statutory interpretation

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Abbott

In 2004, Petitioner, Kevin Abbott, and Michael Grant were selling drugs out of a house in Philadelphia. See United States v. Abbott, 574 F. 3d 203, 204–05 (3d Cir. 2009). Abbott and Grant had sold heroin and crack cocaine several...

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Oral argument: October 29, 2007

Appealed from: United States Court of Appeals, Eleventh Circuit (Oct. 19, 2006)

PRISONERS' RIGHTS, STATUTORY INTERPRETATION, SOVEREIGN IMMUNITY, FEDERAL...
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The Alleged Scheme

Respondent Ideal Steel Supply Corporation (“Ideal Steel”) and Petitioner Anza’s company, National Steel Supply Inc., are direct competitors in the business of selling steel mill products and other hardware in the Bronx and...

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In 2002, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit affirmed a decision requiring Arlington Central School District Board of Education (“Arlington”) to pay certain private school tuition fees for Joseph Murphy, a district...

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Shortly after Karen and Robert Nicholas (“Nick”) Capato were married in New Jersey in 1999, Nick Capato was diagnosed with cancer. See Capato v. Comm’r of Soc. Sec., 631 F.3d 626, 627 (3rd Cir. 2011). To ensure...

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 Oral argument: Mar. 19, 2012

Appealed from: United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit (Jan. 4, 2011)

Posthumous Conception, Social Security Act, state Intestacy Law, Statutory Interpretation

Shortly after Robert Nicholas...

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Under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (“IDEA”), states and local school systems obtain federal funding to ensure that children with disabilities receive a “free appropriate public education” (“FAPE”) through “individualized...

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Oral argument: October 1, 2007

Appealed from: United States Court of Appeals, Second Circuit (August 9, 2006)

STATUTORY INTERPRETATION, SPECIAL...
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Under the Mineral Leasing Act of 1920, 30 U.S.C. 181 et seq. and other statutes, the Secretary of the Interior leases federal and Indian lands for development of oil and gas resources. Brief for Respondents at 2....

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The Hatch-Waxman Act expedites the process by which generic drug manufacturers can obtain approval from the Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”) to market generic drugs, and allows generic drug manufacturers to produce and market...

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Oral argument: Dec. 5, 2011

Appealed from: United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit (April 14, 2010)

Petitioner Caraco Pharmaceutical Laboratories, a generic drug manufacturer, sought FDA approval to market the diabetes...

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This case is the culmination of litigation between the Rhode Island and the Narragansett Indian Tribe that began in 1975, when the Narragansett filed suit to recover tribal lands in Rhode Island. See ...

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Oral argument: Nov. 3, 2008

Appealed from: United States Court of Appeals, First Circuit (Jul. 20, 2007)

BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, STATUTORY INTERPRETATION, INDIAN LAND, INDIAN CASINO, INDIAN REORGANIZATION...
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Herndrick Humphries, an African American, worked as an associate manager in a Cracker Barrel restaurant owned by CBOCS West, Inc. ("Cracker Barrel") for three years, until Cracker Barrel terminated his employment on...

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Oral argument: February 20, 2008

Appealed from: United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit (Jan. 10, 2007)

THIRTEENTH AMENDMENT, EMPLOYMENT DISCRIMINATION, RETALIATION, SECTION 1981, CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1866, STATUTE...
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Oral argument: January 12, 2009

Appealed from: United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit (May 22, 2007)

CLEAN WATER ACT, EFFLUENT LIMITATIONS, MINING DISCHARGE, AGENCY ACTION, STATUTORY INTERPRETATION

In 2005, the Army Corps of...

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In 2004, Coeur Alaska sought a permit from the Army Corps of Engineers ("Army Corps") to open the Kensington Gold Mine in southeast Alaska. See Southeast Alaska Conservation Council v. Army Corps of Engineers, 486 F. 3d...

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In 1972, Congress passed 33 U.S.C. § 1251, or the Clean Water Act (“CWA” or “Act”), to preserve the “Nation’s waters” by prohibiting the “discharge of any pollutant” unless certain requirements in the Act are met. Hawai'i Wildlife Fund v. Maui (...

