily accessible location and in close proximity to the work station where the bare hand contact procedure is conducted;
(3) A written employee health policy that details how the food establishment complies with §§ 2-201.11, 2-201.12, and 2-201.13 including:
(a) Documentation that food employees acknowledge that they are informed to report information about their health and activities as they relate to gastrointestinal symptoms and diseases that are transmittable through food as specified under 2-201.11 (A),
(b) Documentation that food employees acknowledge their responsibilities as specified under 2-201.11(E) and (F), and
(c) Documentation that the person in charge acknowledges the responsibilities as specified under 2-201.11(B), (C) and (D), and 2-201.12 and 2-201.13;
(4) Documentation that food employees acknowledge that they have received training in:
(a) The risks of contacting the specific ready-to-eat foods with bare hands,
(b) Proper handwashing as specified under 2-301.12,
(c) When to wash their hands as specified under 2-301.14,
(d) Where to wash their hands as specified under 2-301.15,
(e) Proper fingernail maintenance as specified under 2-302.11,
(f) Prohibition of jewelry as specified under 2-303.11, and
(g) Good hygienic practices as specified under 2-401.11 and 2-401.12;
(5) Documentation that hands are washed before food preparation and as necessary to prevent cross contamination by food employees as specified under 2-301.11, 2-301.12, 2-301.14, and 2-301.15 during all hours of operation when the specific ready-to-eat foods are prepared;
(6) Documentation that food employees contacting ready-to-eat food with bare hands use two or more of the following control measures to provide additional safeguards to hazards associated with bare hand contact:
(a) Double handwashing,
(b) Nail brushes,
(c) A hand antiseptic after handwashing as specified under 2-301.16,
(d) Incentive programs such as paid sick leave that assist or encourage food employees not to work when they are ill, or
(e) Other control measures approved by the regulatory authority; and
(7) Documentation that corrective action is taken when Subparagraphs (D) (1) - (6) of this section are not followed.
3-301.12 Preventing Contamination When Tasting.*

A food employee may not use a utensil more than once to taste food that is to be sold or served. p

3-302 Preventing Food and Ingredient Contamination
3-302.11 Packaged and Unpackaged Food - Separation, Packaging, and Segregation.*
(A) Food shall be protected from cross contamination by:
(1) Separating raw animal foods during storage, preparation, holding, and display from:
(a) Raw ready-to-eat food including other raw animal food such as fish for sushi or molluscan shellfish, or other raw ready-to-eat food such as vegetables, p and
(b) Cooked ready-to-eat food; p
(2) Except when combined as ingredients, separating types of raw animal foods from each other such as beef, fish, lamb, pork, and poultry during storage, preparation, holding, and display by:
(a) Using separate equipment for each type, p or
(b) Arranging each type of food in equipment so that cross of one type with another is prevented, p and
(c) Preparing each type of food at different times or in separate areas; p
(3) Cleaning equipment and utensils as specified under 4-602.11 (A) and sanitizing as specified under 4-703.11;
(4) Except as specified in 3-501.15(B)(2) an in (B) of this section, storing the food in packages, covered containers, or wrappings;
(5) Cleaning hermetically sealed containers of food or visible soil before opening;
(6) Protecting food containers that are received packaged together in a case or overwrap from cuts when the case or overwrap is opened;
(7) Storing damaged, spoiled, or recalled food being held in the retail food establishment as specified under 6-404.11; and
(8) Separating fruits and vegetables, before they are washed as specified under 3-302.15 from ready-to-eat food.
(B) Subparagraph (A)(4) of this section does not apply to:
(1) Whole, uncut, raw fruits and vegetables and nuts in the shell, that require peeling or hulling before consumption;
(2) Primal cuts, quarters, or sides of raw meat or slab bacon that are hung on clean, sanitized hooks or placed on clean, sanitized racks;
(3) Whole, uncut, processed meats such as country hams, and smoked or cured sausages that are placed on clean, sanitized racks;
(4) Food being cooled as specified under Subparagraph 3-501.15(B)(2); or
(5) Shellstock.
3-302.12 Food Storage Containers, Identified with Common Name of Food.

Except for containers holding FOOD that can be readily and un-mistakenly recognized, such as dry pasta, working containers holding food or food ingredients that are removed from their original packages for use in the retail food establishment, such as cooking oils, flour, herbs, potato flakes, salt, spices, and sugar shall be identified with the common name of the food.

3-302.13 Pasteurized Eggs, Substitute for Raw Shell Eggs for Certain Recipes.*

Pasteurized eggs or egg products shall be substituted for raw shell eggs in the preparation of foods such as Caesar salad, hollandaise or Bearnaise sauce, mayonnaise, eggnog, ice cream, and EGG-fortified beverages that are not:

(A) Cooked as specified under 3-401.11 (A)(1) or (2); p or
(B) Included in 3-401.11(D). p
3-302.14 Protection from Unapproved Additives.*
(A) Food shall be protected from contamination that may result from the addition of, as specified in 3-202.12:
(1) Unsafe or unAPPROVED food or color additives; p and
(2) Unsafe or unAPPROVED levels of approved food and color additives. p
(B) A food employee may not:
(1) Apply sulfiting agents to fresh fruits and vegetables intended for raw consumption or to a food considered to be a good source of vitamin Bi;por
(2) Except for grapes, serve or sell food specified under (B)(1) of this section that is treated with sulfiting agents before receipt by the retail food ESTABLISHMENT. P
3-302.15 Washing Fruits and Vegetables.
(A) Except as specified in (B) of this section and except for whole, raw fruits and vegetables that are intended for washing by the consumer before consumption, raw fruits and vegetables shall be thoroughly washed in water to remove soil and other contaminants before being cut, combined with other ingredients, cooked, served, or offered for human consumption in ready-to-eat form
(B) Fruits and vegetables may be washed by using chemicals as specified under 7-204.12.
3-303 Preventing Contamination from Ice Used as a Coolant
3-303.11 Ice Used as Exterior Coolant, Prohibited as Ingredient.

After use as a medium for cooling the exterior surfaces of food such as melons or fish, packaged foods such as canned beverages, or cooling coils and tubes of equipment, ice may not be used as food. p

3-303.12 Storage or Display of Food in Contact with Water or Ice.
(A) Packaged food may not be stored in direct contact with ice or water if the food is subject to the entry of water because of the nature of its packaging, wrapping, or container or it's positioning in the ice or water.
(B) Except as specified in (C) and (D) of this section, un-PACKAGED food may not be stored in direct contact with un-drained ice.
(C) Whole, raw fruits or vegetables; cut, raw vegetables such as celery or carrot sticks or cut potatoes; and tofu may be immersed in ice or water
(D) Raw chicken and raw fish that are received immersed in ice in shipping containers may remain in that condition while in storage awaiting preparation, display, service, or sale.
3-304 Preventing Contamination from Equipment, Utensils, and Linens
3-304.11 Food Contact with Equipment and Utensils.*

Food shall only contact surfaces of:

(A) equipment and utensils that are cleaned as specified under Part 4-6 of these rules and regulations and sanitized as specified under Part 4-7 of these Rules and Regulations; p or
(B) SINGLE-SERVICE and SINGLE-USE ARTICLES. P
3-304.12 In-Use Utensils, Between-Use Storage.

During pauses in food preparation or dispensing, food preparation and dispensing utensils shall be stored:

(A) Except as specified under (B) of this section, in the food with their handles above the top of the food and the container;
(B) In food that is not potentially hazardous with their handles above the top of the food within containers or equipment that can be closed, such as bins of sugar, flour, or cinnamon;
(C) On a clean portion of the food preparation table or cooking equipment only if the in-use utensil and the food-contact surface of the food preparation table or cooking equipment are cleaned and sanitized at a frequency specified under 4-602.11 and 4-702.11;
(D) In running water of sufficient velocity to flush particulates to the drain, if used with moist food such as ice cream or mashed potatoes;
(E) In a clean, protected location if the utensils, such as ice scoops, are used only with a food that is not potentially hazardous; or
(F) In a container of water if the water is maintained at a temperature of at least 57°C (135°F) and the container is cleaned at a frequency specified under Subparagraph 4-602.11 (D)(7).
3-304.13 Linens and Napkins, Use Limitation.

Linens and napkins may not be used in contact with food unless they are used to line a container for the service of foods and the linens and napkins are replaced each time the container is refilled for a new consumer.

3-304.14 Wiping Cloths, Use Limitation.
(A) Cloths that are in use for wiping food spills from tableware and carry-out containers that occur as food is being served shall be:
(1) Maintained dry; and
(2) Used for no other purpose.
(B) Cloths in-use for wiping counters and other EQUIPMENT surfaces, shall be:
(1) Held between uses in a chemical sanitizer solution at a concentration specified under 4-501.114; and
(2) Laundered daily as specified under 4-802.11 (D).
(C) Cloths in use for wiping surfaces in contact with raw animal foods shall be kept separate from cloths used for other purposes.
(D) Dry wiping cloths and the chemical sanitizing solutions specified in Subparagraph (B)(1) of this section in which wet wiping cloths are held between uses shall be free of food debris and visible soil.
(E) Containers of chemical sanitizing solutions specified in Subparagraph (B)(1) of this section in which wet wiping cloths are held between uses shall be stored off the floor and used in a manner that prevents contamination of food, equipment, UTENSILS, LINENS, SINGLE-SERVICE, Or SINGLE-USE ARTICLES.
(F) Single-use disposable sanitizer wipes shall be used in accordance with EPA-approved manufacturer's label use instructions.
3-304.15 Gloves, Use Limitation.
(A) If used, single-use gloves shall be used for only one task such as working with ready-to-eat food or with raw animal food, used for no other purpose, and discarded when damaged or soiled, or when interruptions occur in the operation. p
(B) Except as specified in (C) of this section, slash-resistant gloves that are used to protect the hands during operations requiring cutting shall be used in direct contact only with food that is subsequently cooked as specified under Part 3-4 such as frozen food or a primal cut of meat.
(C) Slash-resistant gloves may be used with ready-to-eat food that will not be subsequently cooked if the slash-resistant gloves have a smooth, durable, and nonabsorbent outer surface; or if the slash-resistant gloves are covered with a smooth, durable, nonabsorbent glove, or a single-use glove.
(D) Cloth gloves may not be used in direct contact with food unless the food is subsequently cooked as required under Part 3-4 such as frozen food or a primal CUT Of MEAT.
3-304.16 Using Clean Tableware for Second Portions and Refills.
(A) Except for refilling a consumer's drinking cup or container without contact between the pouring utensil and the lip-contact area of the drinking cup or container, food employees may not use tableware, including single-service articles, soiled by the consumer, to provide second portions or refills.
(B) Except as specified in (C) of this section, self-service consumers may not be allowed to use soiled tableware, including single-service articles, to obtain additional food from the display and serving equipment.
(C) Drinking cups and containers may be reused by self-service consumers if refilling is a contamination-free process as specified under 4-204.13(A), (B), and (D).
3-304.17 Refilling Returnables.
(A) A take-home food container returned to a retail food establishment may not be refilled at a food establishment with a potentially hazardous food (Time/Temperature Control for Safety Food).
(B) Except as specified in (C), a take-home food container refilled with food that is not potentially hazardous shall be cleaned as specified under 4-603.17(B).
(C) Personal take-out beverage containers, such as thermally insulated bottles, nonspill coffee cups, and promotional beverage glasses, may be refilled by employees or the consumer if refilling is a contamination-free process as specified under 4-204.13(A), (B), and (D).
3-305 Preventing Contamination from the Premises
3-305.11 Food Storage.
(A) Except as specified in (B) and (C) of this section, food shall be protected from contamination by storing the food:
(1) In a clean, dry location;
(2) Where it is not exposed to splash, dust, or other contamination; and
(3) At least 15 cm (6 inches) above the floor.
(B) Food in packages and working containers may be stored less than 15 cm (6 inches) above the floor on case lot handling equipment as specified under 4-204.122.
(C) Pressurized beverage containers, cased food in waterproof containers such as bottles or cans, and milk containers in plastic crates may be stored on a floor that is clean and not exposed to floor moisture.
3-305.12 Food Storage, Prohibited Areas.

Food may not be stored:

(A) In locker rooms;
(B) In toilet rooms;
(C) In dressing rooms;
(D) In garbage rooms;
(E) In mechanical rooms;
(F) Under sewer lines that are not shielded to intercept potential drips;
(G) Under leaking water lines, including leaking automatic fire sprinkler heads, or under lines on which water has condensed;
(H) Under open stairwells; or
(I) Under other sources of contamination.
3-305.13 Vended Potentially Hazardous Food (Time/Temperature Control for Safety Food), Original Container.

Potentially hazardous food (Time/Temperature Control for Safety Food) dispensed through a vending machine shall be in the package in which it was placed at the retail food establishment or food processing plant at which it was prepared.

3-305.14 Food Preparation.

During preparation, unpackaged food shall be protected from environmental sources of contamination.

3-306 Preventing Contamination by Consumers
3-306.11 Food Display.

Except for nuts in the shell and whole, raw fruits and vegetables that are intended for hulling, peeling, or washing by the consumer before consumption, food on display shall be protected from contamination by the use of packaging; counter, service line, or salad bar food guards; display cases; or other effective means. p

3-306.12 Condiments, Protection.
(A) Condiments shall be protected from contamination by being kept in dispensers that are designed to provide protection, protected food displays provided with the proper utensils, original containers designed for dispensing, or individual packages or portions.
(B) Condiments at a vending machine location shall be in individual packages or provided in dispensers that are filled at an approved location, such as the retail FOOD ESTABLISHMENT that provides FOOD to the VENDING MACHINE LOCATION, a FOOD processing plant that is regulated by the agency that has jurisdiction over the operation, or a properly equipped facility that is located on the site of the vending MACHINE LOCATION.
3-306.13 Consumer Self-Service Operations.
(A) Raw, unpackaged animal food, such as beef, lamb, pork, poultry, and fish may not be offered for consumer self-service. p This paragraph does not apply to:
(1) consumer self-service of ready-to-eat foods at buffets or salad bars that serve foods such as sushi or raw shellfish;
(2) Ready-to-cook individual portions for immediate cooking and consumption on the premises such as coNSUMER-cooked meats or coNSUMER-selected ingredients for Mongolian barbecue; or
(3) Raw, frozen, shell-on shrimp or lobster.
(B) Consumer self-service operations for ready-to-eat foods shall be provided with suitable utensils or effective dispensing methods that protect the food from contamination. Pf
(C) Consumer self-service operations such as buffets and salad bars shall be monitored by food employees trained in safe operating procedures. Pf
3-306.14 Returned Food and Re-service of Food.*
(A) Except as specified in (B) of this section, after being served or sold and in the possession of a consumer, food that is unused or returned by the consumer may not be offered as food for human consumption. p
(B) Except as specified under Subparagraph 3-801.11(G), a container of food that is not POTENTIALLY HAZARDOUS (TIME/TEMPERATURE CONTROL FOR SAFETY FOOD) may be re-served from one consumer to another if:
(1) The food is dispensed so that it is protected from contamination and the container is closed between uses, such as a narrow-neck bottle containing catsup, steak sauce, or wine; or
(2) The food, such as crackers, salt, or pepper, is in an unopened original package and is maintained in sound condition.
3-307 Preventing Contamination from Other Sources
3-307.11 Miscellaneous Sources of Contamination.

Food shall be protected from contamination that may result from a factor or source not specified under 3-301 - 3-306.

In the event of a fire, flood, power outage, or similar event that might result in the contamination of food that might prevent potentially hazardous food from being held at required temperatures, the person in charge shall contact the REGULATORY Authority prior to re-opening. Upon receiving notice of this occurrence, the regulatory Authority shall take whatever action it deems necessary to protect the public health.

3-4 DESTRUCTION OF ORGANISMS OF PUBLIC HEALTH CONCERN
3-401 Cooking
3-401.11 Raw Animal Foods.*
(A) Except as specified under Subparagraph (B) and in Subparagraphs (C) and (D) of this section, raw animal foods such as eggs, fish, meat, poultry, and foods containing these raw animal foods, shall be cooked to heat all parts of the food to a temperature and for a time that complies with one of the following methods based on the food that is being cooked:
(1) 63°C (145°F) or above for 15 seconds for: p
(a) Raw eggs that are broken and prepared in response to a consumer's order and for immediate service, p and
(b) Except as specified under Subparagraphs (A)(2) and (3) and Subparagraph (B) of this section, fish, meat, including game animals commercially raised for food as specified under Subparagraph 3-201.17(A)(1) and game animals under a voluntary inspection program as specified under Subparagraph 3-201.17(A)(2); p
(2) 68°C (155°F) for 15 seconds or the temperature specified in the following chart that corresponds to the holding time for ratites and injected meats; the following if they are comminuted: fish, meat, game animals commercially raised for food as specified under Subparagraph 3-201.17(A)(1), and game animals under a voluntary inspection program as specified under Subparagraph 3-201.17(A)(2); and raw eggs that are not prepared as specified under Subparagraph (A)(1)(a) of this section: p

Minimum

Temperature °C (°F)

Time

63(145)

3 minutes

66(150)

1 minute

70(158)

< 1 second (instantaneous)

(3) 74°C (165°F) or above for 15 seconds for POULTRY, wild GAME ANIMALS as specified under Subparagraphs 3-201.17(A)(3) and (4), stuffed FISH, stuffed MEAT, stuffed pasta, stuffed POULTRY, stuffed ratites, or stuffing containing FISH, MEAT, POULTRY, or ratites. p
(B) Whole beef roasts, corned beef roasts, pork roasts, and cured pork roasts such as ham, shall be cooked:
(1) In an oven that is preheated to the temperature specified for the roast's weight in the following chart and that is held at that temperature: Pf

Oven Type

Oven Temperature Based on Roast Weight

Less than 4.5 kg (10 lbs)

4.5 kg (10 lbs) or More

Still Dry

177°C(350°F)ormore

121°C(250°F)ormore

Convection

163°C(325°F)ormore

121°C(250°F)ormore

High Humidity1

121°C(250°F)orless

121°C(250°F)orless

1 Relative humidity greater than 90% for at least 1 hour as measured in the cooking chamber or exit of the oven; or in a moisture-impermeable bag that provides 100% humidity.

;and

(2) As specified in the following chart, to heat all parts of the FOOD to a temperature and for the holding time that corresponds to that temperature: p

Temperature °C (°F)

Time1 in Minutes

Temperature °C (°F)

Time1 in Seconds

54.4(130)

112

63.9(147)

134

55.0(131)

89

65.0(149)

85

56.1 (133)

56

66.1 (151)

54

57.2(135)

36

67.2(153)

34

57.8(136)

28

68.3(155)

22

58.9(138)

18

69.4(157)

14

60.0(140)

12

70.0(158)

0

61.1 (142)

8

62.2 (144)

5

62.8(145)

4

1 Holding time may include post oven heat rise.

(C) A raw or undercooked whole-muscle, intact beef steak may be served or offered for sale in a ready-to-eat form if:
(1) The retail food establishment serves a population that is not a highly SUSCEPTIBLE POPULATION,
(2) The steak is labeled to indicate that it meets the definition of whole-muscle, intact beef as specified under Subparagraph 3-201.11(E), and
(3) The steak is cooked on both the top and bottom to a surface temperature of 63°C (145°F) or above and a cooked color change is achieved on all external surfaces.
(D) A raw animal food such as raw egg, raw fish, raw-marinated fish, raw molluscan shellfish, or steak tartare; or a partially cooked food such as lightly cooked fish, soft cooked eggs, or rare meat other than whole-muscle, intact beef steaks as specified in Subparagraph (C) of this section, may be served or offered for sale in a ready-to-eat form if:
(1) As specified under 3-801.11 (C)(1) and (2), the Retail food establishment serves a population that is not a highly susceptible population, and
(2) The food, if served or offered for service by consumer selection from a children's menu, does not contain comminuted meat; Pf and
(3) The consumer is informed as specified under 3-603.11 that to ensure its safety, the food should be cooked as specified under (A) or (B) of this section; or
(4) The regulatory authority grants a variance from (A) or(B) of this section as specified in 8-103.10 based on a HACCP plan that:
(a) Is submitted by the permit holder and approved as specified under Subpart 8-103.11,
(b) Documents scientific data or other information showing that a lesser time and temperature regimen results in a safe food, and
(c) Verifies that equipment and procedures for food preparation and training of food employees at the retail food establishment meet the conditions of the variance.
3-401.12 Microwave Cooking.*

Raw animal foods cooked in a microwave oven shall be:

(A) Rotated or stirred throughout or midway during cooking to compensate for uneven distribution of heat;
(B) Covered to retain surface moisture;
(C) Heated to a temperature of at least 74°C (165°F) in all parts of the food; and
(D) Allowed to stand covered for 2 minutes after cooking to obtain temperature equilibrium.
3-401.13 Plant Food Cooking for Hot Holding.

Fruits and vegetables that are cooked for hot holding shall be cooked to a temperature of 57°C(135°F). Pf

3-401.14 Non-Continuous Cooking of Raw Animal Foods.

