Supreme Court

Plyler v. Doe (1982)

Plyler v. Doe is a U.S. Supreme Court case in which the Court struck down a Texas statute that denied funding to local school districts for the education of children who were not "legally admitted" into the United States, and which authorized local school districts to deny enrollment to such children.

self-incrimination

Definition

The act of implicating oneself in a crime or exposing oneself to criminal prosecution.  

Overview

Self-incrimination may occur as a result of interrogation or may be made voluntarily. The Fifth Amendment of the Constitution protects a person from being compelled to incriminate oneself. Self-incrimination may also be referred to as self-crimination or self-inculpation.

Fundamental Right

Overview

Fundamental rights are a group of rights that have been recognized by the Supreme Court as requiring a high degree of protection from government encroachment.  These rights are specifically identified in the Constitution (especially in the Bill of Rights), or have been found under Due Process

Political Question Doctrine

Overview

Federal courts will refuse to hear a case if they find that it presents a political question. This doctrine refers to the idea that an issue is so politically charged that federal courts, which are typically viewed as the apolitical branch of government, should not hear the issue. The doctrine is also referred to as the justiciability doctrine or the nonjusticiability doctrine. 

Income Tax

Overview

In 1913, the Sixteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was ratified. It states: "The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several States, and without regard to any census or enumeration."

menu of sources

federal income tax material

U.S. Constitution

Federal Income Tax Statutes

Federal Income Tax Regulations

Federal Judicial Decisions on Income Tax

State Income Tax Material

State Income Tax Statutes

State Judicial Decisions on Income Tax

Other References

Key Internet Sources on Income Tax

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Other Topics

Category:Taxation

Civil Procedure

Overview

Broadly speaking, civil procedure consists of the rules by which courts conduct civil trials.

Constitutional Law

Constitutional Law: An Overview

The broad topic of constitutional law deals with the interpretation and implementation of the United States Constitution. As the Constitution is the foundation of the United States, constitutional law deals with some of the fundamental relationships within our society.

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Federal Material

U.S. Constitution

Federal Judicial Decisions

Background:

State Material

State Constitutions

State Judicial Decisions

International Material

Collections of Other Constitutions

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Key Internet Sources

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other topics

Category: Constitutional Law

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