Latin for nothing or zero.
More than one lawsuit raising the same issue(s) against the same defendant. Generally, multiplicity of actions is to be avoided because it could lead to inconsistent results.
To make a motion in court applying for judicial action, such as an order or judgment.
In a criminal trial, the reasonable belief (but short of absolute certainty) of the trier of the fact (the jury or judge sitting without a jury) that the evidence shows the defendant is guilty. Moral certainty is another way of saying "beyond a reasonable doubt." Because there is no exact measure of moral certainty, it is always somewhat subjective and based on the reasonable opinions of the judge and/or jury. (See also: reasonable doubt)
A fictitious court held in law school where students argue both sides of a hypothetical case, usually at the appellate level.
Factors that lessen the severity or culpability of a criminal act, including, but not limited to, defendant's age or extreme mental or emotional disturbance at the time the crime was committed, mental retardation, and lack of a prior criminal record. Recognition of particular mitigating circumstances varies by jurisdiction.
See, e.g. Magwood v. Patterson, 130 S.Ct. 2788 (2010).