Raw animal foods that are cooked using a non-continuous cooking process shall be:

(A) Subject to an initial heating process that is no longer than sixty minutes in duration; p
(B) Immediately after initial heating, cooled according to the time and temperature parameters specified for cooked Potentially Hazardous food (Time /Temperature Control for Safety Food) under 3-501.14(A); p
(C) After cooling, held frozen or cold, as specified for Potentially Hazardous food (Time/Temperature Control for Safety Food) under 3-501.16(A)(2); p
(D) Prior to sale or service, cooked using a process that heats all parts of the food to a temperature of at least 74°C (165°F) for 15 seconds; p
(E) Cooled according to the time and temperature parameters specified for cooked Potentially Hazardous food (Time /Temperature Control for Safety Food) under 3-501.14(A) if not either hot held as specified under 3-501.16(A), served immediately, or held using time as a public health control as specified under 3-501.19 after complete cooking; p and
(F) Prepared and stored according to written procedures that:
(1) Have obtained prior approval from the regulatory authority; Pf
(2) Are maintained in the food establishment and are available to the regulatory authority upon request; Pf
(3) Describe how the requirements specified under (A)-(E) of this Section are to be monitored and documented by the permit holder and the corrective actions to be taken if the requirements are not met; Pf
(4) Describe how the foods, after initial heating, but prior to complete cooking, are to be marked or otherwise identified as foods that must be cooked as specified under (D) of this section prior to being offered for sale or service; pfand
(5) Describe how the foods, after initial heating but prior to cooking as specified under (D) of this section, are to be separated from ready-to-eat foods as specified under 3-302.11 (D). Pf
3-402 Freezing
3-402.11 Parasite Destruction.*
(A) Except as specified in Subparagraph (B) of this section, before service or sale in ready-to-eat form, raw, raw-marinated, partially cooked, or marinated-partially cooked fish other than molluscan shellfish shall be: p
(1) Frozen and stored at a temperature of -20°C (-4°F) or below for 168 hours (7 days) in a freezer; p
(2) Frozen at -35°C (-31 °F) or below until solid and stored at -35°C (-31 °F) or below for a minimum of 15 hours; p or
(3) Frozen at -35°C (-31 °F) or below until solid and stored at -20°C (-4°F) or below for a minimum of 24 hours. p
(B) Paragraph (A) of this section does not apply to:
(1) Molluscan shellfish;
(2) Tuna of the species Thunnus alalunga, Thunnus albacares (Yellowfin tuna), Thunnus atlanticus, Thunnus maccoyii (Bluefin tuna, Southern), Thunnus obesus (Bigeye tuna), or Thunnus thynnus (Bluefin tuna, Northern); or
(3) Aquacultured fish, such as salmon, that
(a) If raised in open water, are raised in net-pens, or
(b) Are raised in land-based operations such as ponds or tanks, and
(c) Are fed formulated feed, such as pellets, that contains no live parasites infective to the aquacultured fish.
(4) Fish eggs that have been removed from the skein and rinsed.
3-402.12 Records, Creation and Retention.
(A) Except as specified in 3-402.11 (B) and (B) of this section, if raw, raw-marinated, partially cooked, or marinated-partially cooked fish are served or sold in ready-to-eat form, the person in charge shall record the freezing temperature and time to which the fish are subjected and shall retain the records of the food establishment for 90 calendar days beyond the time of service or sale of the fish. Pf
(B) If the fish are frozen by a supplier, a written agreement or statement from the supplier stipulating that the fish supplied are frozen to a temperature and for a time specified under 3-402.11 may substitute for the records specified under (A) of this section.
(C) If raw, raw-marinated, partially cooked, or marinated-partially cooked fish are served or sold in ready-to-eat form, and the fish are raised and fed as specified in 3-402.11(B)(3), a written agreement or statement from the supplier or aquaculturist stipulating that the fish were raised and fed as specified in 3-402.11(B)(3) shall be obtained by the person in charge and retained in the records of the food establishment for 90 calendar days beyond the time of service or sale of the fish. Pf
3-403 Reheating
3-403.10 Preparation for Immediate Service.

Cooked and refrigerated food that is prepared for immediate service in response to an individual consumer order, such as a roast beef sandwich au jus, may be served at any temperature.

3-403.11 Reheating for Hot Holding.*
(A) Except as specified under Subparagraphs (B) and (C) and in Subparagraph (E) of this section, potentially hazardous food (Time/Temperature Control for Safety Food) that is cooked, cooled, and reheated for hot holding shall be reheated so that all parts of the food reach a temperature of at least 74°C (165°F) for 15 seconds. p
(B) Except as specified under Subparagraph (C) of this section, potentially hazardous food (Time/Temperature Control for Safety Food) reheated in a microwave oven for hot holding shall be reheated so that all parts of the food reach a temperature of at least 74 C (165 F) and the food is rotated or stirred, covered, and allowed to stand covered for 2 minutes after reheating. p
(C) Ready-to-eat food taken from a commercially processed, hermetically sealed container, or from an intact package from a food processing plant that is inspected by the food regulatory authority that has jurisdiction over the plant, shall be heated to a temperature of at least 57 C (135 F) for hot holding. p
(D) Reheating for hot holding shall be done rapidly and the time the food is between the temperature specified under Subparagraph 3-501.16(A)(2) and 74°C (165°F) may not exceed 2 hours. p
(E) Remaining unsliced portions of meat roasts that are cooked as specified under Subparagraph 3-401.11(B) may be reheated for hot holding using the oven parameters and minimum time and temperature conditions specified under Subparagraph 3-401.11(B).
3-404 Other Methods
3-404.11 Treating Juice.

Juice packaged in a retail food establishment shall be:

(A) Treated under a HACCP plan as specified in Subparagraph 8-201.12(B) - (E) to attain a 5-log reduction, which is equal to a 99.999% reduction, of the most resistant microorganism of public health significance; por
(B) Labeled, if not treated to yield a 5-log reduction of the most resistant microorganism of public health significance: Pf
(1) As specified under Subpart 3-602.11, Pfand
(2) As specified in 21 CFR 101.17(g) Food labeling, warning, notice, and safe handling statements, juices that have not been specifically processed to prevent, reduce, or eliminate the presence of pathogens with the following, "warning: This product has not been pasteurized and, therefore, may contain harmful bacteria that can cause serious illness in children, the elderly, and persons with weakened immune systems."
3-5 LIMITATION OF GROWTH OF ORGANISMS OF PUBLIC HEALTH CONCERN
3-501 Temperature and Time Control
3-501.11 Frozen Food.

Stored frozen foods shall be maintained frozen.

3-501.12 Potentially Hazardous Food (Time/Temperature Control for Safety Food), Slacking.

Frozen potentially hazardous food (Time/Temperature Control for Safety Food) that is slacked to moderate the temperature shall be held:

(A) Under refrigeration that maintains the food temperature at 5°C (41 °F) or less, or at5°C(41°F)orless; or
(B) At any temperature if the food remains frozen.
3-501.13 Thawing.

Except as specified in Subparagraph (D) of this section, potentially hazardous food (Time/Temperature Control for Safety Food) shall be thawed:

(A) Under refrigeration that maintains the food temperature at 5°C (41 °F) or less, or at 5°C (41 °F) or less as specified under 3-501.16(A)(2); or
(B) Completely submerged under running water:
(1) At a water temperature of 21 °C (70°F) or below,
(2) With sufficient water velocity to agitate and float off loose particles in an overflow, and
(3) For a period of time that does not allow thawed portions of ready-to-eat food to rise above 5°C (41 °F), or
(4) For a period of time that does not allow thawed portions of a raw animal food requiring cooking as specified under 3-401.11 (A) or (B) to be above 5°C (41 °F), for more than 4 hours including:
(a) The time the food is exposed to the running water and the time needed for preparation for cooking, or
(b) The time it takes under refrigeration to lower the food temperature to5°C(41°F).
(C) As part of a cooking process if the food that is frozen is:
(1) Cooked as specified under Subparagraphs 3-401.11 (A) or (B) or Subpart 3-401.12, or
(2) Thawed in a microwave oven and immediately transferred to conventional cooking equipment, with no interruption in the process; or
(D) Using any procedure if a portion of frozen ready-to-eat food is thawed and prepared for immediate service in response to an individual consumer's order.
3-501.14 Cooling.*
(A) Cooked potentially hazardous food (Time/Temperature Control for Safety Food) shall be cooled:
(1) Within 2 hours from 57°C (135°F) to 21 °C (70°F); p and
(2) Within 6 hours from 57°C (135°F) to 5°C (41 °F) or less. p
(B) Potentially hazardous food (Time/Temperature Control for Safety Food) shall be cooled within 4 hours to 5°C (41 °F) or less, if prepared from ingredients at ambient temperature, such as reconstituted foods and canned tuna. p
(C) Except as specified in Subparagraph (D) of this section, a potentially hazardous food (Time/Temperature Control for Safety Food) received in compliance with laws allowing a temperature above 5°C (41 °F) during shipment from the supplier as specified in 3202.11(B), shall be cooled within 4 hours to 5°C (41°F)orless. p
(D) Raw eggs shall be received as specified under Subparagraph 3-202.11(C) and immediately placed in refrigerated equipment that maintains an ambient air temperature of 7°C (45°F) or less. p
3-501.15 Cooling Methods.
(A) Cooling shall be accomplished in accordance with the time and temperature criteria specified under Subpart 3-501.14 by using one or more of the following methods based on the type of food being cooled:
(1) Placing the food in shallow pans; Pf
(2) Separating the food into smaller or thinner portions; Pf
(3) Using rapid cooling equipment; Pf
(4) Stirring the food in a container placed in an ice water bath; Pf
(5) Using containers that facilitate heat transfer; Pf
(6) Adding ice as an ingredient; Pf or
(7) Other effective methods. Pf
(B) When placed in cooling or cold holding equipment, food containers in which food is being cooled shall be:
(1) Arranged in the equipment to provide maximum heat transfer through the container walls; and
(2) Loosely covered, or uncovered if protected from overhead contamination as specified under Subparagraph 3-305.11 (A)(2), during the cooling period to facilitate heat transfer from the surface of the food.
3-501.16 Potentially Hazardous Food (Time/Temperature Control for Safety Food), Hot and Cold Holding.*
(A) Except during preparation, cooking, or cooling, or when time is used as the public health control as specified in Subpart 3-501.19, and except as specified in Subparagraph (B) of this section, potentially hazardous food (Time/Temperature Control for Safety Food) shall be maintained:
(1) At 57°C (135°F) or above, except that roasts cooked to a temperature and for a time specified in Subparagraph 3-401.11(B) or reheated as specified in Subparagraph 3-403.11(E) may be held at a temperature of 54 C (130 F) or above; por
(2) At5°C(41°F)orless. p
(B) eggs that have not been treated to destroy all viable Salmonellae spp. shall be stored in refrigerated equipment that maintains an ambient air temperature of 7°C (45°F) or less. p
(C) POTENTIALLY HAZARDOUS FOOD (TIME/TEMPERATURE CONTROL FOR SAFETY FOOD) in a homogenous liquid form may be maintained outside of the temperature control requirements, as specified under (A) of this section, while contained within specially designed equipment that complies with the design and construction requirements as specified under 4-204.13(E).
3-501.17 Ready-to-Eat, Potentially Hazardous Food, (Time/Temperature Control for Safety Food) Date Marking.*

on-premises preparation

* prepare and hold cold

(A) Except when packaging food using a reduced oxygen packaging method as specified under paragraph 3-502.12, and except as specified in (D) and (E) of this section, refrigerated, ready-to-eat, potentially hazardous food (time/temperature control for safety food) prepared and held in a food establishment for more than 24 hours shall be clearly marked to indicate the date or day by which the food shall be consumed on the premises, sold, or discarded when held at a temperature of 5°C (41 °F) or less for a maximum of 7 days. Pf
(B) Except as specified in Paragraphs (D) and (E) of this section, refrigerated, ready-to-eat, potentially hazardous food (Time/Temperature Control for Safety Food) prepared and packaged by a food processing plant shall be clearly marked, at the time the original container is opened in a food establishment and if the food is held for more than 24 hours, to indicate the date or day by which the food shall be consumed on the premises, sold, or discarded, based on the temperature specified in (A) of this section; and: Pf
(1) The day the original container is opened in the retail food establishment shall be counted as Day 1; Pf and
(2) The day or date marked by the retail food establishment may not exceed a manufacturer's use-by date if the manufacturer determined the use-by date based on food safety. Pf
(C) A refrigerated, ready-to-eat potentially hazardous food (Time/Temperature Control for Safety Food ingredient or a portion of a refrigerated, ready-to-eat, POTENTIALLY HAZARDOUS FOOD (TIME/TEMPERATURE CONTROL FOR SAFETY FOOD) that is subsequently combined with additional ingredients or portions of food shall retain the date marking of the earliest-prepared or first-prepared ingredient. Pf
(D) A date marking system that meets the criteria stated in (A) and (B) of this section may include:
(1) Using a method approved by the regulatory authority for refrigerated, READY-TO-EAT POTENTIALLY HAZARDOUS FOOD (TIME/TEMPERATURE CONTROL for safety food) that is frequently rewrapped, such as lunchmeat or a roast, or for which date marking is impractical, such as soft serve mix or milk in a dispensing machine;
(2) Marking the date or day of preparation, with a procedure to discard the food on or before the last date or day by which the food must be consumed on the premises, sold, or discarded as specified under (A) of this section;
(3) Marking the date or day the original container is opened in a food establishment, with a procedure to discard the food on or before the last date or day by which the food must be consumed on the premises, sold, or discarded as specified under (B) of this section; or
(4) Using calendar dates, days of the week, color-coded marks, or other effective marking methods, provided that the marking system is disclosed to the regulatory authority upon request.
(E) Paragraphs (A) and (B) of this section do not apply to individual meal portions served or rePACKAGED for sale from a bulk container upon a consumer's request.
(F) Paragraph (B) of this section does not apply to the following foods prepared and packaged by a food processing plant inspected by a regulatory authority:
(1) Deli salads, such as ham salad, seafood salad, chicken salad, egg salad, pasta salad, potato salad, and macaroni salad, manufactured in accordance with 21 CFR 110 Current good manufacturing practice in manufacturing, packing, or holding human food;
(2) Hard cheeses containing not more than 39% moisture as defined in 21 CFR 133 Cheeses and related cheese products, such as Cheddar, gruyere, parmesan and reggiano, and romano;
(3) Semi-soft cheeses containing more than 39% moisture, but not more than 50%> moisture, as defined in 21 CFR 133 Cheeses and related cheese products, such as blue, edam, gorgonzola, gouda, and monterey jack;
(4) Cultured dairy products as defined in 21 CFR 131 Milk and cream, such as yogurt, sour cream, and buttermilk;
(5) Preserved fish products, such as pickled herring and dried or salted cod, and other acidified fish products defined in 21 CFR 114 Acidified foods;
(6) Shelf stable, dry fermented sausages, such as pepperoni and Genoa salami that are not labeled "Keep Refrigerated" as specified in 9 CFR 317 Labeling, marking devices, and containers, and which retain the original casing on the product; and
(7) Shelf stable salt-cured products such as prosciutto and Parma (ham) that are not labeled "Keep Refrigerated" as specified in 9 CFR 317 Labeling, marking devices, and containers.
3-501.18 Ready-to-Eat, Potentially Hazardous Food (Time/Temperature Control for Safety Food), Disposition.*
(A) A food specified in Subparagraphs 3-501.17(A) or (B) shall be discarded if it:
(1) Exceeds either of the temperature and time combinations specified in Subparagraph 3-501.17(A), except time that the product is frozen; p
(2) Is in a container or package that does not bear a date or day; p or
(3) Is appropriately marked with a date or day that exceeds a temperature and time combination as specified in Subparagraph 3-501.17(A). p
(B) Refrigerated, ready-to-eat, potentially hazardous food (Time/Temperature Control for Safety Food) prepared in a food establishment and dispensed through a vending machine with an automatic shutoff control shall be discarded if it exceeds a temperature and time combination as specified in Subparagraph 3-501.17(A). p
3-501.19 Time as a Public Health Control.*
(A) Except as specified under Paragraph (B) of this section, if time without temperature control, is used as the public health control for a working supply of potentially hazardous food (Time/Temperature Control for Safety Food) before cooking, or for READY-TO-EAT POTENTIALLY HAZARDOUS FOOD (Time/Temperature Control for Safety Food) that is displayed or held for sale or service:
(1) Written procedures shall be prepared in advance, maintained in the food establishment and made available to the regulatory authority upon request that specify: Pf
(a) Methods of compliance with Subparagraphs (B)(1) -(3) or C)(1 )-(5) of this section; Pfand
(b) Methods of compliance with 3-501.14 for food that is prepared, cooked, and refrigerated before time is used as a public health control. Pf
(B) If time temperature control is used as the public health control up to a maximum of 4 hours:
(1) The food shall have an initial temperature of 5°C (41 °F) or less when removed from cold holding temperature control, or 57°C (135°F) or greater when removed from hot holding temperature control; p

TIME- maximum up to 4 hours

(2) The food shall be marked or otherwise identified to indicate the time that is 4 hours past the point in time when the food is removed from temperature control;
(3) The food shall be cooked and served, served at any temperature if ready-to-eat, or discarded, within 4 hours from the point in time when the food is removed from temperature control; pand
(4) The food in unmarked containers or packages, or marked to exceed a 4-hour limit shall be discarded.p
(C) A food establishment that serves a highly susceptible population may not use time as specified under (A) or (B) of this section as the public health control for raw eggs.
3-502 Specialized Processing Methods
3-502.11 Variance Requirement*

A RETAIL FOOD ESTABLISHMENT Shall Obtain a VARIANCE from the REGULATORY AUTHORITY as specified in Subpart 8-103.10 and under Subpart 8-103.11 before: Pf

(A) Smoking food as a method of food preservation rather than as a method of flavor enhancement; Pf
(B) Curing food; Pf
(C) Using food additives or adding components such as vinegar: Pf
(1) As a method of food preservation rather than as a method of flavor enhancement, Pf or
(2) To render a food so that it is not potentially hazardous; Pf
(D) Packaging food using a reduced oxygen packaging method except where the growth of a toxin formation by Clostridium botulinum and the growth of Listeria monocytogenes are controlled as specified in 3-502.12; Pf
(E) Operating a molluscan shellfish life-support system display tank used to store and display shellfish that are offered for human consumption; Pf
(F) Custom processing animals that are for personal use as food and not for sale or service in a retail food establishment; Pf
(G) Preparing food by another method that is determined by the regulatory authority to require a variance; Pf or
(H) Sprouting seeds or beans. Pf

Clostridium botulinum and Listeria monocytogenes Controls

3-502.12 Reduced Oxygen Packaging Without a Variance, Criteria.
(A) Except for a retail food establishment that obtains a variance as specified under 3-502.11 a food establishment that packages potentially hazardous food (TIME /TEMPERATURE CONTROL FOR SAFETY FOOD) USing a REDUCED OXYGEN PACKAGING method shall control the growth and toxin formation of Clostridium botulinum and the growth of Listeria monocytogenes. p
(B) A food establishment that packages potentially hazardous food (time/temperature control for safety food) using a reduced oxygen packaging method shall have a HACCP plan that contains the information specified under 8-201.14(D) and that: Pf
(1) Identifies the food to be packaged; Pf
(2) Except as specified under (C) - (E) of this section, requires that the packaged food shall be maintained at 5°C (41 °F) or less and meet at least one of the following criteria: Pf
(a) Has an aw of 0.91 or less, Pf
(b) Has a pH of 4.6 or less, Pf
(c) Is a meat or poultry product cured at a food processing plant regulated by the U.S.D.A. using substances specified in 9 CFR 424.21, Use of food ingredients and sources of radiation, and is received in an intact package, Pf or
(d) Is a food with a high level of competing organisms such as raw meat, raw poultry or raw vegetables;
(3) Describes how the package shall be prominently and conspicuously labeled on the principal display panel in bold type on a contrasting background, with instructions to; Pf
(a) Maintain the food at 5°C (41 °F) or below, Pf and
(b) Discard the food if within 14 calendar days of its packaging it is not served for on-PREMiSES consumption, or consumed if served or sold for off-PREMiSES consumption; Pf
(4) Limits the refrigerated shelf life to no more than 14 calendar days from packaging to consumption, except the time the product is maintained frozen, or the original manufacturer's "sell by" or "use by" date, whichever occurs first: p
(5) Includes operational procedures that:
(a) Prohibit contacting ready-to-eat food with bare hands, under 3-301.11(B)Pf
(b) Identify a designated work area and the method by which: Pf
(i) Physical barriers or methods of separation of raw foods and ready-to-eat foods minimize cross contamination, Pf and
(ii) Access to the processing equipment is limited to responsible trained personnel familiar with the potential hazards of the operation, Pf and
(c) Delineate cleaning and sanitization procedures for food-contact surfaces; Pf and
(6) Describes the training program that ensures that the individual responsible for the reduced oxygen packaging operation understands the: Pf
(a) Concepts required for a safe operation, Pf
(b) Equipment and facilities, Pf and
(c) Procedures specified under Subparagraph (B)(5) of this section and Subparagraph 8-201.14(D). Pf
(C) Except for fish that is frozen before, during, and after packaging, a food establishment may not package fish using a reduced oxygen packaging method p
(D) Except as specified under (C) of this section, a food establishment that packages food using a cook-chill or sous vide process shall:
(1) Implement a HACCP plan that contains the information as specified under 8-201.14(D); Pf
(2) Ensure the food is:
(a) Prepared and consumed on the premises, or prepared and consumed off the premises but within the same business entity with no distribution or sale of the packaged product to another business entity or the consumer, Pf
(b) Cooked to heat all parts of the food to a temperature and for a time as specified under paragraph 3-401.11, p
(c) Protected from contamination before and after cooking as specified under Parts 3-3 and 3-4, p
(d) Placed in a package with an oxygen barrier and sealed before cooking, or placed in a package and sealed immediately after cooking and before reaching a temperature below 57°C (135°F), p
(e) Cooled to 5°C (41 °F) in the sealed package or bag as specified under paragraph 3-501.14 and subsequently: p
(i) Cooled to 1 °C (34°F) within 48 hours of reaching 5°C (41 °F) and held at that temperature until consumed or discarded within 30 days after the date of packaging; p
(ii) Cooled to 1°C (34°F) within 48 hours of reaching 5°C (41 °F), removed from refrigeration equipment that maintains a 1°C (34°F) food temperature and then held at 5°C (41 °F) or less for no more than 72 hours, at which time the food must be consumed or discarded; p
(iii) Cooled to 3°C (38°F) or less within 24 hours of reaching 5°C (41°F) and held there for no more than 72 hours from packaging, at which time the food must be consumed or discarded; p or
(iv) Held frozen with no shelf life restriction while frozen until consumed or used p
(f) Held in a refrigeration unit that is equipped with an electronic system that continuously monitors time and temperature and is visually examined for proper operation twice daily, Pf
(g) If transported off-site to a satellite location of the same business entity, equipped with verifiable electronic monitoring devices to ensure that times and temperatures are monitored during transportation, Pf and
(h) Labeled with the product name and the date packaged; Pf and
(3) Maintain the records required to confirm that cooling and cold holding refrigeration time/temperature parameters are required as part of the HACCP plan and:
(a) Make such records available to the regulatory authority upon request, Pf and
(b) Hold such records for at least 6 months; Pf and
(4) Implement written operational procedures as specified under (B)(5) of this section and a training program as specified under (B)(6) of this section. Pf
(E) A food establishment that packages cheese using a reduced oxygen packaging method shall:
(1) Limit the cheeses packaged to those that are commercially manufactured in a food processing plant with no ingredients added in the food establishment and that meet the Standards of Identity as specified in 21 CFR 133.150 Hard cheeses, 21 CFR 133.169 Pasteurized process cheese or 21 CFR 133.187 Semisoft cheeses; p
(2) Have a HACCP plan that contains the information specified under 8-201.14(D) and as specified under (B)(1), (B)(3)(a), (B)(5) and (B)(6) of this section; Pf
(3) Labels the package on the principal display panel with a "use by" date that does not exceed 30 days from its packaging or the original manufacturer's "sell by" or "use by" date, whichever occurs first; Pf and
(4) Discards the reduced oxygen packaged cheese if it is not sold for off-premises consumption or consumed within 30 calendar days of its PACKAGING. Pf
3-6 FOOD IDENTITY, PRESENTATION, AND ON-PREMISES LABELING
3-601 Accurate Representation
3-601.11 Standards of Identity.

packaged food shall comply with standard of identity requirements in 21 CRF 131-169 and 9 CFR 319 Definitions and Standards of Identity or Composition, and the general requirements in 21 CFR 130 - Food Standards: General and 9 CFR 319 Subpart A -General.

