CIVICS

Annual Exclusion Amount

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryThe amount that anyone can give to any recipient, free of federal gift tax, in any calendar year. The amount is indexed for inflation and is adjusted by the IRS each year, in $1,000 increments.

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Annual Exclusion Gift

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA gift that is not subject to federal gift tax because it does not exceed the annual exclusion amount.

Definition provided by Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary.

Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 (AEDPA)

Major mid-1990s reform of habeas corpus as used to challenge criminal convictions. Among other provisions, the law limits both the procedural and substantive scope of the writ. Procedurally, it bans successive petitions by the same person, requiring...

Antitransfer Laws

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryLaws that penalize people who, in order to become eligible for means-tested benefits such as SSI and Medicaid, have transferred their assets to others for less than fair market value.

Definition...

Antitrust Laws

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryFederal and state laws created to regulate trade and commerce by preventing unlawful restraints, price-fixing, and monopolies. The laws are intended to promote healthy market competition and encourage the...

Antitrust Violations

Violations of laws designed to protect trade and commerce from abusive practices such as price-fixing, restraints, price discrimination, and monopolization. The principal federal antitrust laws are the Sherman Act (15 U.S.C. §§ 1-7) and the Clayton Act...

Apartheid

Apartheid refers to the implementation and maintenance of a system of legalized racial segregation in which one racial group is deprived of political and civil rights. Apartheid is a crime against humanity punishable under the Rome Statute of the...

APN

See: assessor's parcel number

Applicable Exclusion Amount

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryThe amount that a person can leave to any person or entity without paying federal estate tax. In addition, any property left to a qualifying charity or a spouse who is a U.S. citizen passes free of estate...

Arbitrary

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryBased on individual discretion, not supported by fair or substantial cause or reason, such as discriminating against someone simply because they have a beard or other personal characteristic; often used...

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