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Facts

From 1959 to 1985, Petitioner CTS Corporation (“CTS”) operated a fifty-four acre facility in Asheville, North Carolina, where notable quantities of chemicals were stored. Waldburger v. CTS Corp. 723 F.3d 434, 440 (4th Cir. 2013). In 1987, CTS sold...

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State Court Proceedings A Florida jury convicted Patrick Day of second degree murder and sentenced him to prison in September 1998. Brief for the Petitioner ("Pet'r"). at 3. Day appealed his conviction to the Florida First District Court of Appeal,...
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Appealed from: United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit

Oral argument: February 26, 2006

HABEAS CORPUS, CIVIL PROCEDURE, PLEADINGS, FINALITY, LIMITATIONS, DEFENSES, WAIVER, STATUTORY...
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Sentencing under the Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1986

The Controlled Substances Act (CSA), enacted in 1970, regulates the production, distribution, possession and use of certain illegal drugs, including cocaine. See Brief for...

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Oral argument: Feb. 28, 2011

Appealed from: United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit (Mar. 17, 2010)

DRUG LAWS, MANDATORY MINIMUM SENTENCING, STATUTORY INTERPRETATION, COCAINE

Reacting to the...

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In September 2006, Brian Russell Dolan and Evan Ray Tissnolthtos, members of the Mescalero Apache Indian Tribe, engaged in a brutal physical altercation. See Brief for Petitioner, Brian Russell Dolan at 5. Dolan picked up ...

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Appealed from the United States Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit (June 26, 2009)

Oral argument: April 20, 2010

RESTITUTION PAYMENTS, SENTENCING DEADLINES, STATUTORY INTERPRETATION

In 2007 petitioner, Brian Russell Dolan,...

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Barbara Dolan ("Dolan") was injured when she tripped over a stack of mail that a United States Postal Service ("USPS") employee had left in front of her house. Brief for the Respondents at 2. After filing an...

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Appealed from: United States Court of Appeals, Third Circuit

Oral argument: November 7, 2005

TORT LAW, FEDERAL TORT CLAIMS ACT, SOVEREIGN IMMUNITY, POSTAL LAW, STATUTORY INTERPRETATION...
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Definition 

Ejusdem generis is latin for "of the same kind." When a law lists lists classes of persons or things, this concept is used to clarify such a list.  

For example, if a law refers to automobiles, trucks, tractors,...

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Congress enacted the Fair Labor Standards Act (“FLSA”) in 1938, seeking to remedy perceived shortcomings in the national labor market and to provide a minimum standard of acceptable working conditions for all employees. See Brief...

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Congress enacted the Fair Labor Standards Act (“FLSA”) in 1938, seeking to remedy perceived shortcomings in the national labor market and to provide a minimum standard of acceptable working conditions for all employees. See Brief for Petitioner, Encino...

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Facts

In passing the Clean Air Act, Congress empowered the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to set National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS), the maximum permissible levels of common pollutants released into the air.  See EME Homer City...

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Over the last thirty years, Hernando Fernandez-Vargas, a native and citizen of Mexico, has illegally entered and been deported from the United States several times. Brief for the Petitioner at 5, Fernandez-Vargas v. Gonzalez, U.S. (No....

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Appealed from: United States Court of Appeals, Tenth Circuit

Oral argument: March 22, 2006

Humberto Fernandez-Vargas is a Mexican citizen who has been deported from and illegally reentered...

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Prior to its bankruptcy, Piccadilly Cafeterias, Inc. ("Piccadilly") operated 145 cafeterias in the southeastern United States and was one of the largest cafeteria chains in the nation. See In Re Piccadilly Cafeterias, Inc...

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Oral argument: March 26, 2008.

Appealed from: United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit (April 18, 2007).

BANKRUPTCY, TAX, STAMP TAX, STATUTORY INTERPRETATION

Soon after...

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In the late 19th century, rapid industrialization led to an alarming increase in the number of employees injured at work. Brief for Respondent at 6. Despite these injuries, common-law tort defenses often prevented injured...

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