3-601.12 Honestly Presented.
(A) Food shall be offered for human consumption in a way that does not mislead or misinform the consumer.
(B) food or color additives, colored overwraps, or lights may not be used to misrepresent the true appearance, color, or quality of a food.
3-602 Labeling
3-602.11 Food Labels
(A) food packaged in a retail food establishment, shall be labeled as specified in law, including 21 CFR 101 - Food Labeling, and 9 CFR 317 Labeling, Marking Devices, and Containers.
(B) Label information shall include:
(1) The common name of the food, or absent a common name, an adequately descriptive identity statement;
(2) If made from two or more ingredients, a list of ingredients in descending order of predominance by weight, including a declaration of artificial color or flavor and chemical preservatives, if contained in the food;
(3) An accurate declaration of the quantity of contents;
(4) The name and place of business of the manufacturer, packer, or distributor; and
(5) The name of the food source for each major food allergen contained in the food unless the food source is already part of the common or usual name of the respective ingredient (Effective January 1, 2011). Pf
(6) Except as exempted in the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act 403 (Q)(3) - (5) nutrition labeling as specified in 21 CFR 101 - food Labeling and 9 CFR 317 Subpart B Nutrition Labeling.
(7) For any salmonid fish containing canthaxanthin as a color additive, the labeling of the bulk fish container, including a list of ingredients, displayed on the retail container or by other written means, such as a counter card, that discloses the use of canthaxanthin.
(C) Bulk food that is available for consumer self-dispensing shall be prominently labeled with the following information in plain view of the consumer:
(1) The manufacturer's or processor's label that was provided with the food; or
(2) A card, sign, or other method of notification that includes the information specified under Subparagraphs (B)(1), (2), and (5) of this section.
(D) Bulk, udpackaged foods such as bakery products and unpackaged foods that are portioned to consumer specification need not be labeled if:
(1) A health, nutrient content, or other claim is not made;
(2) There is no state or local LA WS requiring labeling; and
(3) The food is manufactured or prepared on the premises of the retail food establishment or another retail food establishment or a food processing plant that is owned by the same person and is regulated by the food regulatory agency that has jurisdiction.
3-602.12 Other Forms of Information.
(A) If required by these rules and regulations, consumer warnings shall be provided.
(B) retail food establishment or manufacturers' dating information on foods may not be concealed or altered.
3-603 Consumer Advisory
3-603.11 Consumption of Animal Foods that are Raw, Undercooked, or Not Otherwise Processed to Eliminate Pathogens.
(A) Except as specified in 3-401.11 (C) and Subparagraph 3-401.11 (D)(4) and under 3-801.11(C), if an animal food such as beef, eggs, fish, lamb, milk, pork, poultry, or shellfish is served or sold raw, undercooked, or without otherwise being processed to eliminate pathogens, either in ready-to-eat form or as an ingredient in another ready-to-eat food, the permit holder shall inform consumers of the significantly increased risk of consuming such foods by way of a disclosure and reminder, as specified in (B) and (C) of this section using brochures, deli case or menu advisories, label statements, table tents, placards, or other effective written means. Pf
(B) Disclosure shall include:
(1) A description of the animal-derived foods, such as "oysters on the half shell (raw oysters)," "raw-EGG Caesar salad," and "hamburgers (can be cooked to order)"; Pf or
(2) Identification of the animal-derived foods by asterisking them to a footnote that states that the items are served raw or undercooked, or contain (or may contain) raw or undercooked ingredients. Pf
(C) Reminder shall include asterisking the animal-derived foods requiring disclosure to a footnote that states:
(1) Regarding the safety of these items, written information is available upon request; Pf
(2) Consuming raw or undercooked meats, poultry, seafood, shellfish, or eggs may increase your risk of foodborne illness; Pf or
(3) Consuming raw or undercooked meats, poultry, seafood, shellfish, or eggs may increase your risk of foodborne illness, especially if you have certain medical conditions.
3-7 CONTAMINATED FOOD
3-701 Disposition
3-701.11 Discarding or Reconditioning Unsafe, Adulterated, or Contaminated Food.*
(A) A food that is unsafe, adulterated, or not honestly presented as specified under Subpart 3-101.11 shall be discarded or reconditioned according to an approved procedure. p
(B) Food that is not from an approved source as specified under Subpart 3-201.11.17 shall be discarded. p
(C) Ready-to-eat food that may have been contaminated by an employee who has been restricted or excluded as specified under 2-201.12 shall be discarded. p
(D) Food that is contaminated by food employees, consumers, or other persons through contact with their hands, bodily discharges, such as nasal or oral discharges, or other means shall be discarded. p
3-8 SPECIAL REQUIRMENTS FOR HIGHLY SUSCEPTIBLE POPULATIONS
3-801 Additional Safeguards
3-801.11 Pasteurized Foods, Prohibited Re-service, and Prohibited Food.*

In a RETAIL FOOD ESTABLISHMENT that Serves a HIGHLY SUSCEPTIBLE POPULATION:

(A) The following criteria apply to juice:
(1) For the purposes of this paragraph only, children who are age 9 or less and receive food in a school, day care setting, or similar facility that provides custodial care are included as highly susceptible populations;
(2) PrePACKAGED juice or a prePACKAGED beverage containing juice, that bears a warning label as specified in 21 CFR, Section 101.17(g) Food Labeling, warning, notice, and safe handling statements, Juices that have not been specifically processed to prevent, reduce, or eliminate the presence of pathogens, or a packaged juice or beverage containing juice, that bears a warning label as specified under Subparagraph 3-404.11(B) may not be served or offered for sale; p and
(3) UnPACKAGED juice that is prepared on the premises for service or sale in a ready-to-eat form shall be processed under a HACCP plan that contains the information specified under Subparagraphs 8-201.14(B) - (E) and as specified in 21 CFR Part 120 - Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) Systems, Subpart B Pathogen Reduction, 120.24 Process controls. p
(B) Pasteurized eggs or egg products shall be substituted for raw eggs in the preparation of: p
(1) Foods such as Caesar salad, hollandaise or Bearnaise sauce, mayonnaise, eggnog, ice cream, and EGG-fortified beverages, p and
(2) Except as specified in Paragraph (E) of this section, recipes in which more than one egg is broken and the eggs are combined; p
(C) The following foods may not be served or offered for sale in a ready-to-eat form: p
(1) Raw animal foods such as raw fish, raw-marinated fish, raw molluscan shellfish, and steak tartare, p
(2) A partially cooked animal food such as lightly cooked fish, rare meat, soft-cooked eggs that are made from raw shell eggs, and meringue, p and
(3) Raw seed sprouts. p
(D) Food employees may not contact ready-to-eat food as specified under 3-301.11(B) and (D). p
(E) Time only, as the public health control as specified under 3-501.19(D), may not be used for raw eggs. p
(F) Subparagraph (B) (2) of this section does not apply if:
(1) The raw eggs are combined immediately before cooking for one consumer's serving at a single meal, cooked as specified under Subparagraph 3-401.11(A)(1), and served immediately, such as an omelet, souffle, or scrambled eggs;
(2) The raw eggs are combined as an ingredient immediately before baking and the eggs are thoroughly cooked to a ready-to-eat form, such as a cake, muffin, or bread; or
(3) The preparation of the food is conducted under a HACCP plan that:
(a) Identifies the food to be prepared,
(b) Prohibits contacting ready-to-eat food with bare hands,
(c) Includes specifications and practices that ensure:
(i) Salmonella Enteritidis growth is controlled before and after cooking, and
(ii) Salmonella Enteritidis is destroyed by cooking the eggs according to the temperature and time specified in Subparagraph 3-401.11 (A) (2),
(d) Contains the information specified under Subparagraph 8201.14 (D) including procedures that:
(i) Control cross contamination of ready-to-eat food with raw eggs, and
(ii) Delineate cleaning and sanitization procedures for food-contact surfaces, and
(e) Describes the training program that ensures that the food employee responsible for the preparation of the food understands the procedures to be used.
(G) Except as specified in paragraph (H) of this section, food may be re-served as specified under Subparagraph 3-306.14(B) (1) and (2).
(H) Food may not be re-served under the following conditions:
(1) Any food served to patients or clients who are under contact precautions in medical isolation or quarantine, or protective environment isolation may not be re-served to others outside.
(2) Packages of food from any patients, clients, or other consumers should not be re-served to persons in protective environment isolation.
Chapter 4 Equipment, Utensils, and Linens
4-1 MATERIALS FOR CONSTRUCTION AND REPAIR
4-101 Multiuse
4-101.11 Characteristics.*

Materials that are used in the construction of utensils and food-contact surfaces of equipment may not allow the migration of deleterious substances or impart colors, odors, or tastes to food and under normal use conditions shall be: p

(A) Safe; p
(B) Durable, corrosion-resistant, and nonabsorbent;
(C) Sufficient in weight and thickness to withstand repeated warewashing;
(D) Finished to have a smooth, easily cleanable surface; and
(E) Resistant to pitting, chipping, crazing, scratching, scoring, distortion, and decomposition.
4-101.12 Cast Iron, Use Limitation.
(A) Except as specified in Paragraphs (B) and (C) of this section, cast iron may not be used for utensils or food-contact surfaces of equipment.
(B) Cast iron may be used as a surface for cooking.
(C) Cast iron may be used in utensils for serving food if the utensils are used only as part of an uninterrupted process from cooking through service.
4-101.13 Lead in Ceramic, China, and Crystal Utensils, Use Limitation.
(A) Ceramic, china, crystal utensils, and decorative utensils such as hand painted ceramic or china that are used in contact with food shall be lead-free or contain levels of lead not exceeding the limits of the following utensil categories: p

Utensil Category

Description

Maximum Lead mg/L

Hot Beverage Mugs

Coffee Mugs

0.5

Large Hollowware

Bowls 1.1 L (1.16 QT)

1

Small Hollowware

Bowls < 1.1 L (1.16 QT)

2.0

Flat Utensils

Plates, Saucers

3.0

(B) Pewter alloys containing lead in excess of 0.05% may not be used as a food-contact surface. p
(C) Solder and flux containing lead in excess of 0.2% may not be used as a food-contact surface.
4-101.14 Copper, Use Limitation.*
(A) Except as specified in Paragraph (B) of this section, copper and copper alloys such as brass may not be used in contact with a food that has a pH below 6 such as vinegar, fruit juice, or wine or for a fitting or tubing installed between a backflow prevention device and a carbonator. p
(B) Copper and copper alloys may be used in contact with beer brewing ingredients that have a pH below 6 in the pre-fermentation and fermentation steps of a beer brewing operation such as a brewpub or microbrewery.
4-101.15 Galvanized Metal, Use Limitation.*

Galvanized metal may not be used for utensils or food-contact surfaces of equipment that are used in contact with acidic food. p

4-101.16 Sponges, Use Limitation.

Sponges may not be used in contact with cleaned and sanitized or in-use food-contact surfaces.

4-101.17 Wood, Use Limitation.
(A) Except as specified in Paragraphs (B), (C), and (D) of this section, wood and wood wicker may not be used as a food-contact surface.
(B) Hard maple or an equivalents hard, close-grained wood may be used for:
(1) Cutting boards; cutting blocks; bakers' tables; and utensils such as rolling pins, doughnut dowels, salad bowls, and chopsticks; and
(2) Wooden paddles used in confectionery operations for pressure scraping kettles when manually preparing confections at a temperature of 110 C (230°F) or above.
(C) Whole, uncut, raw fruits and vegetables, and nuts in the shell may be kept in the wood shipping containers in which they were received, until the fruits, vegetables, or nuts are used.
(D) If the nature of the food requires removal of rinds, peels, husks, or shells before consumption, the whole, uncut, raw food may be kept in:
(1) Untreated wood containers; or
(2) Treated wood containers if the containers are treated with a preservative that meets the requirements specified in 21 CFR 178.3800 Preservatives for wood.
4-101.18 Nonstick Coatings, Use Limitation.

Multiuse kitchenware such as frying pans, griddles, sauce pans, cookie sheets, and waffle bakers that have a perfluorocarbon resin coating shall be used with non-scoring or non-scratching utensils and cleaning aids.

4-101.19 Nonfood-Contact Surfaces.

NonFOOD-coNTACT surfaces of equipment that are exposed to splash, spillage, or other food soiling or that require frequent cleaning shall be constructed of a corrosion-resistant, nonabsorbent, and smooth material.

4-102 Single-Service and Single-Use
4-102.11 Characteristics.*

Materials that are used to make single-service and single-use articles:

(A) May not:
(1) Allow the migration of deleterious substances, p or
(2) Impart colors, odors, or tastes to food; and
(B) Shall be:
(1) Safe, p and
(2) Clean.
4-2 DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION
4-201 Durability and Strength
4-201.11 Equipment and Utensils.

Equipment and utensils shall be designed and constructed to be durable and to retain their characteristic qualities under normal use conditions.

4-201.12 Food Temperature Measuring Devices.*

Food temperature measuring devices may not have sensors or stems constructed of glass, except that thermometers with glass sensors or stems that are encased in a shatterproof coating such as candy thermometers may be used.

4-202 Cleanability
4-202.11 Food-Contact Surfaces.*
(A) Multiuse food-contact surfaces shall be:
(1) Smooth; Pf
(2) Free of breaks, open seams, cracks, chips, inclusions, pits, and similar imperfections; Pf
(3) Free of sharp internal angles, corners, and crevices; Pf
(4) Finished to have smooth welds and joints; Pf and
(5) Except as specified in Paragraph (B) of this section, accessible for cleaning and inspection by one of the following methods:
(a) Without being disassembled, Pf
(b) By disassembling without the use of tools, Pf or
(c) By easy disassembling with the use of handheld tools commonly available to maintenance and cleaning personnel such as screwdrivers, pliers, open-end wrenches, and Allen wrenches. Pf
(B) Subparagraph (A) (5) of this section does not apply to cooking oil storage tanks, distribution lines for cooking oils, or beverage syrup lines or tubes.
4-202.12 CIP Equipment.
(A) CIP equipment shall meet the characteristics specified under Subpart 4-202.11 and shall be designed and constructed so that:
(1) Cleaning and sanitizing solutions circulate throughout a fixed system and contact all interior food-contact surfaces, Pf and
(2) The system is self-draining or capable of being completely drained of cleaning and sanitizing solutions; and
(B) CIP equipment that is not designed to be disassembled for cleaning shall be with inspection access points to ensure that all interior food-contact designed surfaces throughout the fixed system are being effectively cleaned.
4-202.13 "V" Threads, Use Limitation.

Except for hot oil cooking or filtering equipment, "V" type threads may not be used On FOOD-CONTACT SURFACES.

4-202.14 Hot Oil Filtering Equipment.

Hot oil filtering equipment shall meet the characteristics specified under Subpart 4-202.11 or Subpart 4-202.12 and shall be readily accessible for filter replacement and cleaning of the filter.

4-202.15 Can Openers.

Cutting or piercing parts of can openers shall be readily removable for cleaning and for replacement.

4-202.16 Nonfood-Contact Surfaces.

NonFOOD-coNTACT surfaces shall be free of unnecessary ledges, projections, and crevices, and designed and constructed to allow easy cleaning and to facilitate maintenance.

4-202.17 Kick Plates, Removable.

Kick plates shall be designed so that the areas behind them are accessible for inspection and cleaning by being:

(A) Removable by one of the methods specified under Subparagraph 4-202.11(A) (5) or capable of being rotated open; and
(B) Removable or capable of being rotated open without unlocking equipment doors.
4-202.18 Ventilation Hood Systems, Filters.

Filters or other grease extracting equipment shall be designed to be readily removable for cleaning and replacement if not designed to be cleaned in place.

4-203 Accuracy
4-203.11 Temperature Measuring Devices, Food.
(A) Food temperature measuring devices that are scaled only in Celsius or dually scaled in Celsius and Fahrenheit shall be accurate to +1°C in the intended range of use. Pf
(B) Food temperature measuring devices that are scaled only in Fahrenheit shall be accurate to +2 F in the intended range of use. Pf
4-203.12 Temperature Measuring Devices, Ambient Air and Water.
(A) Ambient air and water temperature measuring devices that are scaled in Celsius or dually scaled in Celsius and Fahrenheit shall be designed to be easily readable and accurate to +1.5 C in the intended range of use. Pf
(B) Ambient air and water temperature measuring devices that are scaled only in Fahrenheit shall be accurate to +3°F in the intended range of use. Pf
4-203.13 Pressure Measuring Devices, Mechanical Warewashing Equipment.

Pressure measuring devices that display the pressures in the water supply line for the fresh hot water sanitizing rinse shall have increments of 7 kilopascals (1 pounds per square inch) or smaller and shall be accurate to +14 kilopascals (+2 pounds per square inch) in the range indicated on the manufacturer's data plate.

4-204 Functionality
4-204.11 Ventilation Hood Systems, Drip Prevention.

Exhaust ventilation hood systems in food preparation and warewashing areas including components such as hoods, fans, guards, and ducting shall be designed to prevent grease or condensation from draining or dripping onto food, equipment, utensils, LINENS, and SINGLE-SERVICE and SINGLE-USE ARTICLES.

4-204.12 Equipment Openings, Closures and Deflectors.
(A) A cover or lid for equipment shall overlap the opening and be sloped to drain.
(B) An opening located within the top of a unit of equipment that is designed for use with a cover or lid shall be flanged upward at least 5 millimeters (two-tenths of an inch).
(C) Except as specified under Paragraph (D) of this section, fixed piping, temperature measuring devices, rotary shafts, and other parts extending into equipment shall be provided with a watertight joint at the point where the item enters the equipment.
(D) If a watertight joint is not provided:
(1) The piping, temperature measuring devices, rotary shafts, and other parts extending through the openings shall be equipped with an apron designed to deflect condensation, drips, and dust from openings into the food; and
(2) The opening shall be flanged as specified under Paragraph (B) of this section.
4-204.13 Dispensing Equipment, Protection of Equipment and Food.

In equipment that dispenses or vends liquid food or ice in unPACKAGED form:

(A) The delivery tube, chute, orifice, and splash surfaces directly above the container receiving the food shall be designed in a manner, such as with barriers, baffles, or drip aprons, so that drips from condensation and splash are diverted from the opening of the container receiving the food;
(B) The delivery tube, chute, and orifice shall be protected from manual contact such as by being recessed;
(C) The delivery tube or chute and orifice of equipment used to vend liquid food or ice in unPACKAGED form to self-service consumers shall be designed so that the delivery tube or chute and orifice are protected from dust, insects, rodents, and other contamination by a self-closing door if the equipment is:
(1) Located in an outside area that does not otherwise afford the protection of an enclosure against the rain, windblown debris, insects, rodents, and other contaminants that are present in the environment, or
(2) Available for self-service during hours when it is not under the full-time supervision of a food employee; and
(D) The dispensing equipment actuating lever or mechanism and filling device of consumer self-service beverage dispensing equipment shall be designed to prevent contact with the lip-contact surface of glasses or cups that are refilled.
(E) Dispensing equipment in which potentially hazardous food (time/temperature control for safety food) in a homogenous liquid form is maintained outside of the temperature control requirements as specified under subpart 3-501.16(A) shall:
(1) be specifically designed and equipped to maintain the commercial sterility of aseptically packaged food in a homogenous liquid form for a specified duration from the time of opening the packaging within the equipment;p and
(2) conform to the requirements for this equipment as specified in NSF/ANSI 18-2006- Manual Food and Beverage Dispensing equipment. p
4-204.14 Vending Machine, Vending Stage Closure.

The dispensing compartment of a vending machine including a machine that is designed to vend prePACKAGED snack food that is not potentially hazardous (time/temperature control for safety food) such as chips, party mixes, and pretzels shall be equipped with a self-closing door or cover if the machine is:

(A) Located in an outside area that does not otherwise afford the protection of an enclosure against the rain, windblown debris, insects, rodents, and other contaminants that are present in the environment; or
(B) Available for self-service during hours when it is not under the full-time supervision of a food employee.
4-204.15 Bearings and Gear Boxes, Leakproof.

Equipment containing bearings and gears that require lubricants shall be designed and constructed so that the lubricant cannot leak, drip, or be forced into food or onto food - CONTACT SURFACES.

4-204.16 Beverage Tubing, Separation.

Except for cold plates that are constructed integrally with an ice storage bin, beverage tubing and cold-plate beverage cooling devices may not be installed in contact with stored ice.

4-204.17 Ice Units, Separation of Drains.

Liquid waste drain lines may not pass through an ice machine or ice storage bin.

4-204.18 Condenser Unit, Separation.

If a condenser unit is an integral component of equipment, the condenser unit shall be separated from the food and food storage space by a dustproof barrier.

4-204.19 Can Openers on Vending Machines.

Cutting or piercing parts of can openers on vending machines shall be protected from manual contact, dust, insects, rodents, and other contamination.

4-204.110 Molluscan Shellfish Tanks.
(A) Except as specified under (B) of this section, molluscan shellfish life support system display tanks may not be used to store or display shellfish that are offered for human consumption and shall be conspicuously marked so that it is obvious to the consumer that the shellfish are for display only. p
(B) Molluscan shellfish life-support system display tanks that are used to store or display shellfish that are offered for human consumption shall be operated and maintained in accordance with a variance granted by the regulatory authority as specified in § 8-103.10 and a HACCP plan that: Pf
(1) Is submitted by the permit holder and approved as specified under § 8-103.11; Pfand
(2) Ensures that:
(a) Water used with fish other than molluscan shellfish does not flow into the molluscan tank, Pf
(b) The safety and quality of the shellfish as they were received are not compromised by the use of the tank, Pf and
(c) The identity of the source of the shellstock is retained as specified under Subpart 3-203.12. Pf
4-204.111 Vending Machines, Automatic Shutoff.*
(A) A machine vending potentially hazardous food (time/temperature control for safety food) shall have an automatic control that prevents the machine from vending food:
(1) If there is a power failure, mechanical failure, or other condition that results in an internal machine temperature that cannot maintain food temperatures as specified under Chapter 3; p and
(2) If a condition specified under Subparagraph (A)(1) of this section occurs, until the machine is serviced and restocked with food that has been maintained at temperatures specified under Chapter 3; p
(B) When the automatic shutoff within a machine vending potentially hazardous food (time/temperature control for safety food) is activated:
(1) In a refrigerated vending machine, the ambient temperature may not exceed 5°C (41 °F) for more than 30 minutes immediately after the machine is filled, serviced, or restocked; p or
(2) In a hot holding vending machine, the ambient temperature may not be less than 57°C (135°F) for more than 120 minutes immediately after the machine is filled, serviced, or restocked. p
4-204.112 Temperature Measuring Devices.
(A) In a mechanically refrigerated or hot food storage unit, the sensor of a temperature measuring device shall be located to measure the air temperature or a simulated product temperature in the warmest part of a mechanically refrigerated unit and in the coolest part of a hot food storage unit.
(B) Except as specified in Paragraph (C) of this section, cold or hot holding EQUIPMENT used for POTENTIALLY HAZARDOUS FOOD (TIME/TEMPERATURE CONTROL FOR safety food) shall be designed to include and shall be equipped with at least one integral or permanently affixed temperature measuring device that is located to allow easy viewing of the device's temperature display.
(C) Paragraph (B) of this section does not apply to equipment for which the placement of a temperature measuring device is not a practical means for measuring the ambient air surrounding the food because of the design, type, and use of the equipment, such as calrod units, heat lamps, cold plates, bain maries, steam tables, insulated food transport containers, and salad bars.
(D) Temperature measuring devices shall be designed to be easily readable.
(E) Food temperature measuring devices and water temperature measuring devices on warewashing machines shall have a numerical scale, printed record, or digital readout in increments no greater than 1°C or 2°F in the intended range of use. Pf
4-204.113 Warewashing Machine, Data Plate Operating Specifications.

A warewashing machine shall be provided with an easily accessible and readable data plate affixed to the machine by the manufacturer that indicates the machine's design and operating specifications including the:

(A) Temperatures required for washing, rinsing, and sanitizing;
(B) Pressure required for the fresh water sanitizing rinse unless the machine is designed to use only a pumped sanitizing rinse; and
(C) Conveyor speed for conveyor machines or cycle time for stationary rack machines.
4-204.114 Warewashing Machines, Internal Baffles.

Warewashing machine wash and rinse tanks shall be equipped with baffles, curtains, or other means to minimize internal cross contamination of the solutions in wash and rinse tanks.

4-204.115 Warewashing Machines, Temperature Measuring Devices.

A warewashing machine shall be equipped with a temperature measuring device that indicates the temperature of the water:

(A) In each wash and rinse tank; Pf and
(B) As the water enters the hot water sanitizing final rinse manifold or in the chemical sanitizing solution tank. Pf
4-204.116 Manual Warewashing Equipment, Heaters and Baskets.

If hot water is used for sanitization in manual warewashing operations, the sanitizing compartment of the sink shall be:

(A) Designed with an integral heating device that is capable of maintaining water at a temperature not less than 77°C (171°F); Pf and
(B) Provided with a rack or basket to allow complete immersion of equipment and utensils into the hot water. Pf
4-204.117 Warewashing Machines, Automatic Dispensing of Detergents and Sanitizers.

A warewashing machine that is installed after adoption of these rules and regulations by the regulatory authority, shall be designed and equipped to:

(A) Automatically dispense detergents and sanitizers; Pf and
(B) Incorporate a visual means to verify that detergents and sanitizers are delivered or a visual or audible alarm to signal if the detergents and sanitizers are not delivered to the respective washing and sanitizing cycles. Pf
4-204.118 Warewashing Machines, Flow Pressure Device.
(A) Warewashing machines that provide a fresh hot water sanitizing rinse shall be equipped with a pressure gauge or similar device such as a transducer that measures and displays the water pressure in the supply line immediately before entering the warewashing machine; and
(B) If the flow pressure measuring device is upstream of the fresh hot water sanitizing rinse control valve, the device shall be mounted in a one-fourth inch Iron Pipe Size (IPS) valve.
(C) Paragraphs (A) and (B) of this section do not apply to a machine that uses only a pumped or recirculated sanitizing rinse.
4-204.119 Warewashing Sinks and Drainboards, Self-Draining.

Sinks and drainboards of warewashing sinks and machines shall be self-draining.

4-204.120 Equipment Compartments, Drainage.

Equipment compartments that are subject to accumulation of moisture due to conditions such as condensation, food or beverage drip, or water from melting ice shall be sloped to an outlet that allows complete draining.

4-204.121 Vending Machines, Liquid Waste Products.
(A) Vending machines designed to store beverages that are packaged in containers made from paper products shall be equipped with diversion devices and retention pans or drains for container leakage.
(B) Vending machines that dispense liquid food in bulk shall be:
(1) Provided with an internally mounted waste receptacle for the collection of drip, spillage, overflow, or other internal wastes; and
(2) Equipped with an automatic shutoff device that will place the machine out of operation before the waste receptacle overflows.
(C) Shutoff devices specified under Subparagraph (B)(2) of this section shall prevent water or liquid food from continuously running if there is a failure of a flow control device in the water or liquid food system or waste accumulation that could lead to overflow of the waste receptacle.
4-204.122 Case Lot Handling Apparatuses, Moveability.

Apparatuses, such as dollies, pallets, racks, and skids used to store and transport large quantities of packaged foods received from a supplier in a cased or overwrapped lot, shall be designed to be moved by hand or by conveniently available equipment such as hand trucks and forklifts.

4-204.123 Vending Machine Doors and Openings.
(A) Vending machine doors and access opening covers to food and container storage spaces shall be tight-fitting so that the space along the entire interface between the doors or covers and the cabinet of the machine, if the doors or covers are in a closed position, is no greater than 1.5 millimeter or one-sixteenth inch by:
(1) Being covered with louvers, screens, or materials that provide an equivalent opening of not greater than 1.5 millimeter or one-sixteenth inch. Screening of 12 or more mesh to 2.5 centimeters (12 mesh to 1 inch) meets this requirement;
(2) Being effectively gasketed;
(3) Having interface surfaces that are at least 13 millimeters (one-half inch) wide; or
(4) Jambs or surfaces used to form an L-shaped entry path to the interface.
(B) Vending machine service connection openings through an exterior wall of a machine shall be closed by sealants, clamps, or grommets so that the openings are no larger than one-sixteenth inch.
4-205 Acceptability
4-205.10 Food Equipment, Certification and Classification.

Food equipment that is certified or classified for sanitation by an American National Standards Institute (ANSI)-accredited certification program will be deemed to comply with Parts 4-1 and 4-2 of this chapter.

4-3 NUMBERS AND CAPACITIES
4-301 Equipment
4-301.11 Cooling, Heating, and Holding Capacities.

Equipment for cooling and heating food, and holding cold and hot food, shall be sufficient in number and capacity to provide food temperatures as specified under these rules and regulations as specified under Chapter 3.Pf

4-301.12 Manual Warewashing, Sink Compartment Requirements.
(A) A sink with at least 3 compartments shall be provided for manually washing, rinsing, and sanitizing equipment and utensils. Pf
(B) Sink compartments shall be large enough to accommodate immersion of the largest equipment and utensils. If equipment or utensils are too large for the warewashing sink, a warewashing machine or alternative equipment as specified in Paragraph (C) of this section shall be used. Pf
(C) Alternative manual warewashing equipment may be used when there are special cleaning needs or constraints and its use is approved. Alternative manual warewashing equipment may include:
(1) High-pressure detergent sprayers;
(2) Low- or line-pressure spray detergent foamers;
(3) Other task-specific cleaning equipment;
(4) Brushes or other implements;
(5) Receptacles that substitute for the compartments of a multicompartment sink.
4-301.13 Drainboards.

Drainboards, utensil racks, or tables large enough to accommodate all soiled and cleaned items that may accumulate during hours of operation shall be provided for necessary utensil holding before cleaning and after sanitizing.

4-301.14 Ventilation Hood Systems, Adequacy.

Ventilation hood systems and devices shall be sufficient in number and capacity to prevent grease or condensation from collecting on walls and ceilings.

4-301.15 Clothes Washers and Dryers.
(A) Except as specified in Paragraph (B) of this section, if work clothes or linens are laundered on the premises, a mechanical clothes washer and dryer shall be provided and used.
(B) If on-PREMiSES laundering Is limited to wiping cloths Intended to be used moist, or wiping cloths are air-dried as specified under Subpart 4-901.12, a mechanical clothes washer and dryer need not be provided.
4-302 Utensils, Temperature Measuring Devices, and Testing Devices
4-302.11 Utensils, Consumer Self-Service.

A food dispensing utensil shall be available for each container displayed at a consumer self-service unit such as a buffet or salad bar. Pf

4-302.12 Food Temperature Measuring Devices.
(A) Food temperature measuring devices shall be provided and readily accessible for use in ensuring attainment and maintenance of food temperatures as specified under Chapter 3.Pf
(B) A temperature measuring device with a suitable small-diameter probe that is designed to measure the temperature of thin masses shall be provided and readily accessible to accurately measure the temperature in thin foods such as meat patties and fish filets. Pf
4-302.13 Temperature Measuring Devices, Manual Warewashing.

In manual warewashing operations, a temperature measuring device shall be provided and readily accessible for frequently measuring the washing and sanitizing temperatures.

4-302.14 Sanitizing Solutions, Testing Devices.

A test kit or other device that accurately measures the concentration in mg/L of sanitizing solutions shall be provided. Pf

4-4 LOCATION AND INSTALLATION
4-401 Location
4-401.11 Equipment, Clothes Washers and Dryers, and Storage Cabinets, Contamination Prevention.
(A) Except as specified in Paragraph (B) of this section, equipment, a cabinet used for the storage of food, or a cabinet that is used to store cleaned and sanitized equipment, utensils, laundered linens, and single-service and single-use articles may not be located:
(1) In locker rooms;
(2) In toilet rooms;
(3) In garbage rooms;
(4) In mechanical rooms;
(5) Under sewer lines that are not shielded to intercept potential drips;
(6) Under leaking water lines including leaking automatic fire sprinkler heads or under lines on which water has condensed;
(7) Under open stairwells; or
(8) Under other sources of contamination.
(B) A storage cabinet used for linens or single-service or single-use articles may be stored in a locker room.
(C) If a mechanical clothes washer or dryer is provided, it shall be located so that the washer or dryer is protected from contamination and only where there is no exposed food; clean equipment, utensils, and linens; and unwrapped single-service and SINGLE-USE ARTICLES.
4-402 Installation
4-402.11 Fixed Equipment, Spacing or Sealing.
(A) Equipment that is fixed because it is not easily movable shall be installed so that it is:
(1) Spaced to allow access for cleaning along the sides, behind, and above the equipment;
(2) Spaced from adjoining equipment, walls, and ceilings a distance of not more than 1 millimeter of one thirty-second inch; or
(3) Sealed to adjoining equipment or walls, if the equipment is exposed to spillage or seepage.
(B) counter-mounted equipment that is not easily movable shall be installed to allow cleaning of the equipment and areas underneath and around the equipment by being:
(1) Sealed; or
(2) Elevated on legs as specified under Subparagraph 4-402.12(D).
4-402.12 Fixed Equipment, Elevation or Sealing.
(A) Except as specified in Paragraphs (B) and (C) of this section, floor-mounted equipment that is not easily movable shall be sealed to the floor or elevated on legs that provide at least a 15 centimeters (6 inch) clearance between the floor and the equipment.
(B) If no part of the floor under the floor-mounted equipment is more than 15 centimeters (6 inches) from the point of cleaning access, the clearance space may be only 10 centimeters (4 inches).
(C) This section does not apply to display shelving units, display refrigeration units, and display freezer units located in the consumer shopping areas of a retail food store, if the floor under the units is maintained clean.
(D) Except as specified in Paragraph (E) of this section, counter-mounted equipment that is not easily movable shall be elevated on legs that provide at least a 4 inch clearance between the table and the equipment.
(E) The clearance space between the table and counter-mounted equipment maybe:
(1) 7.5 centimeters (3 inches) if the horizontal distance of the table top under the equipment is no more than 50 centimeters (20 inches) from the point of access for cleaning; or
(2) 5 centimeters (2 inches) if the horizontal distance of the table top under the equipment is no more than 7 centimeters (3 inches) from the point of access for cleaning.
4-5 MAINTENANCE AND OPERATION
4-501 Equipment
4-501.11 Good Repair and Proper Adjustment.
(A) Equipment shall be maintained in a state of repair and condition that meets the requirements specified under Parts 4-1 and 4-2.
(B) Equipment components such as doors, seals, hinges, fasteners, and kick plates shall be kept intact, tight, and adjusted in accordance with manufacturer's specifications.
(C) Cutting or piercing parts of can openers shall be kept sharp to minimize the creation of metal fragments that can contaminate food when the container is opened.
4-501.12 Cutting Surfaces.

Surfaces such as cutting blocks and boards that are subject to scratching and scoring shall be resurfaced if they can no longer be effectively cleaned and sanitized, or discarded if they are not capable of being resurfaced.

4-501.13 Microwave Ovens.

Microwave ovens shall meet the safety standards specified in 21 CFR 1030.10 Microwave ovens.

4-501.14 Warewashing Equipment, Cleaning Frequency.

A warewashing machine; the compartments of sinks, basins, or other receptacles used for washing and rinsing equipment, utensils, or raw foods, or laundering wiping cloths; and drainboards or other equipment used to substitute for drainboards as specified under Subpart 4-301.13 shall be cleaned:

(A) Before use;
(B) Throughout the day at a frequency necessary to prevent recontamination of equipment and utensils and to ensure that the equipment performs its intended function; and
(C) If used, at least every 24 hours.
4-501.15 Warewashing Machines, Manufacturers' Operating Instructions.
(A) A warewashing machine and its auxiliary components shall be operated in accordance with the machine's data plate and other manufacturer's instructions.
(B) A warewashing machine's conveyor speed or automatic cycle times shall be maintained accurately timed in accordance with manufacturer's specifications.
4-501.16 Warewashing Sinks, Use Limitation.
(A) A warewashing sink may not be used for handwashing as specified under Subpart 2-301.15.
(B) If a warewashing sink is used to wash wiping cloths, wash produce, or thaw food, the sink shall be cleaned as specified under Subpart 4-501.14 before and after each time it is used to wash wiping cloths or wash produce or thaw food. Sinks used to wash or thaw food shall be sanitized as specified under Part 4-7 before and after using the sink to wash produce or thaw food.
4-501.17 Warewashing Equipment, Cleaning Agents.

When used for warewashing, the wash compartment of a sink, mechanical warewasher, or wash receptacle of alternative manual warewashing equipment as specified in Subparagraph 4-301.12(C), shall contain a wash solution of soap, detergent, acid cleaner, alkaline cleaner, degreaser, abrasive cleaner, or other cleaning agent according to the cleaning agent manufacturer's label instructions. Pf

4-501.18 Warewashing Equipment, Clean Solutions.

The wash, rinse, and sanitize solutions shall be maintained clean.

4-501.19 Manual Warewashing Equipment, Wash Solution Temperature.

The temperature of the wash solution in manual warewashing equipment shall be maintained at not less than 43 C (110 F) or the temperature specified on the cleaning agent manufacturer's label instructions. Pf

4-501.110 Mechanical Warewashing Equipment, Wash Solution Temperature.
(A) The temperature of the wash solution in spray type warewashers that use hot water to sanitize may not be less than:
(1) For a stationary rack, single temperature machine, 74°C (165°F); Pf
(2) For a stationary rack, dual temperature machine, 66°C (150°F); Pf
(3) For a single tank, conveyor, dual temperature machine, 71°C (160°F); Pf or
(4) For a multitank, conveyor, multitemperature machine, 66°C (150°F). Pf
(B) The temperature of the wash solution in spray-type warewashers that use chemicals to sanitize may not be less than 49°C (120°F). Pf
4-501.111 Manual Warewashing Equipment, Hot Water Sanitization Temperatures.*

If immersion in hot water is used for sanitizing in a manual operation, the temperature of the water shall be maintained at 77°C (171°F) or above. p

4-501.112 Mechanical Warewashing Equipment, Hot Water Sanitization Temperatures.
(A) Except as specified in Paragraph (B) of this section, in a mechanical operation, the temperature of the fresh hot water sanitizing rinse as it enters the manifold may not be more than 90 C (194 F), or less than: Pf
(1) For a stationary rack, single temperature machine, 74°C (165°F); Pf or
(2) For all other machines, 82°C (180°F). Pf
(B) The maximum temperature specified under Paragraph (A) of this section, does not apply to the high pressure and temperature systems with wand-type, handheld, spraying devices used for the in-place cleaning and sanitizing of equipment such as meat saws.
4-501.113 Mechanical Warewashing Equipment, Sanitization Pressure.

The flow pressure of the fresh hot water sanitizing rinse in a warewashing machine as measured in the water line immediately downstream or upstream from the fresh hot water sanitizing rinse control valve shall be within the range specified on the machine manufacturer's data plate and may not be less than 35 kilopascals (5 pounds per square inch) or more than 200 kilopascals (30 pounds per square inch).

4-501.114 Manual and Mechanical Warewashing Equipment, Chemical Sanitization -Temperature, pH, Concentration, and Hardness.*

A chemical sanitizer used in a sanitzing solution for a manual or mechanical operation at contact times specified under Subparagraph 4-703.11 (C) shall meet the criteria specified under Paragraph 7-204.11 Sanitizers, Criteria, shall be used in accordance with the EPA-registered label use instructions, and shall be used as follows:

(A) A chlorine solution shall have a minimum temperature based on the concentration and pH of the solution as listed in the following chart; p

Minimum Concentration

Minimum Temperature

mg/L

pH 10 or less °C (°F)

pH 8 or less °C (°F)

25

49(120)

49(120)

50

38(100)

24 (75)

100

13(55)

13(55)

(B) An iodine solution shall have a:
(1) Minimum temperature of 20°C (68°F), p
(2) pH of 5.0 or less or a pH no higher than the level for which the manufacturer specifies the solution is effective, p and
(3) Concentration between 12.5 mg/L and 25 mg/L; p
(C) A quaternary ammonium compound solution shall:
(1) Have a minimum temperature of 24°C (75°F), p
(2) Have a concentration as specified under Subpart 7-204.11 and as indicated by the manufacturer's use directions included in the labeling, p and
(3) Be used only in water with 500 mg/L hardness or less or in water having a hardness no greater than specified by the EPA-registered label use instructions; p
(D) If another solution of a chemical specified under Paragraphs (A)-(C) of this section is used, the permit holder shall demonstrate to the regulatory authority that the solution achieves sanitization and the use of the solution shall be approved; p or
(E) If a chemical sanitizer other than chlorine, iodine, or a quaternary ammonium compound is used, it shall be applied in accordance with the EPA-registered label use instructions; p
4-501.115 Manual Warewashing Equipment, Chemical Sanitization Using Detergent-Sanitizers.

If a detergent-SANiTiZER is used to sanitize in a cleaning and sanitizing procedure where there is no distinct water rinse between the washing and sanitizing steps, the agent applied in the sanitizing step shall be the same detergent-SANiTiZER that is used in the washing step.

4-501.116 Warewashing Equipment, Determining Chemical Sanitizer Concentration.

Concentration of the sanitizing solution shall be accurately determined by using a test kit or other device. Pf

4-502 Utensils and Temperature and Pressure Measuring Devices
4-502.11 Good Repair and Calibration.
(A) Utensils shall be maintained in a state of repair or condition that complies with the requirements specified under Parts 4-1 and 4-2 or shall be discarded.
(B) Food temperature measuring devices shall be calibrated in accordance with manufacturer's specifications as necessary to ensure their accuracy. Pf
(C) Ambient air temperature, water pressure, and water temperature measuring devices shall be maintained in good repair and are accurate within the intended range of use.
4-502.12 Single-Service and Single-Use Articles, Required Use.*

A retail food establishment without facilities specified under Parts 4-6 and 4-7 for cleaning and sanitizing kitchenware and tableware shall provide only single-use KITCHENWARE, SINGLE-SERVICE ARTICLES, and SINGLE-USE ARTICLES for USe by FOOD EMPLOYEES and SINGLE-SERVICE ARTICLES for USe by CONSUMERS. P

4-502-13 Single-Service and Single-Use Articles, Use Limitation.
(A) Single-service and single-use articles may not be reused.
(B) The bulk milk container dispensing tube shall be cut on the diagonal leaving no more than one inch protruding from the chilled dispensing head.
4-502.14 Shells, Use Limitation.

Mollusk and Crustacea shells may not be used more than once as serving containers.

4-6 CLEANING OF EQUIPMENT AND UTENSILS
4-601 Objective
4-601.11 Equipment, Food-Contact Surfaces, Nonfood-Contact Surfaces, and Utensils.*
(A) Equipment food-contact surfaces and utensils shall be clean to sight and touch. Pf
(B) The food-contact surfaces of cooking equipment and pans shall be kept free of encrusted grease deposits and other soil accumulations.
(C) NonFOOD-coNTACT surfaces of equipment shall be kept free of an accumulation of dust, dirt, food residue, and other debris.
4-602 Frequency
4-602.11 Equipment Food-Contact Surfaces and Utensils.*
(A) Equipment food-contact surfaces and utensils shall be cleaned:
(1) Except as specified in Paragraph (B) of this section, before each use with a different type of raw animal food such as beef, fish, lamb, pork, or poultry; p
(2) Each time there is a change from working with raw foods to working with READY-TO-EAT FOODS; P
(3) Between uses with raw fruits and vegetables and with potentially HAZARDOUS FOOD (TIME/TEMPERATURE CONTROL FOR SAFETY FOOD); P
(4) Before using or storing a food temperature measuring device; p and
(5) At any time during the operation when contamination may have occurred. p
(B) Subparagraph (A)(1) of this section does not apply if the food-contact surface or utensil is in contact with a succession of different raw animal foods each requiring a higher cooking temperature as specified under Subpart 3-401.11 than the previous food, such as preparing raw fish followed by cutting raw poultry on the same cutting board.
(C) Except as specified in Paragraph (D) of this section, if used with potentially HAZARDOUS FOOD (TIME/TEMPERATURE CONTROL FOR SAFETY FOOD), EQUIPMENT FOOD-CONTACT surfaces and utensils shall be cleaned throughout the day at least every 4 hours. p
(D) Surfaces of utensils and equipment contacting potentially hazardous food (time/temperature control for safety food) may be cleaned less frequently than every 4 hours if:
(1) In storage, containers of potentially hazardous food (time/temperature control for safety food), and their contents are maintained at temperatures specified under these rules and regulations and the containers are cleaned when they are empty;
(2) Utensils and equipment are used to prepare food in a refrigerated room or area that is maintained at one of the temperatures in the following chart and:
(a) The utensils and equipment are cleaned at the frequency in the following chart that corresponds to the temperature; and

Temperature

Cleaning Frequency

5.0°C(41°F)orless

24 hours

>5.0°C-7.2°C(>41oF-45oF)

20 hours

>7.2°C - 10.0°C (>45°F - 50°F)

16 hours

>10.0°C - 12.8°C (>50°F - 55°F)

10 hours

(b) The cleaning frequency based on the ambient temperature of the refrigerated room or area is documented in the retail food ESTABLISHMENT.
(3) Containers in serving situations such as salad bars, delis, and cafeteria lines hold ready-to-eat potentially hazardous food (time/temperature control for safety food) that is maintained at the temperatures specified under Chapter 3, are intermittently combined with additional supplies of the same food that is at the required temperature, and the containers are cleaned at least every 24 hours;
(4) Temperature measuring devices are maintained in contact with food, such as when left in a container of deli food or in a roast, held at temperatures specified under Chapter 3;
(5) Equipment is used for storage of packaged or uhpackaged food such as a reach-in refrigerator and the equipment is cleaned at a frequency necessary to preclude accumulation of soil residues;
(6) The cleaning schedule is approved based on consideration of:
(a) Characteristics of the equipment and its use,
(b) The type of food involved,
(c) The amount of food residue accumulation, and
(d) The temperature at which the food is maintained during the operation and the potential for the rapid and progressive multiplication of pathogenic or toxigenic microorganisms that are capable of causing foodbome disease; or
(7) In-use utensils are intermittently stored in a container of water in which the water is maintained at 57 C (135F) or more and the utensils and container are cleaned at least every 24 hours or at a frequency necessary to preclude accumulation of soil residues.
(E) Except when dry cleaning methods are used as specified under Subpart 4-603.11, surfaces of utensils and equipment contacting food that is not POTENTIALLY HAZARDOUS (TIME/TEMPERATURE CONTROL FOR SAFETY FOOD) Shall be cleaned;
(1) At any time when contamination may have occurred;
(2) At least every 24 hours for iced tea dispensers and consumer self-service utensils such as tongs, scoops, or ladles;
(3) Before restocking consumer self-service equipment and utensils such as condiment dispensers and display containers; and
(4) In equipment such as ice bins and beverage dispensing nozzles and enclosed components of equipment such as ice makers, cooking oil storage tanks and distribution lines, beverage and syrup dispensing lines or tubes, coffee bean grinders, and water vending equipment:
(a) At a frequency specified by the manufacturer, or
(b) Absent manufacturer specifications, at a frequency necessary to preclude accumulation of soil or mold.
4-602.12 Cooking and Baking Equipment.
(A) The food-contact surfaces of cooking and baking equipment shall be cleaned at least every 24 hours. This section does not apply to hot oil cooking and filtering equipment if it is cleaned as specified in Subparagraph 4-602.11(D)(6).
(B) The cavities and door seals of microwave ovens shall be cleaned at least every 24 hours by using the manufacturer's recommended cleaning procedure.
4-602.13 Nonfood-Contact Surfaces.

NonFOOD-coNTACT surfaces of equipment shall be cleaned at a frequency necessary to preclude accumulation of soil residues.

4-603 Methods
4-603.11 Dry Cleaning.
(A) If used, dry cleaning methods such as brushing, scraping, and vacuuming shall contact only surfaces that are soiled with dry food residues that are not POTENTIALLY HAZARDOUS.
(B) Cleaning equipment used in dry cleaning food-contact surfaces may not be used for any other purpose.
4-603.12 Precleaning.
(A) Food debris on equipment and utensils shall be scrapped over a waste disposal unit or garbage receptacle or shall be removed in a warewashing machine with a prewash cycle.
(B) If necessary for effective cleaning, utensils and equipment shall be preflushed, presoaked, or scrubbed with abrasives.
4-603.13 Loading of Soiled Items, Warewashing Machines.

Soiled items to be cleaned in a warewashing machine shall be loaded into racks, trays, or baskets or onto conveyors in a position that:

(A) Exposes the items to the unobstructed spray from all cycles; and
(B) Allows the items to drain.
4-603.14Wet Cleaning.
(A) Equipment food-contact surfaces and utensils shall be effectively washed to remove or completely loosen soils by using the manual or mechanical means necessary such as the application of detergents containing wetting agents and emulsifiers; acid, alkaline, or abrasive cleaners; hot water; brushes; scouring pads; high-pressure sprays; or ultrasonic devices.
(B) The washing procedures selected shall be based on the type and purpose of the equipment or utensil, and on the type of soil to be removed.
4-603.15 Washing, Procedures for Alternative Manual Warewashing Equipment.

If washing in sink compartments or a warewashing machine is impractical such as when the equipment is fixed or the utensils are too large, washing shall be done by using alternative manual warewashing equipment as specified in Subparagraph 4-301.12(C) in accordance with the following procedures:

(A) Equipment shall be disassembled as necessary to allow access of the detergent solution to all parts;
(B) Equipment components and utensils shall be scrapped or rough cleaned to remove food particle accumulation; and
(B) Equipment and utensils shall be washed as specified under Subparagraph 4-603.14(A).
4-603.16 Rinsing Procedures.

Washed utensils and equipment shall be rinsed so that abrasives are removed and cleaning chemicals are removed or diluted through the use of water or a detergent-SANiTiZER solution by using one of the following procedures:

4-603.16 Rinsing Procedures continued.
(A) Use of a distinct, separate water rinse after washing and before sanitizing if using:
(1) A 3-compartment sink,
(2) Alternative manual warewashing equipment equivalent to a 3-compartment sink as specified in Subparagraph 4-301.12(C), or
(3) A 3-step washing, rinsing, and sanitizing procedure in a warewashing system for cip equipment;
(B) Use of a detergent-SANiTiZER as specified under Subpart 4-501.115 if using:
(1) Alternative warewashing equipment as specified in Subparagraph 4-301.12(C) that is approved for use with a detergent-SANiTiZER, or
(2) A warewashing system for cip equipment;
(C) Use of a non-distinct water rinse that is integrated in the hot water sanitization immersion step of a 2-compartment sink operation;
(D) If using a warewashing machine that does not recycle the sanitizing solution as specified under Paragraph (E) of this section, or alternative manual warewashing equipment such as sprayers, use of a non-distinct water rinse that is:
(1) Integrated in the application of the sanitizing solution, and
(2) Wasted immediately after each application; or
(E) If using a warewashing machine that recycles the sanitizing solution for use in the next wash cycle, use of a non-distinct water rinse that is integrated in the application of the sanitizing solution.
4-603.17 Returnables, Cleaning for Refilling.*
(A) Except as specified in Paragraphs (B) and (C) of this section, returned empty containers intended for cleaning and refilling with food shall be cleaned and refilled in a regulated food processing plant. p
(B) A FOOD-specific container for beverages may be refilled at retail food ESTABLISHMENT if.
(1) Only a beverage that is not a potentially hazardous food (time/temperature control for safety food) is used as specified under Subparagraph 3-304.17(A);
(2) The design of the container and of the rinsing equipment and the nature of the beverage, when considered together, allow effective cleaning at home or in the retail food establishment;
(3) Facilities for rinsing before refilling returned containers with fresh, hot water that is under pressure and not recirculated are provided as part of the dispensing system;
(4) The coNSUMER-owned container returned to the retail food establishment for refilling is refilled for sale or service only to the same consumer; and
(5) The container is refilled by:
(a) An employee of the retail food establishment, or
(b) The owner of the container if the beverage system includes a contamination-free transfer process that cannot be bypassed by the container owner.
(C) CoNSUMER-owned containers that are not FOOD-specific may be filled at a water vending machine or system.
4-7 SANITIZATION OF EQUIPMENT AND UTENSILS
4-701 Objective
4-701.10 Food-Contact Surfaces and Utensils.

Equipment food-contact surfaces and utensils shall be sanitized.

4-702 Frequency
4-702.11 Before Use After Cleaning.*

Utensils and food-contact surfaces of equipment shall be sanitized before use after cleaning. p

4-703 Methods
4-703.11 Hot Water and Chemical.*

After being cleaned, equipment food-contact surfaces and utensils shall be sanitized in:

(A) Hot water manual operations by immersion for at least 30 seconds and as specified under Subpart 4-501.111; p
(B) Hot water mechanical operations by being cycled through equipment that is set up as specified under Subparts 4-501.15, 4-501.112, and 4-501.113 and achieving a utensil surface temperature of 71 °C (160°F) as measured by an irreversible registering temperature indicator; p or
(C) Chemical manual or mechanical operations, including the application of sanitizing chemicals by immersion, manual swabbing, brushing, or pressure spraying methods, using a solution as specified under Subpart 4-501.114. Contact times shall be consistent with those on EPA-registered label use instructions by providing:
4-703.11 Hot Water and Chemical continued.*
(1) Except as specified under Subparagraph (C)(2) of this section, an contact time of at least 10 seconds for a chlorine solution specified under Subparagraph 4-501.114(A), p
(2) An contact time of at least 7 seconds for a chlorine solution of 50 mg/L that has a pH of 10 or less and a temperature of at least 38°C (100°F) or a pH of 8 or less and a temperature of at least 24°C (75°F), p
(3) An contact time of at least 30 seconds for other chemical sanitizing solutions, p or
(4) An contact time used in relationship with a combination of temperature, concentration, and pH that, when evaluated for efficacy, yields sanitization as defined in Subparagraph 1-201.10(B)(79). p
4-8 LAUNDERING
4-801 Objective
4-801.11 Clean Linens.

Clean linens shall be free from food residues and other soiling matter.

4-802 Frequency
4-802.11 Specifications.
(A) Linens that do not come in direct contact with food shall be laundered between operations if they become wet, sticky, or visibly soiled.
(B) Cloth gloves used as specified in Subparagraph 3-304.15(D) shall be laundered before being used with a different type of raw animal food such as beef, fish, lamb, pork, or poultry.
(C) Linens and napkins that are used as specified under Subpart 3-304.13 and cloth napkins shall be laundered between each use.
(D) Wet wiping cloths shall be laundered daily.
(E) Dry wiping cloths shall be laundered as necessary to prevent contamination of food and clean serving utensils.
4-803 Methods
4-803.11 Storage of Soiled Linens.

Soiled linens shall be kept in clean, nonabsorbent receptacles or clean, washable laundry bags and stored and transported to prevent contamination of food, clean equipment, clean utensils, and single-service and single-use articles.

4-803.12 Mechanical Washing.
(A) Except as specified in Paragraph (B) of this section, linens shall be mechanically washed.
(B) In retail food establishments In which only wiping cloths are laundered as specified In Subparagraph 4-301.15(B), the wiping cloths may be laundered In a mechanical washer, sink designated only for laundering wiping cloths, or a warewashing or food preparation sink that Is cleaned as specified under Subpart 4-501.14.
4-803.13 Use of Laundry Facilities.
(A) Except as specified in Paragraph (B) of this section, laundry facilities on the premises of a retail food establishment shall be used only for the washing and drying of items used in the operation of the establishment.
(B) Separate laundry facilities located on the premises for the purpose of general laundering such as for Institutions providing boarding and lodging may also be used for laundering retail food establishment items.
4-9 PROTECTION OF CLEAN ITEMS
4-901 Drying
4-901.11 Equipment and Utensils, Air-Drying Required.

After cleaning and sanitizing, equipment and utensils:

(A) Shall be air-dried or used after adequate draining as specified in the first paragraph of 40 CFR 180.940 Tolerance exemptions for active and inert ingredients for use in antimicrobial formulations (food-contact surface sanitizing solutions) before contact with food; and
(B) May not be cloth dried except that utensils that have been air-dried may be polished with cloths that are maintained clean and dry.
4-901.12 Wiping Cloths, Air-Drying Locations.

Wiping cloths laundered in a retail food establishment that does not have a mechanical clothes dryer as specified in Subparagraph 4-301.15(B) shall be air-dried in a location and in a manner that prevents contamination of food, equipment, utensils, linens, and single-service and single-use articles and the wiping cloths. This section does not apply if wiping cloths are stored after laundering in a sanitizing solution as specified under Subpart 4-501.114.

4-902 Lubricating and Reassembling
4-902.11 Food-Contact Surfaces.

Lubricants as specified under § 7-205.11 shall be applied to food-contact surfaces that require lubrication in a manner that does not contaminate food-contact surfaces.

4-902.12 Equipment.

Equipment shall be reassembled so that food-contact surfaces are not contaminated.

4-903 Storing
4-903.11 Equipment, Utensils, Linens, and Single-Service and Single-Use Articles.
(A) Except as specified in Paragraph (D) of this section, cleaned equipment and utensils, laundered linens, and single-service and single-use articles shall be stored:
(1) In a clean, dry location;
(2) Where they are not exposed to splash, dust, or other contamination; and
(3) At least 15 cm (6 inches) above the floor.
(B) Clean equipment and utensils shall be stored as specified under Paragraph (A) of this section and shall be stored:
(1) In a self-draining position that allows air drying; and
(2) Covered or inverted.
(C) Single-service and single-use articles shall be stored as specified under Paragraph (A) of this section and shall be kept in the original protective package or stored by using other means that afford protection from contamination until used.
(D) Items that are kept in closed packages may be stored less than 6 inches above the floor on dollies, pallets, racks, and skids that are designed as specified under Subparagraph 4-204.122.
4-903.12 Prohibitions.
(A) Except as specified in Paragraph (B) of this section, cleaned and sanitized equipment, utensils, laundered linens, and single-service and single-use articles may not be stored:
(1) In locker rooms;
(2) In toilet rooms;
(3) In garbage rooms;
(4) In mechanical rooms;
(5) Under sewer lines that are not shielded to intercept potential drips;
(6) Under leaking water lines including leaking automatic fire sprinkler heads or under lines on which water has condensed;
(7) Under open stairwells; or
(8) Under other sources of contamination.
(B) Laundered linens and single-service and single-use articles that are packaged or in a facility such as a cabinet may be stored in a locker room.
4-904 Handling
4-904.11 Kitchenware and Tableware.
(A) Single-service and single-use articles and cleaned and sanitized utensils shall be handled, displayed, and dispensed so that contamination of food- and lip-contact surfaces is prevented.
(B) Knives, forks, and spoons that are not pre-wrapped shall be presented so that only the handles are touched by employees and by consumers if consumer self-service is provided.
(C) Except as specified under Paragraph (B) of this section, single-service articles that are intended for food- or lip-contact shall be furnished for consumer self-service with the original individual wrapper intact or from an approved dispenser.
4-904.12 Soiled and Clean Tableware.

Soiled tableware shall be removed from consumer eating and drinking areas and handled so that clean tableware is not contaminated.

4-904.13 Preset Tableware.
(A) Except as specified in (B) of this section, tableware that is preset shall be protected from contamination by being wrapped, covered, or inverted;
(B) Preset tableware may be exposed if:
(1) Unused settings are removed when a consumer is seated; or
(2) Settings not removed when a consumer is seated are cleaned and sanitized before further use.
Chapter 5 Water, Plumbing, and Waste
5-1 WATER
5-101 Source
5-101.11 Approved System.*

Drinking water shall be obtained from an approved source that is:

(A) A PUBLIC WATER SYSTEM; P Or
(B) A semi-public water system that is constructed, maintained, and operated according to law. p
5-101.12 System Flushing and Disinfection.*

A drinking water system shall be flushed and disinfected before being placed in service after construction, repair, or modification and after an emergency situation, such as a flood, that may introduce contaminants to the system. p

5-101.13 Bottled Drinking Water.*

Bottled drinking water used or sold in a retail food establishment shall be obtained from approved sources in accordance with 21 CFR 129 - Processing and Bottling of Bottled DRINKING WATER. P

5-102 Quality
5-102.11 Standards.*

Except as specified under Subpart 5-102.12:

(A) Water from a public water system shall meet 40 CFR 141 - National Primary Drinking Water Regulations and state drinking water quality standards; p and
(B) Water from a semi-public water system shall meet state drinking water quality standards. p
5-102.12 Nondrinking Water.*
(A) A non-DRiNKiNG water supply shall be used only if its use is approved by ARKANSAS PLUMBING CODE.
(B) Non-DRiNKiNG water shall be used only for non-culinary purposes such as air conditioning, non-FOOD equipment cooling, and fire protection. p
5-102.13 Sampling.

Except when used as specified under Subpart 5-102.12, water from a semi-public water system shall be sampled and tested at least annually and as required by state water quality regulations.

5-102.14 Sample Report.

The most recent sample report for the semi-public water system shall be retained on file in the retail food establishment or the report shall be maintained as specified by state water quality regulations.

5-103 Quantity and Availability
5-103.11 Capacity.*
(A) The water source and system shall be of sufficient capacity to meet the peak water demands of the retail food establishment. Pf
(B) Hot water generation and distribution systems shall be sufficient to meet the peak hot water demands throughout the retail food establishment. Pf
5-103.12 Pressure.

Water under pressure shall be provided to all fixtures, equipment, and nonFOOD equipment that are required to use water except that water supplied as specified under Subparagraphs 5-104.12(A) and (B) to a temporary food establishment or in response to a temporary interruption of a water supply need not be under pressure. Pf

5-104 Distribution, Delivery, and Retention
5-104.11 System.

Water shall be received from the source through the use of:

(A) An approved public water main; Pf or
(B) One or more of the following that shall be constructed, maintained, and operated according to law: Pf
(1) Nonpublic water main, water pumps, pipes, hoses, connections, and other appurtenances, Pf
(2) Water transport vehicles, Pf and
(3) Water containers. Pf
5-104.12 Alternative Water Supply.

Water meeting the requirements specified under Subparts 5-101, 5-102, and 5-103 shall be made available for a temporary food establishment without a permanent water supply, and for a retail food establishment with a temporary interruption of its water supply through:

(A) A supply of containers of commercially bottled drinking water; Pf
(B) One or more closed portable water containers; Pf
(C) An enclosed vehicular water tank; Pf
(D) An on-PREMiSES water storage tank; Pf or
(E) Piping, tubing, or hoses connected to an adjacent approved source. Pf
5-2 PLUMBING SYSTEM
5-201 Materials
5-201.11 Approved.*
(A) A plumbing system and hoses conveying water shall be constructed and repaired with approved materials according to law. p
(B) A water filter shall be made of safe materials. p
5-202 Design, Construction, and Installation
5-202.11 Approved System and Cleanable Fixtures.*
(A) A plumbing system shall be designed, constructed, and installed according to law. p
(B) A plumbing fixture such as a handwashing sink, toilet, or urinal shall be easily CLEANABLE.
5-202.12 Handwashing Sink, Installation.
(A) A handwashing sink shall be equipped to provide water at a temperature of at least 38°C (100°F) through a mixing valve or combination faucet. Pf
(B) A steam mixing valve may not be used at a handwashing sink.
(C) A self-closing, slow-closing, or metering faucet shall provide a flow of water for at least 15 seconds without the need to reactivate the faucet.
(D) An automatic handwashing sink shall be installed in accordance with manufacturer's instructions.
5-202.13 Backflow Prevention, Air Gap.*

An air gap between the water supply inlet and the flood level rim of the plumbing fixture, equipment, or non-FOOD equipment shall be at least twice the diameter of the water supply inlet and may not be less than 25 mm (1 inch). p

5-202.14 Backflow Prevention Device, Design Standard.

A backflow or backsiphonage prevention device installed on a water supply system shall meet American Society of Sanitary Engineering (A.S.S.E.) standards for construction, installation, maintenance, inspection, and testing for that specific application and type of device. p

5-202.15 Conditioning Device, Design.

A water filter, screen, and other water conditioning device installed on water lines shall be designed to facilitate disassembly for periodic servicing and cleaning. A water filter element shall be of the replaceable type.

5-203 Numbers and Capacities
5-203.11 Handwashing Sinks.*
(A) Except as specified in Paragraphs (B) and (C) of this section, at least 1 handwashing sink, a number of handwashing sinks necessary for their convenient use by employees in areas specified under Subpart 5-204.11, and not fewer than the number of handwashing sinks required by law shall be provided. Pf
(B) If approved and capable of removing the types of soils encountered In the food operations Involved, automatic handwashing sinks may be substituted for handwashing sinks In a retail food establishment that has at least one HANDWASHING SINK.
(C) If approved, when food exposure is limited and handwashing sinks are not conveniently available, such as in some mobile or temporary food ESTABLISHMENTS Or at SOme VENDING MACHINE LOCATIONS, EMPLOYEES may USe chemically treated towelettes for handwashing.
5-203.12 Toilets and Urinals.*
(A) At least 1 toilet and not fewer than the toilets required by law shall be provided. If authorized by law and urinals are substituted for toilets, the substitution shall be done as specified in law.
(B) Toilets and urinals may not be used as a service sink for the disposal of mop water and similar liquid waste.
5-203.13 Service Sink.

At least 1 service sink or 1 curbed cleaning facility equipped with a floor drain shall be provided and conveniently located for the cleaning of mops or similar wet floor cleaning tools and for the disposal of mop water and similar liquid waste.

5-203.14 Backflow Prevention Device, When Required.*

A plumbing system shall be installed to preclude backflow of a solid, liquid, or gas contaminant into the water supply system at each point of use at the retail food establishment, including on a hose bibb if a hose is attached or on a hose bibb if a hose is not attached and backflow prevention is required by law, by:

(A) Providing an air gap as specified under Subpart 5-202.13; p or
(B) Installing an approved backflow prevention device as specified under Subpart 5-202.14.
p
5-203.15 Backflow Prevention Device, Carbonator.*
(A) If not provided with an air gap as specified under Subpart 5-202.13, a double check valve with an intermediate vent preceded by a screen of not less than 100 mesh to 25.4 mm (1 inch) shall be installed upstream from a carbonating device and downstream from any copper in the water supply line.
(B) A dual check valve attached to the carbonator need not be of the vented type if an air gap or vented backflow prevention device has been otherwise provided as specified under Paragraph (A) of this section.
5-204 Location and Placement
5-204.11 Handwashing Sinks.*

A handwashing facility shall be located:

(A) To allow convenient use by employees in food preparation, food dispensing, and warewashing areas; and
(B) In, or immediately adjacent to, toilet rooms. Pf
5-204.12Backflow Prevention Device, Location.

A backflow prevention device shall be located so that it may be serviced and maintained.

5-204.13 Conditioning Device, Location.

A water filter, screen, and other water conditioning device installed on water lines shall be located to facilitate disassembly for periodic servicing and cleaning.

5-205 Operation and Maintenance
5-205.11 Using a Handwashing Sink.
(A) A handwashing sink shall be maintained so that it is accessible at all times for EMPLOYEE USe. Pf
(B) A handwashing sink may not be used for purposes other than handwashing. Pf
(C) An automatic handwashing sink shall be used in accordance with manufacturer's instructions. Pf
5-205.12 Prohibiting a Cross Connection.*
(A) Except as specified in 9 CFR 308.3(d) forfirefighting, a person may not create a cross connection by connecting a pipe or conduit between the drinking water system and a non-DRiNKiNG water system or a water system of unknown quality. p
(B) The piping of a non-DRiNKiNG water system shall be durably identified so that it is readily distinguishable from piping that carries drinking water. Pf
5-205.13 Scheduling Inspection and Service for a Water System Device.

A device such as a water treatment device or backflow preventer shall be scheduled for inspection and service, in accordance with manufacturer's instructions and as necessary to prevent device failure based on local water conditions, and records demonstrating inspection and service shall be maintained by the person in charge. Pf

5-205.14 Water Reservoir of Fogging Devices, Cleaning.*
(A) A reservoir that is used to supply water to a device such as a produce fogger shall be:
(1) Maintained in accordance with manufacturer's specifications; pand
(2) Cleaned in accordance with manufacturer's specifications or according to the procedures specified under Paragraph (B) of this section, whichever is more stringent. p
(B) Cleaning procedures shall include at least the following steps and shall be conducted at least once a week:
(1) Draining and complete disassembly of the water and aerosol contact parts; p
(2) Brush-cleaning the reservoir, aerosol tubing, and discharge nozzles with a suitable detergent solution; p
(3) Flushing the complete system with water to remove the detergent solution and particulate accumulation; p and
(4) Rinsing by immersing, spraying, or swabbing the reservoir, aerosol tubing, and discharge nozzles with at least 50 mg/L hypochlorite solution. p
5-205.15 System Maintained in Good Repair.*

A plumbing system shall be:

(A) Repaired according to law; p and
(B) Maintained in good repair.
5-3 MOBILE WATER TANK AND MOBILE FOOD ESTABLISHMENT WATER TANK
5-301 Materials
5-301.11 Approved.

Materials that are used in the construction of a mobile water tank, mobile, seasonal food establishment, pushcart, and coffee kiosk water tank and appurtenances shall be:

(A) Safe; p
(B) Durable, corrosion-resistant, and nonabsorbent; and
(C) Finished to have a smooth, easily cleanable surface.
5-302 Design and Construction
5-302.11 Enclosed System, Sloped to Drain.

A mobile, seasonal pushcart, or coffee kiosk water tank shall be:

(A) Enclosed from the filling inlet to the discharge outlet; and
(B) Sloped to an outlet that allows complete drainage of the tank.
5-302.12 Inspection and Cleaning Port, Protected and Secured.

If a water tank is designed with an access port for inspection and cleaning, the opening shall be in the top of the tank and:

(A) Flanged upward at least 13 mm (one-half inch); and
(B) Equipped with a port cover assembly that is:
(1) Provided with a gasket and a device for securing the cover in place, and
(2) Flanged to overlap the opening and sloped to drain.
5-302.13 "V" Type Threads, Use Limitation.

A fitting with "V" type threads on a water tank inlet or outlet shall be allowed only when a hose is permanently attached.

5-302.14 Tank Vent, Protected.

If provided, a water tank vent shall terminate in a downward direction and shall be covered with:

(A) 16 mesh to 25.4 mm (16 mesh to1 inch) screen or equivalent when the vent is in a protected area; or
(B) A protective filter when the vent is in an area that is not protected from windblown dirt and debris.
5-302.15 Inlet and Outlet, Sloped to Drain.
(A) A water tank and its inlet and outlet shall be sloped to drain.
(B) A water tank inlet shall be positioned so that it is protected from contaminants such as waste discharge, road dust, oil, or grease.
5-302.16 Hose, Construction and Identification.

A hose used for conveying drinking water from a water tank shall be:

(A) Safe; p
(B) Durable, corrosion-resistant, and nonabsorbent;
(C) Resistant to pitting, chipping, crazing, scratching, scoring, distortion, and decomposition;
(D) Finished with a smooth interior surface; and
(E) Clearly and durably identified as to its use if not permanently attached.
5-303 Numbers and Capacities
5-303.11 Filter, Compressed Air.

A filter that does not pass oil or oil vapors shall be installed in the air supply line between the compressor and drinking water system when compressed air is used to pressurize the water tank system. p

5-303.12 Protective Cover or Device.

A cap and keeper chain, closed cabinet, closed storage tube, or other approved protective cover or device shall be provided for a water inlet, outlet, and hose.

5-303.13 Mobile, Seasonal, Pushcart, Coffee Kiosk Food Establishment Tank Inlet.

A mobile, seasonal, coffee kiosk food establishment's water tank inlet shall be:

(A) 19 mm (three-fourths inch) in inner diameter or less; and
(B) Provided with a hose connection of a size or type that will prevent its use for any other service.
5-304 Operation and Maintenance
5-304.10 Operation

If a water tank in a MOBILE RETAIL FOOD ESTABLISHMENT, a SEASONAL RETAIL FOOD ESTABLISHMENT, PUSHCART a COFFEE KIOSK RETAIL FOOD ESTABLISHMENT, or a RETAIL FOOD ESTABLISHMENT with a temporary interruption of its water supply in accordance with Subpart 5-104.12, is to be used as alternative water supply, then in accordance with manufacturer specifications or at least every 14 consecutive days, the water tank must be drained, sanitized, and filled with water from an APPROVED source. A log must be maintained of the sanitizing and fresh water filling of the water tank.

5-304.11 System Flushing and Disinfection.*

A water tank, pump, and hoses shall be flushed and sanitized before being placed in service after construction, repair, modification, and periods of nonuse. p

5-304.12 Using a Pump and Hoses, Backflow Prevention.

A person shall operate a water tank, pump, and hoses so that backflow and other contamination of the water supply are prevented.

5-304.13 Protecting Inlet, Outlet, and Hose Fitting.

If not in use, a water tank and hose inlet and outlet fitting shall be protected using a cover or device as specified under Subpart 5-303.12.

5-304.14 Tank, Pump, and Hoses, Dedication.
(A) Except as specified in Paragraph (B) of this section, a water tank, pump, and hoses used for conveying drinking water shall be used for no other purpose. p
(B) Water tanks, pumps, and hoses approved for liquid foods may be used for conveying drinking water if they are cleaned and sanitized before they are used to convey water.
5-4 SEWAGE, OTHER LIQUID WASTE, AND RAINWATER
5-401 Mobile, Seasonal, Pushcart, Coffee Kiosk Holding Tank
5-401.11 Capacity and Drainage.

A sewage holding tank in a mobile food establishment, a seasonal retail food ESTABLISHMENT, PUSHCART Or a COFFEE KIOSK RETAIL FOOD ESTABLISHMENT Shall be:

(A) Sized 15 percent larger in capacity than the water supply tank; and
(B) Sloped to a drain that is 1 inch in inner diameter or greater, equipped with a shut-off valve.
(C) A wastewater holding tank may only be used when the establishment is in compliance with 5-304.10.
5-402 Retention, Drainage, and Delivery
5-402.10 Establishment Drainage System.

retail Food establishment drainage systems, including grease traps, that convey sewage shall be designed and installed as specified under Subparagraph 5-202.11(A).

5-402.11 Backflow Prevention.*
(A) Except as specified in Paragraphs (B) and (C) of this section, a direct connection may not exist between the sewage system and a drain originating from equipment in which food, portable equipment, or utensils are placed. p
(B) Paragraph (A) of this section does not apply to floor drains that originate in refrigerated spaces that are constructed as an integral part of the building.
(C) If allowed by law a warewashing machine may have a direct connection between its waste outlet and a floor drain when the machine is located within 1.5 m (5 feet) of a trapped floor drain and the machine outlet is connected to the inlet side of a properly vented floor drain trap.
(D) If allowed by, a warewashing or culinary sink may have a direct connection.

location and placement

5-402.12 Grease Trap.

If used, a grease trap shall be located to be easily accessible for cleaning.

5-402.13 Conveying Sewage.*

Sewage shall be conveyed to the point of disposal through an approved sanitary sewage system or other system, including use of sewage transport vehicles, waste retention tanks, pumps, pipes, hoses, and connections that are constructed, maintained, and operated according to law. p

5-402.14 Removing Mobile Food Establishment, Seasonal, Pushcart and Coffee Kiosk, Wastes.
(A) Sewage and other liquid wastes shall be removed from a mobile food ESTABLISHMENT. PUSHCART, Or COFFEE KIOSK FOOD ESTABLISHMENT at an APPROVED waste servicing area or by a sewage transport vehicle in such a way that a public health hazard or nuisance is not created. Pf
(B) These food establishments, in 5-402.14 (A), must have a written agreement with the approved waste disposal site. Pf
5-402.15 Flushing a Waste Retention Tank.

A tank for liquid waste retention shall be thoroughly flushed and drained in a sanitary manner during the servicing operation.

5-403 Disposal Facility
5-403.11 Approved Sewage Disposal System.*

Sewage shall be disposed through an approved facility that is:

(A) A public sewage treatment plant; p or
(B) An individual sewage disposal system that is sized, constructed, maintained, and operated according to law. p
5-403.12 Other Liquid Wastes and Rainwater.

Condensate drainage and other non-SEWAGE liquids and rainwater shall be drained from point of discharge to disposal according to law.

5-5 REFUSE, RECYCLABLES, AND RETURNABLES
5-501 Facilities on the Premises
5-501.10 Indoor Storage Area.

If located within the retail food establishment, a storage area for refuse, recyclables, and returnables shall meet the requirements specified under Subparts 6-101.11, 6-201.11, 6-201.18, 6-202.15, and 6-202.16.

5-501.11 Outdoor Storage Surface.

An outdoor storage surface for refuse, recyclables, and returnables shall be constructed of nonabsorbent material such as concrete or asphalt and shall be smooth, durable, and sloped to drain.

5-501.12 Outdoor Enclosure.

If used, an outdoor enclosure for refuse, recyclables, and returnables shall be constructed of durable and cleanable materials.

5-501.13 Receptacles.
(A) Except as specified in Paragraph (B) of this section, receptacles and waste handling units for refuse, recyclables, and returnables and for use with materials containing food residue shall be durable, cleanable, insect- and rodent-resistant, leakproof, and nonabsorbent.
(B) Plastic bags and wet strength paper bags may be used to line receptacles for storage inside the retail food establishment, or within closed outside receptacles.
5-501.14 Receptacles in Vending Machines.

A refuse receptacle may not be located within a vending machine, except that a receptacle for beverage bottle crown closures may be located within a vending machine.

5-501.15 Outside Receptacles.
(A) Receptacles and waste handling units for refuse, recyclables, and returnables used with materials containing food residue and used outside the retail food establishment shall be designed and constructed to have tight-fitting lids, doors, or covers.
(B) Receptacles and waste handling units for refuse and recyclables such as an on-site compactor shall be installed so that accumulation of debris and insect and rodent attraction and harborage are minimized and effective cleaning is facilitated around and, if the unit is not installed flush with the base pad, under the unit.
5-501.16 Storage Areas, Rooms, and Receptacles, Capacity and Availability.
(A) An inside storage room and area and outside storage area and enclosure, and receptacles shall be of sufficient capacity to hold refuse, recyclables, and returnables that accumulate.
(B) A receptacle shall be provided in each area of the retail food establishment or premises where refuse is generated or commonly discarded, or where recyclables or returnables are placed.
(C) If disposable towels are used at handwashing lavatories, a waste receptacle shall be located at each lavatory or group of adjacent lavatories.
5-501.17 Toilet Room Receptacle, Covered.

A toilet room used by females shall be provided with a covered receptacle for sanitary napkins.

5-501.18 Cleaning Implements and Supplies.
(A) Except as specified in Paragraph (B) of this section, suitable cleaning implements and supplies such as high pressure pumps, hot water, steam, and detergent shall be provided as necessary for effective cleaning of receptacles and waste handling units for refuse, recyclables, and returnables.
(B) If approved, off-PREMiSES-based cleaning services may be used if on-PREMiSES cleaning implements and supplies are not provided.
5-501.19 Storage Areas, Redeeming Machines, Receptacles and Waste Handling Units, Location.
(A) An area designated for refuse, recyclables, returnables, and, except as specified in Paragraph (B) of this section, a redeeming machine for recyclables or returnables shall be located so that it is separate from food, equipment, utensils, linens, and single-service and single-use articles and a public health hazard or nuisance is not created.
(B) A redeeming machine may be located in the packaged food storage area or consumer area of a retail food establishment if food, equipment, utensils, linens, and single-service and single-use articles are not subject to contamination from the machines and a public health hazard or nuisance is not created.
(C) The location of receptacles and waste handling units for refuse, recyclables, and returnables may not create a public health hazard or nuisance or interfere with the cleaning of adjacent space.
5-501.110 Storing Refuse, Recyclables, and Returnables.

Refuse, recyclables, and returnables shall be stored in receptacles or waste handling units so that they are inaccessible to insects and rodents.

5-501.111 Areas, Enclosures, and Receptacles, Good Repair.

Storage areas, enclosures, and receptacles for refuse, recyclables, and returnables shall be maintained in good repair.

5-501.112 Outside Storage Prohibitions.
(A) Except as specified in Paragraph (B) of this section, refuse receptacles not meeting the requirements specified under Subparagraph 5-501.13(A) such as receptacles that are not rodent-resistant, unprotected plastic bags and paper bags, or baled units that contain materials with food residue may not be stored outside.
(B) Cardboard or other packaging material that does not contain food residues and that is awaiting regularly scheduled delivery to a recycling or disposal site may be stored outside without being in a covered receptacle if it is stored so that it does not create a rodent harborage problem.
5-501.113 Covering Receptacles.

Receptacles and waste handling units for refuse, recyclables, and returnables shall be kept covered:

(A) Inside the retail food establishment if the receptacles and units:
(1) Contain food residue and are not in continuous use; or
(2) After they are filled; and
(B) With tight-fitting lids or doors if kept outside the retail food establishment.
5-501.114 Using Drain Plugs.

Drains in receptacles and waste handling units for refuse, recyclables, and returnables shall have drain plugs in place.

5-501.115 Maintaining Refuse Areas and Enclosures.

A storage area and enclosure for refuse, recyclables, or returnables shall be maintained free of unnecessary items, as specified under Subpart 6-501.114, and clean.

5-501.116 Cleaning Receptacles.
(A) Receptacles and waste handling units for refuse, recyclables, and returnables shall be thoroughly cleaned in a way that does not contaminate food, equipment, utensils, linens, or single-service and single-use articles, and waste water shall be disposed of as specified under Subpart 5-402.13.
(B) Soiled receptacles and waste handling units for refuse, recyclables, and returnables shall be cleaned at a frequency necessary to prevent them from developing a buildup of soil or becoming attractants for insects and rodents.
5-502 Removal
5-502.11 Frequency.

Refuse, recyclables, and returnables shall be removed from the premises at a frequency that will minimize the development of objectionable odors and other conditions that attract or harbor insects and rodents.

5-502.12 Receptacles or Vehicles.

Refuse, recyclables, and returnables shall be removed from the premises by way of:

(A) Portable receptacles that are constructed and maintained according to law; or
(B) A transport vehicle that is constructed, maintained, and operated according to LAW.

Facilities for Disposal and Recycling

5-503 Facilities for Disposal and Recycling
5-503.11 Community or Individual Facility.

Solid waste, not disposed of through the sewage system such as through grinders and pulpers, shall be recycled or disposed of in an approved public or private community recycling or refuse facility; or solid waste shall be disposed of in an individual refuse facility such as a landfill or incinerator which is sized, constructed, maintained, and operated according to law.

Chapter 6 Physical Facilities
6-1 MATERIALS FOR CONSTRUCTION AND REPAIR
6-101 Indoor Areas
6-101.11 Surface Characteristics.
(A) Except as specified in Paragraph (B) of this section, materials for indoor floor, wall, and ceiling surfaces under conditions of normal use shall be:
(1) Smooth, durable, and easily cleanable for areas where retail food establishment operations are conducted;
(2) Closely woven and easily cleanable carpet for carpeted areas; and
(3) Nonabsorbent for areas subject to moisture such as food preparation areas, walk-in refrigerators, warewashing areas, toilet rooms, mobile food establishment servicing areas, and areas subject to flushing or spray cleaning methods.
(B) In a temporary food establishment:
(1) If graded to drain, a floor may be concrete, machine-laid asphalt, or dirt or gravel if it is covered with mats, removable platforms, duckboards, or other suitable approved materials that are effectively treated to control dust and mud; and
(2) Walls and ceilings may be constructed of a material that protects the interior from the weather and windblown dust and debris.
6-102 Outdoor Areas
6-102.11 Surface Characteristics.
(A) The outdoor walking and driving areas shall be surfaced with concrete, asphalt, or gravel or other materials that have been effectively treated to minimize dust, facilitate maintenance, and prevent muddy conditions.
(B) Exterior surfaces of buildings and mobile food establishments shall be of weather-resistant materials and shall comply with law.
(C) Outdoor storage areas for refuse, recyclables, or returnables shall be of materials specified under Subpart 5-501.11 and 5-501.12.
6-2 DESIGN, CONSTRUCTION, AND INSTALLATION
6-201 Cleanability
6-201.11 Floors, Walls, and Ceilings.

Except as specified under Subpart 6-201.14, and except for anti-slip floor coverings or applications that may be used for safety reasons, floors, floor coverings, walls, wall coverings, and ceilings shall be designed, constructed, and installed so they are smooth and EASILY CLEANABLE.

6-201.12 Floors, Walls, and Ceilings, Utility Lines.
(A) Utility service lines and pipes may not be unnecessarily exposed.
(B) Exposed utility service lines and pipes shall be installed so they do not obstruct or prevent cleaning of the floors, walls, or ceilings.
(C) Exposed horizontal utility service lines and pipes may not be installed on the floor.
6-201.13 Floor and Wall Junctures, Coved, and Enclosed or Sealed.
(A) In retail food establishments in which cleaning methods other than water flushing are used for cleaning floors, the floor and wall junctures shall be coved and closed to no larger than 1 mm (one thirty-second inch).
(B) The floors in retail food establishments in which water flush cleaning methods are used shall be provided with drains and be graded to drain, and the floor and wall junctures shall be coved and sealed.
6-201.14 Floor Carpeting, Restrictions and Installation.
(A) A floor covering such as carpeting or similar material may not be installed as a floor covering in food preparation areas, walk-in refrigerators, warewashing areas, toilet room areas where handwashing lavatories, toilets, and urinals are located, refuse storage rooms, or other areas where the floor is subject to moisture, flushing, or spray cleaning methods.
(B) If carpeting is installed as a floor covering in areas other than those specified under Paragraph (A) of this section, it shall be:
(1) Securely attached to the floor with a durable mastic, by using a stretch and tack method, or by another method; and
(2) Installed tightly against the wall under the coving or installed away from the wall with a space between the carpet and the wall and with the edges of the carpet secured by metal stripping or some other means.
6-201.15 Floor Covering, Mats and Duckboards.

Mats and duckboards shall be designed to be removable and easily cleanable.

6-201.16 Wall and Ceiling Coverings and Coatings.
(A) Wall and ceiling covering materials shall be attached so that they are easily CLEANABLE.
(B) Except in areas used only for dry storage, concrete, porous blocks, or bricks used for indoor wall construction shall be finished and sealed to provide a smooth, nonabsorbent, easily cleanable surface.
6-201.17 Walls and Ceilings, Attachments.
(A) Except as specified in Paragraph (B) of this section, attachments to walls and ceilings such as light fixtures, mechanical room ventilation system components, vent covers, wall mounted fans, decorative items, and other attachments shall be EASILY CLEANABLE.
(B) In a consumer area, wall and ceiling surfaces and decorative items and attachments that are provided for ambiance need not meet this requirement if they are kept clean.
6-201.18 Walls and Ceilings, Studs, Joists, and Rafters.

Except for temporary food establishments, studs, joists, and rafters may not be exposed in areas subject to moisture.

6-202 Functionality
6-202.11 Light Bulbs, Protective Shielding.
(A) Except as specified in Paragraph (B) of this section, light bulbs shall be shielded, coated, or otherwise shatter-resistant in areas where there is exposed food; clean equipment, utensils, and linens; or unwrapped single-service and single-use ARTICLES.
(B) Shielded, coated, or otherwise shatter-resistant bulbs need not be used in areas used only for storing food in unopened packages, if.
(1) The integrity of the packages can not be affected by broken glass falling onto them; and
(2) The packages are capable of being cleaned of debris from broken bulbs before the packages are opened.
(C) An infrared or other heat lamp shall be protected against breakage by a shield surrounding and extending beyond the bulb so that only the face of the bulb is exposed.
6-202.12 Heating, Ventilating, Air Conditioning System Vents.

Heating, ventilating, and air conditioning systems shall be designed and installed so that make-up air intake and exhaust vents do not cause contamination of food, food-contact SURFACES, EQUIPMENT, Or UTENSILS.

6-202.13 Insect Control Devices, Design and Installation.
(A) Insect control devices that are used to electrocute or stun flying insects shall be designed to retain the insect within the device.
(B) Insect control devices shall be installed so that:
(1) The devices are not located over a food preparation area; and
(2) Dead insects and insect fragments are prevented from being impelled onto or falling on exposed food; clean equipment, utensils, and linens; and unwrapped single-service and single-use articles.
6-202.14 Toilet Rooms, Enclosed.

Except where a toilet room is located outside a food establishment and does not open directly into the food establishment such as a toilet room that is provided by the management of a shopping mall, a toilet room located on the premises shall be completely enclosed and provided with a tight-fitting and self-closing door.

6-202.15 Outer Openings, Protected.
(A) Except as specified in Paragraphs (B), (C), and (E) and under Paragraph (D) of this section, outer openings of a food establishment shall be protected against the entry of insects and rodents by:
(1) Filling or closing holes and other gaps along floors, walls, and ceilings;
(2) Closed, tight-fitting windows; and
(3) Solid, self-closing, tight-fitting doors.
(B) Paragraph (A) of this section does not apply if a retail food establishment opens into a larger structure, such as a mall, airport, or office building, or into an attached structure, such as a porch, and the outer openings from the larger or attached structure are protected against the entry of insects and rodents.
(C) Exterior doors used as exits need not be self-closing if they are:
(1) Solid and tight-fitting;
(2) Designated for use only when an emergency exists, by the fire protection authority that has jurisdiction over the retail food establishment; and
(3) Limited-use so they are not used for entrance or exit from the building for purposes other than the designated emergency exit use.
(D) Except as specified in Paragraphs (B) and (E) of this section, if the windows or doors of a retail food establishment, or of a larger structure within which a retail food establishment is located, are kept open for ventilation or other purposes or a temporary food establishment is not provided with windows and doors as specified under Paragraph (A) of this section, the openings shall be protected against the entry of insects and rodents by:
(1) 16 mesh to 25 mm (16 mesh to 1 inch) screens;
(2) Properly designed and installed air curtains to control flying insects; or
(3) Other effective means.
(E) Paragraph (D) of this section does not apply if flying insects and other pests are absent due to the location of the establishment, the weather, or other limiting condition.
6-202.16 Exterior Walls and Roofs, Protective Barrier.

Perimeter walls and roofs of a retail food establishment shall effectively protect the establishment from the weather and the entry of insects, rodents, and other animals.

6-202.17 Outdoor Food Vending Areas, Overhead Protection.

Except for machines that vend canned beverages, if located outside, a machine used to vend food shall be provided with overhead protection.

6-202.18 Outdoor Servicing Areas, Overhead Protection.

Servicing areas shall be provided with overhead protection except that areas used only for the loading of water or the discharge of sewage and other liquid waste, through the use of a closed system of hoses, need not be provided with overhead protection.

6-202.19 Outdoor Walking and Driving Surfaces, Graded to Drain.

Exterior walking and driving surfaces shall be graded to drain.

6-202.110 Outdoor Refuse Areas, Curbed and Graded to Drain.

Outdoor refuse areas shall be constructed in accordance with law and shall be curbed and graded to drain to collect and dispose of liquid waste that results from the refuse and from cleaning the area and waste receptacles.

6-202.111 Private Homes and Living or Sleeping Quarters, Use Prohibition.

A private home, a room used as living or sleeping quarters, or an area directly opening into a room used as living or sleeping quarters may not be used for conducting retail food establishment operations.

6-202.112 Living or Sleeping Quarters, Separation.

Living or sleeping quarters located on the premises of a retail food establishment such as those provided for lodging registration clerks or resident managers shall be separated from rooms and areas used for retail food establishment operations by complete partitioning and solid self-closing doors.

6-3 NUMBERS AND CAPACITIES
6-301 Handwashing Facilities
6-301.10 Minimum Number.

handwashing sinks, shall be provided as specified under Subpart 5-203.11.

6-301.11 Handwashing Cleanser, Availability.

Each handwashing sink or group of 2 adjacent handwashing sinks shall be provided with a supply of hand cleaning liquid, powder, or bar soap. Pf

6-301.12 Hand Drying Provision.

Each handwashing sinks or group of adjacent handwashing sinks shall be provided with:

(A) Individual, disposable towels; Pf
(B) A continuous towel system that supplies the user with a clean towel; Pf or
(C) A heated-air hand drying device; Pf or
(D) A hand drying device that employs an air-knife system that delivers high velocity, pressurized air at ambient temperatures. Pf
6-301.13 Handwashing Aids and Devices, Use Restrictions.

A sink used for food preparation or utensil washing, or a service sink or curbed cleaning facility used for the disposal of mop water or similar wastes, may not be provided with the handwashing aids and devices required for a handwashing lavatory as specified under Subparts 6-301.11 and 6-301.12 and Subparagraph 5-501.16(C).

6-301.14 Handwashing Signage.

A sign or poster that notifies food employees to wash their hands shall be provided at all handwashing sinks used by food employees and shall be clearly visible to food EMPLOYEES.

6-301.20 Disposable Towels, Waste Receptacle.

A handwashing sink or group of adjacent handwashing sinks that is provided with disposable towels shall be provided with a waste receptacle as specified under Subparagraph 5-501.16(C).

6-302 Toilets and Urinals
6-302.10 Minimum Number.

Toilets and urinals shall be provided as specified under Subpart 5-203.12.

6-302.11 Toilet Tissue, Availability.

A supply of toilet tissue shall be available at each toilet. Pf

6-303 Lighting
6-303.11 Intensity.

The light intensity shall be:

(A) At least 108 lux (10 foot candles) at a distance of 30 inches above the floor, in walk-in refrigeration units and dry food storage areas and in other areas and rooms during periods of cleaning;
(B) At least 215 lux (20 foot candles):
(1) At a surface where food is provided for consumer self-service such as buffets and salad bars or where fresh produce or packaged foods are sold or offered for consumption;
(2) Inside equipment such as reach-in and under-counter refrigerators;
(3) At a distance of 75 cm (30 inches) above the floor in areas used for handwashing, warewashing, and equipment and utensil storage, and in toilet rooms; and
(C) At least 540 lux (50 foot candles) at a surface where a food employee is working with food or working with utensils or equipment such as knives, slicers, grinders, or saws where employee safety is a factor.
6-304 Ventilation
6-304.11 Mechanical.

If necessary to keep rooms free of excessive heat, steam, condensation, vapors, obnoxious odors, smoke, and fumes, mechanical ventilation of sufficient capacity shall be provided.

6-305 Dressing Areas and Lockers
6-305.11 Designation.
(A) Dressing rooms or dressing areas shall be designated if employees routinely change their clothes in the establishment.
(B) Lockers or other suitable facilities shall be provided for the orderly storage of employees' clothing and other possessions.
6-306 Service Sinks
6-306.10 Availability.

A service sink or curbed cleaning facility shall be provided as specified under Subpart 5 203.13(A).

6-4 LOCATION AND PLACEMENT
6-401 Handwashing Sinks
6-401.10 Conveniently Located.

handwashing sinks shall be conveniently located as specified under Subpart 5-204.11.

6-402 Toilet Rooms
6-402.11 Convenience and Accessibility.

Toilet rooms shall be conveniently located and accessible to employees during all hours of operation.

6-403 Employee Accommodations
6-403.11 Designated Areas.
(A) Areas designated for employees to eat, drink, and use tobacco shall be located so that food, equipment, linens, and single-service and single-use articles are protected from contamination.
(B) Lockers or other suitable facilities shall be located in a designated room or area where contamination of food, equipment, utensils, linens, and single-service and single-use articles cannot occur.
6-404 Distressed Merchandise
6-404.11 Segregation and Location.

Products that are held by the permit holder for credit, redemption, or return to the distributor, such as damaged, spoiled, or recalled products, shall be segregated and held in designated areas that are separated from food, equipment, utensils, linens, and SINGLE-SERVICE and SINGLE-USE ARTICLES. Pf

6-405 Refuse, Recyclables, and Returnables
6-405.10 Receptacles, Waste Handling Units, and Designated Storage Areas.

Units, receptacles, and areas designated for storage of refuse and recyclable and returnable containers shall be located as specified under Subpart 5-501.19.

6-5 MAINTENANCE AND OPERATION
6-501 Premises, Structures, Attachments, and Fixtures - Methods
6-501.11 Repairing

The physical facilities shall be maintained in good repair.

6-501.12 Cleaning, Frequency and Restrictions.
(A) The physical facilities shall be cleaned as often as necessary to keep them clean.
(B) Except for cleaning that is necessary due to a spill or other accident, cleaning shall be done during periods when the least amount of food is exposed such as after closing.
6-501.13 Cleaning Floors, Dustless Methods.
(A) Except as specified in Paragraph (B) of this section, only dustless methods of cleaning shall be used, such as wet cleaning, vacuum cleaning, mopping with treated dust mops, or sweeping using a broom and dust-arresting compounds.
(B) Spills or drippage on floors that occur between normal floor cleaning times may be cleaned:
(1) Without the use of dust-arresting compounds; and
(2) In the case of liquid spills or drippage, with the use of a small amount of absorbent compound such as sawdust or diatomaceous earth applied immediately before spot cleaning.
6-501.14 Cleaning Ventilation Systems, Nuisance and Discharge Prohibition.
(A) Intake and exhaust air ducts shall be cleaned and filters changed so they are not a source of contamination by dust, dirt, and other materials.
(B) If vented to the outside, ventilation systems may not create a public health hazard or nuisance or unLAWful discharge.
6-501.15 Cleaning Maintenance Tools, Preventing Contamination.*

Food preparation sinks, handwashing sinks, and warewashing equipment may not be used for the cleaning of maintenance tools, the preparation or holding of maintenance materials, or the disposal of mop water and similar liquid wastes. Pf

6-501.16 Drying Mops.

After use, mops shall be placed in a position that allows them to air-dry without soiling walls, equipment, or supplies.

6-501.17 Absorbent Materials on Floors, Use Limitation.

Except as specified in Subparagraph 6-501.13(B), sawdust, wood shavings, granular salt, baked clay, diatomaceous earth, or similar materials may not be used on floors.

6-501.18 Maintaining and Using Handwashing Facilities.

plumbing fixtures such as handwashing sinks, toilets, and urinals shall be cleaned as often as necessary to keep them clean.

6-501.19 Closing Toilet Room Doors.

Except during cleaning and maintenance operations, toilet room doors as specified under Subpart 6-202.14 shall be kept closed.

6-501.110 Using Dressing Rooms and Lockers.
(A) Dressing rooms shall be used by employees if the employees regularly change their clothes in the establishment.
(B) Lockers or other suitable facilities shall be used for the orderly storage of employee clothing and other possessions.
6-501.111 Controlling Pests.*

The premises shall be maintained free of insects, rodents, and other pests. The presence of insects, rodents, and other pests shall be controlled to eliminate their presence on the premises by:

(A) Routinely inspecting incoming shipments of food and supplies;
(B) Routinely inspecting the premises for evidence of pests;
(C) Using methods, if pests are found, such as trapping devices or other means of pest control as specified under Subparts 7-202.12, 7-206.12, and 7-206.13; Pf and
(D) Eliminating harborage conditions.
6-501.112 Removing Dead or Trapped Birds, Insects, Rodents, and Other Pests.

Dead or trapped birds, insects, rodents, and other pests shall be removed from control devices and the premises at a frequency that prevents their accumulation, decomposition, or the attraction of pests.

6-501.113 Storing Maintenance Tools.

Maintenance tools such as brooms, mops, vacuum cleaners, and similar items shall be:

(A) Stored so they do not contaminate food, equipment, utensils, linens, and singleservice and single-use articles; and
(B) Stored in an orderly manner that facilitates cleaning the area used for storing the maintenance tools.
6-501.114 Maintaining Premises, Unnecessary Items and Litter.

The premises shall be free of:

(A) Items that are unnecessary to the operation or maintenance of the establishment such as equipment that is nonfunctional or no longer used; and
(B) Litter.
6-501.115 Prohibiting Animals.*
(A) Except as specified in Paragraphs (B) and (C) of this section, live animals may not be allowed on the premises of a retail food establishment. Pf
(B) Live animals may be allowed in the following situations if the contamination of food; clean equipment, utensils, and linens; and unwrapped single-service and single-use articles cannot result:
(1) Edible fish or decorative fish in aquariums, shellfish or Crustacea on ice or under refrigeration, and shellfish and Crustacea in display tank systems;
(2) Patrol dogs accompanying police or security officers in offices and dining, sales, and storage areas, and sentry dogs running loose in outside fenced areas;
(3) In areas that are not used for food preparation and that are usually open for customers, such as dining and sales areas, service animals that are controlled and utilized by the disabled employee or person, if a health or safety hazard will not result from the presence or activities of the service animal;
(4) Pets in the common dining areas of institutional care facilities such as nursing homes, assisted living facilities, group homes, or residential care facilities at times other than during meals if:
(a) Effective partitioning and self-closing doors separate the common dining areas from food storage or food preparation areas,
(b) Condiments, equipment, and utensils are stored in enclosed cabinets or removed from the common dining areas when pets are present, and
(c) Dining areas including tables, countertops, and similar surfaces are effectively cleaned before the next meal service; and
(5) In areas that are not used for food preparation, storage, sales, display, or dining, in which there are caged animals or animals that are similarly confined, such as in a variety store that sells pets or a tourist park that displays animals.
(C) Live or dead fish bait may be stored if contamination of food; clean equipment, utensils, and linens; and unwrapped single-service and single-use articles cannot result.
Chapter 7 Poisonous or Toxic Materials
7-1 LABELING AND IDENTIFICATION
7-101 Original Containers
7-101.11 Identifying Information, Prominence.*

Containers of poisonous or toxic materials and personal care items shall bear a legible manufacturer's label. Pf

7-102 Working Containers
7-102.11 Common Name.*

Working containers used for storing poisonous or toxic materials such as cleaners and sanitizers taken from bulk supplies shall be clearly and individually identified with the common name of the material. Pf

7-2 OPERATIONAL SUPPLIES AND APPLICATIONS
7-201 Storage
7-201.11 Separation.*

Poisonous or toxic materials shall be stored so they cannot contaminate food, EQUIPMENT, UTENSILS, LINENS, and SINGLE-SERVICE and SINGLE-USE ARTICLES by:

(A) Separating the poisonous or toxic materials by spacing or partitioning; p and
(B) Locating the poisonous or toxic materials in an area that is not above food, EQUIPMENT, UTENSILS, LINENS, and SINGLE-SERVICE Or SINGLE-USE ARTICLES. This paragraph does not apply to equipment and utensil cleaners and sanitizers that are stored in warewashing areas for availability and convenience if the materials are stored to prevent contamination of food, equipment, utensils, linens, and SINGLE-SERVICE and SINGLE-USE ARTICLES. P
7-202 Presence and Use
7-202.11 Restriction.*
(A) Only those poisonous or toxic materials that are required for the operation and maintenance of a retail food establishment, such as for the cleaning and sanitizing of equipment and utensils and the control of insects and rodents, shall be allowed in a retail food establishment. Pf
(B) Paragraph (A) of this section does not apply to packaged poisonous or toxic materials that are for retail sale.
7-202.12 Conditions of Use.*

Poisonous or toxic materials shall be:

(A) Used according to:
(1) LAW and RULES AND REGULATIONS.
(2) Manufacturer's use directions included in labeling, and, for a pesticide, manufacturer's label instructions that state that use is allowed in a retail FOOD ESTABLISHMENT, P
(3) The conditions of certification, if certification is required, for use of the pest control materials, pand
(4) Additional conditions that may be established by the regulatory authority; and
(B) Applied so that:
(1) A hazard to employees or other persons is not constituted, p and
(2) Contamination including toxic residues due to drip, drain, fog, splash or spray on food, equipment, utensils, linens, and single-service and single-use articles is prevented, and for a restricted use pesticide, this is achieved by: p
(a) Removing the items, p
(b) Covering the items with impermeable covers, por
(c) Taking other appropriate preventive actions, p and
(d) Cleaning and sanitizing equipment and utensils after the application. p
(C) A restricted use pesticide shall be applied only by an applicator certified as defined in 7 USC 136 Definitions, (e) Certified Applicator, of the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act, or a person under the direct supervision of a certified applicator. Pf
7-203 Container Prohibitions
7-203.11 Poisonous or Toxic Material Containers.*

A container previously used to store poisonous or toxic materials may not be used to store, transport, or dispense food. p

7-204 Chemicals
7-204.11 Sanitizers, Criteria.*

Chemical sanitizers and other chemical antimicrobials applied to food-contact surfaces shall meet the requirements specified in 40 CFR 180.940 Tolerance exemptions for active and inert ingredients for use in antimicrobial formulations (food-contact surface sanitizing solutions). p

7-204.12 Chemicals for Washing, Treatment, Storage and Processing Fruits and Vegetables, Criteria.*
(A) Chemicals used to wash or peel raw, whole fruits and vegetables shall meet the requirements specified in 21 CFR 173.315 Chemicals used in washing or to assist in the peeling of fruits and vegetables. p
(B) Ozone as an antimicrobial agent used in the treatment, storage, and processing of fruits and vegetables in a food establishment shall meet the requirements specified in 21 CFR 173.368 Ozone.
7-204.13 Boiler Water Additives, Criteria.*

Chemicals used as boiler water additives shall meet the requirements specified in 21 CFR 173.310 Boiler Water Additives. p

7-204.14 Drying Agents, Criteria.*

Drying agents used in conjunction with sanitization shall:

(A) Contain only components that are listed as one of the following:
(1) Generally recognized as safe for use in food as specified in 21 CFR 182 -Substances Generally Recognized as Safe, or 21 CFR 184 - Direct Food Substances Affirmed as Generally Recognized as Safe, p
(2) Generally recognized as safe for the intended use as specified in 21 CFR 186 - Indirect Food Substances Affirmed as Generally Recognized as Safe, p
(3) Approved for use as a drying agent under a prior sanction specified in 21 CFR 181 - Prior-Sanctioned Food Ingredients, p
(4) Specifically regulated as an indirect food additive for use as a drying agent as specified in 21 CFR Parts 175-178, p or
(5) Approved for use as a drying agent under the threshold of regulation process established by 21 CFR 170.39 Threshold of regulation for substances used in food-contact articles; p and
(B) When sanitization is with chemicals, the approval required under Subparagraph (A)(3) or (A)(5) of this section or the regulation as an indirect food additive required under Subparagraph (A)(4) of this section, shall be specifically for use with chemical sanitizing solutions. p
7-205 Lubricants
7-205.11 Incidental Food Contact, Criteria.*

Lubricants shall meet the requirements specified in 21 CFR 178.3570 Lubricants with incidental food contact, if they are used on food-contact surfaces, on bearings and gears located on or within food-contact surfaces, or on bearings and gears that are located so that lubricants may leak, drip, or be forced into food or onto food-contact surfaces. p

7-206 Pesticides
7-206.11 Restricted Use Pesticides, Criteria.*

Restricted use pesticides specified under Subparagraph 7-202.12(C) shall meet the requirements specified in 40 CFR 152 Subpart I - Classification of Pesticides. p

7-206.12 Rodent Bait Stations.*

Rodent bait shall be contained in a covered, tamper-resistant bait station. p

7-206.13 Tracking Powders, Pest Control and Monitoring.*
(A) Except as specified in (B) of this section, a tracking powder pesticide may not be used in a retail food establishment. p
(B) If used, a nontoxic tracking powder such as talcum or flour may not contaminate FOOD, EQUIPMENT, UTENSILS, LINENS, and SINGLE-SERVICE and SINGLE-USE ARTICLES.
7-207 Medicines
7-207.11 Restriction and Storage.*
(A) Only those medicines that are necessary for the health of employees shall be allowed in a retail food establishment. This section does not apply to medicines that are stored or displayed for retail sale. Pf
(B) Medicines that are in a retail food establishment for the employees' use shall be labeled as specified under Subpart 7-101.11 and located to prevent the contamination of food, equipment, utensils, linens, and single-service and SINGLE-USE ARTICLES. P
7-207.12 Refrigerated Medicines, Storage.*

Medicines belonging to employees or to children in a day care center that require refrigeration and are stored in a food refrigerator shall be:

(A) Stored in a package or container and kept inside a covered, leakproof container that is identified as a container for the storage of medicines; p and
(B) Located so they are inaccessible to children. p
7-208 First Aid Supplies
7-208.11 Storage.*

First aid supplies that are in a retail food establishment for the employees' use shall be:

(A) Labeled as specified under Subpart 7-101.11; Pf and
(B) Stored in a kit or a container that is located to prevent the contamination of food, EQUIPMENT, UTENSILS, and LINENS, and SINGLE-SERVICE and SINGLE-USE ARTICLES. P
7-209 Other Personal Care Items
7-209.11 Storage.

Except as specified under Subparts 7-207.12 and 7-208.11, employees shall store their personal care items in facilities as specified under Subparagraph 6-305.11 (B).

7-3 STOCK AND RETAIL SALE
7-301 Storage and Display
7-301.11 Separation.*

Poisonous or toxic materials shall be stored and displayed for retail sale so they can not contaminate food, equipment, utensils, linens, and single-service and single-use articles by:

(A) Separating the poisonous or toxic materials by spacing or partitioning; p and
(B) Locating the poisonous or toxic materials in an area that is not above food, EQUIPMENT, utensils, linens, and single-service or single-use articles. p
Chapter 8 Compliance and Enforcement
8-1 CODE APPLICABILITY
8-101 Use for Intended Purpose
8-101.10 Public Health Protection.
(A) The regulatory authority shall apply these rules and regulations to promote its underlying purpose, as specified in Subpart 1-102.10, of safeguarding public health and ensuring that food is safe, unADULTERATED, and honestly presented when offered to the consumer.
(B) In enforcing the provisions of these rules and regulations, the regulatory authority shall assess existing facilities or equipment that were in use before the effective date of these rules and regulations based on the following considerations:
(1) Whether the facilities or equipment are in good repair and capable of being maintained in a sanitary condition;
(2) Whether food-contact surfaces comply with Subpart 4-101;
(3) Whether the capacities of cooling, heating, and holding equipment are sufficient to comply with Subpart 4-301.11; and
(4) The existence of a documented agreement with the permit holder that the facilities or equipment will be replaced as specified under Subparagraph 8-304.11(G)
8-102 Additional Requirements
8-102.10 Preventing Health Hazards, Provision for Conditions Not Addressed.
(A) If necessary to protect against public health hazards or nuisances, the regulatory authority may impose specific requirements in addition to the requirements contained in these rules and regulations that are authorized by LAW.
(B) The regulatory authority shall document the conditions that necessitate the imposition of additional requirements and the underlying public health rationale. The documentation shall be provided to the permit applicant or permit holder and a copy shall be maintained in the regulatory authority's file for the retail FOOD ESTABLISHMENT.
8-103 Variances
8-103.10 Modifications and Waivers.

The regulatory authority may grant a variance by modifying or waiving the requirements of these rules and regulations if in the opinion of the regulatory authority a health hazard or nuisance will not result from the variance. If a variance is granted, the regulatory authority shall retain the information specified under Subpart 8-103.11 in its records for the retail food establishment.

8-103.11 Documentation of Proposed Variance and Justification.

Before a variance from a requirement of these rules and regulations is approved, the information that shall be provided by the person requesting the variance and retained in the regulatory authority's file on the retail food establishment includes:

(A) A statement of the proposed variance of these rules and regulations requirement citing relevant Regulation section numbers; Pf
(B) An analysis of the rationale for how the potential public health hazards and nuisances addressed by the relevant Regulation sections will be alternatively addressed by the proposal; Pf and
(C) A HACCP plan if required as specified under Subparagraph 8-201.13(A) that includes the information specified under Subpart 8-201.14 as it is relevant to the variance requested. Pf
8-103.12 Conformance with Approved Procedures.*

If the regulatory authority grants a variance as specified in Subpart 8-103.10, or a HACCP plan is otherwise required as specified under Subpart 8-201.13, the permit holder shall:

(A) Comply with the HACCP plans and procedures that are submitted as specified under Subpart 8-201.14 and approved as a basis for the modification or waiver; p and
(B) Maintain and provide to the regulatory authority, upon request, records specified under Subparagraphs 8-201.14(D) and (E) that demonstrate that the following are routinely employed;
(1) Procedures for monitoring critical control points, Pf
(2) Monitoring of the critical control points, Pf
(3) Verification of the effectiveness of an operation or process, Pf and
(4) Necessary corrective actions if there is failure at a critical control point. Pf
8-2 PLAN SUBMISSION AND APPROVAL
8-201 Facility and Operating Plans
8-201.11 When Plans Are Required.

A permit applicant or permit holder shall submit to the regulatory authority properly prepared plans and specifications for review and approval before:

(A) The construction of a retail food establishment; Pf
(B) The conversion of an existing structure for use as a retail food establishment; Pf or
(C) The remodeling of a retail food establishment or a change of type of retail food establishment or food operation if the regulatory authority determines that plans and specifications are necessary to ensure compliance with this Regulation. Pf
8-201.12 Contents of the Plans and Specifications.

The plans and specifications for a food establishment, including a retail food establishment specified under Subpart 8-201.13, shall include, as required by the regulatory authority based on the type of operation, type of food preparation, and foods prepared, the following information to demonstrate conformance with these rules and regulations provisions:

(A) Intended menu;
(B) Anticipated volume of food to be stored, prepared, and sold or served;
(C) Proposed layout, mechanical schematics, construction materials, and finish schedules;
(D) Proposed equipment types, locations, dimensions, performance capacities, and installation specifications;
(E) Evidence that standard procedures that ensure compliance with the requirements of these rules and regulations are developed or are being developed; and
(F) Other information that may be required by the regulatory authority for the proper review of the proposed construction, conversion or modification, and procedures for operating a retail food establishment.
8-201.13 When a HACCP Plan is Required.
(A) Before engaging in an activity that requires a HACCP plan, a permit applicant or permit holder shall submit to the regulatory authority for approval a properly prepared haccp plan as specified under Subpart 8-201.14 and the relevant provisions of these rules and regulations if:
(1) Submission of a HACCP plan is required according to law;
(2) A variance is required as specified under Subparagraph 3-401.11(D)(3); Subpart 3-502.11 or, Subparagraph 4-204.110(B); or
(3) The regulatory authority determines that a food preparation or processing method requires a variance based on a plan submittal specified under subpart 8-201.12, an inspectional finding, or a variance request.
(B) A permit applicant or permit holder shall have a properly prepared HACCP plan as specified under Subpart 3-502.12.
8-201.14 Contents of a HACCP Plan.

For a retail food establishment that is required under Subpart 8-201.13 to have a HACCP plan, the plan and specifications shall indicate:

(A) A categorization of the types of potentially hazardous foods (time/temperature control for safety foods) that are specified in the menu such as soups and sauces, salads, and bulk, solid foods such as meat roasts, or of other foods that are specified by the regulatory authority; Pf
(B) A flow diagram by specific food or category type identifying critical control points and providing information on the following:
(1) Ingredients, materials, and equipment used in the preparation of that food, Pf and
(2) Formulations or recipes that delineate methods and procedural control measures that address the food safety concerns involved; Pf
(C) Food employee and supervisory training plan that addresses the food safety issues of concern; Pf
(D) A statement of standard operating procedures for the plan under consideration including clearly identifying:
(1) Each CRITICAL CONTROL POINT, Pf
(2) The critical limits for each critical control point, Pf
(3) The method and frequency for monitoring and controlling each critical control point by the food employee designated by the person in

CHARGE, Pf

(4) The method and frequency for the person in charge to routinely verify that the food employee is following standard operating procedures and monitoring critical control points, Pf
(5) Action to be taken by the person in charge if the critical limits for each critical control point are not met, Pf and
(6) Records to be maintained by the person in charge to demonstrate that the HACCP plan is properly operated and managed; Pf and
(E) Additional scientific data or other information, as required by the regulatory authority, supporting the determination that food safety is not compromised by the proposal.
8-202 Confidentiality
8-202.10 Trade Secrets.

The regulatory authority shall treat as confidential in accordance with law, information that meets the criteria specified in law for a trade secret and is contained on inspection report forms and in the plans and specifications submitted as specified under Subparts 8-201.12 and 8-201.14.

8-203 Construction Inspection and Approval
8-203.10 Preoperational Inspections.

The regulatory authority shall conduct one or more preoperational inspections to verify that the retail food establishment is constructed and equipped in accordance with the approved plans and approved modifications of those plans, has established standard operating procedures as specified under Subparagraph 8-201.12(E), and is in compliance with law and these rules and regulations.

8-3 PERMIT TO OPERATE
8-301 Requirement
8-301.11 Prerequisite for Operation.

A person may not operate a retail food establishment without a valid permit to operate issued by the regulatory authority. Pf

8-302 Application Procedure
8-302.11 Submission 30 Calendar Days Before Proposed Opening.

An applicant shall submit an application for a permit at least 30 calendar days before the date planned for opening a food establishment or the expiration date of the current permit for an existing facility.

8-302.12 Form of Submission.

A person desiring to operate a food establishment shall submit to the regulatory authority a written application for a permit on a form provided by the regulatory AUTHORITY.

8-302.13 Qualifications and Responsibilities of Applicants.

To qualify for a permit, an applicant shall:

(A) Be an owner of the food establishment or an officer of the legal ownership;
(B) Comply with the requirements of this Code;
(C) As specified under § 8-402.11, agree to allow access to the food establishment and to provide required information; and
(D) Pay the applicable permit application fee at the time the application is submitted.
8-302.14 Contents of the Application.

The application shall include:

(A) The name, mailing address, telephone number, and signature of the person applying for the permit and the name, mailing address, and location of the food establishment;
(B) Information specifying whether the food establishment is owned by an association, corporation, individual, partnership, or other legal entity;
(C) A statement specifying whether the food establishment:
(1) Is mobile or stationary and temporary or permanent, and
(2) Is an operation that includes one or more of the following:
(a) Prepares, offers for sale, or serves potentially hazardous food (TIME/TEMPERATURE CONTROL FOR SAFETY FOOD):
(i) Only to order upon a consumer's request,
(ii) In advance in quantities based on projected consumer demand and discards food that is not sold or served at an approved frequency, or
(iii) Using time as the public health control as specified under subpart 3-501.19,
(b) Prepares potentially hazardous food (time/temperature control for safety food) in advance using a food preparation method that involves two or more steps which may include combining POTENTIALLY HAZARDOUS (TIME/TEMPERATURE CONTROL FOR SAFETY food) ingredients; cooking; cooling; reheating; hot or cold holding; freezing; or thawing,
(c) Prepares food as specified under Subparagraph (C)(2)(b) of this section for delivery to and consumption at a location off the premises of the food establishment where it is prepared,
(d) Prepares food as specified under Subparagraph (C)(2)(b) of this section for service to a highly susceptible population,
(e) Prepares only food that is not potentially hazardous (TIME/TEMPERATURE CONTROL OF SAFETY FOOD), Or
(f) Does not prepare, but offers for sale only prePACKAGED food that is not POTENTIALLY HAZARDOUS (TIME/TEMPERATURE CONTROL FOR SAFETY FOOD);
(D) The name, title, address, and telephone number of the person directly responsible for the food establishment;
(E) The name, title, address, and telephone number of the person who functions as the immediate supervisor of the person specified under subpart (D) of this section such as the zone, district, or regional supervisor;
(F) The names, titles, and addresses of:
(1) The persons comprising the legal ownership as specified under subpart (B) of this section including the owners and officers, and
(2) The local resident agent if one is required based on the type of legal ownership;
(G) A statement signed by the applicant that:
(1) Attests to the accuracy of the information provided in the application, and
(2) Affirms that the applicant will:
(a) Comply with this Code, and
(b) Allow the regulatory authority access to the establishment as specified under § 8-402.11 and to the records specified under §§ 3-203.12 and 5-205.13 and Subparagraph 8-201.14(D)(6); and
(H) Other information required by the regulatory authority.
8-303 Issuance
8-303.10 New Converted, or Remodeled Establishments.

For retail food establishments that are required to submit plans as specified under Subpart 8-201.11 the regulatory authority shall issue a PERMIT after:

(A) A properly completed application is submitted;
(B) The required fee is submitted.
(C) The required plans, specifications, and information are reviewed and approved; and
(D) A preoperational inspection as specified in Subpart 8-203.10 shows that the establishment is built or remodeled in accordance with the approved plans and specifications and that the establishment is in compliance with these rules and REGULATIONS.
8-303.20 Existing Establishments, Permit Renewal, and Change of Ownership.

The regulatory authority may renew a permit for an existing retail food establishment or may issue a permit to a new owner of an existing retail food establishment after a properly completed inspection shows that the establishment is in compliance with this Regulation and the fees are paid.

8-303.30 Denial of Application for Permit, Notice.

If an application for a permit to operate is denied, the regulatory authority shall provide the applicant with a notice that includes:

(A) The specific reasons and Code citations for the permit denial;
(B) The actions, if any, that the applicant must take to qualify for a permit; and
(C) Advisement of the applicant's right of appeal and the process and time frames for appeal that are provided in law.
8-304 Conditions of Retention
8-304.10 Responsibilities of the Regulatory Authority.
(A) At the time a permit is first issued, the regulatory authority shall provide to the permit holder a copy of these rules and regulations so that the permit holder is notified of the compliance requirements and the conditions of retention as specified under 8-304.11, that are applicable to the permit.
(B) Failure to provide the information specified in Paragraph (A) of this section does not prevent the regulatory authority from taking authorized action or seeking remedies if the permit holder fails to comply with these rules and regulations or an order, warning, or directive of the regulatory authority.
8-304.11 Responsibilities of the Permit Holder.

Upon acceptance of the permit issued by the regulatory authority, the permit holder in order to retain the permit shall:

(A) Post the permit in a location in the retail food establishment that is conspicuous to consumers;
(B) Comply with the provisions of these rules and regulations including the conditions of a granted variance as specified under Subpart 8-103.12, and approved plans as specified under Subpart 8-201.12;
(C) If a retail food establishment is required under Subpart 8-201.13 to operate under a HACCP plan, comply with the plan as specified under Subpart 8-103.12;
(D) Immediately contact the regulatory authority to report an illness of a food employee as specified under Subpart 2-201.11 (B);
(E) Immediately discontinue operations and notify the regulatory authority if an imminent health hazard may exist as specified under Subpart 8-404.11;
(F) Allow representatives of the regulatory authority access to the retail food establishment as specified under Subpart 8-402.11;
(G) Replace existing facilities and equipment specified in Subpart 8-101.10 with facilities and equipment that comply with these rules and regulations if:
(1) The regulatory authority directs the replacement because the facilities and equipment constitute a public health hazard or nuisance or no longer comply with the criteria upon which the facilities and equipment were accepted,
(2) The regulatory authority directs the replacement of the facilities and equipment because of a change of ownership, or
(3) The facilities and equipment are replaced in the normal course of operation;
(H) Comply with directives of the regulatory authority including time frames for corrective actions specified in inspection reports, notices, orders, warnings, and other directives issued by the regulatory authority in regard to the permit holder's retail food establishment or in response to community emergencies;
(I) Accept notices issued and served by the regulatory authority according to these rules and regulations; and
(J) Be subject to the administrative, civil, injunctive, and criminal remedies authorized in law for failure to comply with these rules and regulations or a directive of the regulatory authority, including time frames for corrective actions specified in inspection reports, notices, orders, warnings, and other directives.
8-304.20 Permits Not Transferable.

A permit may not be transferred from one person to another person, from one retail food establishment to another, or from one type of operation to another if the food operation changes from the type of operation specified in the application as specified under 8-302.14(C) and the change in operation is not approved.

8-4 INSPECTION AND CORRECTION OF VIOLATIONS
8-401 Frequency
8-401.10 Establishing Inspection Interval.
(A) Except as specified in Paragraphs (B), (C) and (D) of this section, the REGULATORY AUTHORITY Shall inspect a RETAIL FOOD ESTABLISHMENT at least Once every 6 months.
(B) The regulatory authority may increase the interval between inspections beyond 6 months if:
(1) The retail food establishment is fully operating under an approved and validated HACCP plan as specified under Subpart 8-201.14 and Subparagraphs 8-103.12(A) and (B);
(2) The retail food establishment is assigned a less frequent inspection frequency based on a written RiSK-based inspection schedule that is being uniformly applied throughout the jurisdiction and at least once every 6 months the establishment is contacted by telephone or other means by the regulatory authority to ensure that the establishment manager and the nature of food operation are not changed; or
(3) The establishment's operation involves only coffee service and other un-PACKAGED Or pre-PACKAGED FOOD that is not POTENTIALLY HAZARDOUS SUCHas carbonated beverages and snack food such as chips, nuts, popcorn, and pretzels.
(C) The regulatory authority shall periodically inspect throughout its permit period a temporary food establishment that prepares, sells, or serves un-PACKAGED potentially hazardous food (Time/Temperature Control for Safety Food) and that:
(1) Has improvised rather than permanent facilities or equipment for accomplishing functions such as handwashing, food preparation and protection, food temperature control, warewashing, providing drinking water, waste retention and disposal, and insect and rodent control; or
(2) Has inexperienced food employees.
8-401.20 Performance-and Risk-Based.

Within the parameters specified in Subpart 8-401.10, the regulatory authority shall prioritize, and conduct more frequent inspections based upon its assessment of a retail food establishment's history of compliance with these rules and regulations and the establishment's potential as a vector of foodborne illness by evaluating:

(A) Past performance, for nonconformance with these rules and regulations or HACCP plan requirements that are critical/PRioRiTY items or priority foundation items;
(B) Past performance, for numerous or repeat violations of these rules and regulations or HACCP plan requirements that are noncritical/coRE items;
(C) Past performance, for complaints investigated and found to be valid;
(D) The hazards associated with the particular foods that are prepared, stored, or served;
(E) The type of operation including the methods and extent of food storage, preparation, and service;
(F) The number of people served; and
(G) Whether the population served is a highly susceptible population.
8-402 Competency and Access
8-402.10 Competency of Inspectors.

An authorized representative of the regulatory authority who inspects a food establishment or conducts plan review for compliance with this Code shall have the knowledge, skills, and ability to adequately perform the required duties.

Access

8-402.11 Allowed at Reasonable Times after Due Notice.

After the regulatory authority presents official credentials and provides notice of the purpose of, and an intent to conduct, an inspection, the person in charge shall allow the regulatory authority to determine if the retail food establishment is in compliance with these rules and regulations by allowing access to the establishment, allowing inspection, and providing information and records specified in these rules and regulations and to which the regulatory authority is entitled according to LAW, during the retail food establishment's hours of operation and other reasonable times.

8-402.20 Refusal, Notification of Right to Access, and Final Request for Access.

If a person denies access to the regulatory authority, the regulatory authority shall:

(A) Inform the person that:
(1) The permit holder is required to allow access to the regulatory authority as specified under Subpart 8-402.11 of these rules and REGULATIONS,
(2) Access is a condition of the acceptance and retention of a retail food establishment permit to operate as specified under 8-304.11 (F), and
(3) If access is denied, an order issued by the appropriate authority allowing access, hereinafter referred to as an inspection order, may be obtained according to law; and
(B) Make a final request for access.
8-402.30 Refusal, Reporting.

If after the regulatory authority presents credentials and provides notice as specified under Subpart 8-402.11, explains the authority upon which access is requested, and makes a final request for access as specified in Subpart 8-402.20, the person in charge continues to refuse access, the regulatory authority shall provide details of the denial of access on an inspection report form.

8-402.40 Inspection Order to Gain Access.

If denied access to a retail food establishment for an authorized purpose and after complying with Subpart 8-402.20, the regulatory authority may issue, or apply for the issuance of, an inspection order to gain access as provided in law.

8-403 Report of Findings
8-403.10 Documenting Information and Observations.

The regulatory authority shall document on an inspection report form:

(A) Administrative information about the retail food establishment's legal identity, street and mailing addresses, type of establishment and operation as specified under 8-302.14(C), inspection date, and other information such as type of water supply and sewage disposal, status of the permit, and personnel certificates that may be required; and
(B) Specific factual observations of violative conditions or other deviations from these rules and regulations that require correction by the permit holder including:
(1) Failure of the person in charge to demonstrate the knowledge of foodborne illness prevention, application of HACCP principles, and the requirements of these rules and regulations specified under Subpart 2-102.11,
(2) Failure of food employees, and the person in charge to report a disease or medical condition as specified under Subparts 2-201.11(B) and (D),
(3) Nonconformance with critical items (Priority Items or Priority Foundation Items) of these rules and regulations,
(4) Failure of the appropriate food employees to demonstrate their knowledge of, and ability to perform in accordance with, the procedural, monitoring, verification, and corrective action practices required by the regulatory authority as specified under Subpart 8-103.12,
(5) Failure of the person in charge to provide records required by the regulatory authority for determining conformance with a HACCP plan as specified under Subparagraph 8-201.14(D)(6), and
(6) Nonconformance with critical limits of a HACCP plan.
8-403.20 Specifying Timeframe for Corrections.

The regulatory authority shall specify on the inspection report form, the time frame for correction of the violations as specified under Subparts 8-404.11, 8-405.11, and 8-406.11.

8-403.30 Issuing Report and Obtaining Acknowledgment of Receipt.

At the conclusion of the inspection and according to these rules and regulations, the regulatory authority shall provide a copy of the completed inspection report and the notice to correct violations to the permit holder or to the person in charge, and request a signed acknowledgment of receipt.

8-403.40 Refusal to Sign Acknowledgment.

The REGULATORY AUTHORITY Shall:

(A) Inform a person who declines to sign an acknowledgment of receipt of inspectional findings as specified in Subpart 8-403.30 that:
(1) An acknowledgment of receipt is not an agreement with findings,
(2) Refusal to sign an acknowledgment of receipt will not affect the permit holder's obligation to correct the violations noted in the inspection report within the time frames specified, and
(3) A refusal to sign an acknowledgment of receipt is noted in the inspection report and conveyed to the regulatory authority's historical record for the RETAIL FOOD ESTABLISHMENT; and
(B) Make a final request that the person in charge sign an acknowledgment receipt of inspectional findings.
8-403.50 Public Information.

Except as specified in Subpart 8-202.10, the regulatory authority shall treat the inspection report as a public document and shall make it available for disclosure to a person who requests it as provided in law.

8-404 Imminent Health Hazard
8-404.11 Ceasing Operations and Reporting.

A permit holder shall immediately discontinue operations and notify the regulatory authority if an imminent health hazard may exist because of an emergency such as a fire, flood, extended interruption of electrical or water service, sewage backup, misuse of poisonous or toxic materials, onset of an apparent foodborne illness outbreak, gross insanitary occurrence or condition, or other circumstance that may endanger public health. p

8-404.12 Resumption of Operations.

If operations are discontinued as specified under Subpart 8-404.11 or otherwise according to law, the permit holder shall obtain approval from the regulatory authority before resuming operations.

8-405 Critical Violation/Priority Item or Priority Foundation Item
8-405.11 Timely Correction.
(A) Except as specified in Paragraph (B) of this section, a permit holder shall at the time of inspection correct a critical/Priority Item or Priority Foundation Item violation of these rules and regulations and implement corrective actions for a HACCP plan provision that is not in compliance with its critical limit. Pf
(B) Considering the nature of the potential hazard involved and the complexity of the corrective action needed, the regulatory authority may agree to or specify a longer time frame, not to exceed 10 calendar days after the inspection, for the permit holder to correct critical/Priority Item or Priority Foundation Item Regulation violations or HACCP plan deviations.
8-405.20 Verification and Documentation of Correction.
(A) After observing at the time of inspection a correction of a critical/Priority Item or Priority Foundation Item violation or deviation of a HACCP Plan, the regulatory authority shall enter the violation and information about the corrective action on the inspection report.
(B) As specified under 8-405.11(B), after receiving notification that the permit holder has corrected a critical/Priority Item or Priority Foundation Item violation or HACCP plan deviation, or at the end of the specified period of time, the regulatory authority shall verify correction of the violation, document the information on an inspection report, and enter the report in the regulatory authority's records.
8-406 Noncritical Violation/Core Item Violation
8-406.11 Time Frame for Correction.
(A) Except as specified in Paragraph (B) of this section, the permit holder shall correct noncritical/Core Item violations by a date and time agreed to or specified by the regulatory authority but no later than 90 calendar days after the inspection.
(B) The regulatory authority may approve a compliance schedule that extends beyond the time limits specified under Paragraph (A) of this section if a written schedule of compliance is submitted by the permit holder and no health hazard exists or will result from allowing an extended schedule for compliance.
8-5 PREVENTION OF FOODBORNE DISEASE TRANSMISSION BY EMPLOYEES
8-501 Investigation and Control
8-501.10 Obtaining Information: Personal History of Illness, Medical Examination, and Specimen Analysis.

The regulatory authority shall act when it has reasonable cause to believe that a food employee has possibly transmitted disease; may be infected with a disease in a communicable form that is transmissible through food; may be a carrier of infectious agents that cause a disease that is transmissible through food; or is affected with a boil, an infected wound, or acute respiratory infection, by:

(A) Securing a confidential medical history of the employee suspected of transmitting disease or making other investigations as deemed appropriate; and
(B) Requiring appropriate medical examinations, including collection of specimens for laboratory analysis, of a suspected food employee and other employees.
8-501.20 Restriction or Exclusion of Food Employee, or Summary Suspension of Permit.

Based on the findings of an investigation related to a food employee who is suspected of being infected or diseased, the regulatory authority may issue an order to the suspected food employee, or permit holder instituting one or more of the following control measures:

(A) Restricting the food employee;
(B) Excluding the food employee; or
(C) Closing the retail food establishment by summarily suspending a permit to operate in accordance with these rules and regulations.
8-501.30 Restriction or Exclusion Order: Warning or Hearing Not Required, Information Required in Order.

Based on the findings of the investigation as specified in Subpart 8-501.10 and to control disease transmission, the regulatory authority may issue an order of restriction or exclusion to a suspected food employee or the permit holder without prior warning, notice of a hearing, or a hearing if the order:

(A) States the reasons for the restriction or exclusion that is ordered;
(B) States the evidence that the food employee or permit holder shall provide in order to demonstrate that the reasons for the restriction or exclusion are eliminated;
(C) States that the suspected food employee or the permit holder may request an appeal hearing by submitting a timely request as provided in these rules and regulations; and
(D) Provides the name and address of the regulatory authority representative to whom a request for an appeal hearing may be made.
8-501.40 Removal of Exclusions and Restrictions.

The regulatory authority shall release a food employee from restriction or exclusion according to these rules and regulations.

8-6 LEGAL ACTIONS
8-601 Criminal Proceedings
8-601.10 Authorities, Methods, Fines, and Sentences.
(A) The regulatory authority may seek to enforce the provisions of these rules and regulations and its orders by instituting criminal proceedings as provided in law against the permit holder or other persons who violate its provisions.
(B) A person who violates a provision of these rules and regulations shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, punishable by:

A fine of not less than one hundred dollars ($100.00) nor more than five hundred dollars ($500.00), or by imprisonment not exceeding 1 month, or both the fine and imprisonment; or

(C) Each day on which a violation occurs is a separate violation under this section.
8-602 Civil Proceedings
8-602.10 Petitions, Penalties, and Continuing Violations.
(A) The regulatory authority may petition a court of competent jurisdiction to enforce the provisions of these rules and regulations or its administrative orders and according to law collect penalties and fees for violations.
(B) In addition to any criminal fines and sentences imposed as specified in Subpart 8-811.10, or to being enjoined as specified in Subpart 8-812.10, a person who violates a provision of these rules and regulations, any rule or regulation adopted in accordance with law related to retail food establishments within the scope of these rules and regulations, or to any term, condition, or limitation of a permit issued as specified in Subparts 8-303.10 and 8-303.20 is subject to a civil penalty not exceeding one thousand dollars ($1,000.00).
(C) Each day on which a violation occurs is a separate violation under this section.

SEVERABILITY

If any provision of these Rules and Regulations or the application thereof to any person is held invalid, such invalidity shall not affect other provisions of applications of these Rules and Regulations which can affect the invalid provisions of applications, and to this end the provisions hereto are declared severable.

REPEAL

All Regulations and parts of Regulations in conflict herewith are hereby repealed.

Notes

007.04.12 Ark. Code R. § 006
6/29/2012

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